Карточка-задание по английскому языку на тему «MEDICAL WRITING: CASE ABSTRACT_414»
«MEDICAL WRITING: CASE ABSTRACT_414»
·What is a medical case report?
·What parts does it include?
·What is an abstract?
Read the abstract of the medical case
resonance imaging findings of basilar artery plaque in a patient with branch
atheromatous disease: a case report
Intracranial branch atheromatous
disease is a type of ischemic stroke that is caused by narrowing or occlusion
of the orifice of the penetrating artery by atheromatous plaque. Pontine branch
atheromatous disease is usually diagnosed using indirect findings such as the
extension of a lesion to the basal surface of the pons because of the
difficulty of demonstrating plaque in the basilar artery.
A 72-year-old Japanese man
developed sudden dysarthria and left hemiparesis, and his symptoms deteriorated
thereafter. Brain magnetic resonance imaging revealed an acute infarction in
the territory of the right paramedian pontine artery extending to the basal
surface. Non-contrast-enhanced three-dimensional fast spin-echo T1 imaging with
variable flip angles and three-dimensional fast imaging with steady-state
acquisition revealed a plaque in the dorsal wall of the basilar artery that
spread to the origin of the paramedian pontine artery that branched toward the
infarction. Although antithrombotic agents were started, the left hemiparesis
got worse and became flaccid on the following day.
This is the first report to
confirm the pathological basis of branch atheromatous disease by
three-dimensional images using the new modalities of 3-Tesla magnetic resonance
imaging. The use of these techniques will foster better understanding of the clinicopathological
mechanisms of branch atheromatous disease.
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·Needs to be reported
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1.Is this the first report of this kind in the literature?
2.What are brief details of what the patient(s) presented with?
3.What the reader should learn from the case report?
4.What the clinical impact will be?
5.Is it an original case report of interest to a particular clinical
specialty of medicine?
6.Will it have a broader clinical impact across medicine?
7.Are any teaching points identified?
·Why abstract is the most important part for case
published in electronic databases?