The title of the project is «Stereotype about Russia».
As you know, Russia is a big and strong country. Abroad, there are many stereotypes about our country. Stereotypes are both pleasant and not very good. And not all of them are true. My aim is to check some stereotypes about Russia and agree or disagree with them. My tasks you can see in my work or in presentation.
Текст к НОУ.docx
Муниципальное автономное общеобразовательное учреждение
«Школа №44 с углубленным изучением отдельных предметов»
Советского района г. Н. Новгорода
Научное общество учащихся
ученица 8 а класса
1 Stereotype! What is it?
1.1The meaning of stereotypes.……………………………………………………4
1.3The causes of
1.4Properties and functions……………………………………………………...4
2 Stereotypes about Russia
2.1 Russians are very sad and serious……………………………………………5
2.2 It’s always cold in Russia…………………………………………………….6
Russian women are very beautiful……………………………………………7
2.4 Bear and balalaika…………………………………………………………….8
2.5 Alcohol and smoking…………………………………………………………9
2.6 Russia is a country of hackers and thieves……………………………………10
is a big and strong country. Abroad, there are many stereotypes about our
country. Foreigners always ask Russians “Isn’t it cold there?” or “Did you eat lots of borsch?” or “Is everyone
there depressed?”. Many stereotypes are invented by people, who don't
visit our country. Stereotypes are both pleasant and not very good. But not all
of them are true. "Why is Russia bad? This is a very large country. A
great country that has a very beautiful history. Why is this country bad?
",- сolombian about Russia.
must check some stereotypes about Russia and agree or disagree with them. I
learn information from the Internet.
or disagree with stereotypes
1 Stereotype! What is it?
A stereotype is a relatively stable and simplified image of a social group,
person, event or phenomenon. Every nation has its own stereotypical ideas about
the surrounding world, about people, about representatives of another culture.
The concept of "stereotype" was born in the 20s of last century. He
was introduced into the scientific literature by the American scientist W.
Lippmann. He characterized the stereotype as a small "picture of the
world" that a person stores in the brain in order to save the effort that
is required to perceive more complex situations.
According to the American scientist, there are two reasons for the emergence of
Protection of the values of the group of people in which he lives.
The stereotype has the following properties:
Unchanging in time;
live in us, influence the world view, behavior and contribute to the
misperception of reality: the role of modern stereotypes in the life of man and
society is undeniable. Stereotypes can be imposed by public opinion, and formed
on the basis of their own observations. Public stereotypes are most pernicious
for people's outlook. They impose on the person of the infidels a train of
thoughts, and prevent him from thinking independently. However, without
stereotypes society could not exist.
between groups can only contribute to the consolidation of stereotypes, and
convergence of groups, on the contrary, leads to a change in stereotypes, and
sometimes - to their complete destruction. For example, an experiment was
conducted, during which representatives of different races settled in the same
building on different floors. As a result, their stereotypes were preserved and
even strengthened. Conversely, many of the stereotypes in these groups
collapsed when they began to occupy one floor, encountering the same domestic
difficulties and jointly solving problems.
2 Stereotypes about Russia
The first stereotype is that all Russians are very serious.
create the impression of inhospitable people. Unfortunately, most visitors
(tourists) see Russians in places like cashiers, hotels, bureaucratic offices,
passport control - which is natural, we reinforce the prevailing view that
Russians do not look polite and friendly. Also in other countries and cities we
are always serious. We do not have a culture of a smile, we do not smile at
neighbors who come with us on an elevator. The Russians just put on a mask.
as soon as you have a network for a common table with us, we will begin to feed
you until your stomach bursts. What's the chip?
can be compared with a glass barrier. While they are behind him, we will not
see any interest in meeting your needs, once the barrier disappears, we'll tell
you everything over a cup of tea in the kitchen.
so that you really could say "I learned something new today," I must
point out, perhaps, the most important thing: the Russians do not smile to
appear friendly. They smile only when they really see or hear something funny
and see a real friend in front of them. And you understand that it's normal to
live with a stony face, because they do a great job without having to smile
everywhere and everywhere.
good example is the Olympics in Sochi. During the Olympics, Russian people,
volunteers, sportsmen always helped tourists, took photos with them (1 app.).
Colombian girl who moved to Russia says: "I used to hear that people in
Russia do not smile, cold and closed, have a very serious look. But as soon as
she began to live here, I realized that the Russians are very friendly, they
just start expressing their emotions only after they met. In the circle of
friends, people often smile, laugh and embrace "
girl who moved to Russia from India, said: "In India, people think that
people from Russia are very sad. Everyone who came to India in Soviet times,
got together and stayed together. When they walked through Indian markets, they
kept saying "Spirits, perfumes, spirits" all the time. In Hindi,
"perfume" means "sad." What this word really means in
Russian, I learned much later. "
know about Americans much more than Americans about Russia. But the Russians
still have such a kind, they say, "what are you doing here?". I think
Russians are more secretive than Americans - nobody goes around with a rubber
smile, "the editor of the online publication in the United States shares
The second stereotype is always cold in Russia.
is an important part of Russian culture, and it must be felt", writes
Alison Haitmiller, a foreigner about Russia's adventures.
is one of the coldest countries in the world. But in fact, the temperature
across Russia varies from +9 ° C in Sochi and -30 ° C in Oymyakon. The coldest
region is in the north of the Far East, where in the vicinity of Oimyakon the
average temperature in January falls below -46 degrees.
what a man from New York says about it: "Snowballs can scare a person from
the southern states of Florida, California, but in Buffalo we have the same
weather. If we compare Moscow and New York, then they prepare for frost better.
When in New York a few years ago there was a snowfall, he paralyzed the whole
city. In Moscow, many grumbling about the cleaning of snow, but local utilities
are still better able to cope with similar situations. "
girl from Spain says: "What is cold, we can’t imagine, because we do not
even have snow. I had a hard time with my first winter. It was difficult to
breathe in the frost, so I moved around the city in small dashes, constantly
sitting out in some rooms. Very much then I fell ill. But the hardest thing is
not cold, but the fact that there is no sun and an eternally gray sky. For me
it was a shock, because we always have summer and plenty of sunshine. "
very cold, it's colder, probably only Antarctica." The record of the
lowest temperature in the populated area is divided between Oimyakon and
Verkhoyansky -67.7 "C," the American writes in his blog about the
who rush to Russia in the winter, first of all ask the tourists who have
already visited there: how to cope with the frost? All the experts who already
live in Russia are not ashamed to talk about the horrors of the Russian winter
and, first of all, about the outrageously low readings of the thermometer.
Those who are more experienced, immediately spit on style and beauty and dress
either in fur coats, fur hats and ugg boots, or in arctic jackets. Those who
have not yet reconciled themselves to low temperatures are simply advised not
to leave the premises.
in the winter
Russian women are very beautiful
girls are known for their soft face, radiant and smooth skin, kind eyes and
blush on their cheeks (2 app.).
are sure that along the streets of Moscow, Yekaterinburg, Perm, Sochi, etc.
Only girls of model appearance go. Our beauty and femininity in the
understanding of foreign men are personified by Anna Kournikova and Maria
Sharapova. It's nice! But there is a downside to the coin: Russian women are
told that we do not know how to choose the right time and place for the outfit.
If you believe the Americans, in Russia, all women without exception go to the
next store for milk in full parade: hairstyle, makeup, an abundance of jewelry,
expensive clothes, thereby losing valuable time.
of them have never met Russian women, others have known them well. On the
Internet, I found several opinions of men from other countries about what they
imagine our compatriots.
Friderix, USA: "The acquaintance and communication with Russian women left
only a positive impression. They are one of the most pleasant and benevolent
people I have met. They always amaze me with their sensitivity and
responsiveness! I have never been ignored or disrespected. In general, I find
Russian women cute and energetic in terms of communication. Appearance? Yes,
I've never seen so many beauties in my life! "
Langevin, The Netherlands: "Right or wrong, but this is my opinion of
Russian women, created by national media and my communication with them during
travel. Very wise. I would say that your women are pretty, strong by virtue of
their mentality and are surprisingly open to tourists from those countries that
are not too friendly towards Russia. Russian girls have a stronger and more
solid character than men. In terms of appearance, they are among the most
beautiful women in the world, very feminine! "
Polh, Switzerland: "The Russians are smart and beautiful, they know how to
emphasize their dignity and hide their shortcomings. Russian women are strong
in spirit, they are ready to go to much for the sake of love and family, they
are ready to forgive much, vulnerable, sensitive. Real women, the standard of
Bear and balalaika.
foreigners think that bears are walking in our streets and that Russian people
like to play balalaika. This is how they draw imaginary Russia. And foreigners
are convinced that Russians are able to tame bears and are generally capable of
many strong and bold, albeit crazy actions.
image of Russia as a country where bears are walking along the streets has been
formed for a long time. More historians of the 19th century conducted research
on its origins and came to the conclusion that this image has a real
background. On the territory of our country there has long existed a cult of a
bear, it really was for Rusyches the embodiment of spirit. This animal was
totem for the inhabitants of our country, the bear has always been the subject
of folklore works. With the advent of Orthodoxy, the church supported this
stereotype of national identity. Once upon a time at almost every fair there
was a tradition of showing the struggle of peasants with bears, as a way to
demonstrate their daring. Also these animals performed in public. So there was
a bear with a balalaika, as an image of Russian fun.
inhabitants of Russia had a few of their own musical instruments, and one of
them is a balalaika. It arose on the basis of a modification of the Asian good
and was widely spread in the 17th century. The instrument is organic to the
Russian character: it is simple in mastering, it gives great opportunities for
improvisation. In the 18th century, at each fair there was a bear with a
balalaika as a way of entertainment for people coming for shopping. Since many
of the first foreigners who came to Russia were traders, they made conclusions
about the country precisely at the fairs. Hence, many stereotypes arise:
drunkenness, unrestrained fun, a balalaika and a bear.
after carefully studying the information on the Internet, I learned that now
many foreigners no longer think that bears are walking along our streets. Bear
and balalaika are a typical symbol of the country in the eyes of foreigners.
example, the words of a man from New York: "Ten thousand times I was asked
if Americans believe that bears are walking around Moscow. Of course not. By
the way, I can show a couple of videos, which show that the bears are walking
around New Jersey. "
Russia is considered the most drinking and smoking country.
is vodka that is associated with Russia in the first place. Vodka, according to
foreigners, is not just the main drink in our country, to which the whole
population has been accustomed since birth, but also the prevailing currency,
and also a valuable resource. Through the pipes, vodka is served in all
apartments, hospitals and school establishments. You can pay vodka with a hired
worker, you can give a bribe to vodka. A glass of vodka is served to anyone who
enters the house, regardless of the purposes of his visit. Vodka, vodka, vodka!
is really very common in our country, a rare feast does without its
participation. In addition, we often "thank" the bottle of vodka for
the service. Another thing - vodka definitely should not be the first, which is
associated with foreigners with Russia. Let it be kvass or tea with a lemon,
which so amazes the English, by the way.
this stereotype is not common everywhere. "Nobody thinks that they drink
here. In India, there is no such idea, unlike other countries "- said a
girl from India.
is the opinion of a man from New York: "A common myth that here are all
alcoholics. Maybe in regions where the economy is underdeveloped, there are
people who drink. But in America, too, there are places like this, for example,
Detroit. There's a terrible unemployment, that's why people lead a marginal way
of life. In addition, we have those who use drugs, and there are far more of
them than here. "
the Internet, I found information about the most drinking and smoking
countries. And Russia in them takes not the first, not the second and even the
third place. This information you can see on graph (3 app.).
truth is not only that Russians smoke cigarettes one by one, but also that the
government is trying to introduce strict rules on the prohibition of smoking,
in order to limit a dangerous habit. Indeed, Russia was one of the most smoking
countries in the world. But according to the World Health Organization, Russia takes
the 5th place. I also show this fact on graphs (4 app.). Being in this country, you will
not be able to avoid passive smoking, it is virtually everywhere.
Russia is a country of hackers and thieves.
the view of Russians, a generalized hacker is likely to be an American. But for
Americans - exactly the opposite. In the United States, it is believed that
Russia is the country with the highest level of cybercrime in the world, while
hackers are adept, desperate and well organized. It is even believed that in
Russia, because of the serious danger of hacking, you should not use ATMs -
except those that are in hotels and therefore supposedly reliable. Most ATMs on
the streets of Russia are hacked, and travelers are warned about the need to
use only secure safes in hotels that are under careful observation.
stereotype came from the Internet: most of the pirated content on the network
is available in Russian, primarily because it is Russian pirates who upload
content to the network for free download.
Internet is full of articles that Russia is an unsafe country." Frankly, I
was seriously prepared and followed all the instructions! I made a bunch of
copies of documents. Both in Moscow and in Petersburg I felt completely safe.
In both cities, I stayed in hotels that were not in the center, and reached
them on the subway or on foot without any adventures, even late at night»,-
says a man from the United States.
Only 2 stereotypes were true from the 6 stereotypes,
which I choose.
Finally, I want to say that we shouldn’t draw conclusions
about the country after hearing stereotypes. Also, you should not make
stereotypes don’t visiting the country or visiting it 1-2 times. The great
Russian poet Tyutchev wrote, " you can’t understand Russia with your mind".
It's right. To understand our country it is necessary to live in it for at
least a 1 year and more. Only then you will be able to experience the whole
culture, all the inhabitants of this country. And don’t think stereotypically.
Nowadays people have very different behavior, opinions and outlooks on life.