New Headway. Pre-Intermediate_Student's book_John and Liz Soars_2nd ed_2000 -144p.pdf
John and Liz Soars
1 Getting to Tenses Using a bilingual dictionary p9 know you
people live in the south. p14
Present Continuous This
country exports wool. p 14
What's he doing at the moment? p16 Collocation have/have got Daily
have a population of... p15 listen to music
yöu got a mobile phone? p16 talk to my friends PI
3 It all went wrong p22
He heard a noise.
What did you do last night? p23
A car was waiting. p24
Irregular verbs saw, went, told p23
Making connections break/ mend, lose/find p23
Nouns, verbs, and adjectives
Suffixes to make different parts Of speech discuss,
Making negatives pack, unpack p28
Time expressions the eighth ofJanuary at six o'clock on Saturday in
4 Let's go shopping! p30
Quantity much and many
How much butter? How many eggs? p30 some and any some
apples, any grapes p31 something, anyone, nobody, everywhere p32 a few, a
little, a lot of p31
Articles a shopkeeper, an old shop,
the River Thames He sells bread. p33
Buying things milk, eggs, bread, n packet of Crisps, a can of Coke,
shampoo, soap, jumpers, department store, antique shop, newsagent, trainers a
tie, conditioner, first class stamps
Prices and shopping
$160 What's the exchange rate?
How much is a pair of jeans? p37
5 What do you want to do? p38
Verb patterns want/hope to do, enjoy/like doing
lookingforward to doing, 'd like to do p38 Future intentions going to and
She's going to travel the world.
I'll pick it up for you. p40
Hot verbs have, go, come have an accident go wrong come first p44
How do you fee]? nervous, fed up Cheer up! p45
What's it like? p46
What's it like?
What's Paris like? p46
Comparative and superlative adjectives big, bigger, biggest good,
better, best p48
Talking about towns modern
buildings, night-life p47
Money make money, inherit p50
Synonyms and antonyms
lovely, beautiful, interested, bored p52
Directions farm, wood, pond opposite the car park over the bridge p53
couples Present Perfect and Past Simple p54 She has written 20 novels.
He wrote 47 novels. p54 for and since for three years since 1985 p56 Tense revision
you live? How long have you lived there?
you move? p56
lived, written p54
Do you like
Bands and music
Yes, I do.
NO, I don?t. p61
Adverbs slowly, carefully, just, still, too p60
Word pairs this and that ladies and gentlemen p60
'People, the great communicators' — the many ways we communicate
Information gap — Joy Darling p8
Discussion — who are your ideal neighbours? p12
Roleplay — exchanging information about two neighbours p12
Neighbours — Steve and Mrs Snell talk about each Other as neighbours
(jigsaw) PI 2
A letter to a penfriend WB p9
'Living in the USX — three people talk about their experiences (jigsaw)
Information gap — people's lifestyles p16
Exchanging information about immigrants to the USA p18
'You drive me mad (but I love you)!' — what annoys you about the people
in your life? p20
Linking words but, however WB PI 4
Describing a person WB PI 5
'The burglars' friend' p22
Newspaper stories p24
A short story — 'The perfect crime'
Information gap — Zoë's party
Telling stories fortunately/unfortunately p25
A radio drama — 'The perfect crime' p26
Linking words while, during, and for WB p2()
Writing a story 1 WB p21
'The best shopping street in the world' — Nowy Swiat, in Poland p34
Town survey — the good things and bad
things about living in your town p32
Discussion — attitudes to shopping p34
'My uncle's a shopkeeper' p33
Buying things p36
Filling in forms WB p26
Hollywood kids — growing up in Los Angeles ain't easy' p42
What are your plans•md ambitions? p39
Being a teenager p42
A song — You've got a friend p44
Writing a postcard WB p32
'A tale of two millionaires' — one
was mean and one was generous p50
Information gap — comparing cities p48
Discussion — the rich and their money p50
Living in another country — an interview with a girl who went to live
in Sweden p49
Relative clauses I who/ that/ which/ where WB p37
Describing a place WB p37
Celebrity interview from Hi! Magazine with the pop star and the
footballer who are in love p58
Mingle — Find someone
Roleplay — interviewing a band p57
Project — find an interview with a famous person p58
An interview with the band Style p57
Relative clauses 2 who/ which/ that as the object WB p41
Writing a biography WB p42
Reading Speaking Listening Writing
(in the Workbook)
8 Do's and don'ts have (got) to p62 You have to pay bills.
I've got to go. p62 should
Stop and check 2 Teacher's Book p132
a double room, ground floor p76
10Scared to death Verb patterns 2 Shops
Exclamations p78 manage to do, used to do, go walking p78 post office, bookshop
p80 He was so scared!
feelings and situations He's such an idiot!
frightened I've spent so much
I went to the shops to buy some shoes, p8() worrying, worried p81 money!
p85 what, etc. + infinitive
I don't know what to say. p80 something, etc. + infinitive
something to eat. p80
11Things that Passives Verbs and past
12 Dreams and Second conditional Phrasal verbs Social
expressions 2 reality If I Were a princess, I'd live in a castle. p94 go
away, take offyour coat Congratulations! p94 might The plane took off Never
might go to America. p96—97 I gave up my job. I
haven't a clue. p101
Take them off p100
Stop and check 3 Teacher's Book p134
13 Earning a living Present Perfect Continuous Jobs and the
alphabet game — architect, Telephoning p102 I've been living on the streets
for a year. bookseller p106 Is that Mike? How long have you been selling The
Big Issue? Word formation I'm afraid he's out.
die Cen I take a
Perfect Simple versus Continuous variety, various PI 05
run five miles. p104 mainly, possibly,
exactly, carefully PI 05
14 Love you and Past Perfect Words
in context PI 16 Saying goodbye leave you They had met only One
Week earlier. pl 10 Have a safe journey!
pi 10 Reported statements Thank you for
a lovely She told me that she loved John. evening. p I l 7
She said that she'd met him six months ago. pi 13
check 4 Teacher's Book p136
PI 18 Grammar Reference p129 Word
list Teacher's Book p 152
enjoyed all over the world. grown, produced Keep
The world's first megalopolis — a city of 40 million people p75
What will you do? p72
Discussion — what will life be like in the 21st
What are the biggest cities in the
Life in 2050 — an intewiew with
Michio Kaku, Professor of
Theoretical Physics p73
Linking words 2
Advantages and disadvantages
'Don't look down' — walking on a dangerous footpath p78
'Into the wild' — an American boy's
search for freedom p82
'When I was young' — talking about your childhood p80
Describing feelings p81
Roleplay— Tom and Jamie pS5
When I was young p80
It was just a joke — a boy called
Jamie kidnapped his friend p84
Formal and informal letters I
Three plants that changed the world — tobacco, sugar and cotton
Exchanging information about three plants p90
Discussion — which plants have been
good and bad for the world? p90
The world's most common habit: chewing gum — the history of chewing gum
review of a book or film WB p63
The vicar who's a ghostbuster p98
Giving advice — IfI were
you, I'd . p96
Telling stories — tell the class a ghost story p98
An with a woman who heard
Adverbs WB p68
Writing a story 2 WB p68
A funny way to earn a living— a rollerskater in a supermarket, a
beachcomber, and a hot air balloonist (jigsaw) pl 06—7
Information gap — Steven
Discussion — What is a good job? PI 06
Roleplay— phoning a friend p108
Giving news — a telephone conversation between Craig and his mother
Expressions in different kinds Of letters WB p74
Formal and informal letters 2
A love story PI 10
A short Story — 'The tale Of two
silent brothers' pl 14
A love story: the end of the story — write your ideas
Arguments in families pl 14
What happens next in the story? PI 15
An interview with Carmen Day pi 13
A song — Talk to me PI 16
Writing a story 3 WB p80
were you born?
do you do?
are you learning English?
did you start learning English?
often do you have English classes?
A year ago.
Three times a week.
Because I need it for my
I'm a teacher.
No, I'm single.
Ask and answer the questions with a partner.
Complete the questions about Carly.
I Where does she come from? Carly
5 enjoying the course?
6How many speak?
7did her course
to Carly, and write the answers to the questions.
Complete the questions to Carly.
I 'Which university do
you go to?'
go to a university. I study at home.'
I do. A part-time job.'
writing an essay.'
Find examples of
present, past, and future tenses in the texts about Maurizio and Carly.
2Which tenses are the two verb forms in these sentences?
What is the difference between them? He lives with his parents.
with an English family for a month.
3Match the question words and answers.
What . . .
Who . .
Why . .
How many . .
How much .
Because I wanted to.
In New York.
black one. les mine. Four.
Grammar Reference 1.1 and
Talking about you
I Ask and answer questions with a partner.
have any brothers or sisters?
•What ... like
doing at the weekend?
•Where . go for
your last holiday?
Make more questions. Use some of the
question words in the Grammar Spot on p7. Ask your teacher some of the
2In groups, ask and answer the questions.
•Do you like
listening to music?
•What sort of
music do you like?
•What are you
•What is your
•What did you do
•What are you
3Write a paragraph about you. Use the text about Maurizio to help
4 Your teacher
will give you Darling,
a postwoman. You
don't have tþe inforim•l. Ask an— answer questions.
Joy Darling started working as a
Joy Darling started working as a
postwoman . . . (When?). She drives
postwoman thirty yearsago, when
a van because she delivers letters to
she was 22. She drives a van
a lot of
When did she start
working as a postwoman?
Thirty years ago.
does she drive a van?
Because she delivers letters to a lot of small villages.
5 Choose the
correct verb form.
1Maria comes / is coming from Chile.
2She speaks / is speaking Spanish and English:
3Today Tom wears / is wearing jeans and a T-shirt.
4Are you liking / Do you like black coffee?
5Last year she went / goes on holiday to Florida.
6Next year she studies / is going to study at university.
Using a bilingual dictionary
I Look at this extract from the Oxford
translation phonetic symbols
means repeat the word, so this word is
Other words made with book come at the end.
2 What are these words? Write noun, verb, adjective, adverb, preposition,
in brackets s) helps you to find the right translation.
part of speech (n. = noun, v. = verb)
I How many
different ways can people communicate?
2Your teacher will give you some ideas to communicate, but you
can't use words! Mime to your partner, and your partner has to guess what they
3Read the text quickly and match the headings to the paragraphs.
A HISTORY OF COMMUNICATION
HOW WE COMMUNICATE
PEOPLE AND ANIMALS
4Match the pictures on PI I to each of the four ancient societies
in paragraph three.
5Read the text again and answer the questions.
1Which animals are mentioned? What can they do?
2What is special about human communication? What can we do?
3Which four forms of media are mentioned in the last paragraph?
4What is good and bad about information technology today? What do
•What can animals do that people can't?
•How do you like to communicate?
•What is happening in information technology now?
the great communicators
We can communicate with other people in many different
ways. We can talk and write, and we can send messages with our hands and faces.
There is also the phone (including the mobile!), the fax, and e-mail.
Television, film, painting, and photography can also communicate ideas.
Animals have ways of exchanging
information, too. Bees dance and tell other bees where to find food. Elephants
make sounds that humans can't hear. Whales sing songs. Monkeys use their faces
to show anger and love. But this is nothing compared to what people can do. We
have language — about 6000 languages, in fact. We can write poetry, tell jokes,
make promises, explain, persuade, tell the truth, or tell lies. And we have a
sense of past and future, not just present.
technologies were very important in the development of all the great ancient
•Around 2900 BC, paper and
hieroglyphics transformed Egyptian life.
•The ancient Greeks loved the spoken
word. They were very good at public speaking, drama, and philosophy.
•The Romans developed a unique system
of government that depended on the Roman alphabet.
•In the 14th century, the printing
press helped develop new ways of thinking across Europe.
film, and television have had a huge influence on society in the last hundred
years. And now we have the Internet, which is infinite. But what is this doing
to us? We can give and get a lot of information very quickly. But there is so
much information that it is difficult to know what is important and what isn't.
Modern media is changing our world every minute of every day.
LISTENING AND SPEAKING
I Who are your ideal
neighbours? Complete the questionnaire on the right, then discuss your answers
with a partner.
2'Good walls make good neighbours'.
What does this mean? Do you agree?
3You will hear Mrs Snell and her new neighbour, Steve, talking
about each other.
Work in two groups.
Group A Listen to Mrs Snell. Group
B Listen to Steve.
4Answer the questions.
I When did Steve move into his new flat?
it a large flat?
his job? Is it a good job?
he work long hours?
does he wear for work?
is staying with Steve at the moment?
time did Steve's party end?
many people came to the party?
is Steve doing tonight?
10Why doesn't Mrs Snell
want to speak to Steve?
answers with a partner from the other group. What are the differences?
Work in groups of three.
A You are Steve.
Student B You are Mrs Snell.
Student C You
are another neighbour. You have invited them to your flat for coffee.
Continue the conversation below. Talk
about these things.
job • Steve's sister • the party
Neighbour Do you
two know each other?
we met a few days ago.
Snell But we didn't introduce ourselves, I'm Mrs Snell'.
to meet you.
works in advertising, you know ..
What do you think?
•What do you
understand by the words 'generation
three things that young people think about older people and three things that
older people think \ about young people. In groups, compare ideas.
I We use certain
expressions in different social situations.
I'm sorry I'm late!
Come and sit down.
Match the expressions and
responses. When do we use these expressions?
How are you?
Yes. Can I help you?
How do you do?
See you tomorrow!
Pleased to meet you, Ela.
Not at all. Don't mention it.
Hello, I'm Ela Paul.
Same to you!
That's very kind. Thank
Have a good weekend!
How do you do?
you very much indeed.
Make yourself at home.
Listen and check. Practise saying
2Test a partner.
Say an expression. Can your partner give the correct response?
3With your partner,
write two short conversations that include some of the social expressions. Read
your conversations to the class.
The way we live
tenses • have/havegot • Collocation — daily life • Making conversation
STARTER These flags all belong to English-speaking
countries. Write the name of the country.
PEOPLE AND PLACES
Present tenses and have/have got
I Read the texts. Match a country from the Starter
with a text and a photograph. Complete the texts with the words from the boxes.
exports enjoy immigrants huge
This country has quite a small
population, just 16 million, but the country is The people are mainly Of
European descent, but there are also aborigines and a lot of south-east Asian
People live in towns on the coast, not so much inland, because it is so hot.
They live a lot of their lives outdoors, and _ sports, swimming, and having
barbecues. This country wine and wool — it has more than 60 million sheep!
favourite variety has only
This is the second biggest
country in the world, but it has a population of
million. It is so big that there is a of climates. Most people live in the
south because the north is too cold. It is famous for its beautiful mountains
and lakes — it more lakes than any other country. Their sports are baseball and
ice hockey. elephants grows black climate
This country has a
population of about
45 million. Of
these, 76 per cent are and 12 per cent white. It has a warm . Either it never
rains, or it rains a lot! It is the world's biggest producer of gold, and it
exports diamonds, too. It a lot of fruit, including oranges, pears, and grapes,
and it makes wine. In the game reserves you can see a lot of wildlife,
including lions, zebras, and giraffes.
Talking about you
I Practise the forms of
have and have got in the question, negative, and short answer.
you have a car?
Yes, I do.
No, I don't.
Have you got a car?
Yes, I have.
I don't have a computer. I
haven't got a computer.
T 2.2 Listen and repeat.
2 Ask and answer about
these things with a partner, using have or have got:
computer • a credit card • brothers and sisters
stereo • a Walkman • your parents/a holiday home
camera • a mobile phone • your sister/a car
bicycle • a pet • your brother/a motorbike
3 Work with a partner.
A Look at this chart.
Student B Look at the chart from
and age Town and Family
15 Texas, the two brothers
• listens to
States and a dog!
• Florida or
to go out
54, and Melbourne, one daughter
53 Australia and three
Bali every summer
Write questions to find
the information about the people in
does he . from?
married? • Has he got .
•Does she have . • How many .
Occupation • What .
Free time/ holiday • What
does she .. in her free time?
•Where . , . go on holiday?
Present activity •
What ... doing at the moment?
T 2.3 Listen and compare.
Ask and answer questions with your partner to complete your chart.
of questions to ask about free Daily life time and holiday activities.
wash watch talk
a film on TV to my friends my hair
make listen relax do
to music my homework a cup of tea on the sofa
do you do in your free time? I Match the verbs and
do ... at the weekend? . . any sports?
you like .
clear up do have/put
on the wall the mess a shower the washing-up
go put on read
magazines a meal make-up to the toilet
Stand up! Ask two or three students
your questions. Use short answers when necessary, Find out who has the most
hobbies and holidays.
6 Tick (V) the correct sentence.
Match activities from with correct
exercise I the room.
you go on holiday?
Where do you go on holiday?
2 C] Do you have any children?
you have got any children?
[2 I'm Hans. I'm coming from Living
Hans. I come from Germany.
4This is a great party! Everyone is
This is a great party! EveryoneDo you
like where you live? Choose your favourite room. What do you dances. do in
5I don't have a mobile phone. C] I no
have a mobile phone.
6Jack's a policeman, but he doesn't
wear a uniform. Jack's a policeman, but he no wear a uniform.
is José?' 'He's sitting by the window.'
is José?' 'He sits by the window.'
8I'm liking black
coffee. I like black coffee.
I like MY bedroom a lot because I've got lots of posters
on the walls. I listen to Music and do MY homework
like MY living room. The walls arg white, and I love the big, comfortable sofa
Describe your favourite room to a partner. Don't say which room it is. Can your
READING AND SPEAKING
Living in the USA
I Close your eyes and think of the United
States. Write down the first five things you think of.
The Empire State Building
Compare your list with other students.
2Read the introduction to the magazine article. Then work in three
Group A Read about Roberto.
Group B Read about Endre.
Group C Read about Yuet Tung.
3Answer the questions.
1Why and when did he/she come to the US?
2What does he/she do?
3What does he/she like about living in the US?
4What was difficult at the beginning?
4Find a partner from each of the other two groups. Compare
the three people. 5 Answer the questions with your group.
What do the
people have in common?
all happy living in the US?
other members of their family living there?
all have children?
married someone from their own country?
Roberto and Endre like about the US?
they say about their own country?
like the people?
they say about Americans and their cars?
What do you think?
•What do you like best about living in your country? What would
you miss if you lived abroad?
•Do you know any foreigners living in your country? What do they
like about it? What do they find different?
came from Acapulco to New york ten years ago. At first he missed everything -
the sunshine, the food, his girlfriend. But now he has a successful business
with his three brothers and his sister. They run a soccer store in New
Brunswick. Roberto's girlfriend is now his wife, and they have two children who
go to American schools.
asked why he came to the
US, Roberto says without hesitation, 'Because I want to
work hard and be successful.' He certainly works hard. He's at the store all
day, then works as a driver in the evening. 'That's why I like America,' he
can be what you want.'
I first came here, I didn't speak the language, and it was winter. It was so
cold! There was snow! Now nearly all my family are here, not only in New York,
but also in California, and in Texas. We meet about once a month and have a
huge Mexican meal that takes about five hours! we're all happy here.'
a mathematician at
University, New Jersey. He came from Budapest thirteen years ago. 'I had an
opportunity to come here for two years.' After a year, his wife came to join
him, and since then they've had a daughter, so they decided to stay.
first it was very strange. Everything is so big here,' he says. 'I started to
feel happy when I bought a car. NOW I go everywhere by car. In Hungary, we only
use the car at weekends, but here your car is part of your life. Nobody walks
he find the people? 'very friendly. The first question everybody asks you is
"Where are you from?" People talk to you here, they start
conversations. I like the fact that there are people from all over the world.'
about the way of life? 'The thing I like best is the independence. Nobody tells
me what to do. Here you can do what you want, so you learn to make decisions
for yourself. I feel in control.'
Tung is her Chinese name, but in English she's known as Clara. She came to the
US eight years ago and studied fine art. Now she works on Madison Avenue for a
publisher. She married a Vietnamese American three years ago, and they live in
Long Island. They don't have any children yet.
does she think of living in
New York? 'It's very similar to Hong Kong. It's a busy
city, very exciting, and people walk very fast! I like the stores here. They're
huge, and it's cheaper than Hong Kong. But you need a car here. In Hong Kong
everyone uses public transportation, because it's good and it's cheap. At first
I hated driving here, but it's
does she like best? 'The space. Here I live in a house with a yard. In Hong
Kong it is so crowded. And the people are friendly. When I go jogging, everyone
says "Hi!" And the food is from every country in the world.'
LISTENING AND SPEAKING
You drive me mad (but I love you)! Dave
I Complete these sentences about the people
in your life. Tell a partner.
mother/father drives me mad when she/he , • I don't like people who
hate it when my boyfriend/girlfriend . . • It really annoys me when
2Choose one person in your life. What annoying habits does he/she
Does he/she . Is
arrive late • untidy Mike and Carol
too loudly • always on the phone
things on the floor • never on time
What annoying habits do you have? Discuss
with your partner.
3You are going to listen to a radio programme called
Home Truths. Two couples, Carol and Mike, and
Dave and Alison, talk about their partner's annoying habits. Look at the
pictures below. What are their annoying habits?
Listen and write the correct names under
each picture below.
4Are these sentences true (V) or false (X)? Correct the false
I Carol and
Mike never watch television. 5 Dave never does any jobs
doesn't listen when his wife speaks to him. 6 Dave is bad at his job.
makes the decisions in their house. 7 Alison tidies up Dave's mess. 4 Mike
shouts at his wife when she's driving. 8 Alison is very organized.
What do you think?
I Do men or
women typically complain about their partners doing these things?
• watching sport on
TV • driving badly • taking a long time to get ready • not
tidying things away
2 What do you think men are generally better
at? What are women better at?
IAIison Making conversation
to two conversations. Maria and Jean-Paul are foreign students in Britain.
Their teachers are trying
to be friendly.
Which conversation is more successful?
Obviously, it is impossible to tell someone how to have a conversation, but
here are some things that help.
that you're interested,
just answer yes or no.
to add a comment of your own.
•Don't let the
conversation stop. Find examples of these in the tapescripts on pl 19.
3Match a line in A
with a reply in B and a further comment in C.
What a lovely day it is
It's Very wet today.
How are you today?
Did you have a nice
are you finding living in London? Did you have a good journey?
Did you watch the football
a lovely coat you're wearing!
If you have any problems,
just ask me for help,
I'm enjoying it.
Yes, no problems.
I'm very well, thanks.
No, I missed it.
Thank you very much.
Yes, it was lovely.
Was it a good game?
That's very kind of you.
We had a pub lunch and
went for a walk.
The plane was a bit late,
but it didn't matter.
Makes you feel miserable,
I got it in Paris last
How about you?
was a bit strange at first, but I'm getting used to it. Beautiful, isn't it?
Listen and check. Practise
the conversations with a partner.
4Think of three
questions to ask someone about each of these subjects.
job • home • free time • last holiday
5Invent a new name
and background for yourself.
name's James Bond. I'm a spy. I have homes in London, Moscow, and Beijing .
Stand up! You're all at a
party. Try to make some friends.
are the past tense forms of some irregular verbs. Write the infinitives.
were 4 told 7 took 10 could
2saw 5 said 8 gave 11 made
3went 6 had 9 got 12 did
THE BURGLARS' FRIEND
Read and listen to the newspaper
article. Why was Russell the burglars' friend?
The burglars' friend
IT was 3 0'clock in the His parents They said, 'Will you open the
morning when four-year- back door while we take these old Russell Brown woke
were fast things to the car, because we up to go to the toilet. asleep in bed
don't and Daddy, want do to wake we?' So MummyRussell His parents were fast
asleep held the door open for them. in bed. But when he heard a was. Russell
He then went back to bed. noise in the living room
and and said they had a stereo His parents didn't know saw a light was on, he
went and CD player, too. about the burglary until they downstairs. The two
men carried these got up the next day. His There he found two men. to the
kitchen. Russell also father said, 'I couldn't be They asked him his name,
told them that his mother angry with Russell because he and told him they
were kept her purse in a drawer in thought he was doing the friends of the
family. the kitchen, so they took right thing.'
Unfortunately, Russell that. Russell even gave them
Fortunately, the police believed them. They asked his pocket money — 50p.
caught the two burglars last him where the video recorder They finally left
at 4 a.m. week.
break a cup feel ill make a
sandwich have a shower lose my passport call the police run out of coffee
forget her birthday phone ring tell a joke
answer it mend it wash
my hair laugh be hungry go to bed buy some more find it
say sorry hear a strange noise
I Complete the newspaper
articles with the Past Simple of the verbs in the boxes.
have can steal give say
hear come leave go
Hands up, I've got a
Last Tuesday a man
armed with just a hot hamburger in a bag (1)
$1,000 from a bank
Police Detective Bill McGinnis (2) that
the robber entered the Mount Diablo National Bank at about 1.30
p.m. and (3) the teller a note demanding $1,000. He
claimed that he (4) a bomb in the bag. The teller said she police Detective
Bill McGinnis (5) smell a distinct odour of hamburger coming from the bag.
Even so, she handed the money to the man. He dropped the bag with the
hamburger. He escaped in a car.
Teenage party ends
Zoë Harman, 16.
When Jack and
Kelly Harman (1) away on holiday, they
(2) their teenage daughter alone in the house. Zoë, aged 16, wanted to
stay at home. Her parents said she could have some friends to stay. However,
Zoë decided to have a party. Things started to go wrong. Forty uninvited
guests arrived. They (3) furniture, smashed windows, and stole jewellery.
When Mr and Mrs Harman (4) the news,
they (5) home immediately.
What tense are all the verb forms in exercise 2? Why is
this tense used?
How do we make questions and negatives?
at these sentences. What's the difference between them? she made
we arrived, some coffee. she was making
Grammar Reference 3.2 and
2 Match these phrases to the articles.
Where exactly does each phrase go in the story?
. because she was revising
As he was
running out of the bank,
was having a good time when suddenly , that was waiting for him outside.
. and some of
them were carrying knives,
3.5 Listen and check.
Practise the sentences that contain these phrases.
correct verb form.
I saw / was seeing a very good programme
on TV last night.
2While I shopped
/ was shopping this morning, I lost / was losing my money. I don't know how.
3Last week the
police stopped / were stopping Alan in his car because he drove / was driving
at over eighty miles an hour.
4How did you cut
/ were you cuttingyour finger?
5I cooked / was cooking and I dropped
/ was dropping the knife.
6When I arrived /
was arriving at the party, everyone had / was having a good time.
7Did you have /
Were you having a good time last night?
2 Complete the
sentences with the verbs in the Past Simple or Past Continuous.
1While 1 (go) to
work this morning, 1 (meet) an old friend.
21 (not want) to
get up this morning. It (rain) and it was cold, and my bed was so warm.
31 (listen) to the news on the
radio when the phone (ring).
4But when I(pick)
up the phone, there was no one there.
51 (say) hello
to the children, but they didn't say anything because they (watch)
3Your teacher will give you some more information about the
teenage party, but you don't have all the information. Ask and answer
Mr and Mrs Harman
Mr and Mrs Harman arrived
home at.. . (When?)
at 10.30 in the evening.
was staying with friends.
Zoë was staying ...
Mr and Mrs arrive home?
in the evening.
Harman At 10.30
story around the class.
went out for a walk.
it began to rain* Fortunately, I had an umbrella.
Unfortunately, it was broken.
Fortunately, I met a friend
in his cart Unfortunately, his car ran out Of petrol. Fortunately, .
5Tell similar stories around the class, Begin with these
lost my wallet yesterday.
was my birthday last week.
went out for a meal last night.
went on holiday to. . . last year.
She was with
LISTENING AND READING
A radio drama
1Look at the pictures below and listen to a radio play called The perfect
2Answer the questions.
3Read the story. What do you learn from the story that you didn't
from the radio drama?
Then she turned up the central heating, and went upstairs to put on some
police came quickly.
'Is he all right?' she asked.
'He's dead.' she Alice
screamed. 'No, no, not Henry! My Henry! Oh Henry!' Through her tears she told
how she put the baby to bed, and came downstairs to find Henry on the be kitchen
'Burglars,' said Detective Parry.
took her into the living room.
'Sit down, Mrs Jackson. Sergeant Taylor,
get Mrs for Jackson a drink. A brandy with some ice. Phew! It's hot in this
room. I hope you understand, Mrs Jackson, that we have to search the house
immediately. We must find the murder weapon.' he The room was getting hotter.
Suddenly an arm fell off the ice statue onto the table. It was melting.
Sergeant Taylor went to the statue and picked up the melting arm. er He broke
it into bits and put some into Alice's brandy.
'Phew! Can I have a glass of water, Mrs Jackson? It's
so ll. hot in here.'
'I think we all need one,' said the detective. GAnd
with ice.' They were all very hot and thirsty.
Alice's friends arrived. 'Poor Alice! Poor Henry!' They
cried, and they tried to comfort her.
'Oh, thank you, thank you,' sobbed Alice. 'Please .
stay and have a drink. Help yourselves.'
They all had drinks — gin and tonic, whisky — and they
all had ice. The statue was now nearly a pool of water on the floor.
'I wonder what the burglar hit him with,' said one guest. 'Who knows?'
said another, taking a sip of her drink.
Alice heard this conversation, and smiled into her brandy.
4 Are these sentences true (V) or false (X)?
Correct the false sentences.
Alice was waiting for her husband because she wanted to kill him.
2She was happy because it was her anniversary.
3She didn't know what he was going to tell her.
4Henry said that he was in love with someone else.
5She thought for a long time about how to murder Henry.
6She turned up the central heating because the room was cold.
7After she murdered him, Alice was very clever in her behaviour. 8 Alice
hid the murder weapon.
What do you think?
beginning and the end of the play, Alice was smiling. Why?
•Why do you think she did it?
•Do you think it
was the perfect crime?
Do you think she got away with the murder? Why/Why not?
5 Give the past form of these verbs from the story.
Be careful with the pronunciation.
6 Retell the story in your own words
Based on Lamb to the Slaughter, by Roald Dahl; see note on p144.
Nouns, verbs, and adjectives
Look at these common noun and adjective suffixes. They are used to form
different parts of speech.
-ation -ion -ness -ity
-ence -sion -ment
-y -tific -Iy -ful -less -ial
Complete the charts below
and mark the stress. There are some spelling changes.
noise industry am 'bition
sentences with one of the words from exercise I.
English a lot after I lived in London for a month. 2 I have two in life. I want to be
rich, and I want to be famous.
going to work hard from now on.' 'That's a very good
4There are manybetween my two children. They aren't
similar at all.
5Thank you for your
advice. It was very
6I like Italian
people. They're very kind and
United Nations is an international
8I asked the
teacher for help, but unfortunately, I didn't understand his
9Motor racing is a
10Fish soup is a of
this area. You must try it.
I l I'm having a party
on Saturday, and I'd like toyou.
12 This is the part of my town. There are lots of factories and businesses.
can make adjectives and verbs negative by using these prefixes.
Complete the sentences,
using a word from the box and a prefix.
Don't go into my bedroom. It's really
2I can't do maths. For me, it's an subject.
3I don't fish. I just prefer
4It's very to ask someone
how much they earn.
5When we arrived at the hotel, we our
suitcases. for two years. Then
I got a job in an office.
7'I think learning languages is
I think it's a good idea.'
8The thief stole my bag, ran into the
crowd andI never saw
9Cannabis is an drug in many countries.
10You gave her more money than me!
8 9 1 11 3 10 6 7 8 Il ?
27 12 1 22 23 24 25 27 28 29 3 31
I There are two ways of saying dates. What are they?
8/1/98 16/7/85 25/11/02
Listen and check.
Look at the same dates in written American English. What's
1/8/98 7/16/85 11/25/02
Listen and check.
2 Practise these dates. They are in British English.
3 Complete these time expressions with at, on, in, or no
six o'clock Saturday 1995
last night December the weekend Monday morning summer two
weeks ago the evening yesterday evening January 18
Grammar Reference 3.4 pm.
4 Ask and
answer the questions with a partner.
March Mars März Mar-zo MÐJ
I Do you know exactly when you were born?
I was born at two o'clock in
Wednesday, the twenty-fifth
2 When did you last ?
•go to the cinema •
goto a party play a sport • do an exam
•give someone a
present • see a lot of snow
•have a holiday •
clean your teeth
•watch TV • catch
• some/any • a few, a little, a lot of • Articles • Shopping • Prices
the alphabet game with things you can buy. Continue around the class.
I went shopping and I bought an apple.
I went shopping and I bought an apple and some bread. C Yesterday I went
shopping and I bought an apple, some bread, and a car. D Yesterday
THE WEEKEND SHOP
Sarah and Vicky are two students who
share a flat. It is Saturday morning, and Sarah has written a shopping list.
Read and listen to
V It says here milk. How
much milk do we need?
S Two pints.
V And eggs? How many eggs?
S A dozen.
V And what about potatoes?
How many potatoes?
S A kilo's enough.
V And butter? How much? S
Just one packet.
Can we count milk (one
milk, two milks) ?
Can we count eggs (one
egg, two eggs) ?
When do we say How much ?
When do we say How many...
Grammar Reference 4.1 p133
2 Match these quantities
with the shopping list.
bottle of red six cans just one white loaf six pork ones 200g of Cheddar four
big ones four packets
Continue the conversation
with a partner.
T 4.2 Read and listen to
the rest of the conversation. V Do we need anything else?
S Let's have a
look. We've got some apples, but there aren't any grapes. And there isn't any
coffee, but we've got some tea.
V Is there any orange juice left, or did somebody
S There's a little, but there isn't much, so we need some
more. V And vegetables? Have we got many vegetables?
S Well, I can see a few carrots, but there aren't
V Oh, and don't forget we need a lot of crisps. My
nephews are coming tomorrow!
S Right, then. I think that's everything.
Let's go! By the way, how much money have you got?
Find seven count nouns (CNS) and four
uncount nouns (UNs) in the conversation. 2 Tick (v/ ) the correct columns.
some any much many a lot/lots of a few a
in positive sentences
in negative sentences
Look at the forms of
The rules are the same as for some
Find two examples in the conversation in
Grammar Reference 4.1 p133
I Complete the sentences with some or any.
you got brothers or sisters?
don't need olive oil. 3 Here are letters for you.
41 need money.
5Is there petrol in the car?
2Complete the sentences with much or many.
I Have you
need eggs. Just half a dozen.
3Is there traffic
in your town?
know students in this class. 5 HOW people live in your house?
3Complete the sentences with a little, a few, or a lot of
1I have close
friends. Two or three.
2He has money.
He's a millionaire.
take sugar in coffee?' 'Just . Half a spoonful.' 4 'Have you got CDs?'
'Hundreds.' 5 I'll be ready in minutes.
speaks good Spanish, but only Russian.
Questions and answers
at Sarah and Vicky's bathroom. Ask and answer questions with a partner about
toothbrushes • hairbrushes
toothpaste towels • toilet paper •
bottles of perfume
MY UNCLE'S A SHOPKEEPER
Read and listen to the text.
examples of the definite article (the) and the indefinite article (azan).
2Find examples of when there is no article.
Grammar Reference 4.2 p133
I In pairs, find one mistake in each sentence.
postman, so he has breakfast at 4 a.m.
is more important than money.
3I come to
the school by bus.
reading one good book at the moment.
Jack?' 'In a kitchen.'
6I live in
centre of town, near the hospital.
parents bought the lovely house in the country.
eat the bread because I don't like it.
2 Complete the sentences with a/an, the, or nothing.
I I have two children, boy and girl. boy
is twenty-two and girl is nineteen.
2Mike is soldier
in Army, and Chloë is at university.
goes to work by train. She's accountant. I don't have job. I stay at home
and look after children.
lovely day! Why don't we go for picnic in park?
you have for lunch?' 'Just sandwich.'
uncle's a shopkeeper. He has a shop in an old village by the River Thames near
Oxford. The shop sells a lot of things bread, milk, fruit, vegetables,
newspapers — almost everything! It is also the village post office. The
children in the village always stop to spend a few pence on sweets or icecream
on their way home from school.
My uncle doesn't often leave the village. He hasn't got
a car, so once a month he goes by bus to Oxford and has lunch at the Grand
Hotel with some friends. He is onc of the happiest men I know.
The best shopping
street in the world
I Match a famous shopping street with a
town, a store, and a product.
Marks and Spencer
underwear and jumpers leather goods jewellery perfume
2Read the headline and the introduction of the newspaper article.
Does anything surprise you? What do you want to find out when you read the
article? Write some questions.
3Read the article quickly and answer the questions you have
What is the best summary of the article?
Swiat is the best shopping street in the world because . so many Polish people go walking
it is a pleasant place to shop and the shops are small. everything is very expensive and very
. the shops sell quality goods that you can't buy anywhere else.
4Read the article again and answer the questions.
How do we
know that Nowy Šwiat is the most popular shopping street?
is it such a nice place to go shopping?
you see in the photos that is described in the article?
many foreign people go to Nowy Šwiat?
the things produced by Polish manufacturers so good?
you buy here? What can't you buy?
expensive? What isn't expensive?
good about Café Blikle?
special about the shops in Nowy Šwiat?
sentences with different ideas from the article.
Šwiat, there are a lot of There isn't any .
There aren't any/many . There are some . . . What do you think?
•What are some of the famous brands and products that you can buy
in many countries of the world? Think of clothes, food, cars . Make a list.
Work in groups and choose the most famous three. Compare your list with the
•What is the main
shopping street in your town? What can you buy there that's special?
•Do you enjoy shopping? What do you like shopping for? What don't
you like shopping for?
The best shopping street in
No, it isn't Oxford Street, the Champs-Elysées,
or even Fifth Avenue. A new survey shows that the most popular shopping street
in the world is ... Nowy Šwiat. Where's that? In Warsaw, Poland, of
course. by ANNE APPLEBAUM
8 1f you're tired, stop at Café Blikle! 'There
are a lot of small, chic shops!
survey has shown that the busiest shopping street in the world is not in
London, New York, or Paris, but in Warsaw. It's called Nowy Šwiat
(pronounced /nDV1 Juat/), which means New World. An incredible 14,000 Poles
walk down this main street every hour.
It is a
lovely place to shop. The pavements are very wide. There are statues, palaces,
attractive town houses, exclusive cafés, and high-class restaurants. The
buildings aren't too tall. They look old, but in fact the whole city was
rebuilt after World War Il. There aren't any billboards or neon lights. There
isn't any loud music, and there aren't many tourists. People think that Polish
shops have nothing to sell, so nobody comes shopping here. The world doesn't
know about this paradise for shoppers — yet.
It is now
possible to buy almost everything in Warsaw. There are a lot of shops from the
West, but the interesting thing is that Polish manufacturers are now producing
high quality goods. They are good because they are not mass produced for world
Šwiat has a lot of small shops, specialist shops, and chic shops. It
hasn't got the huge department stores that sell the same things everywhere.
want an exquisite handmade suit, Nowy Šwiat is the place to go. It isn't
cheap. You will pay up to £1,000. For beautiful French baby clothes, go
to Petit Bateau. You will pay £50 for a pair of blue jeans for a baby. A
dress for a baby girl is about £90. At Désa, a famous antique
shop, a desk costs £5,000, and a 19th century Russian icon is £200.
everything is expensive. At the shop Pantera you can buy leather goods —
handbags, purses, coats, and belts. Cepelia specializes in folk art. There are
also book shops and record shops. And there are a lot of small boutiques that
sell men's and women's clothes that aren't too expensive.
you're tired, stop at Café Blikle. This is a fashionable place to meet.
You'll find a lively atmosphere, and a lot of well-known Poles. The frozen
yoghurt and ice-creams are excellent, and its famous doughnuts are delicious.
possible to travel the world and find the same things for sale in every
country. But Warsaw is different because its shops are unique — and they're in
Unit 4 Let's
a clothes shop
Answer the questions.
VOCABULARY AND E'
can you buy or do in1 these places? Write two things for each place.
ideas with the class.
2Listen to the
I Where are the
conversations taking place? Choose from the places in exercise I.
2What does the customer want?
3Can the shop assistant/cashier help?
4How much does the customer pay?
3 Complete these lines from the
conversations. Look at the tapescript on p64 and check your answers. 2
I A Hello. Can I help you? 3
A Hello. 1help
me. I've got a bad
, thanks. cold
and a sore throat. Can you
B OK. You can take
these three times a day.
B I'm looking for a jumper A
Thank you. some
B I like it.
Espresso? B How much is it?
Yes, please. Oh, and a doughnut, please. A £39.99.
Prices and shopping
I Look at
the way we write and say prices in British and American English. Practise
Spoken a pound fifty p one pound ninety-nine sixteen
a dollar fifty cents a quarter a dime
Listen to the
conversations and write the numbers you hear.
2 What's the exchange rate
between sterling/US dollars and your currency?
What do you want to do?
patterns I • Future forms • Hot verbs • How do you feel?
these sentences with ideas about you.
day I want to • Right now, I'd like to . I enjoy because I
can but l can't • Tonight I'm going to
HOPES AND AMBITIONS
Verb patterns 1
I Match the people with their hopes and
1 C] I'd like to have my own business, something like a
flying school. Sea 2 C] I'm going to be an astronaut and fly to
looking forward to having more time to do the things I want to do.
would love to have one of my plays performed on the London stage. 5 We
hope to find work as we go round the world.
Cl We're thinking of moving, because the kids will be leaving home soon.
Listen and check.
3Underline the examples of verb + verb in exercise I. I'd like
to have my own business . . .
Look at the tapescript on p120. Find
more examples of verb + verb.
In these sentences, one or two verbs are correct, but not all three. Tick (V)
the correct verbs.
11 to live
in a hot country.
want b C] enjoy c Cl 'd like
2We going to
Italy for our holidays.
are hoping b 're thinking of c C] tike 3 1 go home early tonight.
want b C] like c C] can 4 1 to see you again soon.
hope b C) 'd like c [2 'm looking forward 5 Do you learning English?
a a want b Cl enjoy c a like
6 We having a few days off
[2 'rethinking of b C] 'd love to c [2 're looking forward to
Make correct sentences
with the other verbs.
A I hope to go to university,
2 A One of my favourite
hobbies is cooking.
3A I get terrible
4A We're planning
our summer holidays at the moment. B (Where/think/go?) 5 A I'm tired.
and check. What are A's answers? Practise the conversations with a partner.
Talking about you
Ask and answer the
questions with a partner.
do you like doing on holiday?
would you like to be right now?
you like learning English?
you like to learn any other languages?
you like to have a break now?
4 Ask and
answer questions about your plans and ambitions.
FUTURE INTENTIONS going to and will
I Match the
pictures and sentences. 1
I C] They're
going to watch a football match.
2Cl I'll pick it
up for you.
going to travel round the2 world.
4C] It's OK. I'll
5C] Don't worry.
I'll lend you some. 6 C] We're going out to have a meal.
2 Add a line
before and after the sentences in exercise l.
haven't got any money.
What's Ali doing next year?
The phone's ringing.
Damn! I've dropped one.
are you and Pete doing tonight?
are the lads doing this afternoon?
you. Thats very kind.
expecting a catt.
Thanks. I'll pay you back tomorrow. I won't forget.
Arsenal are playing at home. It's my birthday.
Listen and check.
Practise the conversations with a partner.
I Notice the forms of will.
I'll = short form
I won't = negative short
2 All the sentences in
exercise express intentions. Three intentions are spontaneous. Which are
they? Three of the intentions are premeditated. What happened before each
Grammar Reference 5.3 p134
Let's have a party!
I Your class
has decided to have a party. Everyone must help. Say what you'll do.
bring the music.
I'll buy some crisps.
teacher didn't hear what you said. Listen to your teacher and correct him/her.
Right. I'll bring some music.
No, I'm going to bring some music!
Oh, all right. well, I'll buy some crisps. No, no. I'm going to buy some
Choose the correct verb form.
bag is so heavy.'
'Give it to me. I'll carry / I'm going to
carry it for you.'
2I bought some warm boots because I'll go / I'm going skiing.
3'Tony's back from holiday.'
'Is he? I'll give / I'm going to give him
4'What are you doing tonight?'
'We'll see / we're going to see a play at
5You can tell me your secret. I won't tell / I'm not going to tell
6Congratulations! I hear you'll get married / you're going to
7'I need to post these letters.'
I'll go /
I'm going shopping soon. I'll post / I'm going to post them for you.'
8 'Now, holidays. Where will you go / are you going this
year? 'We don't know yet.'
books. Listen to the beginnings of 6 Talk to a partner
about your plans for tonight, tomorrow,
the conversations. Complete them.
next weekend, your next holiday, Christmas
What are you doing/going
to do tonight?
stay at home and . . .
. . . .
1 What you want drink? I'm going
2 I have a Coke, please.
3 I can't to help you. Where are 4
It's starting rain.
to see .
I'll .. .
5 I'm looking forward to see you
again soon. I'm going 1 think 6 I think to change my job
7 Phone me tonight. I give you my
phone number. 8 I see the doctor tomorrow about my back.
I What are some of
the problems of being a teenager? Tick (V) the boxes on the left.
u [2 [2
drugs violence in the streets don't have enough money
parents don't give them enough attention Cl worry about how they look have no
interests or ambitions Cl parents want them to do well in life Cl they're too
old to be children, but too young C] be adults
2Read the text about Hollywood kids. What are some of their
problems? Tick (V) the boxes on the right. Are there any differences?
3Are these sentences true G/ ) or false (X)? Correct the false
IEverybody in Hollywood is rich and famous.
2Hollywood kids don't lead ordinary lives.
3They understand the value of what they have.
4Trent Maguire is spoilt and ambitious.
5The adults try hard to be good parents.
6Amanda's mother listens to all her daughter's problems.
7The kids are often home alone.
8Their parents organize every part of their lives.
9The kids don't want to be children.
10All the kids complain about living in Hollywood.
4Answer the questions.
IIn what ways do Trent, Amanda, Emily, and Lindsey live
anything surprise you in what the kids say?
What do you think?
•Do you feel sorry for children in Hollywood? Is there anything
about their lives that you would like?
•What is your opinion of their parents?
•Do teenagers around the world think the same as Hollywood
•Do you think it is dangerous to have everything you want?
everybody wants to be rich, famous, and beautiful. Nobody wants to be old,
unknown, and poor. For Hollywood kids, life can be difficult because they grow
up in such an unreal atmosphere. Their parents are ambitious, and the children
are part of the parents' ambitions.
Parents pay for
extravagant parties, expensive cars, and designer clothes. When every dream can
come true, kids learn the value of nothing because they have everything. A
13-year-old boy, Trent Maguire, has a driver, credit cards, and unlimited cash
to do what he wants when he wants. 'One day, I'll earn more than my Dad,' he
Parents buy care and attention for their children because they have no
time to give it themselves. Amanda's mother employs a personal trainer, a
nutritionist, a bodyguard/ chauffeur, a singing coach, and a counsellor to look
after all her 15-year-old daughter's needs.
Often there is no parent at home most days, so children decide whether to
make their own meals or go out to restaurants, when to watch television or do
homework. They organize their own social lives. They play no childhood games.
They become adults before they're ready.
Hollywood has always been the city of dreams. The kids in L.A. live unreal
lives where money, beauty, and pleasure are the only gods. Will children around
the world soon start to think the same? Or do they already?
Looks are very important in Hollywood. If you're
good-looking, you'll go far. I want to be a beautician. You grow up really fast
in L.A. Everyone is in a rush to be an adult, to be going to clubs. It's not
cool to be a kid. Mijanou, aged 18
n Los Angeles ain't easy
Il I live in a
and when I come re. home from school, re there are maybe 80 people who say
'Good day' to me.
their job to say that. In the bathroom there are mirrors everywhere. I love
looking at er myself. I can spend five hours doing my hair and posing.
be a model.
Emily, aged 10
I've wanted to get my nose done since I was 12.
My friends started having plastic surgery and liposuction during my freshman
year of high school. My nose cost $10,000. But it was worth it. It changed my
life. I'm gonna get into the movies.
Lindsey, aged 18
Everyone thinks Hollywood is so
glamorous, but I have news for you. It is really dangerous growing up in
LIA. People have guns. Sometimes think I'm going crazy. I'm gdi o get
out of here just-as soon as I can. Zavier, aged 18
Hot verbs — have, go, come You've
got a friend
they have no time ..
have news for you.
You'll go far.
Every dream can
come home from school .
love you forever.
I'll never forget you.
I'll always be there for you.
I The verbs have, go, and come are
very common in English.
Who says these things? Write I, 2,
or 3 in the boxes.
at these examples from the text on p42—3.
Your best friend
you're down and troubled
you need a
And nothing, but
your eyes and think of me
And goon I
To brighten up even your darkest
just call out MY name,
I'll just and tell
you know wherever I am
gee you again.
6 on! Get out
All you have to do ig call
I'll be there, yeah, yeah, yeah,
a lovely day.
Let's to the
the sky above you
full of clouds
that old north
your head together
you A any ski
goon I'll be knocking on your door.
clothes Lcould borrow?
you've got a friend?
can be go cold and desert you
Well they'll take your
goul if you let them
C] I'll always remember the times we had
2 Put have, go, or come
into each gap.
an accident a
Cl I'll do anything for
C] You'll never find
anyone who loves you more than I do.
first in a race wrong
Listen to the first verse of the
song. Discuss these
out for a meal a
and see me abroad
1 Do you think the man and woman
live together? 2 Is it a close relationship?
What is the relationship between them now? What do
3 Complete the sentences with the
correct form of have
you think it was in the
(or have got), go, or
come.Listen and complete the song.
We're a party next
Saturday. Would you like
You've got a friend, by Carole King
terrible headache. Can I home, please?
3You must see my
new flat. round and a drink some time.
4out now, Mum.
good time. What time are you home?'
5Hi, Dave. Pete a
shower at the moment.
Tell me! What's it like?
like? • Comparatives and superlatives • Synonyms and antonyms • Directions
STARTER 1 What is the
capital city of your country? What is the population? Is it an old or modern
travelling on the buses in London
but I the Underground, it's too expensive.
Write down two things and two that things you likethat I don't like like about
your capital you don't tike. Tetl the class.
I Read about Todd Bridges.
2What do you know
about Melbourne, Dubai, and Paris? Where are they?
to what Todd says about them.
adjectives he uses for each city. Compare with a partner.
Match the questions and answers.
Do you like Paris? Yes, I
Paris like? got lots of old buildings. No, I don't.
Which question in 1 means: Tell me about Paris.
Reference 6.1 pB5
4Work with a
partner. Ask and answer questions about the places Todd visited.
. . .
Todd BridgeS is only
seventeen years old but he is already a successful tennis player. He comes
USA, but he travels all over the world
tennis. Last year he played in tennis championships in
Melbourne Dubai, and Paris
What's Chicago like?
are asking Todd about Chicago. Complete the questions with is or are and the
correct words from the box.
restaurants the people the night-life the buildings
You What 's
the weather like?
Todd Well, Chicago's
called 'the windy city' and it really can be windy!
2You What like?
Todd They're very
interesting. You meet people from all over the world.
3You What like?
Todd A lot Of them
are very, very tall. The Sears Tower is 110 storeys high.
4You What like?
Todd They're very
good. You can find food from every country in the world.
5You What like?
Todd Oh, it's wonderful. There's lots to do in Chicago. 2Listen and
check. Practise with a partner.
3 Ask and answer the
same questions about the town or city you are In now.
BIG, BIGGER, BIGGEST!
Comparatives and superlatives
I Read the second part
of the conversation with Todd. He compares the places he visited last year. Can
you complete any of the sentences?
Melbourne was interesting, but for
Melbourne, and in some ways Dubai was the interesting of
all because it was so different any other place I know. It was also the driest,
and modern. It was hot in Melbourne but not hot in
Dubai. Dubai was hotter! Melbourne is older Dubai but not old
Paris. Paris was oldest city I visited, but it has some great modern
buildings, too. It was the romantic place. I loved it.
Listen and check.
I What are the comparative
and superlative forms of the following adjectives? What are the rules?
a small c
busy cold noisy near dry b big d beautiful hot interesting
adjectives are irregular. What are the comparative and superlative forms?
also combine with as . as. Melbourne isn't as
cosmopolitan as Chicago.
Grammar Reference 6.2 p135
repeat the sentences.
summerS hotter than last.
/az hot azi
It wasn't as hot as this last year.
these sentences with a partner. It isn't as cold today as it was
yesterda½ But it's colder than it was last week. I'm
not as tall as you, but I'm taller than Anna. This car's more expensive than
JohrK But it isn't as expensive as Anna's.
Listen and check.
4Learn this poem by heart. Good,
never rest 'til your good is better, And your better best.
LISTENING AND SPEAKING
Work with a partner and continue these conversations.
I moved to a new flat last week.
B Oh, really? What's it like?
A Well, it's bigger than my old one
but it isn't as modern, and .
A I hear Sandy and Al broke up.
Yeah. Sandy's got a new boyfriend.
really? What's he like?
he'sthan Al, and .
A We have a new teacher.
B Oh, really? What's she like?
A Well, I think she's theteacher we've ever had .
A Is that your new car?
B Well, it's second-hand, but it's new
AWhat's it like?
it'sthan my old car .
out a conversation to the class. Whose is the longest?
Listen and compare. Repeat the last lines.
6 Correct these sentences.
He's more older than he looks.
2Jessica's as tall than her mother.
3What does New York like?' 'It's really
4Trains in London are more crowded that
5Oxford is one of oldest universities
6He isn't as intelligent than his
7This is more hard than I expected. 8
Who is the most rich man in the world?
is more cheap in my country.
was hotter that I expected.
Living in another country
1What do you know about Sweden? What is
the country like? What are the people like? Discuss these statements about
Sweden. Do you think
are true (V) or false (X)?
In winter there is only one hour of daylight.
2Swedish people look forward to winter.
3The houses are cold.
The houses are much better insulated than in Britain.
5In parts of Sweden from May to July
the sun never sets.
6Londoners work longer hours than the
7Swedes always start work early in the
8Country cottages in Sweden are usually
9All houses have a sauna.
10The whole family like to sit in the
are going to listen to Jane Bland talking to her friend, Fran, about her life
in Sweden. Jane comes from London, but three years ago she married a Swede and
went to live and work in Stockholm. Listen and check your answers to exercise
3 Compare your country with what you
learned about Sweden. lh MY country it gets dark at five o'clock in winter, and
it's Much warmer.
A tale of two millionaires
buy spoil wear open live in inherit
make arrest invest amputate
account poverty a thief a will stocks and shares a child a leg ragged clothes
a lot of money from someone a lot of money in something
I Who are
the richest people in your country? Where does their money come from? How do
they spend their money?
2Match the verbs and nouns. Many of them are to do with money.
3You are going to read about two millionaires. One was very mean,
the other very generous. First read quickly about Milton Petrie. Can you
remember any examples of his kindness?
Now read quickly about Hetty Green. Can you remember any examples of
5Read one text more carefully, then answer the questions with a
partner who read the other text.
1 When were Milton and Hetty born?
their parents like?
Milton and Hetty become so wealthy?
the meanest thing Hetty did?
Milton like making a lot of money?
they die? How old were they?
the most money? Who did they leave it to?
What do you think?
Discuss these questions in small groups.
•How were Milton
and childhoods different? • How did their childhoods affect them later?
•Why was Milton
especially generous to policemen?
•Why did Hettyk
daughter build a hospital?
•What was the
kindest thing Milton did?
•Who had the
happier life? Milton or Hetty?
it and some save it. Elizabeth Wilson reports on one of each.
t he er.
man was just one of many people that Milton Petrie helped with his money.
Whenever he read about personal disasters in his newspaper Petrie sent generous
cheques, especially to the families of policemen or firemen injured at work. He
also sent cheques to a mother who lost five children in a fire, and a beautiful
model, whose face was cut in a knife attack. It cost him millions of dollars,
but he still had millions left. He said that he was lucky in business and he
wanted to help those less fortunate than himself. 'The nice thing is; the
harder I work, the more money I make, and the more people I can help.' Milton
Petrie died in 1994, when he was 92. His will was 120 pages long because he
left $150 million to 383 people. His widow, Carroll, his fourth and last wife,
said his generosity was a result of the poverty of his early years. His family
were poor but kindhearted. His father was a Russian immigrant who became a
policeman, but he never arrested anyone, he was too kind. He couldn't even give
a parking ticket.
Richest, Meanest Woman in the World
enrietta (Hetty) Green was a very spoilt, only child. She was born in
Massachusetts, USA, in 1835. Her father was a millionaire businessman. Her
mother was often ill, and so from the age of two her father took her with him
to work and taught her about stocks and shares. At the age of six she started
reading the daily financial newspapers and she opened her own bank account.
Her father died when she was 21 and she inherited $7.5 million. She went
to New York and invested on Wall Street. Hetty saved every penny, eating in the
cheapest restaurants for 15 cents. She became one of the richest and most hated
women in the world. She was called 'The Witch of Wall Street'. At 33 she
married Edward Green, a multimillionaire, and had two children, Ned and Sylvia.
Hetty's meanness was legendary. She always argued about prices in shops.
She walked to the local grocery store to buy broken cookies (biscuits) which
were much cheaper, and to get a free bone for her much-loved dog, Dewey. Once
she lost a two-cent stamp and spent the night looking for it. She never bought
clothes and always wore the same long, ragged black skirt. Worst of all, when
her son Ned fell and injured his knee, she refused to pay for a doctor and
spent hours looking for free medical help. In the end Ned's leg was amputated.
When she died in 1916 she left her children $100 million (worth $9.3
billion today). Her daughter built a hospital with her money.
I We often use
synonyms in conversation because we don't want to repeat words.
It's a lovely
Complete the conversations, using an
adjective of similar meaning from the box.
fed up generous brilliant messy
1iMary's family is very rich.'
I knew her uncle was very
2'Look at all these new buildings!'
'Yes. Paris is much more than
3'Wasn't that film wonderful!'
4'George doesn't earn much money, but he's so kind.' is, isn't he?
He's one of the most people I know.'
5'Ann's bedroom's really untidy again!' 'Is it? I told her it was
yesterday, and she promised to clean it.'
6'I'm bored with
know, I'm really with it, too!'
2Listen and check. Listen again, paying particular
attention to the stress and intonation. Practise the conversations with a
3We can also use antonyms in conversation to avoid repeating
Yes, it very nice,
Match the following adjectives with their
two opposites inocrcise 1.
interested bored fed up horrible mean old poor tidy
4Sometimes it is more polite to use not very and an opposite
Tom's so short. Well, he's
not very tall. He always wears such They certainly dirty clothes. aren't
Reply to these sentences. Be more polite.
I London's such an expensive city.
2Paul and Sue are so mean.
3Their house is always so messy.
4Their children are so noisy.
5John looks so miserable. 6 His sister's so stupid.
5Listen and check. Pay particular attention to the
stress and intonation. Practise the conversations with your partner.
I Look at the map of
Chesswoodand find these things:
farm • a wood a pond • a path • a hill • a
river • a bridge • agate
these descriptions and add the places to the map.
hotel is opposite the car park.
2The bank is on the corner of Lower
Road and Hill Road. It is next to the baker's.
3The supermarket is between the
chemist's and the greengrocer's.
4There is a bus stop in front of the
flower shop in Station Road.
5There are two pubs. The Red Lion is in
Station Road, opposite the flower shop near the railway bridge, and the Old
Shepherd is in Church Street, behind the school.
3Ask and answer
questions about the places on the map. Use the prepositions from exercise 2.
and flower shop.
on the corner of Station library? Green Street, opposite the
directions from Chesswood farm to the church with the prepositions in the box.
Look at the map to help you.
down over past through out of (x2) in(to) across
the path, the pond, the bridge, and the gate. Then you go the road and take the
path the wood. When you come the wood you walk the path and the church. It
takes five minutes. Listen and check.
5Give your partner
directions to get to your house from your school.
Present Perfect • for, since •
Adverbs, word pairs • Short answers
STARTER What is the Past Simple and the past
participle of these verbs?
write be sell win have read do eat know break
Present Perfect and Past Simple ANTHONY
1Look at the photographs of two well-known English writers. How do
you think they are related?
Complete the sentences with He or She.
wrote novels about Victorian life.
writes novels about modern people and their relationships.
2wrote 47 novels,
travel books, biographies, and short stories. has written over twenty novels.
started writing in her thirties.
3has lived in the
west of England for forty years. lived in Ireland for eighteen years.
4has been married
twice, and has two daughters. married for the first time in 1966. was married
and had two sons.
Listen and check. Practise the sentences.
I Find examples of the Past Simple
in sentences 1—4. Find examples of the Present Perfect.
We make the Present Perfect with the
auxiliary verb + the
different tenses used in these sentences?
Anthony Trollope wrote forty-seven
novels. Joanna Trollope has written twenty novels.
Grammar Reference 7.1 and 7.2 p136
2Put the verbs
in the Present Perfect or Past Simple.
I Anthony Trollope (travel) to South
Africa, Australia, Egypt, and the West Indies. Joanna Trollope (travel) to many
parts of the world.
many awards, and several of her stories (appear) on TV.
book (come) out in 1980. Since then, she (sell) more than 5 million
to school in the south of England, and (study) English at Oxford University,
but she (live) in the country for most of her life.
writes her books by hand. She (have) the same pen since 1995.
For forty years. 5 In 1980.
English, study , ?) 6 Twice, (How many times , , ,
More than twenty. 7 Yes, two daughters. children?)
Over five million. 8 Since 1995.
Listen and check.
TROLLOPE (1943— )
THE MEN AND
3Here are the
answers to some questions about Joanna. What are the questions?
I Choose the correct verb form.
Have you ever been / Did you ever go to a rock concert?
2I saw / have seen The Flash last week.
3I love rock and roll. I like / have liked it all my life.
4The Flash's concert was / has been fantastic.
5I have bought / bought all their records since then.
6The Flash have been / are together for over fifteen years.
Find someone who .
2 Your teacher will give you a card which begins
Find someone who .
Find someone who has been to
Decide on the question, beginning
Have you ever . Stand up, and ask everyone in the class.
Ask questions to find out more.
did you do in China?
did you go?
How long were
Report back to the class.
has been to China.
have been to China.
Pierre and Sophie
7 • Famous couples 55
for and since
4Complete the time
expressions with for or since,
1 a year
4 nine o'clock
2 half an hour
was a student
6 a couple of days
5Match a line in A
and B and a sentence in C. There is more than one answer.
known my best friend from 1988 to 1996.
not bad. I quite like it.
last went to the cinema for an hour.
I went camping with some
I've had this watch two weeks ago.
We met when we were 10.
We've used this book since 1985.
I really need a cup of
lived in our old flat since the beginning of term.
My Dad gave it to me for
We haven't had a break for years.
We moved because we needed
I last had a holiday for three years.
film was rubbish.
8 This building has been a school in
T 7.4 Listen and check. Make similar
sentences about you.
Before that it was an
6 Complete the conversation.
tenses are the three questions?
BIn a flat near
the park. A How long there?
A And why move?
We wanted to live in a nicer area.
T 7.5 Listen and check.
Practise the conversation with a partner.
7 Make more conversations, using the
do? got a car?
know Pete Brown?
I work . B Yes, I
B Yes, l . . .
How long A How long . .
How long . .
For B Since
What . . . do before that? A How much pay for it?
A Where . , . meet him?
I worked . B It was
8 With a partner, ask and
answer questions beginning How long .
How long have you lived / worked /
known / had . ? 5
Then get some more information.
Why did you move? What
did you do before . . . ? Where did you meet . ?
LISTENING AND SPEAKING
The band Style
I What kinds Of music do you like? If you
could meet your favourite bands or singers, what would you ask them?
to an interview with two musicians, Guy
Sune and Guy, from the band Style. Put S or
G in columns I and 2. Put v/ or X in column 3. 6
1 What do they 2
Bands they have 3 Places they
do in the band? played
with have visited Suzie
C) guitar C]
C] keyboards C]
Lionel Richie Cl Hungary
C] drums C]
Phil Collins Cl America
Cl harmonica Cl
Genesis C] Sweden
C] vocalist Cl Happy
Mondays C] Japan Cl Bon Jovi C] Italy a Ace Australia
Which bands have they played with?
Which countries have they been to?
3 Answer the questions.
I Why do Suzie and Guy feel tired?
2What have they done this year?
3Have they had a good time?
4What was special about the song Mean Street?
5How many years have they been together?
6Where do they want to go?
7What jobs has Guy had? What about Suzie?
(She's worked ) language work
4Make sentences about Suzie and Guy with the phrases in the boxes.
in April since 1997 in 1995 about twenty-five two
years ago fifteen years when she left college since he was 17
Ithat tense are the verbs in the
sentences from A? What about B?
5Ask and answer the questions.
• What/do/before forming Style? • How/meet each other?
be/to America? •
How many records/make?
6 Some of you are
members of a band. Others are journ who are going to interview the band. Your
teacher will give you some ideas. When you are ready, have the
I Which celebrities
are in the news at the moment? Why are they in the news? What have they done?
2Look at the article from Hi! Magazine. Who is the couple in the
interview? Are there magazines like this in your country? What sort of stories
do they have?
3Read the article quickly and put these questions in the right
I Have there ever been times when you
have thought 'This relationship isn't working'?
2Terry, footballers are usually hard,
but you seem very sensitive. Why is this?
3You're both terribly busy in your
separate careers. How do you find time to be together?
4How did you two meet?
5How do you find being superstars?
4Read the article again and answer the questions.
1Why are they famous?
2They are both successful in their careers. What have they done?
3In what ways are they normal people? What is not normal
about their lives? 4 How do you know they're in love?
5Was it love at first sight?
6What is their attitude to newspapers and 'other people'?
7do some people want them to split up?
8In what way is Terry unusual for a footballer?
5 Work in groups of three. Read the text
6 Choose the correct tense.
1Donna and Terry are / have been / were together for two years.
2They like / have liked / liked watching TV on Saturday night.
3They meet / have met / met after a football match.
4They have lived / live / lived in their new home since April.
5Terry is / has been / was in love just once.
7 Buy a magazine like
Hi! and find an interview with a famous couple. Bring it into class and tell
the class about it.
THE POP STAR AND THE FOOTBALLEf
DONNA FLYNN & TERRY WISEMAN
TALK TO HI! MAGAZINE ABOUT THEIR
LOVE FOR EACH OTHER
This is the most famous couple in the country. She is pop
star who has had six number one records — m than any other single artist. He
has scored fifty goals Manchester United, and has played for England thirty
times. Together they earn about £20 million a They invited Hi! Magazine
into their luxurious home.
Donna: A lot of the time since we've been together, one o; has been away.
We really have to try hard to be together. We h. both flown all over the world
just to spend a few hours toge Terry: Obviously, people say, 'Oh, you've got
all this money, are you going to spend it on?' But the best thing is that mo
buys us the freedom to be together.
It hasn't changed us. We are still the same peo
Newspapers have told terrible stories about us, but it's all lies, Terry:
Our perfect Saturday night is sitting in front of telly with a take-away. Our
favourite programmes are Blind Il and Friends. You won't find photos of us
coming out of p:' and clubs drunk, having spent the night with a whole load
Donna says: We are so totally in love. I'm the happiest ever
Donna: I went to one of his matches because I liked him wanted to meet
him. It's funny, because I'm not really interes in football, so when I met him
after the match, I didn't knoww\ to say to him.
Terry: I'm very shy. We just looked at each other from oppo! sides of the
room. But I said to my mate, 'She's the one for me. i going to marry her/one
day.' Fortunately, she came to anot game, and we started talking then.
Donna: Not really. Naturally, it's hard when you're away fu- over each other,
but in a way this has made us stronger. since not a
is the more )als for over a year.
ie of us we have
, what money
Date Of pubs load of
Terry have been together for just from two years. They have lived in
says: 'He has good taste — but
good as mine!'
A lot of people would love to see us
split up. People have accused Terry of things Terry: Of course you have to be
prepared to give and take in any relationship. There's a trust between us, and
as long as that's there, we will last.
Terry: It's because this is the first
time I've been in love: I think that when you meet the person that you want to
spend the rest of your life with, you change. You become a softer person.
Donna: We mean the world to each other.
Neither of us will do anything to spoil it.
'She's the only woman I've ever loved.'
1Many adverbs end in -Iy.
Find some more examples in the text on
2There are also many adverbs that don't end in
Find these examples in the text.
hard still just of course
3Complete the sentences with one of these adverbs.
last exactly too especially just
Tom at 10.00 in the morning, but he was in bed.
anniversary today. We've beenfor fifteen years.
very fussy about food. She eats pasta and crisps.
very illand died, but fortunately, she got better.
4Complete the sentences with one of these adverbs.
I I like all Russian
novelists, Tolstoy. 2 hate ironing.' 'Me, . It's so boring.'
telling me that we have no money?'
. Not a penny.'
41 met her
on December 23, before Christmas.
5I have finished this
exercise. Thank goodness! It was so boring.
I There are many
idiomatic expressions which consist of 1 two words joined by and.
Here is an example from the text on p59.
'Of course you have to be prepared
to give and take in any relationship.'
2Match the words.
fish now yes
up peace safe salt
pepper then quiet down chips sound gentlemen no
3Complete the sentences with one of the expressions.
I 'Do you still
play tennis?' 'Not regularly. Just when I have time.'
2This is a pretty relaxed place to work. There aren't many
3Here you are at last! I've been so worried! Thank goodness you've
4'Do you like your new job?' The money's
OK, but I don't like the people.'
5Sometimes there are too many people in the house. I go into the
garden for a bit of
6Good evening, . It gives me great pleasure to talk to you all
7How's your Gran?' There are good days, and then not such good
8'Here's supper. Careful! It's hot.' ! Yummy!'
Close your books. Listen to the beginnings
the conversations and complete them.
E N G L I S H
Listen to the
conversations. What's the difference between them? Which sounds more polite?
1When we answer
Yes/No questions, we often repeat a subject and the auxiliary verb. Yes or No
on its own sounds impolite. Complete these short answers.
Do you like
cooking? Yes, I do
Is it raining? No,
Have you been to France? Yes, I Are you good at chess? No, I
Can you speak
Spanish? Yes, I
2It also helps a
conversation if you can add more information.
Do you like cooking? Yes, I do, actually, especially Italian food.
2Complete the short answers. Continue with a line from the speech
I'm sorry. I haven't got a
penny on me. Why? What are you doing?
prefer rock'n'roll. It was a great game.
I went there last But they give me a
weekend with Frank. lot offreedom, too.
I A Do you like jazz?
2 A Did you see the football last night?
3A Have you got change for a pound?
4A Have you tried the new pizza place?
5A Are your parents quite strict?
B Yes, I suppose
6A Are you doing anything tonight?
Choose one or two of the conversations.
Continue them with a partner.
Think of questions to ask each other. Use these ideas to help you.
•Do you . like/play/go/have
Can you . . . ride/speak/run/use . ?
•Did you . . .
go/have/win/do . . . last night?
•Have you ever . .
. been/seen/tried/had . . . ?
. going to/good at/afraid of . .
•Have you got . .
. a car/a CD player/a cat . . .
up and ask your questions. Use short answers in your replies.
Unit7 • Famous couples 61
Do's and don'ts
STARTER What's true for you? Make sentences
about your life.
have to. . . I don't have to. .
• get up early every
morning • pay bills • go to school • work at the weekend • do the
WORK, WORK have (got) to
T 8.1 Listen
to Steven talking about his job. What do you think his job is? Would you like
his job? Why/Why not?
2Complete the sentences from the
interview with words from the box.
don't have to have
to had to DO you have to didn't have to
work very long hours. work at the weekend? do the washing-up.
learn the basics.
long to get a job.
3Change the sentences using he. ue has
to work very long hours.
can express possession or an action.
Ihave my own
an exam tomorrow.
2have/have got •
infinitive expresses obligation.
He has to work long hours. I've got to go now. Bye!
question and negative.
Ihave to get up
What time you up early. Put
the sentence in the past.
Yesterday I up
Grammar Reference 8.1 p137
are some of the other things Steven has to do?
Listen to these sentences. What are the different pronunciations of
I E] I
have a good job. C] I have to work hard.
2 C] He has a nice car. C]She has toget up early. 3 El I had a good time.
El I had to take exams.
Put a—f in front of the sentences according to the pronunciation below.
a /hæz/ b /hæv/ c /hæd/ d /hæf/ e /hæs/ f
again and repeat.
2Work with a
partner. Choose one of the jobs from the box, but don't tell your partner. Ask
and answer Yes/No questions to find out what the job is.
I wouldn't like to be a farmer because they have to
work outside all year.
Talking about you
4 In groups, discuss the questions. If you live at home with your
parents, use the present tense. If you've left home, use the past tense.
1What did you have to do
to help in the house? about your brothers and sisters?
2Could you stay out as
long as you wanted? Or did you have to be home by a certain time?
3Did you always have to
tell your parents where you going?
4How strict were your
parents? What did they let you do?
5What did you argue about?
Match the problems and suggestions on the right. What advice would you give?
and complete the advice. Use the words from the box.
don't think you should
to your boss. drink coffee at night. go to the wedding.
go to the dentist.
the conversations with a partner.
advice to your. friends.
got exams next week.
always arguing With my parents.
my parents' wedding anniversary soon.
cats making a funny noi4é_
sentence expresses a suggestion?
Which sentence expresses strong obligation?
You should go on a diet.
You must go to the doctork.
and must are modal verbs.
He must be careful.
You shouldn't drink and
What should she do?
Do we add -s with
he/she/it? Do we use do/does in the question and negative?
can make a negative suggestion with / doNt think _ .
I don't think you should
smoke so much.
Grammar Reference 8.2—8.4
I'm working 16 hours a day.
My ex-boyfriend's getting married.
I've had a terrible toothache for weeks.
Don't drink coffee at night.
Go to the dentist.
Don't go to the wedding.
Talk to your boss.
1 Make sentences from
trip to your Country
Someone is coming to stay in your country for six months. What advice can you
You should bring wary
clothes. you don't have to get a visa.
You have to have a passport. You
must try our local speciality.
advice about money, documents, clothes, health, accommodation, and food.
LISTENING AND SPEAKING
Holidays in January
I Do many people in your country go on holiday in winter? Where do they
go? Where would you like to go for a winter holiday? Write a sentence and read
it to the class.
I'd like to go to . . . becauge
2Listen to three people giving advice
about visiting their country in the month of January. Complete the chart.
Compare your answers with a partner.
Weather and Things to do, Food and clothes places to go drink
3Answer the questions.
countries are they talking about?
Look at the photographs. Which country do they go with?
talked about sport? Which sport?
4Who talked about money? What did
5Who suggested going on a boat trip?
6Which Of these countries would you
like to visit in January? Why?
4 Put the words in the correct order to make questions.
I weather/ is / like / in / what / the / January?
2 take / clothes / what I' should / l? 3 can / things / sort / of / what
/ do / I?
4special / any / there / places / are /
that / should / visit / I?
5food / you / recommend / do / what?
5 Work with someone from a different country, Or choose another country
you know. Ask and answer the questions.
READING AND SPEAKING
1 These problems come from a newspaper
column where people write in with a problem, and other members of the public
give their advice. Read the problems. What advice would you give?
2 Match the readers' letters to these problems. There
are two for each problem.
ODO have to act my age?
47. She is single, and her children have left home. She is very successful in
her career, and has a lot of friends, but she isn't satisfied. She longs to
change her life. She wants to live abroad, paint, and write poetry, but her
friends tell her she should stop being silly and act her age.
Must 'I be a slave to my mobile?
company has bought him a mobile phone. They want him to keep it on all the
time, so that they can contact him anywhere, anytime. He dislikes the idea of
always being available, and he hates the way people use mobiles to have private
conversations in public.
Should 'l throw my son out?
24-year-old son lives at home, stays in bed till late, and watches TV all day.
He buys and sells drugs. He's clever, hut he dropped of school. He's never had
a job. His father wants to throw him out, but Sarah worries that he could get
further into drugs and end up in prison.
always need the support of their parents, whether they're four or 24. [ think
you should pay for him to get some qualifications, and when he's ready, to find
somewhere to live. Meanwhile, him all the love that he needs.
to give it all up and change my life dramatically three years ago. Since then,
most exciting three years of my life. It can be scary, but if you don't do it,
you won't know what you've missed. I don't think . Go for it.
He's using you.' I think . It's
time for him to
•liventy-four is too old to be living with his parents. He's got to take
responsibility for himself. And about his drug-taking. Sometimes you have to be
cruel to be kind. Tony Palmer
Why it? He
isn't their slave, they don't own him. And I also can't stand the way people
use their mobiles in restaurants, on trains and buses. They think that the
people around them are invisible and can't hear.
before she gives up her job and goes to live abroad. Does she think that the
sun will always shine? If there is something in her life that makes her unhappy
now, this will follow her. She should take her time Nigella Lawnes Bristol
! He should have a word with his company and come to an arrangement with
them. Why can't he turn it off sometimes? Mobile phones are great, and if he's
got one for free, . They are one of the best inventions ever.
ayou should tell him to leave home. bshe should be very careful you should help him dyou should worry.
He must keep it!
. before making a decision. g It is so
rude. he's very lucky.
J you must tell the police .
. you've got to give . should he accept
Listen and check. 4 Which letter writer ?
• suggests waiting
• thinks love is
has been adventurous
• thinks that employers shouldn't
exploit their employees
suggests being tough
The readers make very different suggestions. Who do you agree with?
What do you think?
How old are
children when they leave home in your country?
What do you think
of people who use mobile phones in public?
Do you think older
people should act their age? Why/Why not?
'You have to be
cruel to be kind'. Can you think of an example?
partner, choose a situation and roleplay the conversation.
Polly and one of
Jason and his boss
Sarah and her
write a letter to a problem page.
your letters and write a reply. Try to express
Where do these lines go? Put a letter in the gaps.
with the problem and give some explanation, as well as practical advice.
Words that go together
1 Many verbs and nouns go together.
tell story leave home
Look at the chart on the right. Match a verb with a
complement. They all appear in the letters and
problems on p66—67.
Look at the letters again and check your answers.
2 Close your books. Try to remember
what you've missed
sentences that include the phrases from the box.
a word With someone
3 Two nouns can go together. There
are no rules
have to be
office headache horse-race
is usually on the first word.
nouns to make new words.
alarm cream hair
give up have
cruel to be kind
4 Choose a
word and give a definition to the class. Can they guess the word?
You use it to payfor
A credit card.
I Complete the chart with an illness or a symptom.
diarrhoea food poisoning
t hurts when I walk on it.
glands are swollen, and it hurts When I swallow: can't Stop sneezing and my
nose is runny.
I've got a cold.
I've got I've
got a temperature, my Whole body aches, and I feel awful.
I've twisted my ankle.
I've got I
keep going to the toilet.
I've got a sore throat.
I've got I
keep being sick, and I've got diarrhoea.
the difference between these sentences? I feel sick. I was sick last night.
2 Put the sentences in the correct
I didn't feel very well.
She took my
temperature and examined me.
After a few days. I started to feel better.
I went to the surgery
and saw the doctor.
C] I went to the chemises, paid for the
prescription, and got some antibiotics.
I phoned the doctofs Surgery and made an
appointment. She told me I had an infection.
C] I explained what was wrong. She gave
me a prescription.
You will hear a conversation between Man a student from
Chile, and a doctor. Answer the quesgio I What are Manuel's symptoms?
questions does the doctor ask?
does the doctor think is the matter with Manue 4 What does she prescribe?
advice does she give him?
he have to pay for anything?
at the tapescript on PI 24. Practise with a partner.
similar conversations with other symptoms.
Time clauses • if • Hot verbs • In a hotel
STARTER What do you
think you will do if the weather is nice this weekend? What will you do when
you get home tonight?
THE GAP YEAR
and conditional clauses
I Clare and her friend Ally are having a gap year.
Complete the sentences with phrases from the box below.
travelling round the world CC]
We're going to leave.
. . [71
we're going to learn to scuba dive on the Great Barrier Reef,
4 C] . we'll 100k
after each Other.
. we're going to the
We can stay with my
American cousins. . . C]
Our parents Will be
We'll stay in the
a While we're in LOS
Angeles. b If we get ill, before we go to university. until our visa runs Out.
When we're in Australia, as soon as we have enough money. if we don't keep in
touch. After we leave Australia, 3
Cover the box. Practise the sentences.
the words in the box that introduce the clauses, e.g. while
tense are all the verbs in the box? Do they refer to the present or the future?
are the different future forms in Clare and Ally's sentences?
the difference between these sentences? Which one is sure? Which one is
When I get home, I'll have something to
eat. If there isn't any food, I'll get a pizza.
Grammar Reference 9.1—9.3 pB8
when, as soon as
Unit 9 • Going places
What will you do?
with a partner. One of you is going skiing for the first time. The other sees
all the problems. Use these ideas to help you.
When I get to New York .
like the food
•don't learn to
similar conversation about going on safari for the first time.
the verbs in brackets in the correct tense. Put if, when, while, or as soon as
into each box.
I I'll have a bath I go to
I'm coming to London tomorrrow. I'll ring you
it's a nice day tomorrow, we can go
swimming. 4 Wait here I get back.
5 you have any problems, just ask for help. 6 I want to get home it gets
7 I'm going to have driving lessons 1
pass my test.
Give me your address you go
message on the answerphone so you'll
I've arrived safely.
Great. What time do you expect you'll be there? Mary the plane (arrive) on
time, I (be)
at the hotel about 10.00.
Paul All right. Give me a ring you
time of your flight back,
and I (pick)
you up at the airport.
Thanks, darling. Don't forget to water the plants (be) away. Paul Don't worry.
I won't. Bye!
Life in 2050
thisdésèriptioh of the airline future:
be just two crew members, a pilot and dog. The pilot's job is feed the dog. The
does job is to bite the pilot if he tries to touch anything.'
What does this story say about life in the future?
2You will hear an
interview with Michio Kaku,
Professor of Theoretical
Physics at City
New York. He has written a book, Visions, which explains how science will
revolutionize the 21st centur .
He is asked these
•Are you optimistic about the future?
•Are we ready for the changes that will
•Is world population going to be a big
•What will happen to people who don't
•Will there be a world government?
•Will we have control of everything?
•What are your reasons for pessimism?
your opinions on these subjects.
3Listen to the interview. Make notes on
Michio Kaku's answers.
4Answer the questions.
What does Michio Kaku say will continue into the twenty-first century?
How do some
people react to the new technology? What is his reaction?
Why will the
population of the world stop increasing?
4Why will we need a world government?
5What are some of the things we will be
able to control?
6What examples does he give of the
Žj behaviour of 'stupid' people?
What do you think?
obviously believes in the power of science. What isn't he so sure about? Do you
it 9 • Going places 73
READING AND SPEAKING
To the north of
The world's first megalopolis
Hong Kong, the
I Are these statements about China
world's biggest city is
growing. It hasn't got
a new name yet, but
• China is a communist country.
it will probably be
• One in five people in the whole world is Chinese.
called Pearl River City.
•Chinese families can only have one
• Chinese people prefer bicycles to cars.
visits this ugly,
• The biggest city in the world is in China.
2Read the newspaper article about pearl
River City. Which of the subjects in exercise 1 are talked about?
3On the map find the following:
city got a name yet?
2Why is it ugly? Why is it exciting?
3What are some of the statistics about
that make it a remarkable place?
4In what ways is China changing? Why
were Deng Xiaoping's words significant?
the people changing?
Why do they want to own a
6What does Shenzhen look like?
7Why will this city be important in the
8What do these numbers refer to?
less than ten years
What do you think?
•In groups, write
what you think are the ten largest cities in the world. Compare your list with
the class. Your teacher will tell you the answer.
•Make a list of
some of the problems that these cities face. Decide which are the three most
important problems. Compare your ideas with the class.
of Shenzhen, just forty kilometres north, of Hong Kong, is the world's biggest
building site. In 1982 it was a fishing village with two main roads, fields,
and a population of 30,000. Now it has a population of 3 million. It is growing
at an incredible speed. It is spreading north towards Guangzhou (also known as
Canton) and west towards Macau. The Chinese government hopes that in less than
ten years this area will be the biggest city on earth, with a population of 40
changing. It is no longer a country where absolutely everything is owned and
controlled by the state. Developers are welcome. As Deng Xiaoping, the Chinese
leader, said in 1992, To get rich is glorious'. The old China of bicycles and
Little Red Books is disappearing. A world of mobile phones and capitalism is
Chinese people seem to welcome dramatic change. They don't worry about losing
traditional ways of life. They want the new. As the posters on the sides of the
highways shout, 'Development is the unlv wav.
is a shocking place, like nowhere else on earth that I have ever seen. It is a
city with no boundaries and no centre. There are new concrete office blocks,
factories, and housing blocks as far as the eye can see. Not just dozens of new
buildings, nor even hundreds, but thousands. And it is all happening so fast.
It takes just six months to design, build, and finish a 60-storey,
airconditioned skyscraper. As one architect said to me, 'If you move too slowly
here, someone will walk over you.'
Hopewell Highway runs from Shenzhen to Guangzhou, and it takes just two hours
to do the 123 kilometres. This superhighway will become the main street of a
huge new city, as it gets bigger and bigger until the east meets the west, and
the countryside in the middle disappears under concrete.
of course be more and more cars on the road. People don't want bicycles. If you
have a car, it means you have made money. So the traffic will be like in
Bangkok, where people spend four hours commuting every day. People eat and work
in their car.
River City very nearly exists. It will probably be the world's First City, the
greatest city on earth. It won't be beautiful, but its power, energy, and
wealth will be felt in all corners of the world.
Hot verbs — take, get, do, and make
verbs take, get, do, and make are very common in English. Find these examples
in the text about China:
get rich gets bigger and bigger you
have made money it takes two hours to do 123 kilometres
are some more examples.
AHow long does it take you to get ready
in the morning?
BIt takes me about fifteen minutes.
AHow long does it take you to get to
BI can get here in twenty minutes.
ADo you get tired in the evening?
BYes. Especially if I've done a lot of
homework. A Do you make a lot of mistakes in English?
B Well, I do my best, but
I still make a few mistakes.
answer the same questions with a partner.
3put the words and phrases from the box
in the correct column.
some shopping back
home two tablets a day a cold angry sure friends up
your mind a photo somebody out for a meal me a favour a
reservation On well with someone a complaint care
4Complete the sentences with one of the
verb phrases. Use the correct form of the verb.
11 while I was in town. 1 bought myself
a new lumper.
2'l don't know if I love Tom or Henry.' .
You can't marry both of them.'
In a hotel
What is the best hotel in
your town? What facilities does the hotel have?
and answer questions with a partner about the Grand Hotel.
Where's the conference
On the second
The Grand Hotel
Ground Floor Reception
First Floor Dining Room
Second Floor Conference
3Bye-bye! See you soon. of yourself. 72,
4Aachoo! Oh dear. I think
5'Are the doors locked?' think so, but
Discuss these questions with a partner.
•HOW long does it take to get from your
school to the station? From your home to work?
•When did you last do someone a
favour/make a complaint/take a photo/get angry?
•What time did you get home last night?
•Do you get on with your parents/your
•DO you find it easy to make friends?
•Is your English getting better?
3put the lines from the telephone
conversation between the receptionist and client in the right order.
Hello, the Grand Hotel. Cathy
speaking. How can I help you? reservation / make / like / a / I'd / to /
When is it for?
It's for two
nights, the thirteenth and the fourteenth of this month. single / want / do /
room / or / double / a / And / you / a
OK. Yes, that's fine. I
have a room for you. And your name is? Robert palmer.
much / you
/ Can / it / tell / how / is / me
£95 a night. Can I have a credit card number, please?
It's a Visa. 4929 7983 0621 8849.
could / And / phone / I / have / a
forward / look / seeing / on / you / We / to / thirteenth /
. Bye-bye. Thanks a lot. Goodbye.
Listen and check.
4With a partner, roleplay the
conversation between Robert Palmer and the receptionist as he checks into the
evening. Hello. I have a reservation. My name's Robert Palmer.
5Roleplay these conversations with your
partner. Phone Reception from your room. Make these requests.
•You can't get the TV to work.
•You'd like an extra pillow.
•You'd like to order Room Service.
•You'd like a wake-up call at 7.00
What are these people afraid Of? How do they feel?
A WALK WITH DEATH
patterns and infinitives
at the photograph. Does the path look safe to you?
Read about Paul Lays adventure. How did he feel at different times in the
Complete the text using these words.
began to feel started aching used to have went camping
decided to stand up
Listen and check. 3 Answer the questions.
I What is
Paul Lays hobby?
2What did he use to do with his father?
3Does he go to the same place every
4Is the King's Way in good condition?
Why couldn't he have a rest?
didn't he enjoy the walk?
Thc path was about three
feet wide and there wcrc holes
in it. It (2) a
but not any more. I didn't
know what to do — should I go
I have always
on my hands and knees, or
stand up? I (3) and
When I was a boy, I used to go
very slowly. At times the path
walking at weekends with my
was only as wide as my two
father. Wc (I ) and
boots. I stopped to havc a rest,
but there was nowhere to sit.
I try to
visit a new place
every year. Last year I decided
It was impossible to look down
to walk a path in Spain called
or look up. I was concentrating
El Camino del Rey, which
so hard that my bodv
means thc King's Way. It is one
There was no thrill
of the highest and most
of danger, no enjoyment of the
view. I thought I was going to
Europc. It used to bc very safe,
but now it is falling
I finally managed to get to
I took a
train to the village
the end. I was shaking, and
of El Chorro and started to
I was covered in sweat from
walk towards the mountains. I
heat and fear. I fell to the
was very excited. Then the advcnturc began.
these verbs followed by the infinitive or -ing in the text?
try decide start begin manage 2 Find the examples of used to infinitive. Used
to expresses a past action which doesn't happen any more.
I used to play games with
my brother, but now / don't.
the pronunciation /ju:st to/.
3Complete these examples from the text.
I used to go at
1didn't know what
It was impossible down.
find / to find / finding my passport. Let's go shop / to shop / shopping!
There was nowhere
Please let me go / to go / going to the party!
Grammàr Reference 10.1—10.4 p139
Would you like something eat / to /
I need a recipe for a cake that's easy make / to make /
I stopped a
these sentences with the verb ski in the correct form.
I go every
2I started when I was six.
I tried down
the mountain, but it was too steep.
4My instructor made me down the steep
mountain. I enjoy very much.
6 Dave used when he was younger, but not any more.
2Choose the correct
II've decided stop
/ to stop / stopping smoking.
When I was young, I used to
3Listen to James
talking about his childhood and his life now.
the chart. Write one sentence with used to for each question.
What/do at the weekend?
What/do in the evening?
3Where/go on holiday?
Life as a child
5What TV programmes/like?
Ask and answer the with
What do you do
I usually go
above a partner about your life now and your life as a child.
al rhe weekend?
What did you do when
used to play With
you were n child?
my friends and
4Why do you go to
Why do you go to the hairdresser's? TO
have a haircut.
•the post Office •
a petrol station • a bookshop
•the newsagent's •
the library • the market
your partner, ask and answer questions about more places.
with a line in A, a word in B, and an infinitive in C.
I I'm hungry. I need
to say to you.
I'm going to a posh party, but I don't know
to talk to.
My CD player's broken. Can you show me
Don't talk to me. I have
Do I turn left or right? I don't know
to repair it?
6 1'm bored. I haven't got
'Can you get some meat?' 'Sure. Tell me
8 1 feel lonely. I need
some replies. Then listen and compare your answers.
6Choose the correct
II went to the shops for to buy /for
buy/ to buy some shoes.
2Do you enjoy dance / dancing / to
3When I was young, I used ro go / go /
4He told me he loves me. I didn't know
what say/ to say / saying.
5When we were on holiday, we went swim
/ to swim / swimming every day.
I How can you describe
the experiences below? Use an adjective from the box.
X terrifying boring
I You get stuck in a
go on a 5-mile walk, then climb three mountains.
go on biggest roller coa,ster in the world. 4 Yo'iflnd a spider in the bath.
eone shòws you their holidav photos for hours and
hours cher says you're all such wonde dents that I onyv grye you any
morghpmework.' do the people photos feel? 's frightened.
10.4 Listen and praçtise the pronunciatiOhòfthe§
adjectives describe a situation, person, or thing. an interesting life a boring
teacher an exciting film
adjectives describe how people feel.
I'm very interested in modern art.
We were bored at the end of the lesson.
Shes excited about going on holiday tomorrow.
th nt . Useþne of thae adjectives..
met a famous star today.' 'Really? HOW —4_7_
'l spent four hours going round a museum.' 'Was it 'No,
haven't heard from my parents for two months.' 'You must be
Maria! What are you doing here?' 'Why are you so to see me?'
failed my exam. I worked really hard for it. I'm so
man started to follow me home last night.' 'Weren't you
computer's broken, and I don't understand the manual. It's so
Close your books. Listen to the beginnings of the lines.
What have you seen on television or in the
read a spy novel.
horror film. I
cinema recently? What
books have you read?
It was very exciling.
thought it was frightening.
did you think of them? Tell a partner.
Into the wild
Describe what you can see in the photograph. Which country do you think it is?
What makes life difficult for people who live here?
the introductory paragraph and the words in bold. In pairs, decide whether
these statements are true G/) or false (X).
•Chris McCandless died very young. •
He loved nature and a simple life.
•He was killed by hunters. • He wanted
•He didn't enjoy his life. • He
knew he was dying.
you want to know about Chris?
to the line ending Thank you!' his diary reads." and answer the
Chris keep in touch with his parents?
they last hear from him?
2Why did he get rid of his car and burn
3What did he need? What didn't he need?
4 In what way was his life rich?
4Read to the line ending . I didn't
know where he was. " Choose the best answer.
I Chris didn't get on With his father because his father had a lot of
C] didn't Ict Chris work in the family business. tried to tell Chris What
2 When the parents didn't hear from Chris, the police got in touch with
C] they got in touch with the police. D they did nothing.
3 In July 1992
C] his mother dreamt that she heard Chris calling her. his mother is sure
that she heard Chris calling her. Chris phoned his mother for help.
to the end. Correct the mistakes in this summary.
Chris got the train to Alaska, and arrived in May, 1992. He lived in a
bus, and there was a bed and a bath in it. He was very happy. There was lots to
eat— small animals, and fruit and vegetables, which he grew himself.
After five months of living alone, he started to feel ill. He had no
strength because he was eating poisonous plants, but he didn't know that this
was the reason. He continued eating. He died of food poisoning.
He knew he was dying. He wrote a letter to his parents, and took a photo
of himself. He seemed happy to die in these circumstances.
What do you think?
•What was important to Chris? What
•What do you think he was trying to do?
•Why do young people feel the need to
break away from their parents?
In April 1992, Chris
McCandless, a young man from a wealthy American family, hitchhiked to Alaska.
Four months later, his dead body was found by a group Of hunters. Jon Krakauer
investigated the story.
Chris McCandless graduated from Emory University, Atlanta, in June 1990, he
sent his parents a letter containing his final reports. His letter ended 'Say
'Hi' to everyone for me.'
in Chris's family ever heard from him again.
He drove west out of Atlanta, and invented a new life
for himself With a new name. He left his car in some woods and burned all his
money, because, as he wrote in his diary, 'I need no possessions. I can survive
with just nature.'
For the next two years, he hitched to various parts of
the United States and
Mexico. He wanted the freedom to go where he wanted and to work when he
needed. For him, his life was very rich. 'God, it's great to be alive. Thank
you! Thank you!' his diary reads.
hris came from a comfortable background. His father had
a business which he ran efficiently, and he controlled his own family in a
similar way. Chris and his father didn't get on. When his parents didn't hear
However, reality soon
changed the dream. He was hungry, and it was difficult to find enough to eat.
He shot ducks, squirrels, birds, and sometimes a moose, and with these he ate
wild potatoes, wild mushrooms, and berries. He was losing a lot of weight.
30 he wrote, 'Extremely weak. Fault of potato seed. Can't stand up. Starving.
Danger.' It seems that Chris was eating a part of the wild potato plant that
was poisonous. He couldn't get out of
several months, they contacted the •l need no possessions. police, but they
could do nothing. In July 1992, two years after Chris left Atlanta, his can
survive With mother woke in the middle of the night.
could hear Chris calling me. I
wasn't just nature.'
the bus to look for rood. 'I am trapped in the wild,' he wrote on August
He became weaker and weaker as he was starving to death. His final note
says, 'I have had a good life and thank the
dreaming. He was begging,
'Mom! Help me!' But I couldn't help him because I didn't know where he was.'
dream was to spend some time in Alaska, and this is where he went in
April 1992. In early May, after a few days in the Alaskan bush, Chris
found an old bus which hunters used for shelter. It had a bed and a stove. He
decided to stay there for a While. 'Total freedom,' he wrote. 'My home is the
Lord. Goodbye and may God bless all!'
Then he crawled into his sleeping bag and lost
consciousness. He probably died on August 18. One of the last things he did was
to take a photo of himself, one hand holding his final note, the other hand
raised in a brave goodbye. His face is horribly thin, but he is smiling in the
picture, and the look in his eyes says 'l am at peace.'
4 Answer the questions.
I Identify these people in the
Exclamations with so and such
listen to the sentences.
Tom Jamie the witness
2 Imagine who says these lines
in the story.
Look at the sentences. When do we use so, such a(n), such,
so many, and so
• I've had a really good idea for
We were all so worried!
• Lie on the ground! Don't move!
Mike's such an idiot !
• please let me go!
It was such a good idea Of Jamie's!
• Send the police immediately!
He has such crazy friends !
• Come and help. This looks
We had such awful weather on holiday!
There are so many places I want to go to!
• Happy birthday, dear Tom! • You I thought you
got so much work !
Complete the sentences in A with so,
such a, such, so many, or so much. Then
• I knew it was you from the
match them with the sentences in B.
Their house is mess!
There were people at the party!
Jane and Pete are nice people!
I've spent money this week!
A present! For me? Yotfre kind!
We've had nice time!
8 Molly's clever dog!
I could eat a horse.
I don't know where it's all gone.
didn't have to.
She understands every word I say.
There was nowhere to dance.
Thank you so much for inviting us.
But I can't stand their kids.
I don't know how they live in it.
bm was scared. He was very scared. He was so scared!
think this use of so is more written or spoken? What effect does
•Excuse me. gentlemen. Can I just ask
you a few questions?
•I think we have a bit of a confession
partner, roleplay one of these conversations and retell the story.
•Tom talking to his girlfriend
• the Witness talking to the
check. Practise the exclamations.
• Jamie talking to the policeman
What can you say . .
•at the end Of a long journey
That was such a long journey!
I'm so tired!
•when you finish an interesting book
with a sad ending
•as you go round a friend's new flat
•at the end of a wonderful meal
•in a row With your
•at the end of a
great English lesson
10 • Scared to
Things that changed the world
Passives • Verbs and
nouns that go together • Notices
Make true sentences from the chart. Champagne Japan.
What is made and grown in your Whisky France. country? &