ГРАММАТИКА В1, А2
Оценка 4.8

ГРАММАТИКА В1, А2

Оценка 4.8
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английский язык
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27.04.2018
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PRE-INTERMEDIATE Bl

Syllabus based on Common

European

Fram k

Student's Book

Virgilia Evans - jenny Dooley

Express Publishing

 

 

 

 

Vocabulary

 

 

 

 

Heroes and

Villains

(pp. 6" IS)

•                    (Char.kter

& appearance)

Chazztet  ap*àrance. persona' qualities antonyms: adjectives With

-   Charæers           than

-   Beauty vs the      o'

UNIT 2

Lifestyles

(pp. 16-25)

UNIT

Earth Calling

(pp. 30.39)

               8, places

               the            & country

26—27) —

               the environment

               endangered

"feROuntr,' life. jobs 8 sob qualities. describing places. parts of d town. commuting antonyms: adjectives preposmons: adj-n phrases

Cuts I (p. — environmental problems endangered animals &

Ote•zted spectes

-   A City Slicke' or a Country Lover? (TIB

-   Signs (multiple choice)

-   Culture               Celebratory dream USA     cloze)

-   The Earth •n our hands ff/F)

-   No       zoo         cloze)

-   RRS Emest Shoceeton Captain's

(mult:ple Choece)

 

UNIT 4

Travellers• Tales (pp. 40.49)

on offer (pp. 54.63)

   holidays

   transport

2 (pp.

types of holidays.              & resorts. amate weather.

equipment. means of tranS'XVt prepositional phrases

Curricular Cuts 2 (p. 52) —          The of shops shopmng.

clothes. gifts. nomes phrases; antonyms

took.ng for the 'deal getaway? (multapk

- shon

- Literature Co•ner Gulliver' Travels by

Jonathan Swift (multiple matching — sentences)

Climates

- Checking out second-hand city (multiple

& notices (multiple choice)

- Culture Ctip Styles of Homes (multiple matching)

shops and shoo P' ng clothes/accessories

Happy

(pp. 64-73)

Eating out!

(pp. 78-87)

   celebrations

   festwals &

— places to

   food and drinks

traditional celebrations & festive

   A          Irish Wedding

   C "p Bizarre Annual Events •n the UK (multi*

   A raste of Toronto (multiple matching -

   literatu'e Corner: Charlie&theChocoJote by Roald Dahl (comprehens»on question"

feehngsl greetings cards verbs preposinons

Cuts (p_ 76) — Maths

restaurant-related words. the supermarket. reopes & cooking cutlery. crockery appliances. quantities. menus vegbs with pwpos'thons

Fit for Life

(pp. 88-97)

Going out!

(pp. 102-111)

   sports

   accidents and nes

   the arts

   charity

types sports. sport places 8. equipment. ipsonal adjectives With prepositions

Cuts (p. 100) (Science) A types of entertainment: cinema &

newspapers. TV grog'amrnes. theatre char.tv preposinona/            regret

-   The Great Race rnes9W3 'mutt 'ple

Signs (multiple matching)

-   Literature Cornev rheOIympi(Anrhem (reading 'o' specific Informaton)

Diet

Pick Of the Week (multiple matching — shon text S'

-   Graffiti -               (open cloze)

-   Culture Corner Comc Relief (complet'ng a

Sum

UNIT 10

Fast Forward (pp. 112-121)

   technology

   education

teenagers technology; gadgets. education & technology: means of        text science. faults prepoS'UOnaI phrases; compound

. All About Britain's Teenagers (multiple choice)

• Culture Corner The Educat•on System of the the USA (completing missing Information in tables)

Styles Of painting

 

Contents


 

 

Grammar

 

 

Listening

 

 

 

 

Speaking

 

 

 

 

 

 

Writing

 

 

 

present simple} continuous; stative verbs: adverbs of frequencyl question

Phrasal verbs: GET

    multtple choice

    multiple matching

{missinq sentences)

describing fictional characters; making choices. sociaiising, descvhlng people intonation - optessing survise & con re m

 

- a letter gung advice

Portfo/Ío: desrr.ipr,'on Of a hero/ villain; classified ad; e-ma'l to a friend

comparatives and Wing/

specifiOgeneraI preferences

Phrasal verbs: PUT

present perfect simple} continuous: clauses ot

Phrasal verbs: RUN

-   listening for detailed meaning

-   multiple matching

(missing sentences)

-   completing missing infor mation

-   multiple choice

Introducing oneself; expressing  asking for/giwng directions: talking about jobs; expressing preferences: (role-play) a Job interview: describing pactures intonation — stressed syl/obles

Improving one's towru'city: a short talk trom notes' de-satbing pictures; reacting to news. acting out a dialogue: (role-play} at Customs

 

- a fetter of application

Portfolio; arrideabour Where you I've: description Of neighbourhood: questions for a quiz

article about a zoo; letter to a friend

;yesent/past participles. past s.mple/contrnuous. kinkers: the definite/ indefinite article. used tcLvOutd

Phrasal verbs: COME

modal verbs. making assumptions/requests, tCG'enoughŽ Order of adjectives

Phrasal verbs: LOOK

-   multiple matching listening for specific

'n formation completing missing Information

-   listening for specific information

-   listening for gist

-   multiple choice

-   mutiple matching

narral•ng experiences. expressing feelings checking in; complaining/ apologisingl qiwng travel information; exp'essrng disapproval: descrhng pictures intonation • expressing annoyance

asking about prices; calming down. describing objects

Offering/accepting gifts; asking for/buy•ng things; (role-play) salesperson/customer intonation -  patience

 

   a story

Poniolio; holiday advertisement; neo the r forecast' factf'le at;our your country

   a report assessing good & bad points

Port description of rhe best place to shop; page for a clothes catalogue; poster of rules

future forms; future continuous: question

 BREAK

countables/uncountables; guant'fiers, indefinite pronouns; past perfect simple/ conrnuaus Phrasal verbs GIVE

   listening for gist

   listening for specific Information intonation

   multiple choice

   listening for specific information

   multiple matching

   to take notes

a short talk from notes; describing celebrations & customs making arrangementsu •nwt.ng: congratulating & thanking intonation in question tags

discussing food preference"tastes, (role-play) eating Out/O'denng meal' comparing table manners: describing pictures.

inronarion - stressed syllab/es

-   postcard

Portfojio: article about a traditional wedding; greetings cards; e-mail to o friend

-   a story

Portfolio; description oran unusual restaurant; recipe a 'Ocû/ dish' shopping list

the passr.•e; conditionafs: type O. 1: if/unless. 'inkers (result.

add.tlon. contrast, etc) Phrasal verbs BRING

Conditionals type 2. 31

Wishes. relative clauses;

Phrasal verbs; TURN

-   listening for detailed meaning

-   multiple cho•ce

-   multiple matching listening for specific sounds

-   listening for detailed meaning

-   mult.ple matching

-   completing missing information

discussing sports: negotiating; describing pictures. expressing opinions: asking about/describing health: sympathising - giving adwce: acting out d\alogues jntomatjon - hesitating

discussing entertainmentl       talking about a booOTV programmes: (role-play) booking tickets; expressing preferences: describing pa'ntingsj acting out dialogues

 

  a pros and cans essay

PottiOJiΠpostcard ro a friend: short communicative message; sports

  an informal letter rewewing a

Portfolio: review for G school event,' TV' guide; jnrerv'éw a graffiti art's r

clauses of concession: all/ mosthsomeinone. reported speech: indirect questions: causative form Phrasal verbs: TAKE

   multiple matching

   to fill in gaps

   listening for detailed meaning

d•scusS'ng           short talk from notes; conducting a survey: talking about pros & cons, describing pictures. (role-play) requesting action/giving an account of an event intonation in questions

 

- a letter of complaint

Portfolio: arric/e about teenagers in your country; message to a friend; questions for a science quiz

3

People

of the World

Module

1

Units 1 -2

express likes/dislikes/ preferences

    ask for/give directions

    act Out a job interview

practise

the present simple/ continuous

    adverbs of frequency

Look at Module 1                                                                          question words comparative/superlative forms

    Find the page numbers for pictures

-inghnfinitive forms pronunciation

     Find the unit and page number(s) for                         • intonation (expressing

    classified ads  surprise & concern in stressed

    an e-mail         syllables)

    Jokes phrasal verbs: get, put

    a town map signs          Write

    a quiz

    a short paragraph about your favourite hero(ine) or villain

    a classified ad Listen, read and talk about .

an e-mail to a friend

    character & appearance                                                              an Informal letter of advice

    habits/routines/lifestyles             a short article about yourself and where you live

    places & geographical features  a short description of your neighbourhood

    Signs a short quiz about the capital city of your country

    jobs/workplacesfiob qualities     a letter of application

Learn how to

Culture Clips: Celebration - Dream Town USA

    describe people

    talk about personal qualities      Literature Corner: scandal in Bohemia

    socialise make choices

                                                                 Curricular Cuts (History): Elizabeth I                           5


la Heroes

Lead-in

1 a. Which of the characters in the pictures are heroes/heroines and which are villains?

b. Who has got...

curly brcw.vn hair

pointed ears

a long white beard

a black moustache

a magic mirror

a sharp metal hook instead of a hand

a magic staff

a broad-brimmed hat

2

• shiny black hair and rosy cheeks

3

and Villains

Listening

a. In pairs, decide which of these adjectives best describe each character in the pictures.

mischievous 8 daring Peter Pan vain & cold-hearted cunning & polite & considerate dangerous evil & greedy kind & caring brave & honest

A' Whodoyou think is mischievous and daring? rd say Peter Pone

' Listen and check. Which extra character is described?

Reading

Frodo Baggins has got curly brown hair.

Frodo Baggins                                                                                 Characters Larger

' than

Look at the pictures and the title of the article. What does the title mean?


In any book, cartoon or we all to see the heroes defeat the villains. save the world. win the girl and live happfly ever after. aut just between you and me. we feel a little bit sorry for the villains as well?

Sarurnan. from The Lord of the Rings, is an all-time favourite villain, the type of villain I like. He is a tall wizard with a long 10 white beard and cold dar* eyes. He wears a long White robe and carries a magic staff. Once he was a good wizard but the power Ot a magic ring has made him evil and greedy and now he wants 15 to rule the world. Only Frodo. the small ring bearer, can stop him.

Frodo Baggins, a Hobbit. is small. brave and honest. with bright eyes. curly brown hair and very large hairy feet! His 20 mission is to take the magic ring to Mordor where it will be destroyed. He travels with some friends and together they have to face many dangers. Gandalf a Wise wizard. protects then and shows them the way.

Another Of my favourite heroes Peter Pan. a mischievous. daring boy with pointed ears Who can fy and never grows peter and his friends. the

Lost Boys. have a dangerous enemy 30 called Captain Hook.

With his black moustache. cruel and a sharp metal hook instead of a hand. the cunning Captain Hook is a perfect villain. He always wears a broad. 35 brimmed hat and fine clothes. He lives with a band of pirates an his ship. the Jolly Roger. making plans to kidnap the Lost Boys and capture the bog he hates.

Not all villains are men. The Wicked 40 Queen in Snow White is one ot the most cold-hearted villains ever Beautiful but vain. the queen asks her mirror every day. "Mirror. mirror on the wall. who is the fairest of them all?" The answer 45 always pleases her, until one day the mirror replies that kind and caring Snow White is even prettier than her. The jealous queen is so angry that she dresses up as an Old woman and gives 50 Snow White a poisoned apple.

Whether heroes or villains. these are the characters I admire the most. I love to watch the heroes fight the villains and eventually see good Win over evil. I also 55 cant help feeling tor the villains and their weaknesses: I just love to hate them! These stories are timeless and the Characters are larger than lite.


STUDVSKILLS

Reading effectively

Read the quickly. This Will help you understand what type is. the authork purpose and its general content. Read the questions and che answers. Read che text again carefully and find the part Of the text each question refers to. The information may be phrased in different words.

Captain Hot

4 Read the text and for each question (1•4) choose the best answer A, B, C or D. Then, explain the highlighted words.

I What is the Writer's main purpose in writing the text? A to describe how heroes catch villains a to describe some well-known heroes and villains C to tell same well-known cartoon stories D to tell some well-known fairy tales

2          What does the writer say about Sarurnan?

A     He was not always evil

B     He is the writer's favourite character C Frodo wants to destroy hirrv D He has lost a valuable ring.

3          Which Of the Statements is true Of Captain Hook?

A     He works on his own.

B     He has a partner called Jolly Roger.

C     He has a black beard.

D    He takes care of his appearance.

4          What is the writer's opinion Of villains?

A     They are more Important than the heroes; B He likes them more than the heroes C He is happy to see them lose.

D They are just as important as the heroes

5          Listen and read. Say a few words about the stories and suggest another title for the text.

Speaking

6 Tell the class about your favourite film or TV villain. Talk about:

the character's name • where he/she appears

character • appearance • what happens in the story

Portfolio: Use your answers from Ex. 6 to write a short paragraph for a teen magazine          Snow White about your favourite hero{heroine or villain Use the second and third paragraphs of the text as a model. Start like this:

from is my favourite m.

Vocabulary Practice

Character

 Reading

1        a What type of texts are A and B? What do you think they are about?

b. Read the texts. Which advert:



wants actors to advertise something?

asks people to apply by post?

3 onty wants three øeople? 4 wants only male actors?

c. Underline the character adjectives in the adverts. Use them to answer the questions. What do we call a person who has good manners? likes to hurt or upset people? shows understanding of other people's needs?

4 is very proud of their looks? expects good things to happen? 6 Cares only about himself/herself? 7 doesn't get upset or angry?

Remembering New Words: Opposites

Learn words in

This will help you remember them more easily

8 gives more than usual?

2        Match the adjectives to their opposites. What prefixes do we use to form negative adjectives?

polite patient honest sensitive friendly caring selfish

know.

 Hoveyou met our new neighbour?  No, Ibavent. WhatShel'ke? A: Hes very friendly and polite!

Appearance

4                Which words in the adverts (A & B) describe appearance/ height}build?

5                Circle the odd words out. Justify your answers.

1 crooke<, straight. almond-shaped. long.


dishonest Înpolite impatient Insensitive unfriendly unselfish uncaring


somebod)/s eyes.


6                Who is who? Look at the picture, listen and write the names: Alex. Chris, Joanna, Laura and Sam for people 1-5. What does each person look like?

Think of a person from the picture abœe In teams, try to guess who this person is Each team can ask five yes/no questions.

reomASl: Is iratnan?

leader: Yes.

ream BSI: Hashegot curly hair?

Adjectives with prepositions

7 Underline the correct preposition. Use the adjectives to tell your partner about people you know.

1       John is good at/on

2       She is very good on/to her patients

3      
He as very friendly with/of my parents

4       She's afraid for/of dogs

 Pat is jealous of/at her sister.

 He is kind to/with his parents

 Ann is patient of/with children

 Pete is rude to/at his friends

Portfolio: The TV studio you work at as a secretary is looking for two actors for a new TV series. Write an advert (30-50 words), stating:

                   what the advert is for

                   location & audition date

                   age & appearance of each character

                   what types of character you want the actors to play  contact name phone number Use advert A in Ex. 1 as a model.

 

Grammar in use

                                                              From:                                 To:

Subject: H'

Present simple & present continuous

Grammar Reference

Read Ann's e-mail and find examples of:

 a fixed future arrangement  an action happening around the time

Of speaking  a timetable  a permanent state e a temporary situation

Dear Emily.

Thanks for your e-mail ItS always great to hear from you. As for me. I'm really busy. College life is very exciting. but ther& so much to do I get up at B o'clock on weekdays because lectures start at 9:30_ I spend most of my afternoons in the library as I'm taking six different courses this term and lots of reading to do! At the weekend I do some part-time waitressing. So. as you can see. I'm working very hard these days. But its not all work and no play. Tonight I'm having dinner with some classmates. I cant wait!

Id better finish here because Sarah, my flatmate, is calling me to come and help her. Come and visit me soon'

Ann

 a habiVroutine               g an action happening now

2 put the verbs in brackets into the present simple or present continuous

(youVdo) anything

(study) for my

Biology exarn

             A; Why                                                         (you/be)

in such a rush?

Because

(my train/leave) in ten minutes

                 A, What                                                (James}do)?

(he/work) at the Natural History Museum in the city centre.

           4                                                   (you/like) your flat?

Not really Actually. I

(look) for a new one at the moment

She us. She

(see) the dentist this afternoon

(he/want) to go to

the theatre this evening?

He can't. He an important business appointment.

                        why                                                           (not/

Anna/corne) to work these days? she ill?

No, she's on leave. She

(get) married next week.

How much

(the brainlweigh)?

 About 2% of your total body weight. and

(it/use) 20% of your body's energy.

 Can you find any stative verbs in Ex. 2a?

Adverbs of frequency

Grammar Reference 3 Ask and answer as in the example to find out about your partner's habits. How often..

often

Sometimes rarelv seldom

 

get up before 6 am?

play computer games?

watch TV?

be on time for work/school?

listen to classical music?

read the newspaper?

go to the theatre?

go out With your friends?

A' How often do you get up before6am?

B: never get up before 6 am usually get up about 7:30.

 Listening

4 a. , Listen and match the people to what they

are doing. There is one extra picture.

b. In pairs ask and answer as in the example.

A Is George talking on the phone?

 No. heisn't. He's.„


in the eye of the beholder

HOW do you react When you l) at yourself in the mirror? DO you smile do you feel like crying? Does the idea of wearing summer clothes you panic, or does it excite you?

image has become a 4)important issue in our  5) young and teenage

girls, in particular. are B look influenced 6) .

B but              the images they see in     get          C do        D make

B adverts. films and magazines.      B rwa•n C such    D very

4 A so

Sentence transformations

7        Complete the second sentence so that it means the same as the first Use no more than three words.

Completing a text (gap-filling)

Read the title and the text quickly to get the gist. Read the text again. one    ar a time. focusing on the words before and after each gap. Look at the four options and choose the word that fits best. Read 'he completed text again to make sure that makes sense,

 Can you describe Peter to me?

                                                                                                                   Can you tell me                        like?

                                    They go on dangerous crash diets 7)

A Many

B Much

C Mote

D Some Of

they want to 100k like the super-thin supermodels and movie

 

 

B with

C from

D about

Stars they See and read about. But we don't 8)  to copy

A so

B that

C because

D and

favourite celebrities. Thin is not always beautiful. People

A must

B need

C shoubti

D ought

come in 9) .      shapes and sizes — that's 10)        makes each

 

 every

B each

C all

D some

person interesting. so, next time you look in the mirror, remember that you are special,

10

A what

B which

C Why

D that


 Peter takes after his father

Peter looks

3 What is Peters job? What .

 

Peter is always late for work

 Reading

a. What doyou think the title of the text means?

                 Peter .                                          on time for work

Health is better than wealth.

 

Feel good about yourself.

 John has to get .                              early 'n the morninq

             He can't get                       the shock ot being in

c. Read and choose the correct word for each

the car accident

space (1-10). Compare your answers with

 How do you get  with your neighbours?

your partner's. Listen and check.

Question words

In pairs, ask each other questions about your lifestyles, Use:

 She's happy because she's .                           her old job

• what • where • when • who • how often

portfolio: Look at Ex. 1 again. Imagine you are Emily. Send an e-mail in reply to Ann. Write

A: What time do you getup?

about:

Phrasal verbs

b. Read the text Which of the following is a        8 Explain the phrasal verbs better alternative to the title?            in your language. Then.up complete the sentences.

your daily routine • any plans for the weekend

what you are doing these days

Listening & Speaking skills


Personal qualities

1        What should a good leader be like? Circle three qualities below which you think are important. Compare your choices with your partner's,

     honest • fair • popular

     patient • sensitive • friendly

     determined • quick-thinking

     calm • humorous

A' I  be honest Colm and determined, dont you?

B: Yes, those ore important qualities. But I think he should also be fair

     Listening

Listening for specific information Read the and possible answers, underline the key words. Listen careful"Try to listen for synonyms or rephrasing. The questions follow the order Of the ûnformation on the recording.

2        a. You will hear an interview with a psychologist. Read through the questions and underline the key words.

Can you think of synonyms?

b.' Listen and put a tick (Z) in the correct box. Do you agree with Dr Graaf?

1       Dr Graaf believes that all good leaders have

A               special personal qualities,

B               team spirit

C               C] a great sense of humour,

2       Dr Graaf says that leaders have to

A               C] to be more popular

B               make difficult decisions C please everybod•/.

 What does Dr Graaf say about bosses?

A They sometimes make bad choices. B C) They are sometimes in a panic, C CJ They are not always liked.

4 Dr Graaf says that to be an effective leader, you must be

A               determined

B               Cl like a superhero.

C               respected and trusted.

Making choices

3 You want to open your own restaurant and you are looking for a partner. Which of the two people would you choose, and why? Discuss in pairs and make your decision.

Expressing surprise and concern                           Socialising

Intonation

 

 

Speaker A

Speaker B

 

I WhatS the matter?                                         What's wrong?

Hello' What a

Hi! Nice to see

 

2 You'rejoking!                                             4 You cant be serious!

nice surprise!

you'

 

 

Hi, there How

Not bad HOW

 

Reading

are you?

about pu?

5

You are going to listen to a conversation. Read the first two

Hi there, How

pretty good

 

exchanges in the dialogue below and guess the answers to the

are you doing?

thanks.

 

questions,

See you

Goodbye!

 

1 Where are Judy and Stan?

tomorrow'

 

 

2 What do you think their relationship W'

Bless you!

Thanks'

 

3 Who is upset?

Thank you very much indeed'

Don 't mention

6

Read and complete the dialogue with sentences from Ex. 4.

Hello. You must

Yes. Its a

 

Listen and check. Which of the people a, b or c is Stan's neighbour? Take roles and act out a similar dialogue.

be

pleasure to meet

 

 

I haven't seen

Hi' You haven't

 

 

you for ages'

changed a bit!

4      Listen and repeat Translate these sentences into your iánguage.

8 a. Read the table and complete the exchanges.


Judy: Hi, Stan. You look upset

Stan: Oh, come in, Judy. I'm a bit fed up.

Judy: Why?

Stan: Well. it's my neighbour, He keeps complaining about my music. He says I play it too loud and he comes round nearly every day to tell me to turn it down.

Stan: I'm afraid not.

Judy: How loud do you play your music?

Stan: Not that loud. I'll show you.

Judy. Stan, turn 't down!

Stan. Why? What's up?

Judy well. is your neighbour tall with short curly brown hair, a beard and a moustache?

Stan: Yes, he looks exactly like that. Why?

Judy: Because someone who looks a lot like that is walking towards your front door right now!

         Stan:                    Here we go again.

7 '. J In pairs, guess what happens next. Listen and check.

A:

Thanks! I've got a terrible cold.

Hi' You haven't changed a bit.

A. Thank you very much for looking after my dogL

In pairs, use the table above to act out exchanges in which you:

greet a friend you haven't seen for a long time say goodbye to your colleagues when leaving the office greet a friend you bump into on the street meet someone you have heard atwat for the first time

• thank a friend for a special

Writing an informal letter giving advice

      Getting started               just      to a                      Your turn

and everythtng's different. I

1         Read the extracts from three haven 't any firends here and teenagers' e-mails. Who is: I feel like I don't fit in. lonely? desperate? shy?

put rm sucb a lot of ureigbt

Brainstorming for ideas

writing.  key words. then brainstorm for ideas. Write your ideas down. then choose the most   ones. This helps you organise your writing.

I'm with a I ÑSt

thm• in silence.

"bat to do lie tried all sorts ofI'm always

 

make a fool ofmyself

5

a Read the rubric and brainstorm for ideas to give as much

Salty is desperate because she .

 

 

advice as possible. Make notes

        dú•ts. but "Otbing             to •                    afraid to say anything in case I

2         Use          phrases below to give advice to Sally, Danny and Tom. in your notebook.

This is part of a letter you got

Justification from an English pen friend.

would Oe good idea to

The best th.ng to do is

What you should do

Why don't you

You could also

Thw'that way

     This would mean that

     Then. (you O . If you do this, By dang this.

: I feel very lonely in my new I have no friends and rm really depressed. Any advice?

Write your letter to your A you shook'do is and chcxdate. That way— friend.

                 That's           Sally You

 

b. Answer the questions in the

Let's look closer

plan. then write your letter

3         Read the e-mail. Underline the phrases Pete uses to give his          (80-100 words).

advice.

Dear Sally.

lust e-mail, ard was about         "eight. / bet the problem isn't as bad as it St"rns, t,ixuugh!

         In                          are                             can

What you should do is eat healthy diet. With lots of fish, fruit and fresh vegetables instead of junk food and this, lose Weight, and you'll 100k and feel much healthier. You could also exercise more and walk whenever rather than going by car or bus. That way you calories and body back in shap'

/ know it's hard     at first. but luck, and don 't forget to let me know how you're getting on.

informal letter of advice?

Here's what you can do

2 1 hope everything goes well I'm so sorry you feel this               help

way happens


         Literature     1


 Reading & Listening

       Who was Arthur Conan Doyle? Which famous detective did he create? Read the first text and check.

2         Read the first paragraph of the main text. Who do you think the person outside the door is?

Listen and read to find out.

3         Read the rest of the text and mark statements 1-6 T (True) or F (False). Then, explain the words in bold.

1      The visitor is wearing expensive clothes.

2      The visitor's mouth and chin are hidden by a mask3 The vis.tor says he is Count von Kramm.

4         The visitor unsure whether to trust Watson.

5         Holmes does not know why the visitor has come.

6         Holmes realises the Visitor is the King when he takes off the mask.

 Speaking

4 Read lines 5-15 again and, in pairs, group all the words used to describe the king under the headings:

physical appearance • clothes

chair, paced nervously up and down the room, then 100k off rhe mask and threw it on the floor.

"You are right!- he cried.•l am tkw• King. Why •should I try to hide

-Why, indee•cV said Holmes. "I knew, even                you spoke. that you wete the G rand Duke of Cassel- Felstein and the King of

facial features • character   

Use the prompts to describe the

King of Bohemia to your partner.

Arthur Conan Doyle (1859-1930)

                                      This         known              author was        creator of the

friend. Dr Watson. Although Doyle wrote many other pieces. including novels. political essays and

           wc will always remember        for his Sherlock Holmes' mysteries.

In Scandal in Bohemia, the King of Bohemia hires Sherlock Holmes to help find some letters and a photograph that might be used by a woman,

Irene Adler, to blackmail the King and ruin his reputati0'L

Scandal in (Bohemia

A slow and heavy step. which had been heard upon stairs in the corridor. paused immediately outside the there was a loud knock on the door,

-Come in!" said Holmes.

     very tall            entered, with the chest and limbs of a Hercules

I lis dress was rich with a richness which would. in England, be considered bad taste He was wearing a doublc.%breasted coat with fur-trimmed collar and cuffs. over which Ite a deep blue cloak lined with silk halfway up his legs, also trimmed will' fur, completing his 10 of barbaric He had thick moustache and a straight chin suggesting strong determination. but a black mask hid the upper part of his face. He was carrying a hat in one hand. while his other hand was raised. as if he had inst finished straightening mask.

-please take a seat.- said Holmes. "This is my friend and

Dr Walsorv Whom have I the honour to address?" address Count von Kramm, a Bohemian aristocrat. I hope your friend is a man I can trust. If not. I prefer to speak to you alone.- said our strange visitor

"You can say anything in front of this man that you can say to me." Holmes replied.The Count nodded and continued_       will excuse the mask; my employer wishes my true identity to remain secuv•t."

-If your majesty would like to tell us your problem." Holmes remarked, "I will be happy to advise vou

The Count sprang from his


tontostiC scenery

Lead-in

Introduce yourself to the class. Talk about:

your name • where you come from

where you live • home • family • job

            My names and fm years        / come from but

          I live in 'Vegot                                  / am o

2 Use the prompts to describe the pictures (A-E) to your partner.

A clear lake. high mountains. trees, clean air a busy motorway. a lot of cars, exhaust fumes, air pollution

C    bus stop. well-dressed passengers in a queue. wait to get on bus

D    a variety Of expensive shops. shoppers, modern escalators

E     cosy house. pretty garden, lots of flowers and bushes

PictureA shows fantastic sceneo,: I con see a dear lake and high mountains. There are rees by the side

CITY SLICKER 0B A It!VER?

"Hi! My name is Stephen and I live in a tiny flat in Brixton, south-west London. I chose to live here because there is never a dull moment in a city like London. I'm an art student and the hustle and bustle Of so many people in one area is the inspiration for a lot of my painting. Another advantage of city life is having everything you nccd so close at hand. Living beside the Tube station means don't need a car to get around, which saves me money, Also. there are shopping centres, art galleries and museums everywhere,

Of course, London. like anv large city, has its problems, too. Londoners don't chat on the Tube or the bus and there is much less community spirit than in the country. Where my parents live. In fact, they don't understand how I can put up with the constant noise and pollution, and traffic congestion. However. see that as a small price to pay. I'm in my element herc in the heart of this fine city. As a famous poet once said, 'He who is tired of London is tired Of life.'

Listening

3        Listen and say where each person lives- What reasons do they give for liking where they live?

Reading

Bill — Anne — John & Mary

A sleepy village surrounded by woods and rivers might suit some people, but others preter the bright lights and fast pace of the big city, 'Down Town' spoke to Stephen and Marianna to get both sides of the story.

"Hello — or •G'day'. as we say down under. My name is Marianna and I live in New South Wales, Australia, on a huge ranch called The Rain River Land. Its a beautiful area With fantastic scenery. I live here with my husband Joe and our two children, Patrick, I l. and Abby, 8.

We have lived on this ranch for so•cral years and love our healthy lifestyle, We have 70,000 hectares of land. so the children have lots of space to run around and enjoy the peace and quiet. The air is clean and fresh and we produce a lot of our own food so we are sure that What we eat is fresh. There's lots Of hard work to do running a ranch. hut wc don't mind.

Of course, there are some negative aspects to life out here. There are often droughts in Australia, and sometimes wc can't grow any crops for months. We feel isolated sometimes, too. especially since the nearest neigh bours are almost 00kn1 away. Another problem is that many things are not as easily available as in the city. There are no local facilities such as schools. supermarkets and shops, and if we are ill we have to call the flying doctor

Although life here can be difficult, we wouldnt change it for the world:'

STUDVSKILL'S

Reading for specific information

Read the statements and underline the key words. Read the text to get the gist. Read again carefully. Look for synonyms/opposites or words/phrases with similar\different meanings to the key words in the statements.

5 Read the article and mark the statements (1-8) True (T) or False Then, explain the words/phrases in bold.

 Stephen is a professional painter.  Stephen thinks using public transport is cheaper than travelling by car,

 Stephen's parents don't like the noise of London.

4 Stephen is tired Of laving in London,

by

8 Marianna wishes her life was different

Speaking

• Expressing likes/dislikes

6 Read the article and list the pros and cons of living in the country/city. Use your notes and the expressions in the table to tell the class where you prefer living.

Expressing likes                    • I love; like, really enjoy

• I Just hate; don't like Expressing dislikes          at alll I can't stand

I don't mind: I'm not really

Being neutral

sure; It's difficult to

/ like living in the city because.„ S2: 'just hate livingin

portfolio: Write a short article for a teen magazine about yourself and the place you live in (50-60 words). Write:

     full name • job/studies/habits

     name of the place you live in

     reasons why you (don't) like it




     Speaking

6 Portfolio: Work in pairs. Starting from the train station, ask for and give directions to the bank, the museum, etc. You can record your dialogue and keep it in your Language Portfolio,

Ask'ng for directions me, could you tell me the way to

Excuse me, How do I get to m?

DO you know Where

Giving directions Of course Sure Take the first/second turning on your left/right / Turn Into Just Cross / go up / down this road/ street and

It's to the left of/nght of opposite / next to Go past the .

A: Excuse me, couldyou tell me thewayto_ ?  Sure!Just cross.„.

Jobs & Workplaces

7 Look at the map. Where does each person work? In pairs think of more jobs and their workplaces.

Secretary Librarian security guard Dentist waiter 'Teacher

Bank clerk Journalist

     Nurse    Sales assistant


A secretory works in on office.

Job qualities

8         Match the qualities below to the jobs in Ex. 7.

  sincere • friendly • patient • honest • caring

  calm • cheerful • responsible • careful

  organised • practical • polite

A traffic warden needs to be responsible, practical and polite.

9         Which job suits you? In pairs, ask and answer.

A Do you think you'd be a good teacher?

8: I think so I'm quire patient and caring./ Not really. rm not patient enough.

Play in teams. Who could say this? In teams, guess the job.

Team ASI: Are youreodytoorder, sir?

Team g ST: A waiter.

Portfolio: Draw a map of your neighbourhood, then write a short description (30-50 words) and present it to the class. Write about:

  buildings • streets • shops • facilities

My neighbourhood is There are . The streets are.

There is a chemist opposite and/but there jsfn t}


most popular 4 Which is the busiest London' street In London?

                                                                                                   Museum                        A Regent Street

B     Oxford Street

C     Piccadilly

5 Which is the most expensive

dsstnct tn London

A Camden Eye    B Knightsbridge of Parliament   C Chelsea

are there  6 The ConÕlJnderground IS

the m               sntheworn than 50,000 A fastest than 20.000                B busiest than 30,000     C oldest

 

        ok*" than          

 

Are the rules the same in your language?

busy

        busier than           the

4

Choose three adjectives from the table in Ex.

tall

        taller than           the _      

 

in their comparative or superlative form and

 

        faster than          

 

make sentences about the place you live in.

popular

more popular than the           

 

The rown Hal/ is the oldest building in my town.

expensive

more expensive than the

 

 

late

              later                         the latest

 

Speaking

early

            earlier                     the earliest

5

a. Use the adjectives to compare the countries

carefully

     more carefully        the most carefully

 

• long • high • big • small • low • short

REGULAR                                                                                        COMPARATIVE         SUPERLATIVE        How are comparatives and 3

IRREGULAR better than     the bad/badly              worse than            the worst little     Þss than the least much/rnany       the most

• as as used to compare two peoplehhings, etc, some way Rome is as expensive as

the USA,

Learning Grarnmar Structures

karn English grarwnar can it to the grammar equivalent in your language. This wig help you learn the new stnxture more easily.

A Yes. the USA is the biggest ofall.

b. Make a similar table for your

Compare it to the UK and the USA.


4

B: Well. It takes me two hours work. but I don't mind at all.


8       Complete the sentences about yourself, using-inghnfinitive forms.

1 1 can't stancfi

2

Sentence transformations

9 Wnplete the second sentence so that it means the same as the first, using no more than three words. What grammar structures are tested?

1     It's better to avoid travelling dunng the rush-hour

It's not a good idea during the rush-hour.

2     There are only a few parks in this city,

There are not . in this city

3     LA is one of the most expensive cities in the world,

Very few Cities in the world areLA.

4     He prefers London to York,

He likes LondonYork

 NEW York is very different

Los Angeles

 The square is crcwded people  London is famous its nightlife.

4 The town centre full . cheap restaurants.  Are you familiar this area?  This town is familiar me. I used to live here.

Portfolio: Collect information to write a short quiz about the capital city_of your country (35-50 words).


Listening & Speaking skills

Comparing places  see a film/go dancing  play golf,'play football

1        a. You are going to listen to two friends talking about  eat Chine* Indian  Before listen, look at sentences 1-6 and, in pairs, try to guess whether they are true or false. food

 have dinner With have an

go to a football match/Þ to

Do you fancy seeing a film toni

Notre-alb! rd rather go dancing

b. Study the table. Then, use the headings to talk about your

Listen and tick V) the sentences as True or False. Were your guesses correct?

2        J Listen again and make notes about Budapest under the headings below. Make similar notes about the place you live in. Compare the two places.

'Means of 'Tran sports

• traffic • shopping • restaurants • public transport • weather

Traffic in Budapest is 03 heavy as in my town.

I prefer going out with my friends to Expressing preferences playing computer games.

3        a. In pairs. use the table and the prompts to form as in the example. You can use your own ideas.  Intonation

transport spirit centre facilities congestion

Job interviews

             Reading                                                        

Role-playing

Role-play is effective if you use your imagination, Think of the situation. the setting. who you are, how you feel. what gestures you might use. etc.

5 Who might say the sentences (1-5) below: an employer or a prospective employee?

 Please have a seat.

2 1've got a degree in British History

Didyou have any' trouble finding us?       Speaking 4 Whar work experience haveyou had?

    Couldyou ten mewhatyourqualifications are? 7 and portfolio: act out Look a job at interview. the job advert. Use the Take dialogueroles

WANTED: Experienced Head

Chet

for

well-known

French

restaurant

least 2 years' experience       Frenchtocd. 40•hour week. irc11_Khng wn*kends_ Excellent pay.

TO arrange an intenÑw, call 01743 28197B,

in Ex. 6 as a model. Record your dialogues. , Complete the interview with sentences from Ex. 5. Listen and check.

Describing

8 a. Look at complete the


This picture shows a businessman. He 1)     the

2) 3) because he

A: Good

B: NO, not at all.  t'e. He is driving 4) while he is looking

B: Thank you.                                                                             He must be late 6)

A: I understand you are applying for the b. Now look at the picture in Ex. 6 and position of Tour Guide.describe it to your partner. Think about: B: Yes, that's right.

 where they are

B: Certainly. and I speak four• what they are wearing languages.what they are doing

A: I see,• how they feel

B: I worked for two years as a tour guide at the Tower of London, and as a clerk

in the Tourist Information Centre at Victoria Station for three years.

b,' Do you think Ms Harris will get the job?

Why (not)? Listen and find out.

c. Take roles and act out the dialogue. You can change the ending.


Writing a letter of application

Getting started

1         What information do you think we should include in a letter of application for a job? Think about: age, qualifications, etc.

2         a. Which beginnings/endings would be appropriate?

    Dear Sir/Madam,                                Dear Mr Smith,

     Yours faithfully.                                  Yours sincerely,

Dear Tom,

Best Wishes,

b. What is the difference between A and C?

Let's look closer

3 Read the rubric, then read the letter and match the paragraphs to the headings.

A     Age/Oualifications C Reason for writing

B     Availability              D Experience/Personality

• You are looking for a part-time job. You • saw an ad asking for a part-time sales  assistant and you want to apply for the job, Write your letter.

Dear Sir/Madam.

would like to apply for the position PortSales Assistant which 1 advertised in the Guardian.

I om a seventeen-year-old student have ten GCSES including Moths and English. At the moment am studying for my 'A' Levels.

> I have no actual work experience. However, 1 would enjoy working With the public os I meeting people. I om friendly an" polite os well as responsible and hora Waorking so I thinla am suitable for the post  hope you will consider me for the position.

am able to attend an interview ot any time Yours faithfully.

Your turn

4             a. Read the rubric. Imagine you are a DJ. Fill in the CV with your personal information.

: You saw this advertisement in The Weekly

• News and you want to apply for the position.

 

 

"'ANTED for huss Latin American

 

necessary. M ust have personality. Knowledge of Spanish preferred.

suit a young, energetic person. contact: Mr Wade, PO

CURRICULUM VITAE

PERSONAL DETAILS

Na                                                                                     Sur m

EDUCATION

WORK EXPERIENCE

PERSONAL QUALITIES

Which of the following are opening/closing remarks?

I am writing to apply for the post advertrsed in

2           I look forward to hearing from you in due ti

3           would be happy to attend an interview at time convenient to you

4           I am writing with regard to your advertise in .

5           Answer the questions in the plan. Use your

answers and your CV to write the letter of application in Ex. 4a (80-100 words).

(Para 4) closing

                                                                               their safety. The town's facilities, 6)                 include a

2 How are these words and              centre, fitness with the centre, traditional style Oi a small 1950s town. phrases related to the text?      te-01nOlogy a


Read and check.

pretty houses

    tree-hned streets

    clear blue lake

    small backyards

    paris

    playgrounds medical centre

    fitness centre

    bank

    post office


There arepretty houses in

If you can't put up With life in the fast lane, take a break and 7)

Visit to Celebration. Who knows — you might even         to 8)

                                     B on                   C at                          D about

2 A what

B there                C that                       D where

3 A All the

B Bothoí               C Each and every D The most

4 A that makes

B as urges         C so that                D such as

5 A caring for

B looking into C worrying about D protecting from

B these                C which                    D whose

7 A have

B give                                                    D pay

8 A remain

B live                   C leave

                                     B over                C for


D stay 4 • Listen and read to answer the questions 1-3.


3 Read the text again and choose                                1 Whv should someone Visit Celebration?

                best answer A B. C or D .                              2 What do you think the writers aim 's?

might you see such


8       1 don't fancy going out I'd rather .

A      stay           stayng               C to stay

9       Ian doesn't mindlong hours. A to work  work C working

10  Mark's Car is as Oas Anne's

A      older         Old       C oldest

—Self-Assessment Module

English

second sentence so that it mea the first. Use up to three words.

after his grandfather.

                                                                                                                                                                                 his grandfathK gaining weight

 . on weight

in the world is as beautiful as this

 . place in the world forget to visit my aunt on Saturdays

I always  . Visit my aunt travelling by train to travelling by bus.

 by train rather than

correct preposition.

familiar    this area. I've never before.

jealous              her sister because she

huge ranch in Australia; crowded              tounstsv patient                                                 her students.

exchanges,

order pizza

How are you?

first turning on your right

me —  do I get to the bank?

fancy eating out tonight?

           Vocabulary & Grammar                           Use of

1        Fill in the missing word. 3 Complete the the same as

What does Paul look _

                        Bob always tells the truth. He's                                                    Tom takes

To get to the bank, take the first turning Tom your left.   Jane is

4                 Ken is .. . .              He never gets angry or upset.          Jane .                   What time .          the TV programme start?  3 No place 6 She likes the hustle and    Of London.                                      

Sarah and Jane aren't getting 4 I never lately They argue all the time. On Saturdays

                         We hate city life We can't put                                                    I prefer

                                 the noise                                                                                   prefer

9 London is more expensive  Athens. travel by 10 That was  worst film ever.

                                                                                                        4 Fill in the

2        Circle the correct item.              I I'm not

been here

                        Harry works as a traffic                                                               2 She is

                         A assistant          a warden           C director                                  lives on a

Jenny has curly blonde haw and _ . cheeks 3 The City ts A pointed B rosy C bright 4 Pat is very

                           Teachers need to be                    with their

            students                                                 Communication

                              A confident B responsible C patient                             5 Complete the

4                 Jane likes eating at              restaurants.

Thank

A     elegant    B terraced C corner           I'd rather you.

5                 '"Where does he from?" "England  Bless you'

A     come       B getd    there

6                 James aNvavs thinks of others He's very       e Take the

A     careful     B friendhy             C caring

7                 Tony has good manners He is very

A     caring      B patient               C polite  2 A: Do you

O marks'

B: Not bad. How are you?

B: Thanks'

B: Don't mention it, m arks)


Listening

6 •You will hear a radio programme about Barcelona. For each question, put a tick (O in the correct box.

1 Visitors to Barcelona should not go

A              [2 'n the middle of summer.

B              C) when there isa festival on.

C              In winter,

4 What does the speaker say about La Rambla?

A               It is full of carsß

B               C) It is Barcelona's best-known street

C               C) It Is a famous food market.


2 The best way to get around the city is A C] on a moped.

B Dbyta„n

C the Metro.

3 Barcelona is

A     a City with modern and old features. B completely modern City C a a very old city.

Reading

7 Read and choose the correct word for each space.

Get the 1) do you go to the picture • hairdresser's with a new hairstyle in

2) but then lose your nerve because you arent sure what it WII 3) like? Dont you wish you old try out new hairstyles before you decide 4) you want? Well. vvSth today's computer software pu can choose 5) over 200 hairstyles in a 6) mnutes and see how they look on pu — W'thout L touch.nga single hair' All you need is a degatal picture of yourself. The software is easy to 7) and you can  both the front-Wew and the side-view of the hairstyles. Try them out on screen and see which one  like 8) It's the 9) way to see if a hairstyle  realty 10). you, before the scissors go to work,

I A usually

rarely

C

seldom

D Often

2 A head

B

mind

C

hand

D eye

 A seem

feel

C

look

D appear

4 A thrs

C

that

D which

5 A from

of

C

for

D off

6 A some

lot

C

few

D little

 A use

B

make

C

see

D try

8 A best

much

C

well

D very

9 A easiby

easiest

C

easier

D ease

   A fits

matches

C Suits

D goes

(20 m

5


8

What can you see in Maremagnum?

A               a cathedral

B               a bird market

C               Cl lots of shops and cafés

The Sagrada Familia cathedral

A              C] doesn't take long to visit.

B               C) 15 not completed„

C               is difficult to climb up.

Writing

You have moved to a new neighbourhood. Write a Þtter to an English-speaking friend, saying:

     what there is tosee and do there.

     what you like/dislike about itL

     how different it is from your old neighbourhocd

(20

'00marks'

Nov I ean„,

     introduce myself

     talk about

     character 8 appearance

— habits/routineglifestyles

— jobgworkp\aces/lob qualities

     express my likes/dislikes/preferences ask for/glve directions act out a job interview

write

     a short paragraph about my favourite hero(ine) or villain

— a classified ad

— an e-mail to a friend

— an informal letter of advice

     a short article about myself and where I live

— a short description of my neighbourhood

     a letter of application

...in


-          1603 - Elizabeth navy defeats the   de,. lames I

                                                                                                                                       Span Ish Armada      becomes K•ng

Vortmits

Elizabeth had many enemies and it was not safefor her to travel around the country. She chose, instead. to use portraits to show herself to her people.'t was essential that the portraits showed an image of her that would impress her subjects.

'The Coronation Portrait'

This portrait shows Elizabeth just after the coronation. The picture shows her as a young. beautiful. innocenl girl pink cheeks and long hair Her rich gold gown, and fur show her vsealth. She is also uearing the croun and holding the Orb and Sceptre to show her royal authority The of the picture is that although she is young and has the power to rule the country,

'The Armada Portrait'

This portrait celebrates the victory Of England over Spanish Armadx In the painting Elizabeth's right rests on a globe. This symboliscs thal England is a global On her right there is a crown. The pictures behind her show the English in bright sunshine. and ships of the Spanish Armada being destroyed in a storm.

5 project: Do some research using the Internet, school textbooks. encyclopaedias. etc, then draw Elizabethg family tree. Present it to the class.

Listen, read and talk about ...                                              • intonation (expressing annoyance)


                environmental issues

                T,imals & adoption schemes

                illegal imports  types of holidays 8 means of transport

                hdiday experiences

                climate'the weather

                tips

                learn how to

                give a short talk

                eWess surprise

                express your feelings

                check in at a hotel

                compia.n & apologise

                give travel Information

(dis)approval./annoyance/surprise  react to news

phrasal verbs: run. come Write / Make...

an environmental poster an article about a zoo a letter to a penfriend a holiday advertisement a note a weather forecast a short factfile about your country

Sto

 

a

Culture Clips: RRS Ernest Shackleton

Literature Corner: Gulliver's Travels

Curricular Cuts (Geography): The World's Climates

 

3a Earth Calling

Lead-in

1             a. How much/many of the following does your town/city have? Tell the class.

traffic • smoke from factories

homeless people • recycling centreS

trees/plants • stray animals

dirty parks/rivers/beaches/streets

bottle banks • clean-up campaigns

bins • wildlife parks

too much/many, (not) enough. quite a few/lot. no, any

There is too much traffic in my town.

There arent enough bins in rhe streets,

b. Which three things would you change to improve the place you live in? Tell you r partner.

                rdlike to see, • It would be good if there • There shouWshouldn't be

                rd make sure that

Reading

Focusing on layout

Before you read a text, 100k at its layout (headings, pictures, etc).The of a text can often help you guess what is about before you begin to This will help you understand the text more easily

2 a. Look at the text. What type of text is it? Why was it written? What do the title and the quotation mean? What do you expect

to read?

b. Read the text and complete the sentences. Explain the highlighted words.

 Roots help plants to be

2      Although shoots appear tiny and weak. they

3      started qoors& Shoots in

The Earth in

OUR HANDS

ROOTS AND SHOOTS PROGRAM

"Hundreds of thousands of and shoots, hundreds of thousands ofyoung people around the world, can break through walls. We CAN change the world.

 Jane

(environmentalist humanitarian and

4     The programme includes activities such as

5     To take part in the programme you need to be

Speaking

3              Listen and read the text. Make notes under the following headings.

  who founded it and when • what it is

  how many members it has • who can join

the Roots & Shoots programme.

b. Work in pairs. Use your notes to talk about

How do

'ants

row?

n nature. the roots of a plant grow underground and cover a large area. This way they keep the plant Strong and healthy. Shoots are young plants that have come up through the earth to find the sunlight that they need to sun•ive, Shoots may seem small and fragile, hut they can break open brick walls. Their strength is quite amazing.

What is Roots and Shoots?

1 nspired by her belief that every individual can make a difference. Dr Jane Goodall decided in 1991 to form a young people's environmental group of 16 local schoolchildren in East Africa. Its name was Roots and Shoots and the members organised recycling pro-grammes and cleaned up local parks. rivers and txaches. They also helped old people and the homeless in their neighbourhood as well protecting the natural habitat of local animals. Today, Roots and Shoots has over 3.000 groups in more than 68 countries worldwide Which are actively involved in DrJane Goodall's projects.

How can you become a

member of Roots and Shoots?

ny young person, preschool and university, can join the Roots and Shoots programme. If you want to start your own Roots and Shoots group. simply find other young people in your neighbourhood who want to participate, and an adult to be the group leader. Then, contact the Jane Goodall Institute for a membership form.


Jane G«xlall •s Roots and Shoots prwamme is living proof that if Bant to make our world Ixtter place for            just need to uork together,

Join Roots and Shoots now!

http://www.janegoodall.org

Member

\ n stitute

Listening

4 J 'You will hear someone talking about membership of the Jane Goodall Institute. Listen and fill in the missing information.

                                                                                                                                                                          an-tourm

Portfolio: In groups. make a poster to submit to Roots and Shoots' annual competition for the best environmental poster.

                                rubbish                Plant I)


air pollution deforestation endangered species

b. Work in pairs. Match the sets of verbs to the problems in Ex. 2a. Then discuss as in the example.

cut down - plant

throw away - recycle

 • hunt - adopt -•o

destroy- protect • L.

A: think deforestation is on important issue today.

B: is, indeed Instead of cutting down trees, we should plant new ones.

Preservation  Listening

3 a. You will hear a person talking about what we can do to protect our environment. Before you listen, read the notes and try to guess the missing words.


4


Transport

     Rlde your bike Or 2)instead of driving

     use public transport

Drive sensibly: don't waste petrol.

At work

Print things on 3)paper

Print or copy on both sides of the paper use the 4)instead Of the lift.

Shopping

Don't buy food which is wrapped in 5)

     Buy locally grown food and products.

    


Don't buy products which come from 6)amt-nah

Speaking

  I'd like to talk about      • I'd like to present

  Today's sublect is          • I'm going to talk about

• First Secondly / Third,          then       • Also.

  To sum up, • In brief.  • In conclusion,

  Finally                           

Use the notes in Ex. 3 and the table below to give a short talk about what we can do to help preserve our environment.

I'd like ro about how we can help preserve our environment So here's o list ofthings we can all do. First

3b


Animals

5        a, List the animals below under these categories: mammal, bird or reptile. Which can you see in the pictures on p. 33?

goose • sheep • tiger

cobra • parrot • hen

monkey • giraffe • dog

polar bear • deer • cat

whale • jaguar • goat

crocodile • python

horse • leopard

panda • donkey

peacock • orangutan

b.   Which of the animals above are: domestic?wild?

Reading

6        Read the title and think of questions you might want to ask about the zoo. Listen and read to check if you can them.

7        a. Read the text and choose the best answer (A-D) for each space (1-10). Then explain the highlighted words.

True Friends

Look out for words that look or sound similar to words in your anguage (i.e. true friends).They help you understand the text.

b.   Are there any words in the text that look/sound similar your language?

 Speaking

8        a. Make notes, then give

your partner two reasons why people should visit Henry Doorly Zoo.

No ordinary zoo

How would you to visit a rainforest explore the bottom of an ocean and still be home O) in timefor dinner? Well, if you live in Omaha. USA, you can! The Henry Doorty Zoo Omaha is ike no .. zoo. There are 2) of wild and endangered animals here but they live in an environment exactty 3)

their own.

The zoo includes world's largest indoor rainforest, known 4) the Lied Jungle. You can cross rope bridges, walk through caves and admire wonderful waterfalls. Leopards and pythons move through the monkeys jump trom tree to tree and birds 5) „ above your head. The zoo home 6) many sgz:ies ncluding bears, deer,

jaguars, and pumas.

Next 7) . the Lied Jungle is the Kingdom of the Seas Aquarium. Here you can see penguins sliding off Ce cliffs 8) . the cold water below. 9) . a walk along 25-metre glass tunnel Which runs throu$ a big tank. With a wide variety of fish swimming around you.

The zoo is open 10)       day of the year except Thanksgiving. Christmas and New Year's Day.

For detailed information visit the Henry Doorly zoo website http•]/www.omahazoocom

 

A on

 

C at

D for

 

A such

every

C any

D other

 

A much

more

C many

D lots

3

A like

 

C same

D to

4

A as

B like

C such

D for

 

A move

cross

C fly

D pass

 

A for

of

C to

D In

 

A in

 

C by

D with

8

A under

 

C Into

D on

9 A Do

B GO

C Make

D Take

10 A most

B all

C every

D each

b. Imagine you are at the Henry Doorly Zoo. In pairs, act out a dialogue about what you can see, what you are doing and how you feel.

Writ; nt-

portfolio: Collect information about a zoo your country. Write an article for your school magazine (50-80 words). Write:

the name of the zoo • where it is • what you can see there

your recommendation


Grammar in use

Choose a leader. He/She says how (s)he feels. In teams guess why. Each team can ask three questions.

upset happy excited ream Leader: AS': Have rm happyyou pass, thrilled sad angry your   ?

Leader: No. havent.

 

Present perfect

 

 

 

Grammar Reference Reading & Listening

 

ABOUT rt ?

1

a. What is the text on the right:

 

THC BAD

 

a directory? a poster? a sign?

 

                         to          we have destroyed         of

 

b. Scan the text. What do these

 

the Amazon rainforest

 

figures refer to: 10%? 2,000?

 

Sotæ 2.(D          of Pacific tyrds have become ext/itct.

                   Aty waste                       erew away sa

2

Listen and read. In pairs, ask and

 

                                          tus          pst Evoke,"

 

answer comprehension questions.

 

Average temperatures have nsen

 

b. Underline the present perfect verb forms. How is the present perfect formed?

 

tx•tween arc arc

 

Yet/Already - For/Since

 

THE GOOD NEWS

3

The students ofSouthsea School are

 

                   Bakl            populations have

 

planning a dean-up day. In pairs, ask

 

increased 'n the last 15 years.

 

and answer questions.

 

Access to awl water for r' the Thud World has increased to

 

to be

 

sr,ce the '970s

Other +0019 to take p.-t

 

5yer has st,vted to

• buy                                     rubbish bags)'

• hard out leaflet9

 

Never/Ever

 

5

Tell your partner three things you have never done.

A' Have they invited other schw/s to take part?

 

neveradopted an animal.

          8: Yes.           already done that. Have

 

Speaking

they organisedpeople into groups?

A NO, they haventdone thatyet,

6

use the prompts and your own ideas to ask and answer,

• '¥ to a zoo'

4 use the prompts to make

 

• look after a sick animal?                           • last

sentences about yourself.

 

• watch a                                                    • last SurdavMorday, etc

•be •visit •travel •talk •phone

 

• win a comget'tm'                                   •                 school, etc

•meet • change • speak • write

 

        Have you ever been                                  Yes, I have.

res...

 

A' When was that?                                             last summer

RAVE you WEB TROW

three days • five months

a year • a Jong time

last week • August • 2001

I was seven

/Ve been o memberofWWF forayear.

Clauses of purpose

Grammar Reference


8           a Read the sentences. Find examples of an action which started in the past and continues up to the present with emphasis on the duration.

He hos been typing letters since 9 am.

She has been living here for fouryears He has been typing letters al/ day

b.    Use the verbs and the time

words to make sentences about yourself. Use the present perfect continuous.

 

 

 

learn • study • write

watch • play • live

 

 

 

 

 been learning English for three

9           a. Read the examples. How is purpose expressed?

We can We should to help

adopt an animal so that it can have proper care.

join an environmental group to/in order to/so as           protect endangered species.

We took

the cat to the vet for a vaccination.

b.    Expand the Sentences, using clauses of purpose.

 government / pass / factories causing pollution / pay / heavy fines. The governmentmust pass laws so that factories causing pollution Wii/ pay heavy fines.

2          we / adopt/ an endangered animal / help / protect / wildlife

3          they / write to / WWF / ask for / information about / voluntary work

4          they give out free tickets / everyone / go / concert              they / start / campaign / raise money

Sentence transformations

10 Complete the second sentence so that it means the Same as the first, using no more than three words.

              I last went to London Zoo when I was ten years old.

I haven't been to London Zoo  ten years old.

 Michael started working as a zookeeper in 1998

Michael as a zookeeper since 1998. 3 think you should adopt an animal.

Why       . adopt an animal? 4 prefer lions to hippos.

I like lionshippos.

Phrasal verbs

11 Explain the phrasal verbs, then completeout of the sentences. Choose three phrasal verbs and draw pictures to illustrate them.

Mary while we were in the zoo. 2 We havesugar. Can you buy some?

3 We almosta deer while we were driving. 4 Most carsunleaded petrol nowadays.

Wri+í½-

Portfolio: You have taken part in a special 'Plant a tree' day. Write a letter to your English pen-pal telling him/her all about it. In your letter you should:

say when and where the event took place.

say how   liked it.


ask if he/she has taken part in a similar event,

Listening & Speaking skills


Protecting animals

             a. Why would you adopt an animal? Number the reasons in order of importance (1-5). Compare your list to your partner's.

C_Tö] to learn more about that animal  to help pay far its food and daily care

CICI to get free gifts to help pay for any medical attention it needs

Listen to an interview about an animal adoption scheme and put a tick (/) in the correct box.

starting the animal

enough money.

working order.

the animals.

2

What was adoption A C) The B C) The

C C] The

The animal A CT] hasn't

B          was

the reason for scheme? zoo didn't have zoo wasn't in good zoo couldn't keep adoption scheme been successful. started quite recently.

C C) needs over 100 applicants.

 The 230 adoption fee

A     C) pays for most of the animal's food and medicine.

B     D pays for all of the animal's food and medicine,

C     C] is all spent on the animals.

4 The radio presenter thinks that A C] the scheme costs too much money.

B      the animals aren't worth £30. C C] £30 is a reasonable price.

5

6

If you adopt an

A                C] a tree

B                an

C                C] information

It you want to

A C.] you must B CJ you must

C C) ycva must

animal.

zoo.

form.

station.

animal, every month you get T-shirt.

adoption certificate.

about the

adopt an animal, go to the fill outa call the radio

c. Would you ever consider adopting an animal? Why (not)? Tell the class.

Describing pictures

2 Look at picture A and complete the sente

Look at picture questions,

 How do the people in the picture feel towards the dolphins? Why do you think so?  Are you in favour of or against zoos? Why?


Illegal imports

Reading

4         Look at these signs. What items are travellers not allowed to bring into Britain/the EU? eo. ivory

PASSENGERS IN POSSESSION OF

PROHIBITED FOODS RISK UP TO SEVEN YEARS• IMPRISONMENT

                                                        AND,ORA                   FINE

5         a. Read these sentences. Who might say them and in what situation?

Con you open your suitcases, please?

Anything to declare?

What's this, sir?

• Doyou have anythinge/se Like this?

Please come with me.

b.   Listen and read. What illegal items did the man have?

c.    Take roles and act out the dialogue.

A: Anything to declare?

B: NO. don't think so.

A'. see. Can you open your suitcases, please?

Yes, OF course,

A: Whafs this, sir?

B: Ifs an                chess set. Ifs a              my uncle.

A: Don't you know it's illegal to bring products made of ivory into Britain?

B: NO, I didn't know that.

A: It's against the law to bring any products made from endangered animals into the country. Do you have anything else like this?

Er well, yes — I bought a snakeskin belt for my daughter and a crocodile skin purse for my mother. A: I Please come with me, sir.

6                In pairs, guess what happens next. Listen to the rest of the dialogue and check.

7                Portfolio: Imagine you are at Customs, coming back from a holiday. In pairs, take roles and act out a dialogue between yourself and the Customs officer. Record your dialogue.

Intonation

Listen to the speaker's and mark the stressed syllables. Practise pronunciation and Stress. Record yourself to see if you sound natural.

Reacting to news
Intonation

8 • Listen and repeat. Record yourselfand check your intonation.

Positive

       Wow        • At last'

   How fantastic • How wonderful!

   That's great (news)! • Really? Well done' / Way to go'

Negative

• How terrible'

What a shame(

• That's shocking'

• That's awful!

• That's too bad'

• Oh. no'

9 In pairs, use expressions from Ex. 8 to react to the news about the headlines.

No cars in city centre

Fire destroys

hSforest

e 10000

raised for

More people growing own vegetables

A: says here thata fire has destroyed huge area of rainforest in the


Amazon!

B: ThatS sad!

37

Writing notes

Getting started

1 Read the theory box, then read the note and complete the blanks. Find examples of omitted words.

Notes are messages we write in various situations (to remind, inform. thank, apologise, etc). They must be short and provide all the information needed Without being chatty, We usually omit words such as personal pronouns you, etc), articles (a/an, the, etc), auxiliaries (am, have, etc} and greetings like Dear, Yours, etc. We can use the imperative, informal linkers (e.g so instead of therefore), participles, and abbreviat'ons,

Let's look closer

2 Read the notes below and find examples: of informal greetings/endings; omitted personal pronouns, articles and auxiliaries; imperatives, and participles.

Just a quick note to you know about the wildlife

Filmine next week at Currumbirl Sarctuary, Please them for details. e.g. exact date. time. etc. Give me a call when you fina Out.

Thanks a million.

Jack

PTO for contact name and number

Good morning Fred.

Had to call the vet—panda's sick again. Clean out monkeys' cages and bath the elephants. Done everything else. See vou at 6,

George

PS Vet said he Would be herc at loam.

3          Match the highlighted abbreviations in the notes above to their meanings (1-5).

please turn over

4

I've just remembered

(the page)

 

something

and so on

 

as soon as possible

4          Make sentences 1-8 shorter.

 I would like to thank your help,

2 It's a great idea,

 You should come and visit

4  will see you soon,

 I am leaving for Rome, there  can't be at the meeting.  John was not feeling well went home,

7 Can you tell me where when it is?  Bob is coming at 9:00.

try not to be late

Your turn

5 Read the rubric, underline the key words and answer the questions in the plan. Then, write your note (3545 words).

 A colleague has invited you . take part in a 'clean-up the

   beach' day. Write a note and:

   agree to help  ask for more information

(eg. date, time and place)

   find out what you need to bring with you,

Who is the note 10? HOW u'ill start?

Whatpoin               do 001/ Dave to include?

Is there anything else to

HON' Will 1'0,•,' end the note?

Recycling just one glass bottle saves enough energy to light a 100 watt bulb for four hour¶


3 for example

Culture Clip


• Reading & Listening

What can you see in the pictures? What do you think the RRS Ernest Shackleton is?

a.   What type of text is this? What is the purpose of such texts? Read the text quickly to find which birds/animals are mentioned.

b.   Read again and answer questions 1-4. Then,

RRS Ernest Shackleton

3     Why were some of the crew disappointed?

A    They were tar from the station,

B     They didn't have any Christmas presents

C     They couldn't reach their presents D They couldn't enjoy the games.

4     Which of the following is the best title text?


explain the highlighted word"

I Why are they in the Antarctic?

A    to spend Christmas there

B    to do research on the wildlife

C    to save the penguins and whales

D    to carry out some experiments

2            was their most memorable Chr•s-trnö

A looking at the icebergs

8 strong Chnstmas carols to the penguins

C    seeng the blue whales

D    having 24 hours of sunshine

               Decen•ber             hawe almost

                Ve Art-arctic                      mort.hs

        5t                                    it

     'tu                              there are

Of Our tasks

Sere, i' to check t.he

the penguin   We them are' putting them. We have to be so that penguin is turtDecember rod-as we to Our     frien". their        to

- they               ha.'e a:    "hat         amazing *ale          aic*13Side

                                      B                  scene

•ever f'"et.

for the

A     visiting the Antarctic

B     The Behaviour of penguins

C     An Antarctvc Christmas Holiday

D     Memones from a Scientific Expedition

3 Listen and read, then ask and answer comprehension questions.

S': Howlonghavetheybeenatsea?

SZ Twomonths. V,merearethey.2

Speaking

4 What endangered animals are there in

your country? Are there organisations that look after them?

Eth Decenter Happy Chr/stmaa The crew t-rsdtmaiiy presents o"' these t.nps. Some Of were å'appolnteå. though. because their presents were underneath f003

Other We hai exeect.ed to reach the researcþ' earlier but recent oeÆher

Anyway. C&istmæ timer was delicicu• We tan..ey Christmas

Today we Played the     such        9t.'cOrg

Of freezing water.

that, we

abatrc½4

project.

Of

chicks the Job Of from the Lhiversicy of

3

this was Crazy we           going to baee         Then        'txt rese,rch on the penwirs. After we hae

4a Travellers'

Lead-in

a.   Tell the class as many types of holidays (package holiday, beach holiday, sailing, etc) as you can in one minute.

b.  Look at the adverts on p. 41. What types of holidays do they advertise?

4

5

Listening

2        Listen to a radio advert What types of holidays are advertised?

Reading

STUDVSKILLS

Reading for specific information (multiple

Underline the key words in the descriptions and questions. Read the text(s) and try to find sentences/ phrases that match the underlined key words. The matching sentences/phrases are usually rephrased.

3 The people in pictures 1-4 live in the USA and are all trying to choose a holiday.

*      Read the texts and underline the key words  Then, read the adverts and underline anything that matches up with what the people want.

*      In pairs, decide which of the hdiday•s (A-F) is the most suitable for the people (1-4).

Tales

Listen and read. Explain the words in bold. Then, in pairs, ask and answer comprehensict questions.

A' How many nights is St Petersbutg?

B: Three. Where...?

Speaking

a Match the verbs to the prompts.

enjoy, see, stay in, visit, goon, experience

  luxurious hotels • local cuisine

  beachfront hotels • tropical rainforests

  guided tours • traditional food

  stunning wildlife • famous landmarks

  great museums • white-water rafting

  rare birds • rich history

b. Look at the adverts on p. 41 _ Which holiday would you choose to go on? Use the phrases in Ex. 5a to discuss in pairs.

 The African safari seems the most exciting to because you can see stunning wildlife. What you?

portfolio: Write your own holiday advertisement for an interesting place in your country. Write:

• name of place • type of holiday • length Of stay


activities • prices • contact number


Looking for the IDEAL getaway?


Sightseeing in St Petersburg

Three nights at the luxurious

Astoria hotel. Russian culture and professionally guided tours. Don't miss the chance to visit this city's most famous landmarks and some of the world's greatest museums,

$1,460 per person (all inclusive)

Amazon Adventure

Would you enjoy camping and Iropical rantorests? How about the and excitement of

*Me-wate' ratting? It Me looking for action and adventure. is the haiday tor you'

S I .700 person

16days incl. flights)

$6,130 per person

(anch flights)

Mediterranean Fun

The Coral Beach Resort in Marbella. Spain offers relaxing 2-week breaks for all the family. Beachfront hotels with swimming pools. cafés. restaurants. watersports facilities and great nightlife! Sun and fun for everyone'

Adults

Children 600

(14 nights. incl. flights)

Natural Poland

gabiogorski National Park offers a dramatic setting tor a fantastic holiday for the less adventurous! Family-sty'e accommodation Birdwatching enthusiasts won't be disappointed - there are about 120 species of birds here and earty risers are sure to catch a glimpse of something unusual

Sl,170 per person

(7 nights all inclusive)

Historical Mexico

Experience the rich history of the Yucatan Peninsula in style aboard the Expreso Maya Luxury Train. Visit Chichen ltza and the Adivino pyramid on this 5-day. once-in-a-lifetime trip

S 1 ,250 per person


Try these holiday suggestions from vesta Travel co. Tel: 0626-555-0708

Vocabulary Practice


2          Do you think you pack smartly? Listen and read to find out.

3          Read again. Which ofthe items in the pictures are mentioned in the text?

—How to Pack

Smartly

rake comfortable, easy-to-clean clothes. Don't take too much - for a week you should take 2-3 shirts and parrs of trousers, 1-2 pairs of shoes (hiking boots for a walking holiday and sandals for a beach holiday), a jacket or a jumper. a swimming costume and lots of underwear Don't forget the necessities. Take toothpaste, sunscreen. insect repellent and a small first-aid kit, put your shoes in plastic bags inside your suitcase so they don't dirty your clothes.

4          Keep your passport with you at all times.

Do not carry any sharp objects such as penknives, nailfdes or scissors in your hand luggage. Put them in your suitcase put any breakable items such as cameras or binoculars in your hand luggage,

Weather

4 What is the weather like in your country in each season? Tell the class. spang

autumn

warm • hot • dry • cold • mild

rainy •      • coal • windy

sunny • wet • foggy

it's usually

(e.g. summer) is (often usually)

it's/ it isn't Often very

it rarely (e.g. snows}

Autumn in my country is always wet Ond foggy but spring is usually mild.

 Listening

5 Listen to the weather forecast for Mexico City for tomorrow. What is the weather going to be like?


4b


Means of transport

6      Fill in: catch, drive, miss, get, take or ride in the correct form.

1      He got held up in traffic, and as a result he his plane!

2      He

8 0'c'ock train to Liverpool and met Steve there.

his bike to school when he was a child

4 He always his wife to work the Tube as it was faster than driving.

6 He helped the old lady

. On the bus, Prepositional phrases

a. Fill in: on, inor by.

1 travel  bike}motorcycle/ bus/car/taxi/ boathorry/plane foot  a bus'plane/ train/ coach/ ship/boat  get _         a taxi/car/helicopter

 Where do you usually go on holiday? How do you travel? Tell your partner.

usually spend my holidays abroad. I            byplane.

Present/Past participles

a. Study the table.

We use -ed participles to describe hw' we feel tfatexcited when we landed in Rome.

We -ing participles to describe that something/somebody is like. Bring toMadrid was exciting.


9


b, use appropriate participles and the prompts to talk about travel experiences. Think about:

trip, flight, service/hotel, localpeople, museums, nightlife, etc

amused — amusing          interested - interesting excited — exciting   fascinated - fascinating satisfied — satisfying                            thrilled - thrilling bored - bonng      disappointed - disappointing

A: How was B: 'twas...

A: Howdidyoufeelabout...?  'felt..

Expressing feelings

STUDVSKILLS

suitable intonation to your feelings.This helps the listener to understand you better.


Portfolio: Use the adjectives and prompts to act out dialogues, as in the example. Record your dialogues.

 book / holiday   S finish packing suitcases  someone / steal my purse 6 airline find / my missing luggage  hotel / overcharge me                7 get / best room in hotel

4 find Out / no running      8 lose / passport water

 You      excited    A: Whatswrong?You look upset.  I am. Eve booked my    B: 1 0m. SomeoneSjust stolen my holiday/purse,

A' Thor's good/greatA: Oh dear. /I'm sorry.

Wri+i½-


portfolio: Listen to the weather forecast in Ex. 5 again. Then, write a short weather forecast for your city for tomorrow.


Grammar in use

a actions which happened immediately one after the other in the past b an act'on which happened in the past c an action which was in progress at a stated time 'n the past d an action which was in progress when another action interrupted it  two simultaneous actions in the past which were tn progress

2 Put the verbs in brackets into the past simple or post continuous.

 A: Where 1) . (you} be) at S o'clock yesterday?

(cook) dinner while Tony 3)

_ (Work) in the garden.

• A: When 4)

(you/see) Sue?


Linkers

Grammar Reference Join the columns.

It was a really busy year for Tm

he

On the big day, got up very early he was baking He packed histo his holiday suitcase, had when he about breakfast andcheck in, he realisedte

4 He reached thedidn't have his airport 2 hourspassport.

before his flight d he reached There was plenty Of Would he be able to time before he        find it?

would board the e he heard the phope plane             ring.

6 Hs heart was beating                                 he drove to the airgŒ.

g he deaded to drive  He was opening the front          home and get the door             passport.

 Speaking

4          Talk about a bad experience you had while on holiday.

5          Use the prompts to make sentences about yourself.

• yesterday • last month • in 2000 • last Monday


B: While 1 5)                                                       • two days ago • so • when • while • then


(happen) to Rob?

(crash) his car •mile he 8)


Definite/lndefinite

            articles                 Grammar Reference

Reading

6              a. Skimthe text. Does it give personal or factual information ?

b.   Read the text and fill in a, an or the where necessary. How do we use articles?

c.    Listen and read, then tell your partner as many things about Argentina as you Can remember.

Used to/would Grammar Reference

7              Which sentence expresses: a past habit? a past state? Where can we use would ?

1      used to live in the country when was young.

2      In summer they used to hire a boat and go

 Listening

8              Kate is talking about her summer holidays when she was six. Listen and tick (Z) the things she used to do.

Then make sentences.

go bird-watching lie on beach go swimming have picnics on the beach make sandcastles hike

Kateusedt0/Wou/dgo bird-watching with her father.

b.   In pairs, ask and answer.

 Did you use to go birdwatching Whenyou weresix?

Argentina is l) second largest country in 2) South America. 3) „ Atlantic Ocean lies east Of Argentina. 4) country is bordered by Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Paraguay and Uruguay, 5) Buenos Aires is 6) — capital. It lies along 7) . . Rio de la Plata. which means •silver river'. The official language is 8) Spanish. In 1816 Argentina became 9) . . independent country. Land: Argentina is shaped a lot like 10) — long triangle.lt wide in I l) — north and narrow in 12) — south. 13) ..„.....Andes Mountains run all the way down Argentina's long western border.

        Products: 14)          country produces beef. corn and wheat.

Argentina has 15) — population of 35 million people. About 1 6) third Of them live in BuenosAires.

Sentence transformations

9 Complete the second sentence so that it means the same as the first, using the word in bold.

            We haven't stayed at a hotel for years.                             since

It's years               at a hotel, 2 There were    swimming pools at the hotel.

                The                                                                     swimming pools:

John had an accident on his way to the office.              had John was on his way to the office  an accident.

          4 The hotel roam was too small for Tom's family,          enough

The hotel room wasn'tTom's family

Phrasal verbs

10 Explain the phrasal verbs, then fill in the correct particles.

1 While in Prague, he came .some great shops, 2 His last book came .last month. 3 Don't call — just comeat about 10:00. 4 She came a fortune when her aunt died.

Wri-t-;nt-

portfolio: Write a short factfile about your country like the one in Ex. 6.

Listening & Speaking skills
Checking in

 Reading

1         Where are the people in the picture? What are they doing?

2         Which of these sentences may be said by a receptionist?

 HOW may I help you?

           /"m afraid / can t find the booking.

demand to see the manager.

4 Just a moment, sir.

             Youmean there'sabsolutelynowhere to stay?                           A: Good evening, sir. How may I help you?

 My name is Peter Martin. My wife and I ha

3         a Read the dialogue and complete sentences   reservation for a double room for tonight.can't find

1-5. Then read out the dialogue in pairs, A: Just a moment, sir. I'm afraid I booking. sir. When did you reserve the room?

 The dialogue is between Mr and B: It was booked through my travel agent         months ago.

            There's no room                        for the Martins.               I'm afraid there's no record of a booking and

 A travel agent made hotel is completely full. There's a festival the town and there are no rooms avai two months ago.

4         There are no vacancies in the hotel because            anywhere. thereS absolutely nowhere to

 You mean

                                                                                What are we going to do?

           Mr Martin is very                                                                                                          ringing around a few

A: Well, I could try places. but I don't think there's much hope,

B: Look here! My Wife and I have been travellin

• b.' What do you think happened next? Listen We're exhausted. demand to speak to and check. In pairs, think of a different day.

manager! ending.

Complaining and apologising

4 • a, Listen and read. Underline the phrases which suggest apology.

    A: I'd like to complain about the TV It's not working,

B: I'm so sorry, sir, I'll get someone to see to it immediatePy.

    A: Excuseme, I think you gave me change. B: Oh dear do apologise. slr.

b. Portfolio: Work in pairs. Imagine you are ata hotel and you are having some problems. Use the table and your own ideas to act out similar exchanges. Record your dialogues.


room not clean

     room seruce slow

     no hot water

     no towels

4d

Giving travel information

 Listening

Predicting

Before you listen. think about the topic. Predict words/ phrases related to the topic. This improves your listening comprehension,

5       a. You are going to listen STUDYSKiLLS to a holiday rep talking to some new guests at their hotel. What might she tell them?

 Listen and fill in the missing information.

Name: Jane Clarkson Company: Sun Tours

Breakfast:                          - in 1) .                           ....._..-groundfloor

Lunch:       restaurant — 2) .        . floor packed lunches available — order 3) .               dag before

Dinner:     :30pm restaurant — variety of 4) dishes

POOI

Opening hours: 7arn - 5)

Sunbeds available

Snack bar 6) . and snacks

6       Imagine you are a holiday rep. Tell the guests how they can spend the day. Talk about:

• meals • day trips available • shopping • beaches • evening entertainment • where to go for heWadvice

Expressing (dis)approval

Imagine you are filling in a hotel assessment form. In pairs, use the spidergram and the useful language to ask and answer, as in the example.

sports centre

children's playground

Asking

Expressing (dis)approva'

                      you think Of

                      How do pu find

                      How is

It's

It's (not) goodtvery good (indeed).

It's poor/disappointing/awful

A Whatdoyouthinkoftheroom service?

           Oh, its verygood indeed.                think so?

Expressing annoyance

 Intonation

8 Listen and repeat. In pairs, make up short exchanges.

 How dare you speak to me like that?

             What are          talking about?

 This 's outrageous!

4 You're joking'

 You're kidding!

I insist thotyouleãvenow.

 How dareyou speck to me like that?

Describing a picture

9 a. Portfolio: Describe the picture to your partner. Think about:

where the people are

what they are wearing

what they are doing

why they are there

how they feel

Record your monologue.

 What is your favourite type of holiday? Why? Tell your partner.

Writing a story (1st person narrative)

Getting started

 What can a story be about (adventure, mystery etc)? What tenses can you mostly use?

Let's look closer

2 a. Read the rubric. What Can your story be about?

: A local magazine has asked its readers to send in short

• stones With the title rrjproRemernbeÈ. The best story wins a two-week holiday to Thailand.

' b.' Listen to the sounds. Can you guess the story? Read and check,

       It                             wt•æn I set oti                                 Wy-day

The sky was full Of dark clouds and            it started raining I-eavily. What a

way to Stat a

While I was (hiving to airp'rt, ttw strym "tyse. a of W'tning struck a It cany crashing down just in front Of I was stuxk- I to call the services my mobile, but the line was dead.

I             tha I'd rtùss             I tunwd tiv•            to get      to             a              kru_xk at                To it was a              man in leathu•r clothes. "Need a           he said. My in         I tbdn•t thitú          I               my carefully            motorode and shmted urgently, "'TO ttw airl"t

It was my first       on a         I was terrifi«i.         •ytR•ng fast that I my           ti"' shut all              way. Sucklenly, the to a hah. -We're iwre! SSd_ I      at my watch that I was just in time for my flight.                 young man wish«i a nice trip,               quickly      avay.

as my plane           Off, I breattwd a     sigh Of reW. I relax                 my ivsliday.

3 Read the story and put the events in the order they

turned on the radio

Lightning struck a tree.

He drove      to the air;x.rtL

A man knocked at the

I setoff for the airport

Window

The plane took Off

A tree blocked the road

Linkers/Time Expressions

4 Which of the words in bold: -join similar ideas? - refer rime? join contrasting ideas? - show consequence? Use them to make

Adjectives & adverbs

5          Underline the adjectives in the

Story. Replace them with synonyms.

6          Complete the phrases 1-6 with the adverbs used in the story.

How are they formed? Make

Sentences using the phrases (1-6).

blocked

2     climbed

3     shouted

4     drove

_ shut

           6                                       sped

Your turn

7 Underline the key words in the rubric. Answer the questions in the plan. then. write your story

A travellers• magazine has

: asked ts readers to send sn

Short stories entitled

The Most Exciting Holiday

           My Life"          words)

STUDVSKILLS

Of

When writing story, pres«lt events in the order they happened.Thi helps readers the

Introduction

P                                         did rhe main charaaen:•

Main

(Paras What happened? (events in

Sequence and tJu• climat Conclusion

(Para        What hammed in the end? How dad feel?

sentences of your own.                                                                               letter (Africa, America. Asia, Australia

In English. all continents have that start and finish W'th the same Jonathan Swift 1667-1745) Was Dean Of St Patrick's Cathedral, Dublin, but he is better remembered as one Of the finest satirists in English language.

works A Tale Of a rub ( 1 704) and A Modest Proø'sal 729), but Gulliver's Travels ('726) is Swift's masterpiece. In this satire, Swift makes fun of politics and some Of the inlfy:wtant

Of his time. In e.wh Of its parts t'w lwro, Lemuel CA'lliwr. on a voyage, but he ends up shipwrecked on a strange island. In Part One, Gulliver is thrown into the sea during a storm. He reaches dry land in Lilliput meets the tiny Lilliputians.

4

On 5th November. which was the beginning of summer in those parts. the seamen suddenly saw a rock close to the ship: but the Wind was so strong that we were pushed onto it. Six Of the crew. including myself, Ict down the boat into the sea and tried to get away from the ship and the rock.  In about half an hour the boat was overturned by a sudden strong wind from the north, What happened to the men in the boat. as as those who escaped on the or were left in the shi I cannot say: but I imagine they were all lost.

2 a. Read the extract and match the sentences (A.E) to the gaps  Reading & Listening (1-4). There is one extra sentence which does not match any gap. Then, explain the words in bold.

1 What do you know about

Gulliver's Travels? Read the                         A As for me. swam. and was pushed forward by the Wind and tide

information on the left. then B lay down on the grass. Which Was very short and soft answer these questions. C We rowed about nine miles, till we were able to row no more D Puzzled, I tried to discover what this strange sound might be a kind ot novel E I heard noise around me; but •n the positron I was •n, I could see

      Gulla•erg Travels?                                                 nothing but the sky

b How many parts has 't

                                                                        b. Listen and read. In         ask and answer comprehension

2

 

I often let my legs drop. and could not feel the bottom: but When I Was able to struggle no more. I found mvself in shallow waters: and by this time the storm was much calmer. I walked for nearly a mile before I got to the shore, which I guessed was at about eight in the evening. I then walked on for another half a mile. but could not find any sign of houses or people. I was extremely tired, and with the heat of the weather I needed to sleep. slept better than I remembered ever having done in mv life. and When I awoke, it was just daylight. I tried to get up. but was not able to for. I was laid on my back. I found my arms and legs were stronglv fastened on each side to the ground; and hair. which was long and thick. tied down in the same way. I could onlv look upwards: the sun began to grow hot, and the light hurt my eyes. In a little time I felt something alive rnoûng on my left leg, which, moving gently forward over my chest, came almost up to my chin: looking dounwards as much as I could. I it was a human creature not six inches high, with a bow and arrow in his hands.


got' c Who is the main character

                                                 pairs,                                                       questions.

3 . What do you think will happen next? In pairs. make up a


dialogue between Gulliver and the Lilliputian standing on his chest Listen and see if your guesses were correct.


Self-Assessment Module


Vocabulary & Grammar

1        Fill in the missing word.

Rio de la Plata is a river in Argentina.

round and see me whenever you like.

 He joined the club into learn to play tennvs.

4 How long have you . . working here? 5 Have you been to France?

6 While shopping. came .        a nice vase. 7 He got up early into avoid the traffic.

8 He was sleepingthe phone rang.  We went on a guidedof the museum.

10    She ran Mrs Smith outside the bank, o marks)

2        Circle the correct item.

1       We managed to catch a  of the president of the company as she was leaving. A look B sight C glimpse

2       Snakes and crocodiles are

A     mammals B reptiles C species

3        This part of the country has a hot dry

A climate B weather C temperature 4 Many species of animals have become .

                 A hunted             B dead               C extinct

5 As a child, he  love watching cartoons. A am used to B used to C would

6 Spain      

by Portugal and France.

A edged

B joined               C bordered

7 He ran                                                 work

a friend of his on his way to

A into

B out of             C over

8 He usually     

 the train to work.

A rides

B travels              C takes

9 She was very   

              when she heard the bad

news.

                    A exhausted B fed up               C upset

10    We .       our holiday a month ago

A     saved               B reserved C booked



3

4

5 Use of English

Complete the second sentence so that it mear6 the same as the first. Use up to three words.

 It's been six months since saw Jack  haven't  . six months.  When I was at university, I spent most af m,

time studying.

. spend most

of my time studying when I was at university

3 This is the first time I have been to Spain. to Spain before

4

in London for ten years

 Mary is still doing her homework.

      Mary                             doing her homework yet

Fill in the correct preposition.

1      That book belongs .

2      Bob loves working        animals.

3      It is not too late to save many animas

extinction,

4      Our car broke down so we went the rest of the way

Communication

Complete the exchanges.

a                    Anything to declare?

b                   Excuse me - this isn't what I ordered.  How dare you speak to me like that? d Really? That's great news' e It's very good.

B: I'm sorry. sir I'll change 't immediately

 A: Go away'

4 A:

B: No, don't think so.

 A: What do you think of the sports centre?

Valley. or our adventure package holidays include guides and instructors to help you enjoy acavities you have tried before. Accon•unodation ranges from four-star hotels to log cabins or camping grounds.

For more infonnation check out our website:


ACIbecause wanted to sunbathe

B                              It was too heavy

to sw,m exit to sea

C                              Obecause a wave had carned •t onto the shore

3 The whale is ADunder years old. B aa young female humpback whale C Ca fast swimmer

Who is Jake Henner?

Ana teacher

vet

C C)an err,pbyee at the Wildlife Protection

 

 

Self-Assessment Module—ž-:::

Listening

6 You wil hear a radio interview about a beached whale. For questkyl, put a tick V) in the Correct box.

Mr Ian Saunders the Interviewer,

B OWOrks In the area

C Dis the person who found the whale

2 Why was the whale on the

Reading

7 Read the holiday brochure

True or False

Looking the

Then to the Yukon, in we have package holidays

From October to March you wonderland holidays. These and dogsledding. From March hiking or mountain climbing

   Water rafting            some Of the

and decide if each statement (1-5) is

place a holiday?

north-western Canada. where to please

can choose one of our •winter include skiing, snowmobiling to August we have organised activities. as well as canoeing or White

most beautiful rivers the Yukon

 

5   What did Jake Henner do '*'til help arrived?

AC]He kept the whale cool and dry

B        C]He med to move the

Whale back snto the sea

C        made sure the whale was wet

6   The blow hole of a whale to be

A [2 wet and uncovered

8 C] dry and uncovered

C Ddry and covered

can us tou free at

1 Package holidays are available all year round,

You can travel by dogsled sn July

You can do watersports In the Yukon.

4 You can only Stay at campsites Phone calls to the company are free of charge

Writing

8 Your teacher has asked you to write a short story with the title: A holiday I'll neverforget. Write about: where/when the holiday was. who you were with. what happened, what happened in the end

and how you felt.

Now t can..

• talk about

120 m

— environmental issues

write

- types of holidays 8 means

— an article about a zoo

of transport

— notes

- the climate,Weather

— a letter to a penfriend

— my holiday experiences

— a weather forecast

— a holiday advertisement

• express my feelings

- a short factfile about my

- (d.s)approval, annoyance & surprise

country

— a story

complain & apologise

igh

ICELAND

MOROC r

1 Look at the map and the text. How are they related? How many climate zones are there?

The World's Climates

At or the NO change in seasons. Hot and wet all year round High regular rainfall 'n all months.

Tropical' TWO seasms. wet lots Of rain du-ng       wet

                      C                    Very                            day.

                                          to about OOC Very little rainfall, Warm and        Winds.

dry summers and mild rainy winters.

Some rain •n the summer •n the form Ot

Temperate Mild summers and cool winters. rains all year round. It can Otten be cbudy and

Shœ•t. cool summers md cold Some ran during ttæ            Snow is                 during aa_xurm         winter

Otten            above OaC, even in the surnnužr•.                 bitterty cold winters.

                               Below the surface the                                              all ye•-

52

INDIAN

OCEAN

2       Read and listen to the text and mark the statements True Or False IF). Then explain the words in bold.

It rains all year round at the equator

2 It's always hot in the desert.

W.nters sub-arctic areas are shorter than summers

4 It is extremely cold in the tundra regions

3         In pairs. talk about the climate in various countries marked on the map.

A What's the climate like 'tab' has a Mediterranean climate, so it's hot and dry'n summer

A' Yes andit rains in winter

4         Project - Portfolio: What is the climate like in your country? Collect information from an atlas. encyclopaedias, the Internet etc. then write a short text about it

• shops and products                                                                                            a short paragraph about the perfect place to pick

    clothes and prices

    objects celebrations and customs

Learn howto

    buy second-hand things ask about prices make requests express impatience calm someone down offer and accept gifts express your feelings congratulate and thank make arrangements invite. accept and refuse invitations up bargains in your country a page for a clothing catalogue

    a poster of Dos and Don'ts for your school/work place

    a report assessing the good and bad points of a department store an article about a traditional wedding in your country  greetings cards  an e-mail to a friend to invite him/her to a dinner party  a postcard

 

Culture Clips: Styles of Homes in the USA;

Bizarre Annual Events in the UK

Curricular Cuts (Maths)

 

53


5a On Offer    golf bag

Lead-in

Where can you buy the items in the pictures? What else can you buy from these shops? Tell your partner.

 

• department store • charity shop

 

 

 

electrical store • antique shop

second-hand shop

 

camera

 

You con buy a camera at

 

fan This text was written mainly to explain

A why second-hand items are great bargains.

2

Why do you think people go to second-hand shops? Use the

 

B how second-hand sales raise money for charity

 

prompts to discuss in pairs.

 

C where you can go to buy second-hand things D Which items second-hand shops specialise in

 

pick up bargains • variety of items

antiques • help people in need

2

What does the writer say about car boot sales?

 

• great/unusual/rare/cheap items

 

A You probably    want the things on sale there. B They are a fun way to spend a holiday weekend.

 

A: believe people go to second-hand

 

C Schools hold them to exchange toys and games

 

shops because they can pick up bargains, What do you think?

 

D A wide range of things may be found on sale there

 

B: 'agree. Youcana/sofind.„.

 

The writer says that second-hand shops A Often sell only one particular type Of thing.

 

Reading

 

B alwar. sell things that have been carefully checked. C are usually surprisingty good

3

Look at the title and the subheadings of the text. What

 

D never give you a refund after you buy something-

 

do you expect to read?

4

What does the writer say about charity shops and bazaars?

A They are good places for poor, homeless people to shop

4

a. Read the text and for each

 

B They are good because shopping there helps poor people,

 

question (1-5) choose the

 

C They sell things that are worth almost nothing.

 

best answer A, B, C or D.

 

D They give second-hand items to people in poor countries

 

b. Listen and read, then explain the highlighted words.

 

Which Of the following might the writer agree With?

First    what you want to buy, then the place that specialises in it.   City          offer the best second•hand shopping.

shopping takes bit longer, but it'S worth it. at Christmas and on

Bank Holidays

carpet

"'Mobile phone

54.                       6ramophone

Checking out second-hand city

&aper, second-hand optionsl With a little time and patience, it's possible to find some great bzgains. Take a look at the shopping alternatives come up With which are not Only but also lots of


Car Boot Sales bring unwanted things that they cig of their attics and garages to a car boot sale. There, in a large eat park or on a school playing field, they sell them or  them with other traders for something else. ,9'Y1hing from children's toys to sports equipment  turn up at these sales, which are usually held at weekends or on Bank Holidays.

Charity Shops

people donate used clothes, shoes, toys and Other items to shops where you can usually buy them for next to nothing! The money Often HRS to help people who are hungry, homeless

Or who live in countries.

Christmas Bazaars

These are wonderful places to buy gifts, Christmas  and second•hand items. The beauty Of these bazaars is that al/ the money usually goes to charity, so you can till you knowing that it's al/ for a good The only problem is they are held in


Good Second-Hand second-hand Shops So, next time you're in the mood to shop, instead oi using your credit card, head


Vocabulary practice


 Speaking

2   Look at the prices on notices A-G. In pairs, ask and answer.

El = one pound 50p= fifty pence £1.50 = one (pound) fifty

 Look! They've got tomatoes on special offer at rhe greengrocerS. B: Really? How much are they?  The/reonly 60pakilo. B:                a bargain!

Prepositional Phrases

3         fill in: by for, onor in. Then, use the completed phrases to make sentences about your shopping habits.

*                                                                                                                                                      Could pay       cheque as I have no cash with me?

*                                                                                                                                                      . sale,

4         We bought our fridge

 You won •t believe It; Tim paid for his car _cash.

Remembering new words

Try to learn vocabulary in groups of words. Making connections between words helps you new words easier

5         a Read the clothes catalogue or p. 57 and list words under the headings below.

clothes               • materials

accessories

b Which of these items would yc» buy for: a beach party? a wedding? a job interview? a skiing holiday?

For a beach pony, I'd buy o pair of sandals,

8 •Match the exchanges, then listen and check. Where might you hear them?

Where's the menswear department?

Could try these sandals on. please? Can I try this on?

          Match the opposites, then, in pairs, ask and                                HOW much is this shirt?

            answer.                                                                                                           think you've overcharged me for these

plain           shortold-fashioned casual long        brightformal         loose/baggy fancy         tight        trendy

A' Wen. whatdoyou think ofthisdress?

B' Ifs a bit too plain. Why don't you try somerhhg fancier?

7 Underline the correct word. You can use your dictionaries.

           The shoes match/suit            dress.

 Can try/wear this dress on?

3     This dress fits,'suits pu perfectly

4     Blue really goes with/suits you.

sunglasses.

a Of course. The fitting rooms are over there. b It's £15, down from £20. c Certainly What size?

d   Realy? Could I check your receipt, please?

e   It's on the third floor. sr.

Portfolio: Find pictures of clothes and accessories and make a page for a clothes catalogue like the one in Ex. 5. Present it to the class.

          Grammar in use

 

Modals (present forms)

4

Tell your partner three things that you (don't)

 

Grammar Reference

 

to do at work/home/school, etc.

Match the modals (1-4) to their uses (a-d).

 

*                     have to water the plants and take the rubbish out dont have to help with the shopping.

*                     Reading

 

I most school children have to wear a

5

a. Where would you see the signs (1-3)? What

 

school uniform

 

does each sign mean? Read and choose the

 

2 you don't have to tip taxi drivers.

 

best answer (A-C).

3     you can't/mustn•t drive a car until you

A

                are 17,                                                                                    If you buy two, you can have

4     you can drive for a year with an another one free TWO B If you buy

international licenca two. you can have AND GET one Of them free. ONE FREE F

C If you buy two, then another eWesses obligation one, you may get them all tree. gives permission

expresses prohibition A You can only try on three items, expresses absence of necessity B You mustn't try on more than three items at a time.

C You cannot buy more than three 2 Complete the sentences about your       terns. country using the appropriate modal.

                                         drive On the left.

smoke in public places . wear their seatbelts

4

you  

16 years old

 vote when you are

diners    L

leave a tip in restaurants

 

vou  

 be 18 to obtain a

credit card.  children under 16. work.

 Listening

3       Listen to someone talking about his job and tick V) the correct column. What is his job? Make full sentences.

A. has to be polite and cheerful.

b. Underline the modals in the correct answers. What do they express?

Modals (past forms)

Grammar Reference

6 Read the sentences (1-4) and complete the past forms.

 She could swim When she was S years Old, (o in the past—repeated action)

2 Jim played well, but in the end Tony was able to hirrr (abiljw do 5th in one particular situation in post-single action}

 She left her credit card at home so she couldn't' wasn't able to do her onabifityin the post) 4 He couldn't come yesterday He had to work late.

(he decided to do so)

Tell your partner:

    something you had to/didn't have to do yesterday

    something you could/couldn•t do when you were

    something you were able to do in one particular situation

Making assumptions

Grammar Reference

Look at the picture and read the sentences. Which one talks about something that:

9 Look at the pictures and make assumptions.

Making requests

10 Study the examples. In pairs, act out exchanges for each situation (1•5).

  Can you call me later? (Informal)

  Could you call Mr Jones for me, (please)? (formal)

  May have a glass of water. (please)? (very formal)

J positive Responses: Sure / Of course / Certainly

Negative Responses: I'm sorry, but t can't. /

I'm afraid not


 You want to borrow your friend's pencil.  Con' borrow your pencil?

B: Sure

 You call a department store and ask to be connected to the menswear department.

 You want your mum to make you a sandwich. 4 You want your boss to give Friday off work.  You want your friend to give you a lift to work tomorrow

Too / Enough

Grammar Reference the gaps with too or enough.

shoes for the

Come with me to the flea market. (crowded)

Thanks. but it's

4 A:              don't understand this instruction manual.

(easy)

             Let me try It looks                           L to meL

1 1'm

2

Wr;tint-

Portfolio: Make a poster of ten Dos and Don'ts for school/work.

Dos: I have tobeotworkat7:30.

    Listening & Speaking skills

Losing patience

Intonation

syllables (1-8). Listen again and repeat.

Come on!

For goodness'sake!

3 Fina/jy we'llbe offsoon.

Oh no, notagain!

Oontbelong.

WhGt is it now?

7     Thars it!

8     'Ve had enough!

Reading

2 a Look at the picture and the first exchange in the dialogue. Where do you think the people might be? Who seems to be rather impatient?

b. Read the dialogue and complete the sentences.

lim doesn't like

Ann can't make up her mind about

Ann finally chooses

4 Jim decides to take

The security guard asks to ,

Calming down

3          Underline the phrases Ann uses to calm Jim down. Match them to these explanations.

                I wait a bit (x3)                 3 almost finished

2 don't lose your temper

4          Listen to the dialogue. Then, take roles and act out a similar dialogue.

5          ' In pairs. discuss what you think will happen next. Listen and check.

Describing objects

6 a. Look at the pictures. Use words from the table to describe items 1-5.

b. Bring various objects to class and describe them.

liny. come on,                                go now?          know I

Ann: a minute,   - can't decide which cardigan to get. I think get the red one. No, wait a minute — maybe the black one suits me better.

'im: For goodness' sake, make up your mind so we can

Ann: OK, don't get upset. take the black one. Could you put the red one back for me, please!

Jim: Finally, we'll be Off soon.

Ann: Hold on a second. staybe the red one will look better. could you bring it back! lim: Oh no, not again! Here, take it. put the other one away. I'm taking the rest of our shopping and waiting you in the car. Don't be long!

Ann: Nearly done! Oh, dear.

SC.: Excuse me,' sir, may check your shopping bags, please?

Opinion:

beautiful. pretty, ugly. terrible. etc large,            etc

old. antique. modern. old-fashioned. etc

Shape:

round, triangular, oval, square, rectangular, etc

Pattern:

floral. striped. checked, plain, polka-dot. etc

Colour:

yellow rcd. blue. green. white. black. etc

Material;

metal, straw leather. silk, cotton, plastic. wooden. clay. etc

          1 n a square black          suitcasewith wheelç

Offering and accepting gifts

Choosing the right picture

Read the questions. Look at the pictures and think of words you expect to hear. This makes it easier for            to identify the         one While listening.

7          Look at the pictures and think of words related to each. Listen and tick V) the correct Picture.

3    Which bag do they decide to buy for their

4    Which ball do they need for the game?

5   


Which jacket does the man try on?

9         Match the souvenirs (A-D) to the country (14) they come from, then make sentences.

10    Use the language below and the prompts in Ex. 9 to make dialogues as in the example. You can also use your own ideas.

      Offering a gift            Accepting A gift

I bought this for you from

Here- this is for you!

• I hope you like

I        on holiday and brought you a                         I know you love          and so I bought you

• How lovely!

Thank you so much' That's very kind/ thoughtful of you. That's great! Thank you'

Wow' What a fantastic/ wonderful present!

You shouldn't have' . I've always wanted one of these.

Writing a report assessing good & bad points

full

Getting started

1       Which of the following are true when we write a report? Look at the report in Ex. 2 and answer.

a                      The style of writing is Informal.

b                     The person Who IS going to read it is a person in authority. c We write Our points under subheadings.

Let's look closer

2 a. Underline the key words in the rubric. Who is the report for? What is its purpose?

                  A new shopping centre has opened in your town and the editor Of the local newspaper you work for has asked you to write a report assessing its good and bad points. Write your report, describing the shopping centre and What it has to offer.

b. Read the report and fill in the subheadings below.

                  Shops • Conclusion • Facilities • Introduction

The aim of this report Is describe Sutton Shopping Centre and assess Its goad and bad points.

Sutton Shopping Centre is centrally located with plenty af

However the car park fees are quite expensive. is more. there are escalators and lifts the upper levels, There are also a lot of fast fooà restaurants and cafés with seating for 250 people Yet. the area is often dirty and unndy and this is also true of the toilets,

There are over different shops inslde the Sutton Shopping Centre. There Is a variety of large  chain stores and smaller shops and boutiques. However, most of the shops are rather expensive.

TO sum up. Sutton Shopping Centre Odets a wide range Of facilities and a variety Of shops In a good locanom Although it could be cleaner, cheaper and better organised. I think it is a goad place to go shopping,

Linkers

3 a. Look at the linkers in bold. Which add more points to the same topic? Which make contrasting points?

Expand the prompts into sentences,  staff: friendly - helpful  coffee shop: spacious - dirty  restaurant: comfortable variety of dishes  products: of high quality — expensive

The stoffare very friendly. What is mote, they ore very helpful.

Your turn

4 Underline the key words in the rubric. Answer the questions in the plan, then write your report

   The editor Of the newspaper

: you work for has asked you

   to write a report assessing the good and bad points Of a new department store in your area. Write your report describing the store's facilities/services and departments.

Culture 5

of Ha-nes in the USA

   Reading & Listening

Look at the pictures. Which house would you buy? Why?

2        In one minute, list as many words as possible related to houses.

3        Look at the pictures, Which show(s),

      small Wlndow panes

      wooden shutters

      a steep, unen.'en roof

      a wide porch  long             of windows  a symmetrical shape

      room(s) in the attic

      a central doorway

      a slate roof

4        Look at the pictures and try to answer the questions (1-3). Read and check.

Which style of house .

1      is the smallest?

2      is an original American style? 3 is often made Of wood?

Explain the words in bold.

 Speaking

5        Read again and list all the features of the three houses. Work in pairs. Imagine you live in one of them. Use your notes to describe it to your partner.

6        Portfolio: What style of house is the most popular in your country? Write a short description of the style. Write about its:

      history

      budding materials

      interior/exterior

      features

A Colonial style

Colonial style started in the early 18th century. When was still a British colony, and copied houses of that time. Typical Colonial houses have a simple, symmetrical rectangular shalkž, The living room. dining room and kitchen are on the first floor. and the bedrooms and bathrooms are on the second floor. There is a central with windows on each side Of the first floor. and a row Of windows on the second floor. Colonial houses are usually built of wood or brick, with wooden shutters and a large frame around the front door

B Cotswold Cottage style

The Cotswold Cottage style first became popular in the USA. during the 1920s and 30s. It copies traditional cottages built in the Cotswold atea of England since the 14th century. They are small with stone or brick walls, low doors and small window panes, The steep. uneven roof is usually slate, •ntere are two or three rooms dossnstairs and one or two rooms upstairs, These have sloping walls because they are in the attic.

C Prairie style

by

Lloyd Wright. in the early These large houses have strong horizontal lines, With Of windows and quite flat roofs that stick out from the There is usually a wide porch with a nat roof, tin They are Often made of stone.


Reading

4 a Read the title and subheadings of the

 

article. How might the article be related to

luck/fortune

get married

the poem you heard?

sadness              Think of three questions you would like to

be afraid of       ask about a traditional Irish wedding. Listen


couple              and read to check if the text answers your questions.

5 a. Read the text and mark the statements True m False

Irish couples don't follow ancient customs  The groom couldn't go to the bride's house before the weddirq

 Insh bodes don't carry expensive bouquets

4 In the past the wedding cake was homemade.

is unlucky for Irish bndes to wear green


one Irish wedding tradition which. like many others, 15 roots in ancient history, folklore and interesting iticmS' Even in these modern times. many couples try nude customs in the•r wedding. in the hope that Flatonq them luck and happiness Here are some of the tons that Irish people follow on thetr wedding dayr

treat for the groom  past. thre groom was invited to the bride's house just e the wedding and a goose was cooked in his honour Irish people believe that showing generosity to will make sure that he won't change his mind t the wedding at the last minute'

, be beautiful!

r*jtional Irish bride doesn't spend a fortune on bouquets Of Instead. she usually wears a wreath of wiki her hair. freshly picked the morniruJ of her ry She carries more flowers in her hands. as well as handkerchief and a horseshoe for luck Part of the weddelg dress is usually used to make the christening i the first-born child _

Understanding new words

While reading do not use your dictionary each time you come an unfamiliar word. Read the whole sentence.This will help you guess the meaning from the Context

Speaking

b. Explain the highlighted words. Which meanings can you guess from the context?

6 In pairs, list the wedding traditions in Ireland and in your country under the headings below. How similar are they?

groom • bride • wedding cake • reception

other traditions


The icing on the cake

In the old days. an oåder female member of the family would take great pride in producing a traditional three-tier fruitcake for the reception. Nc»vadavs. however. most Irish couples visit their local baker and order a cake Which •s decorated With Irish themes such as swans or fairies. According to tradition, the couple save the top layer Of the cake. They Often store it in a tin and use as the christening cake for their first baby

Fairies and luck

Whether you believe •n them or not, Ireland is tradit'onally the home Of fairies. Who are said to love beautiful things — brides' For this reason. Irish wisdom advises brides never to wear green on their wedding day or to dance with both feet Off the ground. as both of these things will tempt the fairies to carry them Off forever'

Wri+íns-

Portfolio: An international magazine for English language students has asked you to write a short article describing a traditional wedding in your country (50-60 words). Write your article. Use your

from Ex. 6 to help you.


to your partner.

Halloween is celebrated on October 31st. Children makepumpkin lonrerns and wear strange costumes ro scare their friends. They go from house to house andplay trick or treat'.

Feelings                                                  Congratulating & thanking

 

Play other

in

E Halloween (October;

pairs. One describes a celebration, mimes the activities. The best mime

 

 

 


 Listening                                                                                   4 Work in pairs. Use the table and the prompts act out dialogues as in the example.

Listen again. What can you see, hear and feel? How does each person feel? Why?

A Thanks.

excited!

excited

                                                                                                                 pass my driving test                       pleased

b. Are there similar events in your country?

• have a new baby

satisfied

How do you celebrate them? Talk about:

brother  graduate from college

thrilled

• time of year • place • reason • activities

 get a promotm

fascinated


6b


 Speaking

STUDVSKILLS

Recording yourselves

When do a pair-work activity Will help evaluate your performance terms of grammar, syntax. vocabulary fluency and intrynation_

Portfolio: Imagine you have attended one of the events listed. In pairs, use the adjectives below to discuss how you liked/disliked it.

an engagement party

a rock festival a fancy dress party

a dinner party a play a retirement partg

Poslt(ve

fantastic • exciting • interesting

thrilling • spectacular • amusing

fun • entertaining • superb

bonng • crowded • tiring • dull

disappointing • terrible • unpleasant

Record yourselves, then evaluate your performance.

A ronyS engagement party was fantastic, / realty enjoyed ir

 Well, 'founditrathe,rtiring.ltwentonforsolongg

Greetings Cards

 Reading

6 a. Look at the short texts. What are they? Where could you read them?

b. Match the texts to the occasions/events.

Christmas • New Year • accident

birthday • weddsng • retirement

graduation • new born baby • anniversary

future together

Best wishes for a Congratulations Happy on the birth

          New Year                of ycur scm

Many happy

returnsHappy

21st

Wri+ín8

portfolio: Write greetings cards for the following situations:

*                     Your sister has just had a baby.

*                     Your best friend is in hospitab

*                     Your brother has graduated from college.

*                     It's ycvur nephews birthday next week  Your friend has lust got engaged  Your colleague is about to retire.

Choose the correct verb form. Give reasons.

Be good or you won't go/aren't going out

Guess what! Ann gets/is getting married'

                              a. Look at the pictures and guess the story.                                 The concert starts/is going to start at 9 0•ckxk

Listen and

Why is the police officer surprised? 4 read to find out.

b. Underline the future forms in the cartoon strip. Find examples of a future intention, a fixed arrangement, an on-the-spot 8

That's a         dress! I'm buying/l'll buy it

Tina is travelling/travels to Rome on Monday.

She Will have/is going to have a baby in May

decision.

 Speaking

                                                                                                            A Who' oreyou going to do this Sunday?

                                                                                                                  B: rm going to goon o trip.

The train reaches/is reaching York at 7: 1 5prn Are you coming,'Do you come to the party?

Present Simple or will?

Complete the sentences.

call you when

 After we finish shopping.

 We'll let you know as soon as .

*        Don't tell anyone before _  . While he

      I don't know When he From:

subject:

Graham and Fiona, having a

wishes,

Hi Frank

Tony

Name the types of messages (A-E)_ Imagine

Sunday 12th June. What will Frank be doing:

     tomorrow evening? • at 7:15 next

     tomorrow afternoon at 3:00pm?

 John He'ç booked Wed. 7:30 — Rex Cinema. Call him for


*        at 8:00pm next Wednesday evening?

*        at 1 1 :00am tomorrow?

*        at 9:D0pm next Sunday?

*        next Friday evening at 8:30?

use the verbs: attend, fly discuss, watch, go, have

b. What will you be doing at the same times next week?

Sentence transformations

8 Complete the second sentence so that it means the same as the first. Use up to three words. 1 Why don't you hire a costume?

You  a costume. 2 It's toa cold to have the party by the pool,

It isn't  have the party by the pool.

3     There are still some invitations to send.

We  all the invitations yet.

4     She probably won't make it to the party,

I don't think she  to the party.

portfolio: Send a short e-mail to your friend inviting him/her to a barbecue. Write:

• date • place • time • what to wear

You can use text A in Ex. 7 as a model.

Listening & Speaking skills

Hats Off

Making arrangements

Read the invitation and answer the questions.

1   Who sent the invitation?

2   What is the invitation for?

3   Where Will the party be held?

4   What time does the party startlend? 5 What should you do if you Can't go?

 Reading

2 Read the first exchanges. What is Mark' and JoyceS relationship to Elizabeth?

Mark: Hi, Joyce! HOW are things? Found a job yet?

Joyce: Give me a break, Mark — your sister and have only just graduated! Has she started job hunting?           

Mark: Not yet. Speaking of which, you're coming to her graduation party. aren't you? 5 a

Joyce: I just got the Invitation in the post this morning. Sounds Eike it's going to be quite posh

Mark: Well, you know what our mother's like She always has to do things in style, doesn't she? Joyce: so Elizabeth says, Who else Will be there?

Mark: Some other students from your course our nelghbours a few relatives some Of our parents' friends.

Joyce: Oh. so there'll be good mix of ages. How formal will it be, Mark? mean, there won't be a fancy sit-down meal, will there?

Mark: No, no. The caterersare doing a sort of buffet.

Joyce: OK. I can't wait!

Mark: See you there, then'

3        Listen and read. Underline the phrases which give us the following information:

1       Joyce still hasn't got a job.

2       Joyce is looking forward to Elizabeth's party.

3       There Will be pung and old people at the party

4       Elizabeth's mum won't cook the fcod for the party herself.

Read the dialogue aloud in pairs.

4        Portfolio: Work in pairs. Imagine you are having a party, Invite your friend. Give details about it (place, date, food, etc). Record your dialogue

Mr and Mrs Roderick Green request the pleasure of your company at a

Graduation Party

for their daughter

Elizabeth

on Saturday. 28th June 7 - 11 pm

13 Apple Road, Darleigh

Intonation (in question tags)

Reference Underline the question tags in Ex. 2. How do we form them?

Fill in the appropriate tag. Listen and tick. Listen again and repeat.

Giving gifts

 Listening                                                                              8

 a.. You will hear part of a radio programme about giving gifts in other countries. Read questions 1-5 and predict the correct answer, Yes or No. Listen and check.

Yes NO

1      In Japan, rs impolite to give money as a gift   a a

2      The Japanese like to receive gifts which are colourfully wrapped.

3      The Chinese never open a gift as soon as they receive it            9

4      People in South America think

highly Of leather gifts

5      When visiting a British home, you don't need to take a gift,

b. Are there any special customs about giving gifts in your country? What are they? Tell the class.

Describing a picture

Inviting

Listen to the exchanges. How formal or

ififormal is each one? Who accepts the invitation?

 Would you like ro come Ourparty tonight?  Thanks! I'd love to.

 A: Its son' wedding next Saturday, and we'd love it ifyou could be there.

 Oh dear:' I'm afraid MI be away' that weekend but do give my very best wishes to rhe happy couple.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ACCEPT'NGiREFUSlN(,

  HOW would you like to ?

  Do you want to . O

  I'd / We'd be delighted if you could .

  Thanks! I'd love / like to.

  That sounds great

  I'd love,be delighted

  What /              about

  Let's   / Shall we

  Why don't we ?

  I'd love to but can't

  I'm (terribly) sorry, but

  I'm afraid can'tL

Look at the expressions in the box. Which are formal 'informal? In pairs. act out dialogues for situations 1-4.

Describing pictures

describing pictures in too much detail. It makes your description unimaginative and uninteresting. ea. Dorfi say, '"There is a spoon on the

join you for lundv

2 Invite your bass to the office staff's Christmas dinner party

 Ask your mum to go to a concert with yow

                                                                                                              4 Invite your school teacher to           graduation

a. Work in pairs. Describe the picture to your                                 party.

partner. Think about:

      • where the people are • what they are                                 Verbs with prepositions

wearing/doing • how they feel

10

Fill in: to, on, in, with, of. Use the verbs in bold

Evaluate your partners description.

 

and the prepositions to make sentences of your own.

b. How do you celebrate this occasion?

 

 We congratulated them                     the birth of

       their

 She succeeded