Контрольно-проверочные задания -промежуточный контроль (10 класс, английский язык)
Контроль знаний +1
Тесты и контрольно-проверочные задания по английскому языку предназначены для проверки уровня овладения обучающимися 10 классов предметными умениями, необходимыми
в достижении высоких образовательных результатов в соответствии с требованиями ФГОС,
в выполнении заданий, форма и содержание которых разработаны в рамках подготовки к ЕГЭ. Контрольно-проверочные задания выполнены в формате Единого государственного экзамена.
Материалы предназначен учителям английского языка, обучающимся общеобразовательных организаций и может быть использован широким кругом лиц, изучающих английский язык самостоятельно.
Все варианты примерно равноценны по трудности, идентичны по структуре и параллельны по расположению заданий. Каждый вариант состоит из четырех частей, включающих по два-три задания, которые располагаются по возрастающей степени трудности и относятся к трем разным уровням сложности: базовому (A1, B1, C1), повышенному (A2, B2, C2, D1) и высокому (A3, B3, D2).
Часть 1 «Аудирование» включает высказывания собеседников в распространенных стандартных ситуациях повседневного общения, прагматические (объявления) и публицистические (интервью, репортажи) аудиотексты, задания, относящиеся к трем разным уровням сложности.
Аудирование включает 9 заданий, из которых первое – на установление соответствия, второе – на нахождение соответствия предложенных утверждений содержанию звучащего текста True – False – Not stated и 7 заданий с выбором одного правильного ответа из трех предложенных.
В части 2 «Чтение» представлены два задания на установление соответствия (понимание основного содержания текста и структурно-смысловых связей текста) и третье задание с выбором одного правильного ответа из четырех предложенных (полное и точное понимание информации в тексте).
Часть 3 «Грамматика и лексика» включает первое задание с кратким ответом (грамматические навыки и словообразование) и второе задание с выбором одного правильного ответа из четырех предложенных (лексико-грамматические навыки).
Часть 4 «Письмо» состоит из двух заданий и представляет собой небольшую письменную работу (письмо личного характера и письменное высказывание с элементами рассуждения по предложенной тематике).
Часть 5 «Устная речь» содержит:
1) задание 1 базового уровня сложности – чтение фрагмента информационного или научно-популярного, стилистически нейтрального текста; 2) задание 2 базового уровня сложности – условный диалог-расспрос с опорой на вербальную ситуацию и фотографию (картинку); 3) задание 3 базового уровня сложности – создание монологического тематического высказывания
с опорой на вербальную ситуацию и фотографию (картинку); 4) задание 4 высокого уровня сложности – создание монологического тематического высказывания с элементами сопоставления и сравнения с опорой на вербальную ситуацию и фотографию (сравнение двух фотографий).Контрольно-проверочные задания построены на лексической основе традиционной школьной тематики: учеба, школа, семья, общественно-политическая жизнь, проблемы экологии, страны изучаемого языка, каникулы, свободное время, спорт и другие.
Раздел 1. АУДИРОВАНИЕ
Вы услышите рассказ об американских праздниках. Установите
соответствие между высказываниями каждого говорящего A–F и
в списке 1–7. Используйте каждое утверждение,
обозначенное соответствующей цифрой, только один раз. В задании есть одно
лишнее утверждение. Вы услышите запись дважды. Занесите свои ответы в
are special festivals in different parts of the States.
the day when Americans remember the beginnings
of their nation.
the end of October, they dress up as ghosts or witches and go from house to
house asking for candy or cookies.
4. At the beginning of September
Americans celebrate Memorial Day.
5. In New York,
there will be special food and special parties for Irish, Italian, Jewish, and
reason, Americans love to invite people to their homes.
7. It is a celebration of
theAmerican labor movementand is dedicated to the social and economic achievements of
Вы услышите диалог о традициях и … снова о еде.
Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений А–G соответствуют
содержанию текста(1 – True), какие не соответствуют(2 – False)
и о чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя
дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа(3 – Not stated).
Занесите номер выбранного Вами варианта ответа в таблицу. Вы услышите запись
A In my family there are too many ethnic
traditions that we carry on.
mother can make some of those English pastries.
have learned to cook Hungarian-style food.
D Hungarian food is considered a
very... almost like English restaurant, very special
E I'm not
going to try and start cooking myself again, because I have a microwave.
restaurants are also very popular
are so many things in a Russian restaurant.
Вы услышите текст об Уолте Диснее. В
заданиях 3–9 запишите в поле ответа цифру 1,2 или 3, соответствующую
3. He pioneered the fields of animation, and found new ways to…
1) learn and educate.
2) teach and educate.
3) read and educate.
4. During his … Hollywood career Walter Elias Disney established himself and his innovations as a
genuine part of Americana.
5. He was a …, an imaginative and aesthetic person.
6. During … of 1918 Walt joined the Red Cross and was sent
overseas to France.
1) the summer.
2) the spring.
3) the fall.
began producing short animated films for local businesses in Kansas City. He
was not yet…
8. On July 13, 1925, Walt
married one of his first employees, and later on they would be blessed with …
9. His talents were first
used in a … entitled Plane Crazy.
1) coloured cartoon.
2) silent film.
3) silent cartoon.
выполнения заданий 1–9 не забудьте перенести свои ответы в БЛАНК ОТВЕТОВ
№1! Запишите ответ справа от номера соответствующего задания, начиная с первой
клеточки. При переносе ответов в заданиях 1 и 2 цифры записываются без
пробелов, запятых и других дополнительных символов. Каждую цифру пишите в
отдельной клеточке в соответствии с приведёнными в бланке образцами
Раздел 2. ЧТЕНИЕ
соответствие между заголовками A–G и текстами 1–6. Занесите
ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую букву только один раз. В задании один
A. The first full-length animated musical film
B. New feature films
C. Films for the armed services
D. Health films
E. Private life
F. An amusement park
G. The right to make only cartoons
1. Walt’s drive to perfect the art of animation was endless.
Technicolor was introduced
to animation during the production of his Silly Symphonies Cartoon Features.
Walt Disney held
the patent for Technicolor for two years, allowing him to make the only colour
cartoons. In 1932, the production entitled Flowers and Trees won Walt
the first of his studio’s Academy Awards. In 1937, he released The Old Mill,
the first short subject to utilize the multi-plane camera technique.
2. On December 21, 1937, Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs,
the first full-length animated musical feature, premiered at the Carthay
Theater in Los Angeles. The film produced at the unheard cost of $1,499,000
during the depths of the Depression, the film is still considered one of the
great feats and imperishable monuments of the motion picture industry. During
the next five years, Walt Disney Studios completed other full-length animated classics such as Pinocchio, Fantasia,
Dumbo, and Bambi.
3. Walt rarely showed emotion, though he did have a temper that
would blow over as it blew up. At home, he was affectionate and understanding.
He gave love by being interested,
involved and always there for his family and friends. Walt’s daughter, Diane
Disney Miller, once said: “Daddy never missed a father’s function no matter how
I discounted it. I’d say, “Oh, Daddy, you
don’t need to come. It’s just some stupid thing.” But he’d always be
there, on time”.
Probably the most painful time of Walt’s private life, was
the accidental death of his mother in 1938. After the great success of Snow
White and the Seven Dwarfs, Walt and Roy bought their parents, Elias and
Flora Disney, a home close to the studios. Less than a month later Flora died
of asphyxiation caused by a faulty furnace in the new home. The terrible guilt
of this haunted Walt for the rest of his life.
4. In 1940, construction was completed on the Burbank studio, and Disney’s staff swelled
to more than 1,000 artists, animators, story men, and technicians.
Although, because of World War II 94 per
cent of the Disney facilities were engaged in special government work,
including the production of training and propaganda films for the armed
services, as well as health films which are still shown throughout the world by
the U.S. State Department. The remainder of his efforts were
devoted to the production of comedy short subjects, deemed highly essential to
civilian and military morale.
5. Disney’s 1945 feature, the musical The Three Caballeros,
combined live action with
the cartoon animation, a process he used successfully in such other features as
Song of the South and the highly acclaimed Mary Poppins. In all,
more than 100 features were produced by his studio.
Walt’s inquisitive mind and keen sense for education through
entertainment resulted in the award-winning True
Life Adventure series.
Through such films as The Living Desert, The Vanishing
Prairie, The African Lion, and White Wilderness, Disney brought
fascinating insights into the world of wild animals and taught the importance
of conserving our nation’s outdoor heritage.
6. Walt Disney’s dream of a clean, and organized amusement
park, came true, as Disneyland Park opened in 1955. As a fabulous $17-million
magic kingdom, it soon had increased its investment
tenfold, and by the beginning of its second quarter century, had
entertained more than 200 million people, including presidents, kings and
queens, and royalty from all over the globe.
Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски 1–6 частями предложений A–G. Одна
из частей в списке A–G – лишняя.
Занесите букву, обозначающую соответствующую часть предложения, в таблицу.
Some places to see in Chicago
Early last century, the poet Carl
Sandburg described Chicago, Illinois, as the City of the Big Shoulders. That
still seems right. Chicago does a 1_________ in a big way. For example,
is a 2___________in the Midwest for trains, trucks, ships and planes.
Manufacturing is one of the biggest industries in Chicago. And Chicago has one
of American 3_________. The city stretches for about forty kilometers along the southwestern shore of Lake Michigan.
The Saint Lawrence Seaway opened in 1959. It connects the Great Lakes to the
Chicago is big 4_________.
Visitors can find all kinds, from classical to hip-hop. Some of the best places for jazz and blues are along Rush
Street. There are lots of things to see and hear in Chicago. At the Art Institute of
Chicago, people can see fine Asian 5__________. At the Museum
of Science and Industry, visitors crowd a working coal mine and a World War II
At the Adler
Planetarium, people see stars and learn about space. And at the Shedd Aquarium, they see colourful
fish and learn about life under the sea.
Not surprisingly Chicago has a lot of
big buildings. The two tallest are the Sears Tower and the John Hancock Building. Many people 6___________ around
Chicago. There are many interesting landmarks and building designs to
see. The Wrigley Building, near the Chicago River, opened
in the early 1920s. This office building is hard to miss. It is bright white.
A.big transportation center;
C.art and much more;
D.take architectural tours;
E.lot of things;
Прочитайте текст и выполните задания 12–18. В каждом
задании запишите в поле ответа цифру 1,2,3 или 4,
соответствующую выбранному вами
Edward Teller was often called the
“father of the hydrogen bomb”. However, he did not like that name. Teller
helped to develop the first nuclear weapons. Later, he was an activist for a
strong national defense. He was an important influence on America’s defense and
Edward Teller was born in Budapest,
Hungary, in 1908. His father was a lawyer and his mother had strong musical
abilities. His parents and teachers recognized at an early age that Edward was
excellent in mathematics. Yet his father was unhappy when Edward said he
wanted to be a mathematician. He told his son
that mathematicians had trouble earning money. So Edward agreed to study
chemistry. He went to Leipzig, Germany, for his university education. While in
Germany, Edward was in a streetcar accident. One of his feet was cut off. He
had to wear a man-made, replacement foot for the rest of his life.
One of Teller’s professors in Leipzig
was Werner Heisenberg. Heisenberg helped invent the theory called quantum
mechanics. This theory involves the study of matter and radiation at an atomic
level. It was one of the most important
theories in twentieth century science. In 1932,
Heisenberg won the Nobel Prize for physics for developing the theory. Later he
worked in Germany’s nuclear research programme.
received a doctorate in physics from the University of Leipzig in 1930. He was
a professor at the University of Gottingen for three years.
In 1933, Adolf Hitler became
Germany’s Chancellor. Hitler and his Nazi Party organized
a campaign against Jews and other minorities. This forced Teller and a number
of other Jewish
scientists to flee Germany. Teller and his wife, Mici, came to the United
States in 1935. They
became American citizens six years later.
By the late
1930s, scientists in several countries were learning how to split the nuclei of
atoms. They discovered that this nuclear fission releases
huge amounts of energy and could be used
to create a powerful new weapon. Some scientists in the United States
feared that Germany was
developing an atomic bomb and would be the first to use it as a weapon. One of
those who believed this was a friend of Teller’s, Leo Szilard. Like Teller,
Szilard was a scientist who had left Hungary and come to live in the United
States. Szilard believed that the United States should have its own programme
to develop atomic weapons. He wanted to get American officials interested in
such a programme. He decided to seek help from the world’s most famous
scientist, Albert Einstein.
In 1939, Szilard
prepared a letter to President Franklin Roosevelt for Einstein to sign. The letter urged the need for an
atomic weapons programme. Szilard decided to visit Einstein at his summer home
near New York City. But Szilard could not drive a car, so he asked his friend
Teller to drive them to Einstein’s home.
Einstein signed the letter. It led to a secret American programme
to develop an atomic bomb. This programme was called the Manhattan
helped to … the first nuclear weapons.
His parents and teachers recognized
at an early age that Edward … mathematics.
1) was good at;
2) coped with;
3) managed with;
4) got the better of.
Edward’s father was … when Edward
said he wanted to be a mathematician.
While in Germany, Edward was in a …
They discovered that this nuclear
fission releases huge amounts of energy and could be used to … a powerful new
4) build up.
6. He decided to … help from the world’s most famous scientist,
2) look for;
4) seek after.
Szilard … to visit Einstein at his summer home near New York
выполнения заданий10–18 не забудьте перенести свои ответы в БЛАНК ОТВЕТОВ
№1! Запишите ответ справа от номера соответствующего задания, начиная с первой
клеточки. При переносе ответов в заданиях10 и11 цифры записываются без
пробелов, запятых и других дополнительных символов. Каждую цифру пишите в
отдельной клеточке в соответствии с приведёнными в бланке образцами.
Раздел 3. ГРАММАТИКАИЛЕКСИКА
приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в
конце строк, обозначенных номерами 19–25, так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текста.
Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует
отдельному заданию из группы 19–25.
To carry out the Manhattan Project, the Los Alamos
Laboratory was _____ established in the southwestern state of New
Mexico in 1942. This was during the World War II. The United States wanted to
build an atomic bomb before Germany or Japan did. Teller joined the project
along with America’s other top scientists.
Edward Teller hoped to design a hydrogen fusion bomb. The
idea for the hydrogen bomb came from another_______, Enrico Fermi. Fermi
suggested that the fusion of hydrogen atoms might create an even more
powerful force than splitting them. Teller quickly accepted the idea.
However, the director of the Manhattan Project disagreed.
J. Robert Oppenheimer wanted his team of
scientists to develop an atomic bomb, not
a hydrogen bomb. The Manhattan project
succeeded in developing the world’s first
atomic bomb. Its energy came from _______the nuclei of uranium atoms.
Edward Teller was among the scientists who gathered to see
the world’s first atomic test explosion. By that time, the war in Europe was
over. The Germans had never come close to creating an atomic bomb. But the
war with Japan continued. In an effort to end the war, United States planes
dropped ________bombs on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki on
August, 6th. Japan surrendered within days to end the World War
After the war, Edward Teller _______at the University of
in Illinois. Many scientists who helped develop the atomic bomb returned to
civilian jobs. Some had problems with moral issues.
Years later, Teller wondered if the
United States could have shown Japanese leaders the power of the atom without ________the two cities. Teller said he
regretted that he and other scientists did not seek to demonstrate
American power in some other way to influence Japan to end
As the United
States and the Soviet Union built more nuclear bombs, Edward Teller called
for a second national nuclear weapons laboratory.
The Lawrence Livermore Laboratory opened
near San Francisco, California in 1952. Teller worked as an ______ there. Then he became a professor at the University of California at Berkeley. In
the 1960s, opponents of the Vietnam War
criticized Teller for his work in developing nuclear weapons.
Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст.
Образуйте от слов, напечатанных заглавными буквами в конце строк,
обозначенных номерами 26–31,однокоренные слова так, чтобы они
грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните
пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию
из группы 26–31.
Two cultures meet
When the Italian _____Christopher Columbus (c.
1451–1506) arrived in EXPLORE
the “New World” in 1492, he thought that he was
in India and called the
American ______today prefer to be called Native
Americans, or by their INDIA
tribal names like Navajo or Lakota.
The Native Americans helped the early settlers adapt to
life in a new country.
Later, the __________changed.
the Plains, the buffalo were hunted almost to______, so that the Plains
had no food.
The settlers wanted to take over tribal land, and Native Americans
were forced to
move to separate areas called reservations, often on poor land that
children were not allowed to live with their parents and were sent away
to school. _______Indian culture, including dances, religion, and language
tribes tried to fight for their rights, but they were _____by the US
By 1890, war, poverty ,and diseases like smallpox
had reduced the Native
American to only 250,000.
текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами 32–38. Эти номера
соответствуют заданиям 32–38, в которых представлены возможные
варианты ответов. Запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4,соответствующую
выбранному Вами варианту ответа.
third largest city
Downtown Chicago, the business
center, is known as the Loop. There are many offices and stores. The Loop
includes the financial 32______LaSalle Street. The financial district is home
to the Chicago Board of Trade, the Chicago Stock Exchange and many banks.
Another big thing to see and feel, is
the weather. 33______,
another name for Chicago is the “Windy City”. People turn their shoulders to
the strong winds off Lake Michigan. In winter,
Chicago gets a lot of snow; in summer, the weather is hot and sticky.
Almost three million people live in
Chicago. Chicago is America’s third largest city, after New York and Los
Angeles. More than nine million people 34_______surrounding communities. Over the years many
Chicago. Many of its people have ethnic roots
in Poland, Germany, Ireland and Italy. More recent immigrants have come from
all over the world.
Today just under half the population
of the city of Chicago is non-Hispanic white. The city has large black and
Hispanic populations. Four per cent of the people are Asian. When people
in Chicago want to be outdoors, one place to go is Millennium Park. In this
City of Big Shoulders,
almost everything about Millennium Park is big. It covers ten hectares. It took
almost nine years to finish. Millennium Park is on Michigan
Avenue near Lake Michigan. It officially opened in 2004. It cost 475 36________.
Millennium Park has gardens and places for music, dance and ice skating.
It also has one of the largest outdoor sculptures in the world. Anish Kapoor of
Britain created this work of public art. It weighs 110 tons. A huge rounded
form of shiny steel captures a looking-glass image of the Chicago skyline and
the clouds above. The sculpture is called Cloud Gate.
artist Jaume Plensa designed the Crown Fountain in Millennium Park. The fountain is surely one of the
most unusual in the world. The artist set a pool of water between two tall
glass towers. Video images appear on the towers. The images are a series of
pictures of nature and 37_________. The water appears to pour from their
mouths. The faces represent the many
different people of Chicago.
Millennium Park has music in the Jay Pritzker Pavilion. The
architect Frank Gehry designed this modern-looking structure. It can seat four
thousand people under its open-top steel ribbons. There is also an area called the Great Lawn38________ the
music. The sound system makes the music seem like it is coming from
inside a concert hall. The pavilion is a home for the Grant Park Music
321) district at; 2) district around; 3) district near;
4) district on.
331) At last; 2)
At all; 3) At least; 4) After all.
34.1) live in; 2) live
at; 3) live on; 4) live for.
35 1) settled; 2)
have settled; 3) has settled; 4) were settled.
361) millions dollars; 2) million’s
dollars; 3) millions dollar; 4) million dollars.
37 1) people’s faces; 2)
people faces; 3) faces of people; 4) peoples faces.
38 1) to listen at; 2)
to listen; 3) to listen to; 4) to listening to.
окончании выполнения заданий19–38 не забудьте перенести свои ответы в
БЛАНК ОТВЕТОВ №1! Запишите ответ справа от номера соответствующего задания,
начиная с первой клеточки. При переносе ответов в заданиях19–31 буквы
записываются без пробелов, запятых и других дополнительных символов.
Каждую букву или цифру пишите в отдельной клеточке в соответствии с
приведёнными в бланке образцами.
Раздел 4. ПИСЬМО
Для ответов на задания 39 и 40
используйте бланк ответов №2. Черновые пометки можно делать прямо на
листе с заданиями, или можно использовать отдельный черновик. При
выполнении заданий 39 и 40 особое внимание обратите на то, что
Ваши ответы будут оцениваться только по записям, сделанным в БЛАНКЕ ОТВЕТОВ
№2. Никакие записи черновика не будут учитываться экспертом. Обратите
внимание также на необходимость соблюдения указанного объёма текста.
Тексты недостаточного объёма, а также часть текста, превышающая требуемый
объём, не оцениваются. Запишите сначала номер задания(39, 40), а затем
ответ на него. Если одной стороны бланка недостаточно, Вы можете
использовать другую его сторону.
You have received a letter from your
English-speaking pen friend Joe who writes:
…As for good news, I have entered
musical school and am very proud of this.
I’m addicted to music! By the way, how important is music to you?
Write a letter to Joe.
In your letter
- answer his questions
– tell him about your attitude to
– ask 3 questions about his
plans for the future.
Write 100–140 words.
Remember the rules of letter writing.
Comment on the following statement.
A day without music is a day
half-lived. Music is what makes the difference between Life and just Existence.
What is your opinion? Do you agree
with this statement?
Use the following plan:
-make an introduction (state the
-express your personal opinion and
give 2–3 reasons for your opinion
-express an opposing opinion and give
1–2 reasons for this opposing opinion
-explain why you don’t agree with the
-make a conclusion restating your
Task 1. Imagine that you
are preparing a project with your friend. You have found some interesting
material for the presentation and you want to read this text to your friend.
You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, then be ready to read it out
aloud. You will not have more than 1.5 minutes to read it.
Lack of exercise is a very serious
problem. We spend hours in front of our computers and TV-sets. Few of us do
morning exercises. We walk less, because we prefer to use cars or public
Research shows, however, that young
people who don't take enough exercise often suffer from heart attacks.
It's common knowledge that smoking
and drinking can shorten our lives dramatically. Cigarette-smoking, for
example, kills about 3 million people every year. Many of them die from lung
cancer. Some aren't even smokers. They are people who live or work with heavy
Yet many young people smoke and
drink. Why? One answer is that tobacco and drinks companies invest enormous
sums of money in advertising their products. For them cigarettes and alcoholic
drinks mean money. For us they mean disease and even death.
We all know that the healthier we
are, the better we feel. The better we feel, the longer we live. So why not
take care of ourselves?
Task 2.Study the
You are considering visiting the city and
now you'd like to get more information. In 1.5 minutes you are to ask five
direct questions to find out the following:
1) dates for departures
2) hotel facilities
3) if breakfast is included
4) number of city tours
You have 20 seconds to ask each question
Task 3. Imagine that while travelling during your holidays
you took some photos. Choose one photo to present to your friend.
You will have to start speaking in
1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12–15 sentences). In
your talk remember to speak about:
- when you took the photo
- what/who is in the photo
- what is happening
- why you took the photo
- why you decided to show the picture to
You have to talk continuously,
"I’ve chosen photo number …
Task 4. Study the two photographs. In
1.5 minutes be ready to compare and contrast the photographs:
- give a brief description of the
photos (action, location)
- say what the pictures have in
- say in what way the pictures are
- say which of thepaintings
presented in the pictures you’d prefer
- explain why
You will speak for not more than 2
minutes (12–15 sentences). You have to talk continuously.
You will not be surprised to hear that every true
American waves a flag on July 4th. This is the day when Americans
remember the beginnings of their nation. And
you would expect every true American to sit at the family table and eat
turkey on Thanksgiving Day in November. This is when they thank God for the
good things in their lives, and remember the courage of the first Europeans who
landed in America.
You might, on the other hand, be surprised to
hear how many Americans go out to follow the dancing lion on the Chinese New
Year. Or how many meet with their families at Passover. Or how many listen to
bagpipe music and drink whisky on Burns Night. There are special festivals
in different parts of the States. They show how many different nations came
together to make the American nation.
In New Orleans, for example, there’s the old
French festival of Mardi Gras. March in Miami, Florida, is carnival time when
thousands of Spanish speakers take to the streets
in wonderful costumes. In Chicago, on St Patrick’s Day (the national day of the
Irish) Irish green is everywhere. People wear green clothes, drink green beer,
and even the Chicago River is coloured green for the day. In New York, there
will be special food and special parties for Irish, Italian, Jewish, and
The truth is
that Americans love parties. But perhaps the best parties of all are private,
family ones. Some, like Halloween, are especially for the children. At the end
of October, they dress up as ghosts or witches and go from house to house
asking for candy or cookies. Another very American kind of party is a “shower.”
A group of friends get together to give presents to someone who is getting
married or having a baby.
Whatever the reason,
Americans love to invite people to their homes, and they work hard
to make their houses look good and their food taste delicious. Is it little
Susan’s birthday? Her friends come in for the party and have cake and
ice-cream. The Fourth of July? A group of friends go out together for a picnic.
And what about President’s Day in February? There will be а cherry pie at home for
everyone, of course.
Labor Dayin theUnited Statesis aholidaycelebrated on the first Monday in September. It is a celebration of
movementand is dedicated to the social and economic achievements of workers.
It constitutes a yearly national tribute to the contributions workers have made
to the strength, prosperity, and well-being of their country.Labor Day was
promoted by theCentral Labor Unionand theKnights of Labor, who organized the
first parade inNew York City.
what kind of food do you normally cook in your family?
In my family there
are too many ethnic traditions that we carry on. We've become quite
Americanized, but we still may, for example, eat some special German dishes,
some German desserts.
desserts? Very interesting. Can you name any?
Trying to think
what they are, right now. 'Apfel kuchen', which is like an apple cake. There
are certain types of German pastries, that my grandmother prepared. And she
gave the recipes to my mother and taught her how to make them. So, my mother
can make some of those German pastries.
your mother cook other national dishes?
My mother does
make some Hungarian food: 'toltott kapuzta', which is, what we call
'stuffed-cut cabbage'. But in Hungarian it is 'toltott kapuzta', we call it
'toltott kapuzta'. And I, myself, was a cook at one time, so, I, actually,
prepared some Hungarian soups, 'bab leves', different kinds of things. Actually, I have
learned to cook Hungarian-style food.
Hungarian food considered exquisite?
is considered a very... almost like French restaurant, very special cuisine. And we do eat
some Hungarian- style food sometimes.
you like to cook?
Ever since the
invention of the microwave, it's so easy just to put something in a microwave
and cook it quickly. So, I've become lazy, but I used to cook quite a bit,
and now that I'm back in Russia, I'm thinking, I'm going to try and start
cooking myself again, because I don't have a microwave.
is your best recipe? What do you like to cook most?
What is my best
recipe? Oh, my favorite is something called 'apple crisp'. And basically, you
combine sugar, and flour and apples. Well, what you do is you put the apples
on the bottom, and then you make a mixture, a topping, which is a combination
of melted butter, sugar and flour, and you mix it together, and you spring a
lid on top of the apples, and then you put cinnamon on top, and you bake it
for about forty-five minutes. And it's very sweet, very tasty, and it's one
of my favorites.
you went to a restaurant. What would you order?
Oh, if I went to
a restaurant... There are so many choices. What would I order? I might order
chicken, perhaps, special chicken dish. Or for us Mexican restaurants are
very, very popular now. I might go to a Mexican restaurant and order fajitas2),
some of the special Mexican cuisine. Or I might go to a Chinese restaurant,
Chinese restaurants are also very popular, and order... Let's see... Oh,
there are so many things in a Chinese restaurant. I can't remember them all
right now. But those are very popular.
I am not mistaken, you've lived in Russia for two years. You are sure to have
tried some traditional Russian dishes. What is your impression about Russian
cuisine... My first impression was: I loved borsch. I tried to make borsch
back home in America, and I didn't do it correctly. So, when I came here, I
realized, how you're supposed to prepare borsch. And of course, to put that
dab of sour cream in there, which made the borsch taste very, very good. And,
so, I'm sure for most Russians borsch is normal, but for me it was a
wonderful delicacy. I
enjoyed it very much.
grandfather was a Slovak. So do you have Slovak-style food sometimes?
unfortunately, I don't. My grandfather died when I was very young, so, we
never really had Slovakian-style food.
turkey a traditional meat dish on Christmas?
I can tell you
that Americans normally for Christmas have ham. For most Americans turkey is
what they have for Thanksgiving, but for Christmas ham is usually the special
meat, that they prepare for the Christmas holidays. So, that is something we
always have. You don't have turkey again, you have ham for Christmas. It's very, very
heard something about ham with honey. Is it true?
Yes, in fact, I
once worked for a company that was called 'Honey-Baked Ham', and I cooked
there. And what we would do was we put a special covering of sugar on top of
the ham, and we would melt it on the ham. And the ham was sliced already, so
the sugar would melt into the ham and make it very, very sweet. Many, many
Americans like to have their ham sweet like that. And that's a very popular
company now: 'Honey-Baked Ham'.
Try to imagine a world without Walt
Disney. A world without his magic, whimsy, and optimism. Walt Disney transformed the
entertainment industry into what we know today.
He pioneered the fields of animation, and found new ways to teach and
During his 43-year Hollywood career,
which spanned the development of the motion picture industry as a modern
American art, Walter Elias Disney established himself and his innovations as
a genuine part of Americana.
A pioneer and innovator, and the
possessor of one of the most fertile and unique imaginations the world has ever
known, Walt Disney could take the dreams of America, and make them come true.
He was a creator, an imaginative and aesthetic person. Even thirty years after
his death, we still continue to grasp his ideas, and his creations, remembering
him for everything he’s done for us.
Walter Elias Disney was born on
December 5, 1901, in Chicago Illinois, to his father, Elias Disney, an
Irish-Canadian, and his mother, Flora Call Disney, who was of German-American
descent. Walt was one of five children, four boys and a girl.
Later, after Walt’s birth, the Disney
family moved to Marceline, Missouri. Walt lived out most of his childhood here.
Walt had a very early interest in drawing and art. When he was seven years old,
he sold small sketches and drawings to nearby neighbours. Instead of doing his
school work Walt doodled pictures of animals and nature.
Besides his other interests, Walt
attended McKinley High School in Chicago. There, Disney divided his attention
between drawing and photography and contributing to the school paper.
At night he attended the Academy of Fine Arts to better his drawing abilities.
Even after the Disney family moved to
Kansas City, Walt continued to develop and flourish in his talent for artistic
drawing. Besides drawing, Walt had picked up a knack for acting and performing. Later on, against his father’s
permission, Walt would sneak out of the house at night to
perform comical skits at local theaters.
During the fall of 1918 Walt joined
the Red Cross and was sent overseas to France, where he spent a year driving an
ambulance and chauffeuring Red Cross officials. His ambulance was
covered from stem to stern not with stock camouflage, but with Disney cartoons.
Once he returned from France, he
wanted to pursue a career in commercial art, which soon lead to his experiments
in animation. He began producing short animated films for local businesses in
Kansas City. He was not yet twenty-two.
On July 13, 1925, Walt married one of
his first employees, Lillian Bounds. Later on they would be blessed with two
daughters, Diane and Sharon. Three years after Walt and Lilly wed, Walt created
a new animated character, Mickey Mouse.
His talents were
first used in a silent cartoon entitled Plane Crazy. However, before the
be released, sound was introduced upon the motion picture industry. Thus,
Mickey Mouse made his screen debut in Steamboat Willie, the world’s
first synchronized sound cartoon, which premiered at the Colony Theater in New
York on November 18, 1928.
ПРОМЕЖУТОЧНЫЙ КОНТРОЛЬ Вариант 1
Вы услышите текст об Уолте Диснее
D ) sound cartoon . Ответ: __
In 1940, construction was completed on the
The Wrigley Building, near the
He decided to seek help from the world’s most famous scientist,
Ответ : __. 18 2
Edward Teller was among the scientists who gathered to see the world’s first atomic test explosion
Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами 32–38
At last; 2 )
Write 100–140 words . Remember the rules of letter writing
You are considering visiting the city and now you'd like to get more information
Task 4. Study the two photographs
A . 2 B . 1 C . 5
States. They show how many different nations came together to make the
My mother does make some Hungarian food: 'toltott kapuzta', which is, what we call 'stuffed-cut cabbage'
No, unfortunately, I don't. My grandfather died when