Карточка-задание по английскому языку на тему «MEDICAL WRITING: CASE ABSTRACT_413»
«MEDICAL WRITING: CASE ABSTRACT_413»
·What is a medical case report?
·What parts does it include?
·What is an abstract?
Read the abstract of the medical case
Role of vasopressin in the
treatment of anaphylactic shock in a child undergoing surgery for congenital
heart disease: a case report
The incidence of anaphylactic
reactions during anesthesia is between 1:5000 and 1:25000 and it is one of the
few causes of mortality directly related to general anesthesia. The most
important requirements in the treatment of this clinical condition are early
diagnosis and maintenance of vital organ perfusion. Epinephrine administration
is generally considered as the first line treatment of anaphylactic reactions.
However, recently, new pharmacological approaches have been described in the
treatment of different forms of vasoplegic shock.
We describe the case of a child
who was undergoing surgery for ventricular septal defect, with an anaphylactic
reaction to heparin that was refractory to epinephrine infusion and was
effectively treated by low dose vasopressin infusion.
In case of anaphylactic shock,
continuous infusion of low-dose vasopressin might be considered after
inadequate response to epinephrine, fluid resuscitation and corticosteroid
Find in the abstract:
·Why is it important
·Needs to be reported
Answer the questions:
1.Is this the first report of this kind in the literature?
2.What are brief details of what the patient(s) presented with?
3.What the reader should learn from the case report?
4.What the clinical impact will be?
5.Is it an original case report of interest to a particular clinical
specialty of medicine?
6.Will it have a broader clinical impact across medicine?
7.Are any teaching points identified?
·Why abstract is the most important part for case
published in electronic databases?