сравнительную таблицу на основе предложенных текстов по указанным критериям: symptoms,
cause, incubation period, susceptible patients, treatmentandprophylaxis.
The main symptoms of the disease
are: slight fever, general discomfort, headache, stiff neck, stiff back. It may
result in paralysis of any part of the body. The cause of poliomyelitis is a
virus. The incubation period of the disease is 7-21 days. The most susceptible
patients are the children from 9 months to 5 years. The child should be
isolated from onset of the disease till fever subsides. We can prevent
poliomyelitis with oral polio vaccine.
slight – лёгкий
susceptible - восприимчивый
general discomfort – общеенедомогание
onset - начало
stiff – окостеневший
to subside - спадать
paralysis – паралич
oral – пероральный
main symptoms of the disease are fever, headache, malaise. The cause of typhoid
is a bacillus. The incubation period is 7-21 days. The most susceptible
patients are children and young adults. To treat the disease you should follow
proper disposal of stools and urine and to give chloramphenicol or substitute
for 3-4 weeks. We can prevent typhoid with typhoid vaccine.
main symptoms of tonsillitis are fever, cough, sore throat. The cause of the
disease is streptococcus. The incubation period is 2-5 days. The patients of
all ages are susceptible to the disease. To treat the patient with tonsillitis
we should give penicillin or substitute injections for 10 days. There are no
any ways of prevention of tonsillitis.
main symptoms of tetanus are stiffness of jaw, spasms and convulsions,
difficulty in swallowing. The cause of the disease is a bacillus. The incubation
period is from 5 days to 2 weeks. The disease is not communicable from person
to person. The patients of all ages are susceptible to the disease. The patient
with tetanus should be hospitalized and the wound should be cleaned
immediately. A doctor must use tetanus toxoid separate or in DPT to treat the
the difference between the symptoms of poliomyelitis and typhoid?
there any similar symptoms between poliomyelitis and tetanus?
are the causes of all these diseases?
can you say about the treatment of poliomyelitis, typhoid, tonsillitis and
there any ways of prevention of the diseases?
2. На основании следующей
клинической картины определите, чем болел пациент?
The boy complained of a bad
headache, vomiting and a sore throat. His pulse was rapid. The inflammation of
the throat was associated with the enlargement of the glands of neck. The
patient was noted to have loss of appetite, gastrointestinal disturbances and
small amount of urine of dark colour. His hands, legs and body were covered
with a fine red rash, it being most clearly marked on his abdomen.
infectious disease is represented in the text?
the period of invasion in the disease characterized by?
are the typical symptoms of the disease?
the most characteristic complication after the disease?
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