Контрольно-проверочные задания -итоговый контроль (10 класс, английский язык)
Контроль знаний +1
Тесты и контрольно-проверочные задания по английскому языку предназначены для проверки уровня овладения обучающимися 10 классов предметными умениями, необходимыми
в достижении высоких образовательных результатов в соответствии с требованиями ФГОС,
в выполнении заданий, форма и содержание которых разработаны в рамках подготовки к ЕГЭ. Контрольно-проверочные задания выполнены в формате Единого государственного экзамена.
Материалы предназначен учителям английского языка, обучающимся общеобразовательных организаций и может быть использован широким кругом лиц, изучающих английский язык самостоятельно.
Все варианты примерно равноценны по трудности, идентичны по структуре и параллельны по расположению заданий. Каждый вариант состоит из четырех частей, включающих по два-три задания, которые располагаются по возрастающей степени трудности и относятся к трем разным уровням сложности: базовому (A1, B1, C1), повышенному (A2, B2, C2, D1) и высокому (A3, B3, D2).
Часть 1 «Аудирование» включает высказывания собеседников в распространенных стандартных ситуациях повседневного общения, прагматические (объявления) и публицистические (интервью, репортажи) аудиотексты, задания, относящиеся к трем разным уровням сложности.
Аудирование включает 9 заданий, из которых первое – на установление соответствия, второе – на нахождение соответствия предложенных утверждений содержанию звучащего текста True – False – Not stated и 7 заданий с выбором одного правильного ответа из трех предложенных.
В части 2 «Чтение» представлены два задания на установление соответствия (понимание основного содержания текста и структурно-смысловых связей текста) и третье задание с выбором одного правильного ответа из четырех предложенных (полное и точное понимание информации в тексте).
Часть 3 «Грамматика и лексика» включает первое задание с кратким ответом (грамматические навыки и словообразование) и второе задание с выбором одного правильного ответа из четырех предложенных (лексико-грамматические навыки).
Часть 4 «Письмо» состоит из двух заданий и представляет собой небольшую письменную работу (письмо личного характера и письменное высказывание с элементами рассуждения по предложенной тематике).
Часть 5 «Устная речь» содержит:
1) задание 1 базового уровня сложности – чтение фрагмента информационного или научно-популярного, стилистически нейтрального текста; 2) задание 2 базового уровня сложности – условный диалог-расспрос с опорой на вербальную ситуацию и фотографию (картинку); 3) задание 3 базового уровня сложности – создание монологического тематического высказывания
с опорой на вербальную ситуацию и фотографию (картинку); 4) задание 4 высокого уровня сложности – создание монологического тематического высказывания с элементами сопоставления и сравнения с опорой на вербальную ситуацию и фотографию (сравнение двух фотографий).Контрольно-проверочные задания построены на лексической основе традиционной школьной тематики: учеба, школа, семья, общественно-политическая жизнь, проблемы экологии, страны изучаемого языка, каникулы, свободное время, спорт и другие.
итоговая контрольная работа.docx
Раздел 1. АУДИРОВАНИЕ
6 сообщений. Установите соответствие между высказываниями каждого
говорящего A–F и утверждениями, данными в списке 1–7.
Используйте каждое утверждение, обозначенное соответствующей цифрой, только
один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы услышите запись
дважды. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу.
popular game of basketball was invented by James Naismith in 1891.
2.In 1841, the two Canadas were
again united under one name, the Province of Canada.
3. In North America they were called “dollars”.
4.Because gold is untarnishable (нетускнеющий), workable, almost indestructible, durable,
reflective and conductive, it has a number of industrial uses.
5.Fur trade was so profitable that this
animal was put on the shield of the coat
of arms of some companies.
6.In many societies gold was
seen as a magic substance which could protect people against illness or evil
7. People on every continent, in almost
even country of the world, are familiar with the name and taste of this
world-famous soft drink.
Вы услышите диалог о чтении и книгах. Определите,
какие из приведённых утверждений А–G соответствуют содержанию
текста(1 – True), какие не соответствуют(2 – False) и о
чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать
ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа(3 – Not stated).
Занесите номер выбранного Вами варианта ответа в таблицу. Вы услышите запись
A Selena is
going to the library because she wants to find some materials for her home work
wants to read one book in English.
C There are a lot of books book in Japanesein thelibrary.
needs medical literature for his studies. Can I join you sometimes?
doesn’t want to join Selena when she goes to the library.
F When Selena
reads an interesting book, she fully merge with the heroes of the book never
feels lonely or bored.
King has writtennearly 200short
stories, most of which have been collected in book collections.
Вы услышите текст об Австралии. В заданиях 3–9
запишите в поле ответа цифру 1,2 или 3, соответствующую
выбранному Вами варианту ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды.
Australia is the only nation that occupies a
whole continent of … square kilometres.
1) 7.7 million;
2) 7.5 million;
3) 7.6 million;
It is … in area after Russia,
Canada, China, the United States of America and Brazil.
1) the first largest country;
2) the fifth largest country;
3) the sixth largest country;
Australia has … of about 18 million people.
1) a territory;
2) a population;
3) a nation;
70 per cent of the population live
in its …
1) 9 largest cities.
2) 10 smallest cities.
3) 10 largest cities.
Australia’s best known animals are the kangaroo,
koala and …
1) the dingo (a wild dog).
2) the cat.
3) the emu.
The … is the best-loved of all
1) the dingo;
3) the kangaroo;
The kangaroo and emu can be seen
on Australia’s …
1) coat of arms.
окончании выполнения заданий 1–9 не забудьте перенести свои ответы в БЛАНК
ОТВЕТОВ №1! Запишите ответ справа от номера соответствующего задания, начиная с
первой клеточки. При переносе ответов в заданиях 1 и 2 цифры записываются без
пробелов, запятых и других дополнительных символов. Каждую цифру пишите в
отдельной клеточке в соответствии с приведёнными в бланке образцами
Раздел 2. ЧТЕНИЕ
соответствие между заголовками A–G и текстами 1–6. Занесите
ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую букву только один раз. В задании один
A.The Queen of Canada
B. The country of immigrants
E.Holidays in Canada
F.The reputation onthe international
1. Onthe international scene Canada has its reputation and
influence. Canada has participated in the United Nations since its
beginning and is the only nation which has taken part in all of the UN’s major
It is also a member of the Commonwealth, la
Francophonie, the Group of Eight industrialized nations (G8), the ОAS (the Organization of American States) and the NATO (the North
Atlantic Treaty Organization).
Canada is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations
(nations which once belonged to the British Empire).
2. Formally the Head of State in Canada is the King
or the Queen of England represented by the
Governor General. So, the Queen Elizabeth II is the Queen of Canada and is the
symbol of nation’s unity. But ties with Great Britain are not so strong
as they used to be.
Canadians celebrate their independence day on July
1st with fireworks and picnics.
Canada is a great example of how people of
different styles of life and different
languages can live side by side under one government.
The Canadian government is
more British in style than American.
3.It is a
constitutional monarchy with a federal system, a
parliamentary government and with strong democratic traditions.
Canada consists of ten
provinces and three territories. In every single province there is a separate
The Senate and the House
of Commons make up the federal government. Governor General appoints the members of the Senate. The members of
the House of Commons are elected for a period of five years.
Canada’s government is headed by the Prime
Minister who is the leader of the political party in power. Senators are
appointed by the Governor General. The House of Commons is elected by the
people for a period of five years.
Ottawa is the seat of the Federal Parliament and
government. There are such political parties in Canada as the Conservative Party
of Canada, the Liberal Party and the New Democratic Party.
4. Culture of Canada, like all other cultures,
is a result of the history, geography and political events of the country.
Canada is a country mainly of immigrants who had
come there at different times. European culture and traditions (especially
British and French) has great influence on Canadian culture. More than that,
over time some elements were taken from Aboriginal peoples, culture and, of
course, from that of the United States. So, now it is a blend of customs,
traditions and values.
We should remember that
Canada is a country where people speak two different official
languages (English and French) and live under one government.
Regardless such mixture,
Canadian culture is respected as a whole
with its achievements
in music, television, theatre and literature.
5. There are nine statutory holidays in Canada. A statutory holiday is also known
as a “general” or “public” holiday when most workers have a day off. These
holidays are New Year’s Day (January 1st), Good Friday (Friday
before Easter Sunday), Victoria Day (Monday on or before May 24th), Canada
Day (July 1st), Labour Day (first Monday of September), Thanksgiving
Day (second Monday of October which is not the same day as in the USA), Remembrance
Day (November 11th), Christmas Day (December 25th), Boxing
Day (December 26th).
Each Canadian province
has its own provincial holiday.
There are also such
unofficial holidays as St Valentine’s Day, St Patrick’s Day, Mother’s Day, Father’s
Day and Halloween.
6. Canadian official winter
sport is ice hockey or simply hockey and official summer sport is lacrosse (Canada’s
oldest ball game with Aboriginal origins).
Next Canada’s popular
sport is Canadian football, which is similar to American football.
Other popular sports
include baseball, basketball, curling, field hockey, ice skating,
skateboarding, skiing, snowboarding and water sports.
Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски 1–6
частями предложений A–G. Одна из
частей в списке A–G – лишняя.
Занесите букву, обозначающую соответствующую часть предложения, в таблицу.
Is it easy to be a New Yorker? (Part 1)
Visiting New York is like unpacking your first computer – you
find 1____________by lots
of expensive pieces that don’t seem to fit together. The parts make no sense.
Nothing works unless it’s hooked up to something else. That, in my view, in a
nutshell, is New York.
The key to 2____________New York is first to
understand the New Yorker. The typical New Yorker
is either Chinese, Jewish, African-American, Italian, Greek, Dutch, Irish,
German or Ukrainian. In other words, like the unicorn, there is no such
Nothing about New Yorkers is typical
except their attitude. The New Yorker attitude hangs over the city like a
London fog. The New York attitude literally stops traffic. It can keep you from
getting where you want to go. It can give you 3___________ and make your
blood pressure rise. Try to ignore it and, no matter how many maps you might
have, you won’t get anywhere.
Spend a few minutes 4____________it,
and you’re on your way to conquering the city.
The key ingredient in the New York attitude is money. If New York had hills,
they would be alive, I think, with the sound of money. This is the city that
invented, along with “power lunches” and “street smarts”, the phrase “time is
money.” In New York City everything is money. It costs money just to stand
still. Can you believe $10-15 per hour to park your car in midtown? That’s why
if somebody threatens you, “Your money or your life,” you may be absolutely
sure that he is out-of-towner, because in New York your money is your life.
Being a New Yorker is something that
New Yorkers do better than anyone else. It’s an around-the-clock business and
they work hard at. Whatever you want to say about them, New Yorkers do their
homework. It doesn’t 5__________how much they earn or how much they’re
going to spend: everyone is an expert. They all know where to get the greatest
hot dog in town, find the cheapest florist, which movie theatre has the best
sound system and which hit is worth seeing on Broadway. Not that any two lists
are ever the same. No one is supposed to agree. That is the fun! The important
thing is having an opinion.
So, knowing where to go and how to
get there is an integral part of the New York attitude.
Stop someone on the street and ask
directions – it’s as though you, a total stranger, had walked into his private
office in the middle of a conference he was having with himself.
New Yorkers value their privacy as
fanatically as Italians or the Spanish their siestas.
Privacy is for
New Yorkers what “saving face” is for Asians – a technique for survival
in a crowded
environment. It has nothing to do with being cold or unfriendly.
It’s hard 6_________a New
Yorker. On a daily basis, the city streets are littered with far more than old
cans and gum wrappers. After the exodus of the middle class to the suburbs, New
York became a city of extremes, people say. Extremes like characters in a soap
opera The Rich and the Homeless. The truth really, in my view, is that a
city with all the brightness of New York can’t help casting a few shadows. The homeless are a sad fact of life today,
something you come upon in Paris, Hong Kong or London; New York isn’t
alone in not knowing how best to handle the situation, but in New York it
strikes you harder than elsewhere.
Прочитайте текст и выполните
задания 12–18. В каждом задании запишите в поле ответа цифру 1,2,3
или 4, соответствующую выбранному вами
Is it easy to be a New Yorker? (Part 2)
The city is also noisy and expensive,
its people are pushy and rude, the weather is awful
(especially in summer), the traffic is impossible and you often can’t find a
cab when you need one. Everybody knows that, because people have been saying
these things for years, and New York is still the most visited city in the
Still, there must be something that
attracts everyone – something in New York you can’t find anyplace else.
in town to visit relatives, New York means Manhattan. The Bronx, Brooklyn,
Queens and Staten Island are not visited as tourist attractions despite every
New Yorker having a favourite restaurant,
bakery, park, or museum in one of the other four boroughs. Local people
travel back and forth across the rivers and bridges to visit family or the
ethnic delights of, for example, Italian Arthur Avenue in the Bronx. The
so-called “outer” boroughs are culturally-rich outposts that offer
entertainment. But there are so many interesting sights in New York that it’s
really very hard for a New Yorker to know all of them.
That is another reason for the statement that it is not easy
to be a New Yorker.
If you are going to do business with New Yorkers here are
some tips on the business protocols of New York.
Because to New Yorkers time is money, do not be surprised if
a New Yorker asks you, “What’s in this deal for me?” or “What will I get out of
this?” just make sure that you are prepared to answer the question.
New Yorkers rarely work as a team in business. Individual
performance is what counts, and officers are rewarded according to their
individual contribution to an organisation. Rank and status are not acquired at
birth or with age; they are given to the individual who proves to be the best.
You will have to be very
punctual with any appointment you make. Executives often schedule appointments
within twenty minutes of each other. If you are late, you may have missed an
opportunity to meet with the necessary party. Schedules are planned weeks in
advance and it may be difficult to reschedule on short notice.
In business New Yorkers do not spend
much time on pleasantries. Once you shake hands and exchange business cards get right to the point of your visit. Within the
first five minutes, an executive will determine whether or not your
proposal has merit, is right for the company, or is interesting enough to
Business is often discussed socially:
at breakfast, lunch, dinner, cocktail parties, golf outings, on tennis courts,
or at health and fitness clubs.
It is not considered impolite for an
executive to take calls while you are having a meeting in his / her office. In addition, many
executives also carry a beeper which signals them they should call in.
New Yorkers love to conduct business over meals. It is very
fashionable to have meetings over a “power breakfast” from 7.30 to 9.30 am.
Business lunches usually begin at 12.30 pm and end no later than 2.00 pm.
Business dinners are usually scheduled early, around 7.00 pm, since many New
Yorkers commute to the city from surroundings suburbs and wish to return home
in time to be with their families before it gets too late.
Gifts are usually not
exchanged when conducting business. Strict rules
and policy in American corporations may prohibit or discourage the
exchange of gifts. An executive must report any gift received and, in most
cases, will not be allowed to accept those valued over twenty dollars.
The city is also noisy and …
Everybody knows that New York is
still … city in the world.
1) the most attended;
2) the most expensive;
3) the most sumptuous;
4) the most attending.
Still, there must be something that
… everyone – something in New York you can’t find anyplace else.
Within the first five minutes, an executive will
determine whether or not your proposal has …, is right for the company, or is
interesting enough to pursue further.
You will have to be very … with any
appointment you make.
…, many executives also carry a
beeper which signals them they should call in.
… rules and policy in American corporations may prohibit or
discourage the exchange
По окончании выполнения
заданий10–18 не забудьте перенести свои ответы в БЛАНК ОТВЕТОВ №1! Запишите
ответ справа от номера соответствующего задания, начиная с первой клеточки. При
переносе ответов в заданиях10 и11 цифры записываются без пробелов, запятых и
других дополнительных символов. Каждую цифру пишите в отдельной клеточке в
соответствии с приведёнными в бланке образцами.
Раздел 3. ГРАММАТИКАИЛЕКСИКА
Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова,
напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 19–25,
так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните
пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию
из группы 19–25.
– But the Most Important Street
The name of Downing Street is well known all over the
world: firstly it is a term, used for the British Government, and, secondly,
the house at No.10 is the official home for the Prime Minister, No.11 – for
the Chancellor of the Exchequer.
Downing Street can be found close to Cenotaph on Whitehall.
The street was ______ after Sir George Downing (1625 –
1684). But why? Who was he?
“Born in Ireland, he emigrated to New England with his
parents in 1638 and attended the newly founded Harvard College.
__________ to England, he fought for Parliament, and later
undertook several diplomatic missions for Cromwell,
including that of ambassador to the Hague, where he associated with the Royalists exiles, so that at the Restoration
he continued as ambassador and received other offices, as well as a
As a diplomat he was an expert in commercial matters, but
achieved a reputation for _____ and
duplicity, which led Charles II to
use him as an instrument in provoking the Dutch into war.”
The earliest building known to have stood on the site was a
brew-house called Axe which belonged to the Abbey of Abington. By the middle
of the 16th century it was no longer used. In 1581 Elizabeth I
leased the property to Thomas Knyvet, _____ of the Whitehall
palace. After the death of his widow, the
property came in to possession of her niece, Elizabeth Hamden, aunt of Oliver Cromwell.
After the Restoration the Crown’s
the property was
acquired by Sir George Dowining who about 1680 built a cul-de-sac
of plain brick terraced houses on it.
The houses were fit for persons of
quality, each having a pleasant prospect of St James Park.
Of the original houses only No.10, 11 and 12 remain. George
II offered No.10 as a ______ gift to Sir Robert Walpole (1676–1745), the first real Prime Minister
of England, who accepted the house for his
office. It happened in 1752.
the system that is used today. The cabinet controls the government and its political party
and dominates Parliament.
Walpole’s greatest strength was his
understanding of his
countrymen – he became the personification of John Bull – and of
A lot of water has flown under the
bridges since those times, but tradition remained
– all ____ Prime Ministers have become residents of the famous
______ it is impossible, as in the
old days and in times of national crises, to see little groups of curious
folk waiting for a decision of the Prime Minister in front of the threshold.
Since the ruling of Margaret Thatcher, the street has been closed to the
public, tough security measures are being taken, and policemen
stand guard over the place round the clock.
приведённый ниже текст. Образуйте от слов, напечатанных заглавными буквами в
конце строк, обозначенных номерами 26–31, однокоренные слова так,
чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста.
Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует
отдельному заданию из группы 26–31.
Today, millions of people want to learn or improve their English
but it is difficult
find the best method. Is it _______to study in Britain or America or to study
The advantages of going to Britain seem obvious. Firstly, you will
be able to listen
the language all the time you are in the country. You will be surrounded _____
language wherever you
Another advantage is that you have to speak the language if you
are with other people.
Italy, it is always possible, in the class, to speak Italian if you want to and
On the other hand, there are also advantages to staying at home to
have to make big changes to your life. As well as this, it is also a lot
going to Britain but it is never possible to achieve CHEAP
results of living in the UK.
If you have a good teacher in Italy, I think you can learn in a
more _______ CONCENTRATE
than being in Britain without going to a school.
So, in conclusion,
think that if you have enough time and enough money, the best choice
spend some time in the UK.
is simply not possible for ______people, so being here in Italy is the
option. The most important thing to do in this situation is to maximise
opportunities: to speak only English in class and to try to use English
possible outside the class.
Прочитайте текст с пропусками,
обозначенными номерами 32-38. Эти номера соответствуют заданиям 32-38,
в которых представлены возможные варианты ответов. Запишите в поле ответа
цифру 1,2,3 или 4, соответствующую выбранному Вами ответа.
I was born in a little Austrian town,
outside Graz. It was a 300-year-old house. When I was ten years old, I had the
dream of 32_______
in the world in something. When I was fifteen, I had
a dream that I wanted to be the best body builder in the world and the most
muscular man. It was not only a dream I dreamed at night. It was also a
daydream. It was so much in my mind that I felt it had to become a reality. It 33________five
years of hard work. Five years later, I turned this dream into reality and became
Mr Universe, the best-built man in the world.
“Winning” is a very important word.
There is one that achieves what he wanted to achieve and there are hundreds of
thousands that failed. It singles you out: the winner.
I came out second three times, but that
is not what I 34________.
The bottom line for me was: Arnold has to be the winner. I have to win more
often the Mr Universe title than anybody else.
I won it five times consecutively. I hold the record as Mr Olympia, the top
body-building championship. I won it six times. That’s why I retired. There was
close to me. Everybody gave up competing against me. That’s what I call a
When I was a small boy, my dream was not
to be big physically, but big in way that
everybody listens to me when I talk, that I’m a very important person, that
people recognize me and see me as something special. I had a big need for being
Also my dream was to end up in
America. It is the country where you can turn your dream into reality. In
America, we don’t have an obstacle. Nobody’s holding you back.
One of the things I always had was a
business mind. When I was in high school, a 36_______ of my classes were business classes.
Economics and accounting and mathematics. When I came over here to this
country, I really didn’t speak English almost at all. I learned English and
then started taking business courses, because that’s what America is best known
for: business. Turning one dollar into a million dollars in a short period of
I have emotions. But what you do, you
keep them cold or you store them away for a time. You must control your
emotions, you must have command over yourself. ...
Sport is one of
those activities where you really have to concentrate. You must pay attention
a hundred per cent to the particular thing you’re doing. There must be nothing
else on your mind. Emotions must not interfere. Otherwise, you’re thinking
about your girlfriend. You’re in love, your positive energies get channeled
into another direction rather than 37_________to the gym or making money. You have to
choose at a very early date what you want: a normal life or to achieve things
you want to achieve. I never wanted to win a popularity contest in doing things
the way people want me to do it. I went the road I thought was best for me. A
few people thought I was cold, selfish. Later they found out that’s not the
case. After I achieve my goal, I can be Mr Nice Guy. You know what I mean?
California is to me a dreamland. It
is the absolute combination of everything I was always 38__________. It
has all the money in the world there, show business there, wonderful weather
there, beautiful country, ocean is there. You have beautiful-looking people
there. They all have
I believe very strongly in the
philosophy of staying hungry. If you have a dream and it
becomes a reality, don’t stay satisfied with it too long. Make up a new dream
and hunt after that one and turn it into reality. When you have that dream
achieved, make up a new dream.
I am a strong
believer in Western philosophy, the philosophy of success, of progress,
of getting rich. The Eastern philosophy is passive, which I believe in maybe
three per cent
of thetimes, and the ninety-seven per cent is Western,
conquering and going on. It’s a beautiful
philosophy, and America should keep it up. (From America Close-Up.)
1) being the better; 2) being
the best; 3) being the worst; 4) being the bester.
1) took me; 2) take
me; 3) have taken me; 4)taking
По окончании выполнения
заданий19–38 не забудьте перенести свои ответы в БЛАНК ОТВЕТОВ №1! Запишите
ответ справа от номера соответствующего задания, начиная с первой клеточки. При
переносе ответов в заданиях19–31 буквы записываются без пробелов, запятых и
других дополнительных символов. Каждую букву или цифру пишите в отдельной
клеточке в соответствии с приведёнными в бланке образцами.
Раздел 4. ПИСЬМО
Для ответов на задания 39 и 40
используйте бланк ответов №2. Черновые пометки можно делать прямо на
листе с заданиями, или можно использовать отдельный черновик. При
выполнении заданий 39 и 40 особое внимание обратите на то, что
Ваши ответы будут оцениваться только по записям, сделанным в БЛАНКЕ ОТВЕТОВ
№2. Никакие записи черновика не будут учитываться экспертом. Обратите
внимание также на необходимость соблюдения указанного объёма текста.
Тексты недостаточного объёма, а также часть текста, превышающая требуемый объём,
не оцениваются. Запишите сначала номер задания(39, 40), а затем ответ
на него. Если одной стороны бланка недостаточно, Вы можете
использовать другую его сторону.
You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen
friend David who writes:
… Guess what! I am a student now! It has always been
my childhood dream to be
a teacher. At last I have achieved my dreams. I’m thinking about my future
profession a lot. Of course there are advantages and
disadvantages of this profession. Some people say that teachers should
be paid according to how much their students learn. What do you think about
By the way, have you determined with a choice of
your future profession?
Write a letter to David .
In your letter
- answer his questions
– tell him about your attitude to the profession of a teacher;
– explain your choice of the future profession.
- ask 3 questions about hisfuture profession
Write 100–140 words.
Remember the rules of letter writing.
Comment on the following statement.
Everything is impossible for the person who doesn’t try
What is your opinion? Give pros and cons for working
Use the following plan:
-make an introduction (state the
-express your personal opinion and
give 2–3 reasons for your opinion
-express an opposing opinion and give
1–2 reasons for this opposing opinion
-explain why you don’t agree with the
-make a conclusion restating your
Task 1. Imagine that you
are preparing a project with your friend. You have found some interesting
material for the presentation and you want to read this text to your friend.
You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, then be ready to read it out
aloud. You will not have more than 1.5 minutes to read it.
I have returned to my hometown of Wilson Creek after an absence of
10 years. So many things have changed around here. When I left Wilson Creek,
there was a small pond on the right as you left town. They have filled in this
pond and they have built a large shopping mall there. A new post office has
also been built just across from my old school. There is a baseball stadium on
the outskirts of Wilson Creek which has been changed completely. They have now
added a new stand where probably a few thousand people could sit. It looks
really great. The biggest changes have taken place in the downtown area. They
have pedestrianised the centre and you can't drive there anymore. A
European-style fountain has been built and some benches have also been added
along with a grassy area and a new street cafe. My street looks just the same
as it always has but a public library has been built in the next street along.
Another improvement is the number of new restaurants that have opened in Wilson
Creek. A Chinese and an Italian restaurant have opened in the town centre and a
Mexican restaurant has opened near my home. Which is where I am going tonight!
Task 2.Study the
You are considering visiting the city and
now you'd like to get more information. In 1.5 minutes you are to ask five
direct questions to find out the following:
1) dates for departures
2) hotel facilities
3) if breakfast is included
4) number of city tours
You have 20 seconds to ask each question
Task 3. Imagine that while travelling during your
holidays you took some photos. Choose one photo to present to your friend.
You will have to start speaking in
1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12–15 sentences). In
your talk remember to speak about:
- when you took the photo
- what/who is in the photo
- what is happening
- why you took the photo
- why you decided to show the picture to
You have to talk continuously,
starting with: "I’ve chosen photo number … "
Task 4. Study the two photographs. In
1.5 minutes be ready to compare and contrast the photographs:
- give a brief description of the
photos (action, location)
- say what the pictures have in
- say in what way the pictures are
- say which of the ways to relax
presented in the pictures you’d prefer
- explain why
You will speak for not more than 2
minutes (12–15 sentences). You have to talk continuously.
4. B (A)
тексты для аудирования
The word “Canada” comes from one of the languages
In 1535, two young Indians told Jacques Cartierhow to get to “kanata”. They said “kanata” and meant simply the “village”,
“settlement” or “a number of huts”. He liked the name and decided to apply it
to the territory where several villages were at that time.
The first use of “Canada” as an official name
came in 1791 when the Province of Quebecwas divided into the colonies
of Upper and Lower Canada. In 1841, the two Canadas were again united under one
name, the Province of Canada.
The new country got the name
of Canada at the time of Confederation.
When the early European
explorers understood that Canada was not rich in spices, the beaver became the
main attraction for them. At that time there were millions of beavers.
But when in the late
1600s and early 1700s fur hats became very fashionable,
much beaver pelts were needed. Fur trade was so profitable that this
animal was put on the shield of the coat
of arms of some companies.
By the middle of the 19th century all beavers
which were left in Canada were close to extinction. Luckily, about that
time, European fashion changed to silk hats and the demand for beaver pelts
The beaver got official
status of the emblem of Canada and the symbol of the sovereignty of Canada on March 24th, 1975.
Today, thanks to silk hats, the beaver – the largest rodent in Canada –
is alive and well all over the country.
The chocolate bar was introduced
by a Canadian family of the Ganongs in 1910. Arthur Ganong and George Ensor
wanted to take chocolate with them on fishing trips so they created
The popular game of basketball
was invented by James Naismith in 1891. He did not even suspect that it
would later become one of the most world popular games.
The game of ice hockey which is often
attributed to Canadians has an unknown
However, Canadian influence on the evolving of this game is significant.
As the twentieth century draws toward an end, Coca-Cola, a
little more than a century old itself, stands out as the most successful
product in the history of commerce. People on every continent, in almost even
country of the world, are familiar with the name and taste of this world-famous
Coca-Cola was born
in Atlanta on May 8, 1886, when a pharmacist named Dr. John Styth Pemberton
produced the syrup, according to legend, in a brass pot in his backyard. When,
by accident or design, carbonated water was added to the syrup, it produced a
drink that was declared "delicious and refreshing."
"Coca-Cola" was registered in the U.S. Patent Office on January 31,
1893. Through clever advertising the demand for the product grew by leaps and
dollar, the standard unit of money in the United States, Canada, Mexico and
several other countries, has an interesting history.
word "dollar" comes from the Low German for Thale.
of similar value were issued in Spain. They were called “pieces of eight”,
because their value was divided into eight smaller coins. All these coins
circulated freely in the colonies in both North and South America. In North America
they were called “dollars”.
the United States had been formed, the word “dollar” was adopted for its unit
of coinage, but the sign for the new coin was that of the old Spanish pieces of
eight. This sign showed a scroll, with the words Plus Ultra, waving between the
Pillars of Hercules, the gateway between the Mediterranian and Atlantic. Thus
the dollar sign has nothing to do with the letter S, nor was it, as some people
believe, originally formed by placing a narrow U over an S to form the monogram
of the United States.
Since civilization began gold has been regarded as a symbol
of power and wealth. In many societies gold was seen as a magic substance which
could protect people against illness or evil spirits. It is the one material
that has always been accepted in exchange for goods or services. The need to
search for gold has been compared to a disease, and is called 'gold fever'. In
the Middle Ages men called 'alchemists’ tried to manufacture gold from other
metals. In spite of man's constant search for gold, the amount which has been
produced since the beginning of time is only enough to make a solid block of
eighteen cubic metres, the size of a large house. Gold is measured in troy
ounces (31.1 grams). One ounce can be drawn into 80 kilometres of wire.
Gold coatings are
used to reflect heat from jet engine exhausts. The windscreens of high speed
aircraft and some express trains have a gold electric heating element to
Hello, Selena. It's nice to see you! How are you?
Hello, Mike. I'm fine, thank you. And how are you?
I'm very well, thank you. Where are you going?
I'm going to the library. I want to spend a couple of hours there.
What will you be doing there for such a long time?
It's not much. Time simply flies when I'm at the library. First of all I need
to find some materials for my home work assignment. Then I want to read one
book in French. And, when I finish, I'll find an interesting book for daily reading.
I can borrow it from the library and return after I finish reading.
You said a book in French. Are there many books in foreign languages?
Yes, there are. It's a large library of international literature. That's why
I often visit it. Just out of curiosity I once tried to read book in
Japanese, but failed of course.
Do they have books written in rare languages?
Well, I've never asked for one, but I saw several books in Latin on the
Perhaps, that's medical literature. That's what I need for my studies. Can
I join you sometimes?
Sure, you're welcome to come with me.
You said you can spend hours reading a book there. Don't you feel lonely or
bored in the library?
Not at all. On the contrary, when I read an interesting book, I fully merge
with the heroes of the book. That way I don't feel lonely. Besides, it's not
a boring place. There are spacious and light rooms full of students, just
like me and you.
I see. Yes, definitely, I want to go there too.
What kind of books do you like reading?
I like fantasy books.
They have a wide range of fantasy. You can even find a fantastic tale in
Chinese or Portuguese.
Mike: Sounds good.
And who is your favourite writer, Mike?
It's Stephen King. And yours?
My favourite writer is Aldous Huxley.
I've never heard of him. Can you name some of his books?
Well, he was a famous English writer, who wrote a wide range of essays, short
stories, poetry, travel books, and even film scripts. One of his most
prominent works is a novel called "Brave New World". I've read it
several times and never got bored. You should also read it. It's
If you say so, I will. But at first, you should take me to that library.
Australia is the only nation that occupies a
whole continent of 7.7 million square kilometres. It also occupies a number of
islands (the main one of which is Tasmania). It is the sixth largest country in
area after Russia, Canada, China, the United States of America and Brazil.
It’s located to the south of Asia, between the Pacific and Indianoceans. Australia is the flattest
continent after Antarctica. It is also the world’s driest continent.
Australia has a wide climate
range, from tropical in the north to temperate in
southeast. Australia is situated in the southern
hemisphere. That’s why it has summer when we have winter. January in the
hottest month in Australia.
Australia has a population of about 18 million
people. 70 per cent of the population live in its 10 largest cities. Canberra
is the capital of Australia. It is not the biggest city. Sydney and
Melbourne are much bigger. Australia is a multicultural society. People from
about 200 nations live there. The aborigines, the Australian natives, represent
about 1.5 per cent of the population.
language is English. Australian English does not differ significantly from
other forms of English, although some expressions are unique to Australia.
In 1984 Australia
officially adopted green and gold as its national colours.
Australia’s best known
animals are the kangaroo, koala and the dingo (a wild dog). There are 50
species of kangaroo. Some stand as tall as a man and some are as small as a
cat. They can often be seen in many of the forests and parks. The koala is the
best-loved of all Australian animals.
The koala lives on leaves alone. About 400 species of birds in Australia are
found nowhere else
in the world. There are 55 species of parrots in Australia. They are very
colourful. The emu is
the most interesting bird in Australia. It
is big and cannot fly. The kangaroo and emu can be seen
on Australia’s coat of arms.
Australians love sports. In 1956 and in 2000 the
Olympic Games were held in Melbourne and Sydney.
ИТОГОВЫЙ КОНТРОЛЬ Раздел 1.
Вы услышите текст об Австралии
По окончании выполнения заданий 1–9 не забудьте перенести свои ответы в
Ottawa is the seat of the Federal
It can give you 3 ___________ and make your blood pressure rise
The city is also noisy and expensive, its people are pushy and rude, the weather is awful (especially in summer), the traffic is impossible and…
Ответ : __. 13
Ответ : __. По окончании выполнения заданий10–18 не забудьте перенести свои ответы в
The earliest building known to have stood on the site was a brew-house called