Карточка-задание по английскому языку на тему «MEDICAL WRITING: CASE ABSTRACT_93»
«MEDICAL WRITING: CASE ABSTRACT_93»
·What is a medical case report?
·What parts does it include?
·What is an abstract?
Read the abstract of the medical case
Parkinsonism secondary to
metastatic lesions within the central nervous system: a case report
Colorectal cancer is one of the
most common human diseases worldwide, and metastases are detected in
approximately 20% of patients at diagnosis. Brain metastases occur in only 4%
of cases, however, and usually present with hemiparesis or other motor or
sensory symptoms. There have been only a few reports of parkinsonism secondary
to a brain tumor-related mass effect.
We present an unusual case of
parkinsonism secondary to multiple brain metastases. A 57-year-old Caucasian
man had recently been diagnosed with primary carcinoma of the colon and had
multiple metastases in the lungs and liver. He subsequently developed bilateral
symmetrical parkinsonism, and multiple brain tumors were detected by computed
tomography scanning. The condition of our patient deteriorated rapidly, and he
became akinetic and dependent for all activities of daily living. He was
followed up and treated at home by our palliative care unit team and died two
weeks after the onset of his neurologic symptoms.
Although primary and secondary
brain tumors are uncommon causes of parkinsonism, their clinical presentation
may resemble that of idiopathic Parkinson's disease. An awareness of this rare
differential diagnosis is therefore important in ensuring early diagnosis and
treatment, thus improving prognosis and quality of life. A rapid progression in
neurologic symptoms was observed in our patient, and clinicians should be alert
to this atypical presentation of secondary parkinsonism.
Find in the abstract:
·Why is it important
·Needs to be reported
Answer the questions:
1.Is this the first report of this kind in the literature?
2.What are brief details of what the patient(s) presented with?
3.What the reader should learn from the case report?
4.What the clinical impact will be?
5.Is it an original case report of interest to a particular clinical
specialty of medicine?
6.Will it have a broader clinical impact across medicine?
7.Are any teaching points identified?
·Why abstract is the most important part for case
published in electronic databases?