Карточка-задание по английскому языку на тему «MEDICAL WRITING: CASE ABSTRACT_136»
«MEDICAL WRITING: CASE ABSTRACT_136»
·What is a medical case report?
·What parts does it include?
·What is an abstract?
Read the abstract of the medical case
Prune belly syndrome in an
Egyptian infant with Down syndrome: A case report
Prune belly syndrome is a rare
congenital anomaly of uncertain aetiology almost exclusive to males. The
association between prune belly syndrome and Down syndrome is very rare.
A 4-month-old Egyptian boy was
admitted to our institute for management of acute bronchiolitis. He was born at
full term by normal vaginal delivery. His mother, a 42-year-Egyptian villager
with six other children, had no antenatal or prenatal care. On examination, the
boy was found to be hypotonic. In addition to features of Down syndrome,
karyotyping confirmed the diagnosis of trisomy 21. Ultrasound examination of
the abdomen showed bilateral gross hydronephrosis with megaureter. Micturating
cystourethrography showed grade V vesicoureteric reflux bilaterally with no
urethral obstruction. Serum creatinine concentration was 90 μmol/litre, serum sodium was 132 mmol/litre and serum potassium was
We report an Egyptian infant with
Down syndrome and prune belly syndrome. The incidence of this association is
unknown. Routine antenatal ultrasonography will help in discovering renal
anomalies which can be followed postnatally. Postnatal detection of prune belly
syndrome necessitates full radiological investigation to detect any renal
anomalies. Early diagnosis of this syndrome and determining its optimal
treatment are very important in helping to avoid its fatal course.
Find in the abstract:
·Why is it important
·Needs to be reported
Answer the questions:
1.Is this the first report of this kind in the literature?
2.What are brief details of what the patient(s) presented with?
3.What the reader should learn from the case report?
4.What the clinical impact will be?
5.Is it an original case report of interest to a particular clinical
specialty of medicine?
6.Will it have a broader clinical impact across medicine?
7.Are any teaching points identified?
·Why abstract is the most important part for case
published in electronic databases?