Confidentiality of information is a requirement for a person who has received
access to any information not to transfer this information to third parties
without the consent of its owner. The very word "Confidentiality"
comes from the English "confidence", in translation it means
"trust." It is precisely because the confidentiality of information
is respected that a person, having entrusted his personal data to state bodies,
can be sure that they will not fall into the wrong hands and will not be used
against him. Also, the confidentiality of information is of great importance
while maintaining state and commercial secrets.
Confidentiality is a guarantee that information can be read and interpreted only
by people and processes that are authorized to do so. Ensuring confidentiality
includes procedures and measures preventing disclosure by unauthorized users.
Information that may be considered confidential is also called sensitive. An
example would be a mail message that is protected from being read by anyone
other than the addressee.
Confidentiality is a property of information that ensures that only certain
persons have access to information.
For example. The company
"Mercury" has information, namely the sales report. Access is
available only to employees of the sales and accounting department. Moreover,
the staff of the sales department have all the information (it will be
described in more detail below), and the accounting department only for the
final calculations (in order to calculate sales taxes.).
Thus, confidentiality means
not only access to information, but also the delimitation of access to
information, then Petrov has access to one piece of information, Serikov to the
second, and Ismailov to all the information.
Confidentiality of information is a requirement for a person who has received access to any information not to transfer this information to third parties without…