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New Headway. Pre-Intermediate_Student's book_John and Liz Soars_2nd ed_2000 -144p.pdf



English Course


Student's Book


English Course

John and Liz Soars



CONTENTS                                           LANGUAGE INPUT




Everyday English

1 Getting to Tenses Using a bilingual dictionary p9 know you

Most people live in the south. p14

                                         Present Continuous                                                      This country exports wool. p 14

What's he doing at the moment? p16      Collocation have/have got       Daily life

                                              We have a population of... p15                                listen to music

                                            Have yöu got a mobile phone? p16                          talk to my friends PI 7

3 It all went wrong p22

Past tenses

Past Simple

He heard a noise.

What did you do last night? p23

Past Continuous

A car was waiting. p24

Irregular verbs saw, went, told p23

Making connections break/ mend, lose/find p23

Nouns, verbs, and adjectives

Suffixes to make different parts Of speech discuss, discussion p28

Making negatives pack, unpack p28

Time expressions the eighth ofJanuary at six o'clock on Saturday in 1995 p29

4 Let's go shopping! p30

check l

Quantity much and many

How much butter? How many eggs? p30 some and any some apples, any grapes p31 something, anyone, nobody, everywhere p32 a few, a little, a lot of p31

Articles a shopkeeper, an old shop, the River Thames He sells bread. p33

Buying things milk, eggs, bread, n packet of Crisps, a can of Coke, shampoo, soap, jumpers, department store, antique shop, newsagent, trainers a tie, conditioner, first class stamps

Prices and shopping


$160 What's the exchange rate?

How much is a pair of jeans? p37

Stop and

5 What do you want to do? p38

Teacher's Book p130

Verb patterns want/hope to do, enjoy/like doing lookingforward to doing, 'd like to do p38 Future intentions going to and will

She's going to travel the world.

I'll pick it up for you. p40

Hot verbs have, go, come have an accident go wrong come first p44

How do you fee]? nervous, fed up Cheer up! p45

Tell me!

What's it like? p46

What's it like?

What's Paris like? p46

Comparative and superlative adjectives big, bigger, biggest good, better, best p48

Talking about towns modern buildings, night-life p47

Money make money, inherit p50

Synonyms and antonyms

lovely, beautiful, interested, bored p52

Directions farm, wood, pond opposite the car park over the bridge p53


7 Famous couples Present Perfect and Past Simple p54     She has written 20 novels.

He wrote 47 novels. p54 for and since for three years since 1985 p56 Tense revision

Where do you live? How long have you lived there?

Why did you move? p56


Past participles

Short answers

lived, written p54

Do you like cooking?

Bands and music

Yes, I do.

guitar, keyboards

NO, I don?t. p61

make a record p57

Adverbs slowly, carefully, just, still, too p60

Word pairs this and that ladies and gentlemen p60


'People, the great communicators' — the many ways we communicate

Information gap — Joy Darling p8

Discussion — who are your ideal neighbours? p12

Roleplay — exchanging information about two neighbours p12

Neighbours — Steve and Mrs Snell talk about each Other as neighbours (jigsaw) PI 2

Informal letters

A letter to a penfriend WB p9


'Living in the USX — three people talk about their experiences (jigsaw) p18

Information gap — people's lifestyles p16

Exchanging information about immigrants to the USA p18

'You drive me mad (but I love you)!' — what annoys you about the people in your life? p20

Linking words but, however WB PI 4

Describing a person WB PI 5


'The burglars' friend' p22

Newspaper stories p24

A short story — 'The perfect crime' p26

Information gap — Zoë's party p25

Telling stories fortunately/unfortunately p25

A radio drama — 'The perfect crime' p26

Linking words while, during, and for WB p2()

Writing a story 1 WB p21


'The best shopping street in the world' — Nowy Swiat, in Poland p34

Town survey — the good things and bad things about living in your town p32

Discussion — attitudes to shopping p34

'My uncle's a shopkeeper' p33

Buying things p36

Filling in forms WB p26













Hollywood kids — growing up in Los Angeles ain't easy' p42

What are your plans•md ambitions? p39

Being a teenager p42

A song — You've got a friend p44

Writing a postcard WB p32


'A tale of two millionaires' — one was mean and one was generous p50

Information gap — comparing cities p48

Discussion — the rich and their money p50

Living in another country — an interview with a girl who went to live in Sweden p49

Relative clauses I who/ that/ which/ where WB p37

Describing a place WB p37


Celebrity interview from Hi! Magazine with the pop star and the footballer who are in love p58

Mingle — Find someone who p55

Roleplay — interviewing a band p57

Project — find an interview with a famous person p58

An interview with the band Style p57

Relative clauses 2 who/ which/ that as the object WB p41

Writing a biography WB p42


Reading                                 Speaking                             Listening                     Writing (in the Workbook)


8 Do's and don'ts have (got) to p62 You have to pay bills.

I've got to go. p62 should


Stop and check 2 Teacher's Book p132

a double room, ground floor p76

10    Scared to death Verb patterns 2 Shops Exclamations p78 manage to do, used to do, go walking p78 post office, bookshop p80 He was so scared!

                                            itives                                                                 Describing feelings and situations                        He's such an idiot!

                                            Purpose                                                                        frightening, frightened                                      I've spent so much

I went to the shops to buy some shoes, p8()         worrying, worried p81           money! p85 what, etc. + infinitive

I don't know what to say. p80 something, etc. + infinitive

I need something to eat. p80

11    Things that   Passives  Verbs and past participles      Notices

12 Dreams and Second conditional Phrasal verbs Social expressions 2 reality If I Were a princess, I'd live in a castle. p94 go away, take offyour coat Congratulations! p94 might The plane took off Never mind.

                                           I might go to America. p96—97                              I gave up my job.                                                 I haven't a clue. p101

Take them off p100

Stop and check 3 Teacher's Book p134

13 Earning a living Present Perfect Continuous Jobs and the alphabet game — architect, Telephoning p102 I've been living on the streets for a year. bookseller p106 Is that Mike? How long have you been selling The Big Issue? Word formation I'm afraid he's out.

                                           p102                                                                          death, die                                                           Cen I take a message? 12109

                                         Present Perfect Simple versus Continuous                  variety, various PI 05

                                           He's been running.                                                Adverbs

                                           He's run five miles. p104                                        mainly, possibly, exactly, carefully PI 05

14 Love you and     Past Perfect             Words in context PI 16          Saying goodbye leave you     They had met only One Week earlier. pl 10          Have a safe journey!

pi 10 Reported statements                Thank you for a lovely She told me that she loved John.     evening. p I l 7

She said that she'd met him six months ago. pi 13

Stop and check 4 Teacher's Book p136

                                        Tapescripts PI 18                     Grammar Reference p129                     Word list Teacher's Book p 152

                          the                                 is enjoyed all over the world.                   grown, produced                                                 Keep off the



The world's first megalopolis — a city of 40 million people p75

What will you do? p72

Discussion — what will life be like in the 21st century? p73

What are the biggest cities in the world? p74

Life in 2050 — an intewiew with Michio Kaku, Professor of

Theoretical Physics p73

Linking words 2

Advantages and disadvantages

WB p52


'Don't look down' — walking on a dangerous footpath p78

'Into the wild' — an American boy's search for freedom p82

'When I was young' — talking about your childhood p80

Describing feelings p81

Roleplay— Tom and Jamie pS5

When I was young p80

It was just a joke — a boy called Jamie kidnapped his friend p84

Writing letters

Formal and informal letters I

WB p57


Three plants that changed the world — tobacco, sugar and cotton (jigsaw) p90

Exchanging information about three plants p90

Discussion — which plants have been good and bad for the world? p90

The world's most common habit: chewing gum — the history of chewing gum p92

Writing a review of a book or film WB p63

The vicar who's a ghostbuster p98

Giving advice — IfI were you, I'd . p96

Telling stories — tell the class a ghost story p98

An           with a woman who heard voices p98

Adverbs WB p68

Writing a story 2 WB p68







A funny way to earn a living— a rollerskater in a supermarket, a beachcomber, and a hot air balloonist (jigsaw) pl 06—7

Information gap — Steven Spielberg p104

Discussion — What is a good job? PI 06

Roleplay— phoning a friend p108

Giving news — a telephone conversation between Craig and his mother p108

Writing letters

Expressions in different kinds Of letters WB p74

Formal and informal letters 2

WB p75


A love story PI 10

A short Story — 'The tale Of two silent brothers' pl 14

A love story: the end of the story — write your ideas pl 12

Arguments in families pl 14

What happens next in the story? PI 15

An interview with Carmen Day pi 13

A song — Talk to me PI 16

Writing a story 3 WB p80








Where were you born?

What do you do?

Are you married?

Why are you learning English?

When did you start learning English?

How often do you have English classes?

A year ago.

Three times a week.

In Thailand.

Because I need it for my job.

I'm a teacher.

No, I'm single.

2 Ask and answer the questions with a partner.


2 Complete the questions about Carly.

     I Where does she come from?                                                             Carly Robson

2           live?

3           live with?

4           What     studying? 5         enjoying the course?

6                           How many               speak?

7                           did her course start?

8                           What          after she graduates?

Listen to Carly, and write the answers to the questions.

3 Complete the questions to Carly.

I 'Which university do you go to?'

'I don't go to a university. I study at home.'

2                                                    a job?'

'Yes, I do. A part-time job.'

3                                                    'What     at the moment?'

'I'm writing an essay.'

4                                                    to England?'

Fifteen years ago.'

5                                                    name?'



'He's an architect.'


Find examples of present, past, and future tenses in the texts about Maurizio and Carly.

2     Which tenses are the two verb forms in these sentences? What is the difference between them? He lives with his parents.

living with an English family for a month.

3     Match the question words and answers.

What . . .

Who . .

Where .

When .

Why . .

How many . .

How much .

How        ?

Whose .


Because I wanted to.

Last night. $5.

A sandwich.

By bus.

In New York.


The black one. les mine. Four.

Grammar Reference 1.1 and 1.2 p129



Talking about you

I Ask and answer questions with a partner.

have any brothers or sisters?

    What ... like doing at the weekend?

    Where . go for your last holiday?

Make more questions. Use some of the question words in the Grammar Spot on p7. Ask your teacher some of the questions.

2    In groups, ask and answer the questions.

   Do you like listening to music?

   What sort of music do you like?

   What are you wearing?

   What is your teacher wearing?

   What did you do last night?

   What are you doing tonight?

3    Write a paragraph about you. Use the text about Maurizio to help you.

Getting information

4 Your teacher will give you                                            Darling,

a postwoman. You don't have tþe     inforiml. Ask ananswer questions.

Student A

Student B

Joy Darling started working as a

Joy Darling started working as a

postwoman . . . (When?). She drives

postwoman thirty yearsago, when

a van because she delivers letters to

she was 22. She drives a van

a lot of small villages.

When did she start

because        (Why?).

working as a postwoman?

Thirty years ago.

Why does she drive a van?

Because she delivers letters to a lot of small villages.

Check it

5 Choose the correct verb form.

1    Maria comes / is coming from Chile.

2    She speaks / is speaking Spanish and English:

3    Today Tom wears / is wearing jeans and a T-shirt.

4    Are you liking / Do you like black coffee?

5    Last year she went / goes on holiday to Florida.

6    Next year she studies / is going to study at university.



Using a bilingual dictionary

I Look at this extract from the Oxford Portuguese Minidictionary.

The pronunciation in

The translation phonetic symbols

 means repeat the word, so this word is bookcase.

Other words made with book come at the end.

2 What are these words? Write noun, verb, adjective, adverb, preposition,

Information in brackets s) helps you to find the right translation.

The part of speech (n. = noun, v. = verb)



I How many different ways can people communicate?

2    Your teacher will give you some ideas to communicate, but you can't use words! Mime to your partner, and your partner has to guess what they are.

3    Read the text quickly and match the headings to the paragraphs.







4    Match the pictures on PI I to each of the four ancient societies in paragraph three.

5    Read the text again and answer the questions.

1   Which animals are mentioned? What can they do?

2   What is special about human communication? What can we do?

3   Which four forms of media are mentioned in the last paragraph?

4   What is good and bad about information technology today? What do you think?

   What can animals do that people can't?

   How do you like to communicate?

   What is happening in information technology now?


the great communicators

We can communicate with other people in many different ways. We can talk and write, and we can send messages with our hands and faces. There is also the phone (including the mobile!), the fax, and e-mail. Television, film, painting, and photography can also communicate ideas.

Animals have ways of exchanging information, too. Bees dance and tell other bees where to find food. Elephants make sounds that humans can't hear. Whales sing songs. Monkeys use their faces to show anger and love. But this is nothing compared to what people can do. We have language — about 6000 languages, in fact. We can write poetry, tell jokes, make promises, explain, persuade, tell the truth, or tell lies. And we have a sense of past and future, not just present.

Communication technologies were very important in the development of all the great ancient societies:

Around 2900 BC, paper and hieroglyphics transformed Egyptian life.

The ancient Greeks loved the spoken word. They were very good at public speaking, drama, and philosophy.

The Romans developed a unique system of government that depended on the Roman alphabet.

In the 14th century, the printing press helped develop new ways of thinking across Europe.

Radio, film, and television have had a huge influence on society in the last hundred years. And now we have the Internet, which is infinite. But what is this doing to us? We can give and get a lot of information very quickly. But there is so much information that it is difficult to know what is important and what isn't. Modern media is changing our world every minute of every day.



I Who are your ideal neighbours? Complete the questionnaire on the right, then discuss your answers with a partner.

2     'Good walls make good neighbours'.

What does this mean? Do you agree?

3     You will hear Mrs Snell and her new neighbour, Steve, talking about each other.

Work in two groups.

 Group A Listen to Mrs Snell.  Group B Listen to Steve.

4     Answer the questions.

I When did Steve move into his new flat?

2       Is it a large flat?

3       What's his job? Is it a good job?

4       Does he work long hours?

5       What does he wear for work?

6       Who is staying with Steve at the moment?

7       What time did Steve's party end?

8       How many people came to the party?

9       What is Steve doing tonight?

10   Why doesn't Mrs Snell want to speak to Steve?

Compare your answers with a partner from the other group. What are the differences?


Work in groups of three.

Student A You are Steve.

Student B You are Mrs Snell.

Student C You are another neighbour. You have invited them to your flat for coffee.

Continue the conversation below. Talk about these things.

   Steve's job      • Steve's sister     • the party

       Neighbour    Do you two know each other?

      Steve             Well, we met a few days ago.

      Mrs Snell     But we didn't introduce ourselves, I'm Mrs Snell'.

      Steve             Pleased to meet you.

      Neighbour    Steve works in advertising, you know ..

What do you think?

   What do you understand by the words 'generation

   Write down three things that young people think about older people and three things that older people think \ about young people. In groups, compare ideas.



Social expressions 1

I We use certain expressions in different social situations.

I'm sorry I'm late!

Don't worry. Come and sit down.

Match the expressions and responses. When do we use these expressions?

How are you?

Sleep well!

Hello, Jane!

Yes. Can I help you?

How do you do?

Good morning!

See you tomorrow!

Fine, thanks.

Good night!

Pleased to meet you, Ela.

Good morning!

Not at all. Don't mention it.

Hello, I'm Ela Paul.



Same to you!

Excuse me!

That's very kind. Thank you.

Bless you!


Have a good weekend!

How do you do?

Thank you very much indeed.

Hi, Peter!

Make yourself at home.


Listen and check. Practise saying them.

2    Test a partner. Say an expression. Can your partner give the correct response?

3    With your partner, write two short conversations that include some of the social expressions. Read your conversations to the class.

The way we live

Present tenses • have/havegot • Collocation — daily life • Making conversation

STARTER                    These flags all belong to English-speaking countries. Write the name of the country.

The United States



New Zealand



Present tenses and have/have got

I Read the texts. Match a country from the Starter with a text and a photograph. Complete the texts with the words from the boxes.

exports enjoy immigrants huge

This country has quite a small population, just 16 million, but the country is The people are mainly Of European descent, but there are also aborigines and a lot of south-east Asian People live in towns on the coast, not so much inland, because it is so hot. They live a lot of their lives outdoors, and _ sports, swimming, and having barbecues. This country wine and wool — it has more than 60 million sheep!

2 •

2                                                          3

5                                                          6

favourite variety has only

This is the second biggest country in the world, but it has a population of

30 million. It is so big that there is a of climates. Most people live in the south because the north is too cold. It is famous for its beautiful mountains and lakes — it more lakes than any other country. Their sports are baseball and ice hockey. elephants grows black climate

This country has a population of about

45 million. Of these, 76 per cent are and 12 per cent white. It has a warm . Either it never rains, or it rains a lot! It is the world's biggest producer of gold, and it exports diamonds, too. It a lot of fruit, including oranges, pears, and grapes, and it makes wine. In the game reserves you can see a lot of wildlife, including lions, zebras, and giraffes.

South Africa



Talking about you

I Practise the forms of have and have got in the question, negative, and short answer.

Do you have a car?

Yes, I do.

No, I don't.

Have you got a car?

Yes, I have.

No, 1 haven't.

                      I don't have a computer.                  I haven't got a computer.

T 2.2 Listen and repeat.

2 Ask and answer about these things with a partner, using have or have got:

  a computer • a credit card      • brothers and sisters

  a stereo       • a Walkman         • your parents/a holiday home

  a camera      • a mobile phone • your sister/a car

  a bicycle      • a pet    • your brother/a motorbike


Getting information

3 Work with a partner.

Student A Look at this chart.

Student B Look at the chart from your teacher.



          Name and age Town and                 Family


Free time/

Present actiVity


Mike, 26

Lucy, 38




        Nicole, 15                Texas, the                two brothers

student at

• listens to

getting ready

                                        United States          and a dog!

high school


• Florida or


to go out

        Jeff, 54, and            Melbourne,              one daughter

He      office.

• tennis,

having a

       Wendy, 53             Australia                and three

She .


barbecue in



• Bali every summer

the back yard

Write questions to find the information about the people in

your chart.

      Town/country                   Where does he . from?

     Family                                . married?                 • Has he got .



   Does she have .        • How many .

     Occupation                 • What .

Free time/ holiday • What does she .. in her free time?

   Where . , . go on holiday?

     Present activity         • What ... doing at the moment?



T 2.3 Listen and compare.

4 Ask and answer questions with your partner to complete your chart.



5 Think of questions to ask about free Daily life time and holiday activities.

have wash watch talk

a film on TV to my friends my hair breakfast


make listen relax do

to music my homework a cup of tea on the sofa

         What do you do in your free time?                           I Match the verbs and nouns.

   What do ... at the weekend? . . any sports?

   Do you like .

   Where ... holiday?

   Do winter holiday?

have clear up do have/put

posters on the wall the mess a shower the washing-up


cook go put on read

magazines a meal make-up to the toilet

Stand up! Ask two or three students your questions. Use short answers when necessary, Find out who has the most hobbies and holidays.

T 2.4

Listen and check.

Check it

6 Tick (V) the correct sentence.

Match        activities from                     with          correct

Kitchen                                                              Bathroom

                                                                       2            the                      exercise I        the            room.

Where you go on holiday?

Where do you go on holiday?

2 C] Do you have any children?

C] Do you have got any children?

          [2 I'm Hans. I'm coming from                               Living room                                                  Bedroom



[2 I'm Hans. I come from Germany.

4This is a great party! Everyone is dancing.

This is a great party! EveryoneDo you like where you live? Choose your favourite room. What do you dances.    do in that room?

5I don't have a mobile phone. C] I no have a mobile phone.

6Jack's a policeman, but he doesn't wear a uniform. Jack's a policeman, but he no wear a uniform.

7               C] 'Where is José?' 'He's sitting by the window.'

'Where is José?' 'He sits by the window.'

8               I'm liking black coffee. I like black coffee.

I like MY bedroom a lot because I've got lots of posters on the walls. I listen to Music and do MY homework

I like MY living room. The walls arg white, and I love the big, comfortable sofa

4 Describe your favourite room to a partner. Don't say which room it is. Can your partner guess?



Living in the USA

I Close your eyes and think of the United States. Write down the first five things you think of.

The Empire State Building

Cheeseburger and fries

Compare your list with other students.

2     Read the introduction to the magazine article. Then work in three groups.

Group A Read about Roberto.

Group B Read about Endre.

Group C Read about Yuet Tung.

3     Answer the questions.

1    Why and when did he/she come to the US?

2    What does he/she do?

3    What does he/she like about living in the US?

4    What was difficult at the beginning?

4     Find a partner from each of the other two groups. Compare the three people. 5 Answer the questions with your group.

 What do the people have in common?

2     Are they all happy living in the US?

3     Who has other members of their family living there?

4     Do they all have children?

5     Who married someone from their own country?

6     What do Roberto and Endre like about the US?

7     What do they say about their own country?

8     Do they like the people?

9     What do they say about Americans and their cars?

What do you think?

  What do you like best about living in your country? What would you miss if you lived abroad?

  Do you know any foreigners living in your country? What do they like about it? What do they find different?



Roberto came from Acapulco to New york ten years ago. At first he missed everything - the sunshine, the food, his girlfriend. But now he has a successful business with his three brothers and his sister. They run a soccer store in New Brunswick. Roberto's girlfriend is now his wife, and they have two children who go to American schools.

When asked why he came to the

US, Roberto says without hesitation, 'Because I want to work hard and be successful.' He certainly works hard. He's at the store all day, then works as a driver in the evening. 'That's why I like America,' he says.

'You can be what you want.'

'When I first came here, I didn't speak the language, and it was winter. It was so cold! There was snow! Now nearly all my family are here, not only in New York, but also in California, and in Texas. We meet about once a month and have a huge Mexican meal that takes about five hours! we're all happy here.'

Endre is a mathematician at

Rutgers University, New Jersey. He came from Budapest thirteen years ago. 'I had an opportunity to come here for two years.' After a year, his wife came to join him, and since then they've had a daughter, so they decided to stay.

'At first it was very strange. Everything is so big here,' he says. 'I started to feel happy when I bought a car. NOW I go everywhere by car. In Hungary, we only use the car at weekends, but here your car is part of your life. Nobody walks anywhere.'

HOW does he find the people? 'very friendly. The first question everybody asks you is "Where are you from?" People talk to you here, they start conversations. I like the fact that there are people from all over the world.'

What about the way of life? 'The thing I like best is the independence. Nobody tells me what to do. Here you can do what you want, so you learn to make decisions for yourself. I feel in control.'

yuet Tung is her Chinese name, but in English she's known as Clara. She came to the US eight years ago and studied fine art. Now she works on Madison Avenue for a publisher. She married a Vietnamese American three years ago, and they live in Long Island. They don't have any children yet.

What does she think of living in

New York? 'It's very similar to Hong Kong. It's a busy city, very exciting, and people walk very fast! I like the stores here. They're huge, and it's cheaper than Hong Kong. But you need a car here. In Hong Kong everyone uses public transportation, because it's good and it's cheap. At first I hated driving here, but it's

0K now.'

What does she like best? 'The space. Here I live in a house with a yard. In Hong Kong it is so crowded. And the people are friendly. When I go jogging, everyone says "Hi!" And the food is from every country in the world.'



You drive me mad (but I love you)!                                                                                          Dave and Aliso

I Complete these sentences about the people in your life. Tell a partner.

   My mother/father drives me mad when she/he ,             • I don't like people who

   I hate it when my boyfriend/girlfriend . .            • It really annoys me when friends .

2    Choose one person in your life. What annoying habits does he/she have?

     Does he/she .                                   Is he/she .

   always arrive late      • untidy Mike and Carol

   talk too loudly            • always on the phone

   leave things on the floor         • never on time

What annoying habits do you have? Discuss with your partner.

3    You are going to listen to a radio programme called

Home Truths. Two couples, Carol and Mike, and Dave and Alison, talk about their partner's annoying habits. Look at the pictures below. What are their annoying habits?

T 2.5

Listen and write the correct names under each picture below.

4    Are these sentences true (V) or false (X)? Correct the false sentences.

     I Carol and Mike never watch television.                       5 Dave never does any jobs at home.

2     Mike doesn't listen when his wife speaks to him.  6 Dave is bad at his job.

3     Carol makes the decisions in their house.  7 Alison tidies up Dave's mess. 4 Mike shouts at his wife when she's driving.   8 Alison is very organized.

What do you think?

I Do men or women typically complain about their partners doing these things?

     • watching sport on TV      • driving badly      • taking a long time to get ready      • not tidying things away

2 What do you think men are generally better at? What are women better at?



IAIison           Making conversation

T 2.6

Listen to two conversations. Maria and Jean-Paul are foreign students in Britain.

Their teachers are trying to be friendly.

Which conversation is more successful? Why?

2 Obviously, it is impossible to tell someone how to have a conversation, but here are some things that help.

  Ask questions.

  Show that you're interested,

  Don't just answer yes or no.

  Try to add a comment of your own.

  Don't let the conversation stop. Find examples of these in the tapescripts on pl 19.

3    Match a line in A with a reply in B and a further comment in C.













What a lovely day it is today!

It's Very wet today.

How are you today?

Did you have a nice weekend?

How are you finding living in London? Did you have a good journey?

Did you watch the football yesterday?

What a lovely coat you're wearing!

If you have any problems, just ask me for help,

I'm enjoying it.

Yes, no problems.

I'm very well, thanks.

No, I missed it.

Thank you.

Thank you very much.


Yes, it was lovely.

Mm. Horrible.

Was it a good game?

That's very kind of you.

We had a pub lunch and went for a walk.

The plane was a bit late, but it didn't matter.

Makes you feel miserable, doesn't it?

I got it in Paris last year.

How about you?

It was a bit strange at first, but I'm getting used to it. Beautiful, isn't it?

T 2.7

Listen and check. Practise the conversations with a partner.

4    Think of three questions to ask someone about each of these subjects.

• job • home • free time • last holiday

5    Invent a new name and background for yourself.

My name's James Bond. I'm a spy. I have homes in London, Moscow, and Beijing .

Stand up! You're all at a party. Try to make some friends.

2 •

STARTER                      Here are the past tense forms of some irregular verbs. Write the infinitives.

                                                              were                  4                     told                 7                     took                  10                   could

2                               saw           5              said         8              gave        11            made

3                               went         6              had          9              got           12            did




Read and listen to the newspaper article. Why was Russell the burglars' friend?


The burglars' friend

IT was 3 0'clock in the His parents They said, 'Will you open the morning when four-year- back door while we take these old Russell Brown woke were fast things to the car, because we up to go to the toilet. asleep in bed don't and Daddy, want do to wake we?' So MummyRussell His parents were fast asleep held the door open for them. in bed. But when he heard a was. Russell showed them,

He then went back to bed. noise in the living room and and said they had a stereo His parents didn't know saw a light was on, he went and CD player, too. about the burglary until they downstairs. The two men carried these got up the next day. His There he found two men. to the kitchen. Russell also father said, 'I couldn't be They asked him his name, told them that his mother angry with Russell because he and told him they were kept her purse in a drawer in thought he was doing the friends of the family. the kitchen, so they took right thing.'

Unfortunately, Russell that. Russell even gave them Fortunately, the police believed them. They asked his pocket money — 50p. caught the two burglars last him where the video recorder They finally left at 4 a.m. week.






break a cup feel ill make a sandwich have a shower lose my passport call the police run out of coffee forget her birthday phone ring tell a joke

answer it mend it wash my hair laugh be hungry go to bed buy some more find it

say sorry hear a strange noise



Past Continuous

I Complete the newspaper articles with the Past Simple of the verbs in the boxes.


have can steal give say


break hear come leave go


Hands up, I've got a burger!

Last Tuesday a man armed with just a hot hamburger in a bag (1)

$1,000 from a bank in Danville,


Police Detective Bill McGinnis (2) that the robber entered the Mount Diablo National Bank at about 1.30

p.m. and (3) the teller a note demanding $1,000. He claimed that he (4) a bomb in the bag. The teller said she police Detective Bill McGinnis (5) smell a distinct odour of hamburger coming from the bag. Even so, she handed the money to the man. He dropped the bag with the hamburger. He escaped in a car.

Teenage party ends in tears

Zoë Harman, 16. home


When Jack and

Kelly Harman (1) away on holiday, they (2) their teenage daughter alone in the house. Zoë, aged 16, wanted to stay at home. Her parents said she could have some friends to stay. However, Zoë decided to have a party. Things started to go wrong. Forty uninvited guests arrived. They (3) furniture, smashed windows, and stole jewellery.

When Mr and Mrs Harman (4) the news, they (5) home immediately.






What tense are all the verb forms in exercise 2? Why is this tense used?

How do we make questions and negatives?

Look at these sentences. What's the difference between them? she made

When we arrived,    some coffee. she was making

Grammar Reference 3.2 and 3.3 p132

2 Match these phrases to the articles. Where exactly does each phrase go in the story?

. because she was revising for examS.

As he was running out of the bank,

Everyone was having a good time when suddenly , that was waiting for him outside.

. and some of them were carrying knives,

T 3.5 Listen and check. Practise the sentences that contain these phrases.



Discussing grammar

1    Choose the correct verb form.

I saw / was seeing a very good programme on TV last night.

2    While I shopped / was shopping this morning, I lost / was losing my money. I don't know how.

3    Last week the police stopped / were stopping Alan in his car because he drove / was driving at over eighty miles an hour.

4    How did you cut / were you cuttingyour finger?

5    I cooked / was cooking and I dropped / was dropping the knife.

6    When I arrived / was arriving at the party, everyone had / was having a good time.

7    Did you have / Were you having a good time last night?

2 Complete the sentences with the verbs in the Past Simple or Past Continuous.

1    While 1 (go) to work this morning, 1 (meet) an old friend.

2    1 (not want) to get up this morning. It (rain) and it was cold, and my bed was so warm.

3    1  (listen) to the news on the radio when the phone (ring).

4    But when I(pick) up the phone, there was no one there.

5    1  (say) hello to the children, but they didn't say anything because they      (watch) television.

Getting information

3      Your teacher will give you some more information about the teenage party, but you don't have all the information. Ask and answer questions.

Student A

Student B

Mr and Mrs Harman

Mr and Mrs Harman arrived

arrived home at.. . (When?)

home at 10.30 in the evening.

Zoë was staying with friends.

Zoë was staying ... (Where?)

When did

Mr and Mrs arrive home?

in the evening.

Harman At 10.30

staying friends.

Where was Zoë


4      Continue this story around the class.

I went out for a walk.

Unfortunately, it began to rain* Fortunately, I had an umbrella.

Unfortunately, it was broken.

Fortunately, I met a friend in his cart Unfortunately, his car ran out Of petrol. Fortunately, .

5      Tell similar stories around the class, Begin with these sentences.

   I lost my wallet yesterday.

   It was my birthday last week.

   We went out for a meal last night.


   I went on holiday to. . . last year.

She was with


A radio drama

T 3.6

1Look at the pictures below and listen to a radio play called The perfect crime.

2    Answer the questions.

3    Read the story. What do you learn from the story that you didn't from the radio drama?

Then she turned up the central heating, and went upstairs to put on some make-up.

The police came quickly.

'Is he all right?' she asked.

'He's dead.' she     Alice screamed. 'No, no, not Henry! My Henry! Oh Henry!' Through her tears she told how she put the baby to bed, and came downstairs to find Henry on the be  kitchen floor.

'Burglars,' said Detective Parry.

ere              They took her into the living room.

'Sit down, Mrs Jackson. Sergeant Taylor, get Mrs for Jackson a drink. A brandy with some ice. Phew! It's hot in this room. I hope you understand, Mrs Jackson, that we have to search the house immediately. We must find the murder weapon.' he The room was getting hotter. Suddenly an arm fell off the ice statue onto the table. It was melting. Sergeant Taylor went to the statue and picked up the melting arm. er He broke it into bits and put some into Alice's brandy.

'Phew! Can I have a glass of water, Mrs Jackson? It's so ll. hot in here.'

'I think we all need one,' said the detective. GAnd with ice.' They were all very hot and thirsty.

Alice's friends arrived. 'Poor Alice! Poor Henry!' They cried, and they tried to comfort her.

'Oh, thank you, thank you,' sobbed Alice. 'Please . stay and have a drink. Help yourselves.'

They all had drinks — gin and tonic, whisky — and they all had ice. The statue was now nearly a pool of water on the floor.

'I wonder what the burglar hit him with,' said one guest. 'Who knows?' said another, taking a sip of her drink.

Alice heard this conversation, and smiled into her brandy.


4 Are these sentences true (V) or false (X)?

Correct the false sentences.

Alice was waiting for her husband because she wanted to kill him.

2     She was happy because it was her anniversary.

3     She didn't know what he was going to tell her.

4     Henry said that he was in love with someone else.

5     She thought for a long time about how to murder Henry.

6     She turned up the central heating because the room was cold.

7     After she murdered him, Alice was very clever in her behaviour. 8 Alice hid the murder weapon.

What do you think?

   At the beginning and the end of the play, Alice was smiling. Why?

   Why do you think she did it?

   Do you think it was the perfect crime?

Do you think she got away with the murder? Why/Why not?

Language work

5 Give the past form of these verbs from the story. Be careful with the pronunciation.














6 Retell the story in your own words

around the class.

Based on Lamb to the Slaughter, by Roald Dahl; see note on p144.


Nouns, verbs, and adjectives

I Look at these common noun and adjective suffixes. They are used to form different parts of speech.


-ation -ion -ness -ity -ence -sion -ment


-ous -y -tific -Iy -ful -less -ial

Complete the charts below and mark the stress. There are some spelling changes.







invi 'tation


im 'provement

co'mmunicate dis'cuss govern

delvelop ex' plain

de cide enjoy


em' ploy

•science friend

'danger use help

care noise industry am 'bition




2       Complete the sentences with one of the words from exercise I.

I My English  a lot after I lived in London for a month. 2 I have two     in life. I want to be rich, and I want to be famous.

3       'I'm going to work hard from now on.' 'That's a very good

4       There are manybetween my two children. They aren't similar at all.

5       Thank you for your advice. It was very

6       I like Italian people. They're very kind and

7       The United Nations is an international

8       I asked the teacher for help, but unfortunately, I didn't understand his

9       Motor racing is a very       sport.

10   Fish soup is a        of this area. You must try it.

I l I'm having a party on Saturday, and I'd like toyou. 12 This is the part of my town. There are lots of factories and businesses.

3 •

Making negatives

3 We can make adjectives and verbs negative by using these prefixes.











Complete the sentences, using a word from the box and a prefix.

I Don't go into my bedroom. It's really

2     I can't do maths. For me, it's an subject.

3     I don't        fish. I just prefer meat.

4     It's very     to ask someone

how much they earn.

5     When we arrived at the hotel, we our suitcases. for two years. Then

I got a job in an office.

7       'I think learning languages is stupid.'

 . I think it's a good idea.'

8       The thief stole my bag, ran into the

crowd andI never saw him again.

9       Cannabis is an drug in many countries.

10   You gave her more money than me!



Time expressions


                                                                                                     4             7

                                                                            6       7 8 9 1 11            3         10      6 7 8               Il ?

                                                                                                                                                                  11                   15 16 17

27                    12              1 22 23 24 25 27 28 29 3 31

I There are two ways of saying dates. What are they?

     8/1/98         16/7/85         25/11/02

T 3.7

Listen and check.

29:Fe 'ary-

Look at the same dates in written American English. What's the difference?

     1/8/98         7/16/85         11/25/02

T 3.8

Listen and check.

2 Practise these dates. They are in British English.

4 June 5 August 31 July I March 3 February

21/1/1988 2/12/1996 5/4/1980 11/6/1965 18/10/2000 31/1/2005

T 3.9

Listen and check.

What days are national holidays in your country?

3 Complete these time expressions with at, on, in, or no preposition.

six o'clock Saturday  1995 last night        December               the weekend Monday morning              summer   two weeks ago the evening  yesterday evening   January 18

Grammar Reference 3.4 pm.


4 Ask and answer the questions with a partner.

March Mars März Mar-zo MÐJ

I Do you know exactly when you were born?

13 Monday Landi

I was born at two o'clock in

Wednesday, the twenty-fifth

2 When did you last ?

   go to the cinema     • goto a party  play a sport              • do an exam

   give someone a present        • see a lot of snow

   have a holiday        • clean your teeth

   watch TV • catch a plane


much/many • some/any • a few, a little, a lot of • Articles • Shopping • Prices

Let's go shopping!

Play the alphabet game with things you can buy. Continue around the class.

A                  Yesterday I went shopping and I bought an apple.

B                  Yesterday I went shopping and I bought an apple and some bread. C Yesterday I went shopping and I bought an apple, some bread, and a car. D Yesterday



 Sarah and Vicky are two students who share a flat. It is Saturday morning, and Sarah has written a shopping list.

Read and listen to their conversation.

V It says here milk. How much milk do we need?

S Two pints.

V And eggs? How many eggs?

S A dozen.

V And what about potatoes? How many potatoes?

S A kilo's enough.

V And butter? How much? S Just one packet.

Can we count milk (one milk, two milks) ?

Can we count eggs (one egg, two eggs) ?

When do we say How much ? When do we say How many...

Grammar Reference 4.1 p133

2 Match these quantities with the shopping list.

a bottle of red     six cans just one white loaf six pork ones 200g of Cheddar four big ones four packets

Continue the conversation with a partner.

4 Let's

T 4.2 Read and listen to the rest of the conversation. V Do we need anything else?

S Let's have a look. We've got some apples, but there aren't any grapes. And there isn't any coffee, but we've got some tea.

V Is there any orange juice left, or did somebody finish it?

S There's a little, but there isn't much, so we need some more. V And vegetables? Have we got many vegetables?

S Well, I can see a few carrots, but there aren't many onions.

V Oh, and don't forget we need a lot of crisps. My nephews are coming tomorrow!

S Right, then. I think that's everything. Let's go! By the way, how much money have you got?


Find seven count nouns (CNS) and four uncount nouns (UNs) in the conversation. 2 Tick (v/ ) the correct columns.


We use

some any much many a lot/lots of a few a little

with CNS

with UNS

in positive sentences

in questions


in negative sentences


Look at the forms of something/someone, etc.



The rules are the same as for some and any.

thing some


Find two examples in the conversation in

one/body any





Grammar Reference 4.1 p133


Discussing grammar

I Complete the sentences with some or any.

1   Have you got       brothers or sisters?

2   We don't need      olive oil. 3 Here are     letters for you.

4     1 need     money.

5     Is there    petrol in the car?

2          Complete the sentences with much or many.

     I Have you got           homework?

2    We don't need      eggs. Just half a dozen.

3    Is there    traffic in your town?

4    1 don't know        students in this class. 5 HOW   people live in your house?

3          Complete the sentences with a little, a few, or a lot of

1    I have      close friends. Two or three.

2    He has     money. He's a millionaire.

3    'Do you take sugar in coffee?' 'Just . Half a spoonful.' 4 'Have you got CDs?' 'Hundreds.' 5 I'll be ready in minutes.

     6 She speaks good Spanish, but only           Russian.

4          Let's

Questions and answers

4 Look at Sarah and Vicky's bathroom. Ask and answer questions with a partner about these things:

  make-up        • toothbrushes       • hairbrushes


shampoo      • toothpaste         towels • toilet paper       • bottles of perfume

           4     Lees




T 4.4

Read and listen to the text.


1      Find examples of the definite article (the) and the indefinite article (azan).

2      Find examples of when there is no article.

Grammar Reference 4.2 p133


Discussing grammar

I In pairs, find one mistake in each sentence.

He's postman, so he has breakfast at 4 a.m.

2    The love is more important than money.

3    I come to the school by bus.

4    I'm reading one good book at the moment.

5    'Where's Jack?' 'In a kitchen.'

6    I live in centre of town, near the hospital.

7    My parents bought the lovely house in the country.

8    I don't eat the bread because I don't like it.

2 Complete the sentences with a/an, the, or nothing.

I I have two children, boy and girl. boy is twenty-two and girl is nineteen.

2    Mike is   soldier in         Army, and Chloë is at   university.

3    My wife goes to  work by train. She's     accountant. I don't have job. I stay at    home and look after  children.

4    What lovely day! Why don't we go for picnic in park?

5    'What did you have for   lunch?' 'Just sandwich.'

y uncle's a shopkeeper. He has a shop in an old village by the River Thames near Oxford. The shop sells a lot of things bread, milk, fruit, vegetables, newspapers — almost everything! It is also the village post office. The children in the village always stop to spend a few pence on sweets or icecream on their way home from school.

My uncle doesn't often leave the village. He hasn't got a car, so once a month he goes by bus to Oxford and has lunch at the Grand Hotel with some friends. He is onc of the happiest men I know.

                                                                          4      Lees


The best shopping street in the world

I Match a famous shopping street with a town, a store, and a product.





Oxford Street


Fifth Avenue

Via Montenapoleone


New York




Marks and Spencer



underwear and jumpers leather goods jewellery perfume

2    Read the headline and the introduction of the newspaper article. Does anything surprise you? What do you want to find out when you read the article? Write some questions.

3    Read the article quickly and answer the questions you have written.

What is the best summary of the article?

Nowy Swiat is the best shopping street in the world because . so many Polish people go walking there.

it is a pleasant place to shop and the shops are small. everything is very expensive and very exclusive.

. the shops sell quality goods that you can't buy anywhere else.

4    Read the article again and answer the questions.

 How do we know that Nowy Šwiat is the most popular shopping street?

2     Why is it such a nice place to go shopping?

3     What can you see in the photos that is described in the article?

4     Why don't many foreign people go to Nowy Šwiat?

5     Why are the things produced by Polish manufacturers so good?

6     What can you buy here? What can't you buy?

7     What is expensive? What isn't expensive?

8     What's good about Café Blikle?

9     What is special about the shops in Nowy Šwiat?

Language work

Complete the sentences with different ideas from the article.

    In Nowy Šwiat, there are a lot of         There isn't any .

There aren't any/many . There are some . . . What do you think?

   What are some of the famous brands and products that you can buy in many countries of the world? Think of clothes, food, cars . Make a list. Work in groups and choose the most famous three. Compare your list with the class.

   What is the main shopping street in your town? What can you buy there that's special?

   Do you enjoy shopping? What do you like shopping for? What don't you like shopping for?

4 Let's

The best shopping street in the world

No, it isn't Oxford Street, the Champs-Elysées, or even Fifth Avenue. A new survey shows that the most popular shopping street in the world is ... Nowy Šwiat. Where's that? In Warsaw, Poland, of course. by ANNE APPLEBAUM

8 1f you're tired, stop at Café Blikle!                        'There are a lot of small, chic shops!

recent survey has shown that the busiest shopping street in the world is not in London, New York, or Paris, but in Warsaw. It's called Nowy Šwiat (pronounced /nDV1 Juat/), which means New World. An incredible 14,000 Poles walk down this main street every hour.

It is a lovely place to shop. The pavements are very wide. There are statues, palaces, attractive town houses, exclusive cafés, and high-class restaurants. The buildings aren't too tall. They look old, but in fact the whole city was rebuilt after World War Il. There aren't any billboards or neon lights. There isn't any loud music, and there aren't many tourists. People think that Polish shops have nothing to sell, so nobody comes shopping here. The world doesn't know about this paradise for shoppers — yet.

It is now possible to buy almost everything in Warsaw. There are a lot of shops from the West, but the interesting thing is that Polish manufacturers are now producing high quality goods. They are good because they are not mass produced for world consumption.

Nowy Šwiat has a lot of small shops, specialist shops, and chic shops. It hasn't got the huge department stores that sell the same things everywhere.

If you want an exquisite handmade suit, Nowy Šwiat is the place to go. It isn't cheap. You will pay up to £1,000. For beautiful French baby clothes, go to Petit Bateau. You will pay £50 for a pair of blue jeans for a baby. A dress for a baby girl is about £90. At Désa, a famous antique shop, a desk costs £5,000, and a 19th century Russian icon is £200.

Not everything is expensive. At the shop Pantera you can buy leather goods — handbags, purses, coats, and belts. Cepelia specializes in folk art. There are also book shops and record shops. And there are a lot of small boutiques that sell men's and women's clothes that aren't too expensive.

If you're tired, stop at Café Blikle. This is a fashionable place to meet. You'll find a lively atmosphere, and a lot of well-known Poles. The frozen yoghurt and ice-creams are excellent, and its famous doughnuts are delicious.

It is possible to travel the world and find the same things for sale in every country. But Warsaw is different because its shops are unique — and they're in Nowy Šwiat.

Unit 4 Let's





a clothes shop

a chemist's

a café

a bank

a newsagent's






Answer the questions.




T 4.5


Buying things

I What can you buy or do in1 these places? Write two things for each place.

Compare your ideas with the class.

2Listen to the conversations.

I Where are the conversations taking place? Choose from the places in exercise I.

2     What does the customer want?

3     Can the shop assistant/cashier help?

4     How much does the customer pay?

3 Complete these lines from the conversations. Look at the tapescript on p64 and check your answers.                              2

      I A Hello. Can I help you?                                                                            3 A Hello. 1help me. I've got a bad

                                       , thanks.                                                                      cold and a sore throat. Can you

B OK. You can take these three times a day.

         B I'm looking for a jumper                                                                          A Thank you.  some



B I like it.


B Espresso? B How much is it?

A Yes, please. Oh, and a doughnut, please. A £39.99.


Prices and shopping

I Look at the way we write and say prices in British and American English. Practise saying them.

British English


American English






Spoken a pound fifty p one pound ninety-nine sixteen pounds forty



Spoken a dollar fifty cents a quarter a dime

T 4.6

Listen to the conversations and write the numbers you hear.

2 What's the exchange rate between sterling/US dollars and your currency?

What do you want to do?

Verb patterns I • Future forms • Hot verbs • How do you feel?


STARTER                        Complete these sentences with ideas about you.

  One day I want to              • Right now, I'd like to .     I enjoy    because I like

  I can but l can't   • Tonight I'm going to


Verb patterns 1

I Match the people with their hopes and ambitions.

1 C] I'd like to have my own business, something like a flying school.              Sea 2 C] I'm going to be an astronaut and fly to Mars.

3              I'm looking forward to having more time to do the things I want to do.

4              I would love to have one of my plays performed on the London stage. 5           We hope to find work as we go round the world.

6 Cl We're thinking of moving, because the kids will be leaving home soon.

Listen and check.

2    Complete the chart.






















3    Underline the examples of verb + verb in exercise I. I'd like to have my own business . . .

Look at the tapescript on p120. Find more examples of verb + verb.



Discussing grammar

I In these sentences, one or two verbs are correct, but not all three. Tick (V) the correct verbs.

1  1        to live in a hot country.

a   C] want b C] enjoy c Cl 'd like

2  We   going to Italy for our holidays.

a   [2 are hoping b 're thinking of c C] tike 3 1 go home early tonight.

a want b C] like c C] can 4 1 to see you again soon.

a hope b C) 'd like c [2 'm looking forward 5 Do you learning English?

a a want b Cl enjoy c a like

                                                                            6 We             having a few days off soon.

a [2 'rethinking of b C] 'd love to c [2 're looking forward to

Make correct sentences with the other verbs.

Making questions

2     Complete the questions.

I A I hope to go to university,

B (What/want/study?)

2 A One of my favourite hobbies is cooking.

B (What/like/make?)

3     A I get terrible headaches.

B (When/start/get/them?)

4     A We're planning our summer holidays at the moment. B (Where/think/go?) 5 A I'm tired.

B (What/like/do/tonight?)

T 5.2

Listen and check. What are A's answers? Practise the conversations with a partner.

Talking about you

Ask and answer the questions with a partner.

   What do you like doing on holiday?

   Where would you like to be right now?

   Do you like learning English?

   Would you like to learn any other languages?

   Would you like to have a break now?

4 Ask and answer questions about your plans and ambitions.

FUTURE INTENTIONS going to and will

I Match the pictures and sentences.                                                                                                                            1

I C] They're going to watch a football match.

2    Cl I'll pick it up for you.

3    C] She's going to travel round the2 world.

4    C] It's OK. I'll answer it.

5    C] Don't worry. I'll lend you some. 6 C] We're going out to have a meal.

2 Add a line before and after the sentences in exercise l.


I haven't got any money.

What's Ali doing next year?

The phone's ringing.

Damn! I've dropped one.

What are you and Pete doing tonight?

What are the lads doing this afternoon?


Thank you. Thats very kind.

I'm expecting a catt.

Thanks. I'll pay you back tomorrow. I won't forget.

Lucky her!

Arsenal are playing at home. It's my birthday.


T 5.3

Listen and check. Practise the conversations with a partner.


I Notice the forms of will.

I'll = short form

I won't = negative short form

2 All the sentences in exercise express intentions. Three intentions are spontaneous. Which are they? Three of the intentions are premeditated. What happened before each one?

Grammar Reference 5.3 p134


Let's have a party!

I Your class has decided to have a party. Everyone must help. Say what you'll do.

I'll bring the music.

I'll buy some crisps.

2 Your teacher didn't hear what you said. Listen to your teacher and correct him/her. Teacher    You

Right. I'll bring some music.

No, I'm going to bring some music!

Oh, all right. well, I'll buy some crisps. No, no. I'm going to buy some crisps!

Discussing grammar

Choose the correct verb form.

I 'My bag is so heavy.'

'Give it to me. I'll carry / I'm going to carry it for you.'

2    I bought some warm boots because I'll go / I'm going skiing.

3    'Tony's back from holiday.'

'Is he? I'll give / I'm going to give him a ring.'

4    'What are you doing tonight?'

'We'll see / we're going to see a play at the theatre.'

5    You can tell me your secret. I won't tell / I'm not going to tell anyone.

6    Congratulations! I hear you'll get married / you're going to get married.

7    'I need to post these letters.'

I'll go / I'm going shopping soon. I'll post / I'm going to post them for you.'


8 'Now, holidays. Where will you go / are you going this year? 'We don't know yet.'

Talking about you

T 5.4

4Close your books. Listen to the beginnings of                     6 Talk to a partner about your plans for tonight, tomorrow,

the conversations. Complete them.

next weekend, your next holiday, Christmas

Check it

What are you doing/going

5 Correct these sentences.

to do tonight?

to stay at home and . . .



you going . . . .

1 What you want drink?      I'm going 2 I have a Coke, please.

3 I can't to help you. Where are 4 It's starting rain.

to see .



I'll .. .

5 I'm looking forward to see you again soon.           I'm going          1 think 6 I think to change my job soon.

7 Phone me tonight. I give you my phone number. 8 I see the doctor tomorrow about my back.


Hollywood kids

I What are some of the problems of being a teenager? Tick (V) the boxes on the left.

u [2 [2





drugs violence in the streets don't have enough money

- parents don't give them enough attention Cl worry about how they look have no interests or ambitions Cl parents want them to do well in life Cl they're too old to be children, but too young C] be adults

2    Read the text about Hollywood kids. What are some of their problems? Tick (V) the boxes on the right. Are there any differences?

3    Are these sentences true G/ ) or false (X)? Correct the false sentences.

I      Everybody in Hollywood is rich and famous.

2      Hollywood kids don't lead ordinary lives.

3      They understand the value of what they have.

4      Trent Maguire is spoilt and ambitious.

5      The adults try hard to be good parents.

6      Amanda's mother listens to all her daughter's problems.

7      The kids are often home alone.

8      Their parents organize every part of their lives.

9      The kids don't want to be children.

10  All the kids complain about living in Hollywood.

4    Answer the questions.

I      In what ways do Trent, Amanda, Emily, and Lindsey live unreal lives?

2     Does anything surprise you in what the kids say?



3     What are their ambitions?

What do you think?

   Do you feel sorry for children in Hollywood? Is there anything about their lives that you would like?

   What is your opinion of their parents?

   Do teenagers around the world think the same as Hollywood kids?

   Do you think it is dangerous to have everything you want?

n Hollywood, everybody wants to be rich, famous, and beautiful. Nobody wants to be old, unknown, and poor. For Hollywood kids, life can be difficult because they grow up in such an unreal atmosphere. Their parents are ambitious, and the children are part of the parents' ambitions.

Parents pay for extravagant parties, expensive cars, and designer clothes. When every dream can come true, kids learn the value of nothing because they have everything. A 13-year-old boy, Trent Maguire, has a driver, credit cards, and unlimited cash to do what he wants when he wants. 'One day, I'll earn more than my Dad,' he boasts.

Parents buy care and attention for their children because they have no time to give it themselves. Amanda's mother employs a personal trainer, a nutritionist, a bodyguard/ chauffeur, a singing coach, and a counsellor to look after all her 15-year-old daughter's needs.

Often there is no parent at home most days, so children decide whether to make their own meals or go out to restaurants, when to watch television or do homework. They organize their own social lives. They play no childhood games. They become adults before they're ready.

Hollywood has always been the city of dreams. The kids in L.A. live unreal lives where money, beauty, and pleasure are the only gods. Will children around the world soon start to think the same? Or do they already?

Looks are very important in Hollywood. If you're good-looking, you'll go far. I want to be a beautician. You grow up really fast in L.A. Everyone is in a rush to be an adult, to be going to clubs. It's not cool to be a kid.        Mijanou, aged 18

d kids

n   Los Angeles ain't easy

Il I live in a hotel

It and when I come re. home from school, re there are maybe 80 people who say

'Good day' to me.

cls It's their job to say that. In the bathroom there are mirrors everywhere. I love looking at er myself. I can spend five hours doing my hair and posing.

I'm going to


be a model. ey

Emily, aged 10

in to


I've wanted to get my nose done since I was 12. My friends started having plastic surgery and liposuction during my freshman year of high school. My nose cost $10,000. But it was worth it. It changed my life. I'm gonna get into the movies.

Lindsey, aged 18

Everyone thinks Hollywood is so glamorous, but I have news for you. It is really dangerous growing up in LIA. People have guns. Sometimes think I'm going crazy. I'm gdi o get out of here just-as soon as I can. Zavier, aged 18

VOCABULARY                                                LISTENING

Hot verbs — have, go, come                                            You've got a friend                                                  




. they have no time ..

I have news for you.

You'll go far.

I'm going crazy.

Every dream can come true.

. come home from school .

2     Your boyfriend/girlfriend

3     Your ex-boyfriend/girlfriend

I'll love you forever.

C] I'll never forget you.

C] I'll always be there for you.

I The verbs have, go, and come are very common in English.


Who says these things? Write I, 2, or 3 in the boxes.


Look at these examples from the text on p42—3.


I Your best friend



When you're down and troubled



And you need a

And nothing, but

Close your eyes and think of me

And goon I

To brighten up even your darkest nights. (Chorus)

You just call out MY name,


       I'll just                  and tell him

and you know wherever I am


ryou're here.

to gee you again.


6                      on! Get out of

Winter, spring,


bed. It's time

All you have to do ig call


•to school.

And I'll be there, yeah, yeah, yeah,


les a lovely day.



      Let's                 to the

If the sky above you


park. We can

and full of clouds


a picnic.

And that old north


4•I'm                     skiing

Keep your head together


.               week.



      you A              any ski

And goon I'll be knocking on your door.


'S clothes Lcould borrow?

    Hey,                            that you've got a friend?

People can be go cold and desert you

Well they'll take your goul if you let them

Oh, yeah, but



C] I'll always remember the times we had together.

2 Put have, go, or come into each gap.

                an accident                          a cold


Cl I'll do anything for you.

C] You'll never find anyone who loves you more than I do.

                first in a race                       wrong


Listen to the first verse of the song. Discuss these

                out for a meal                    a meeting



                and see me                          abroad


1 Do you think the man and woman live together? 2 Is it a close relationship?



3 What is the relationship between them now? What do

3 Complete the sentences with the correct form of have


you think it was in the past?

T 5.5

(or have got), go, or come.Listen and complete the song.

    We're                a party next Saturday. Would you like

You've got a friend, by Carole King

2                                        1              a terrible headache. Can I            home, please?

3                                        You must see my new flat. round and a drink some time.

4                                        out now, Mum. Bye!' 'OK.

    good time. What time are you                home?'

5                                        Hi, Dave. Pete    a shower at the moment.


Tell me! What's it like?

What... like? • Comparatives and superlatives • Synonyms and antonyms • Directions


STARTER                 1 What is the capital city of your country? What is the population? Is it an old or modern city?

travelling on the buses in London but I the Underground, it's too expensive.

2 Write down two things and two that things you likethat I don't like like about your capital you don't tike. Tetl the class.


What's it like?


I Read about Todd Bridges.


2                             What do you know about Melbourne, Dubai, and Paris? Where are they?

3                             Listen to what Todd says about them.

Write the adjectives he uses for each city. Compare with a partner.


I Match the questions and answers.

Ifs beautiful.

Do you like Paris? Yes, I do.

What's Paris like?      got lots of old buildings. No, I don't.

2 Which question in 1 means: Tell me about Paris.

Grammar Reference 6.1 pB5

4                             Work with a partner. Ask and answer questions about the places Todd visited.

Melbourne like?

What's It's

are . . .



. . ,



Todd BridgeS is only seventeen years old but he is already a successful tennis player. He comes from There

Chicago, USA, but he travels all over the world

It's got

playing tennis. Last year he played in tennis championships in Melbourne Dubai, and Paris



What's Chicago like?

1     You are asking Todd about Chicago. Complete the questions with is or are and the correct words from the box.

the restaurants the people the night-life the buildings

You What 's the weather like?

Todd Well, Chicago's called 'the windy city' and it really can be windy!

2     You What   like?

Todd They're very interesting. You meet people from all over the world.

3     You What   like?

Todd A lot Of them are very, very tall. The Sears Tower is 110 storeys high.

4     You What   like?

Todd They're very good. You can find food from every country in the world.

5     You What   like?

T 6.2

Todd Oh, it's wonderful. There's lots to do in Chicago. 2Listen and check. Practise with a partner.

3 Ask and answer the same questions about the town or city you are In now.


Comparatives and superlatives

I Read the second part of the conversation with Todd. He compares the places he visited last year. Can you complete any of the sentences?



Melbourne was interesting, but for me,

               Paris was                   interesting

Melbourne, and in some ways Dubai was the interesting of all because it was so different any other place I know. It was also the driest, and             modern. It was hot in Melbourne but not            hot         in Dubai. Dubai was        hotter! Melbourne is older       Dubai but not    old Paris. Paris was         oldest city I visited, but it has some great modern buildings, too. It was the           romantic place. I loved it.

   IJBAI                                                          PARIS

T 6.3

Listen and check.


I What are the comparative and superlative forms of the following adjectives? What are the rules?

a small              c busy cold          noisy near             dry b big d beautiful hot  interesting wet          exciting

2    These adjectives are irregular. What are the comparative and superlative forms?




3    Adjectives also combine with as           . as. Melbourne isn't as cosmopolitan as Chicago.

Grammar Reference 6.2 p135

T 6.4

T 6.5

2Listen and repeat the sentences.

/hota ðan/

This summerS hotter than last.

/az hot azi

It wasn't as hot as this last year.

3     Practise these sentences with a partner. It isn't as cold today as it was yesterda½ But it's colder than it was last week.  I'm not as tall as you, but I'm taller than Anna. This car's more expensive than JohrK But it isn't as expensive as Anna's.

Listen and check.

4     Learn this poem by heart. Good, better, best.

Never, never rest 'til your good is better, And your better best.




5 Work with a partner and continue these conversations.

 A I moved to a new flat last week.

B Oh, really? What's it like?

A Well, it's bigger than my old one but it isn't as modern, and .

2 A I hear Sandy and Al broke up.

B Yeah. Sandy's got a new boyfriend.

A    Oh, really? What's he like?

B    Well, he'sthan Al, and .

3 A We have a new teacher.

B Oh, really? What's she like?

A Well, I think she's theteacher we've ever had .

4 A Is that your new car?

B Well, it's second-hand, but it's new to me.

A    What's it like?

B    Well, it'sthan my old car .

Act out a conversation to the class. Whose is the longest?

T 6.6

Listen and compare. Repeat the last lines.

Check it

6 Correct these sentences.

I He's more older than he looks.

2    Jessica's as tall than her mother.

3    What does New York like?' 'It's really exciting! '

4    Trains in London are more crowded that in Paris.

5    Oxford is one of oldest universities in Europe.

6    He isn't as intelligent than his sister.

7    This is more hard than I expected. 8 Who is the most rich man in the world?

9      Everything is more cheap in my country.

10   Rome was hotter that I expected.

Living in another country

1   What do you know about Sweden? What is the country like? What are the people like? Discuss these statements about Sweden. Do you think

they are true (V) or false (X)?

I In winter there is only one hour of daylight.

2   Swedish people look forward to winter.

3   The houses are cold.

4 The houses are much better insulated than in Britain.

5       In parts of Sweden from May to July the sun never sets.

6       Londoners work longer hours than the Swedes.

7       Swedes always start work early in the morning.

8       Country cottages in Sweden are usually very luxurious.

9       All houses have a sauna.

10   The whole family like to sit in the sauna together.

T 6.7

2You are going to listen to Jane Bland talking to her friend, Fran, about her life in Sweden. Jane comes from London, but three years ago she married a Swede and went to live and work in Stockholm. Listen and check your answers to exercise I.

3 Compare your country with what you learned about Sweden. lh MY country it gets dark at five o'clock in winter, and it's Much warmer.


A tale of two millionaires



buy spoil wear open live in inherit make arrest invest amputate

a bank account poverty a thief a will stocks and shares a child a leg ragged clothes a lot of money from someone a lot of money in something

I Who are the richest people in your country? Where does their money come from? How do they spend their money?

2    Match the verbs and nouns. Many of them are to do with money.

3    You are going to read about two millionaires. One was very mean, the other very generous. First read quickly about Milton Petrie. Can you remember any examples of his kindness?


Now read quickly about Hetty Green. Can you remember any examples of her meanness?

5    Read one text more carefully, then answer the questions with a partner who read the other text.

1 When were Milton and Hetty born?

2     What were their parents like?

3     How did Milton and Hetty become so wealthy?

4     Who wore ragged clothes?

5     What was the meanest thing Hetty did?

6     Why did Milton like making a lot of money?

7     Who did they marry?

8     When did they die? How old were they?

9     Who left the most money? Who did they leave it to?

What do you think?

Discuss these questions in small groups.

   How were Milton and childhoods different? • How did their childhoods affect them later?

   Why was Milton especially generous to policemen?

   Why did Hettyk daughter build a hospital?

   What was the kindest thing Milton did?

   Who had the happier life? Milton or Hetty?


ires spend it and some save it. Elizabeth Wilson reports on one of each.

t he er.

The old man was just one of many people that Milton Petrie helped with his money. Whenever he read about personal disasters in his newspaper Petrie sent generous cheques, especially to the families of policemen or firemen injured at work. He also sent cheques to a mother who lost five children in a fire, and a beautiful model, whose face was cut in a knife attack. It cost him millions of dollars, but he still had millions left. He said that he was lucky in business and he wanted to help those less fortunate than himself. 'The nice thing is; the harder I work, the more money I make, and the more people I can help.' Milton Petrie died in 1994, when he was 92. His will was 120 pages long because he left $150 million to 383 people. His widow, Carroll, his fourth and last wife, said his generosity was a result of the poverty of his early years. His family were poor but kindhearted. His father was a Russian immigrant who became a policeman, but he never arrested anyone, he was too kind. He couldn't even give a parking ticket.

Hefty Green

The Richest, Meanest Woman in the World

enrietta (Hetty) Green was a very spoilt, only child. She was born in Massachusetts, USA, in 1835. Her father was a millionaire businessman. Her mother was often ill, and so from the age of two her father took her with him to work and taught her about stocks and shares. At the age of six she started reading the daily financial newspapers and she opened her own bank account.

Her father died when she was 21 and she inherited $7.5 million. She went to New York and invested on Wall Street. Hetty saved every penny, eating in the cheapest restaurants for 15 cents. She became one of the richest and most hated women in the world. She was called 'The Witch of Wall Street'. At 33 she married Edward Green, a multimillionaire, and had two children, Ned and Sylvia.

Hetty's meanness was legendary. She always argued about prices in shops. She walked to the local grocery store to buy broken cookies (biscuits) which were much cheaper, and to get a free bone for her much-loved dog, Dewey. Once she lost a two-cent stamp and spent the night looking for it. She never bought clothes and always wore the same long, ragged black skirt. Worst of all, when her son Ned fell and injured his knee, she refused to pay for a doctor and spent hours looking for free medical help. In the end Ned's leg was amputated.

When she died in 1916 she left her children $100 million (worth $9.3 billion today). Her daughter built a hospital with her money.



I We often use synonyms in conversation because we don't want to repeat words.

day today!



really beautiful.



It's a lovely


Complete the conversations, using an adjective of similar meaning from the box.

fed up generous brilliant messy

modern wealthy

1    iMary's family is very rich.'

I knew her uncle was very

2    'Look at all these new buildings!'

        'Yes. Paris is much more             than I expected.'

3    'Wasn't that film wonderful!'

'Yes, it was

4    'George doesn't earn much money, but he's so kind.' is, isn't he? He's one of the most    people I know.'

5    'Ann's bedroom's really untidy again!' 'Is it? I told her it was yesterday, and she promised to clean it.'

6    'I'm bored with this lesson!'

         'I know, I'm really             with it, too!'

T 6.8

2Listen and check. Listen again, paying particular attention to the stress and intonation. Practise the conversations with a partner.



3    We can also use antonyms in conversation to avoid repeating words.

What an awful meal!



wasn't was it?


Yes, it very nice,

Match the following adjectives with their two opposites inocrcise 1.

interested      bored      fed up horrible mean old poor tidy

4    Sometimes it is more polite to use not very and an opposite adjective.

Tom's so short.        Well, he's not very tall. He always wears such   They certainly dirty clothes.     aren't very clean.

Reply to these sentences. Be more polite.

I London's such an expensive city.

2     Paul and Sue are so mean.

3     Their house is always so messy.

4     Their children are so noisy.

5     John looks so miserable. 6 His sister's so stupid.

T 6.9

5Listen and check. Pay particular attention to the stress and intonation. Practise the conversations with your partner.



I Look at the map of Chesswoodand find these things:

• a farm • a wood                a pond       • a path       • a hill      • a river       • a bridge     • agate

                                                                      Lo               goad



2 Read these descriptions and add the places to the map.

1   The hotel is opposite the car park.

2   The bank is on the corner of Lower Road and Hill Road. It is next to the baker's.

3   The supermarket is between the chemist's and the greengrocer's.

4   There is a bus stop in front of the flower shop in Station Road.

5   There are two pubs. The Red Lion is in Station Road, opposite the flower shop near the railway bridge, and the Old Shepherd is in Church Street, behind the school.

    Sta                                                              ereen S+ree±

3    Ask and answer questions about the places on the map. Use the prepositions from exercise 2.

Road and flower shop.




Where's It's on the corner of Station library? Green Street, opposite the

4    Complete the directions from Chesswood farm to the church with the prepositions in the box. Look at the map to help you.

up down over past through out of (x2) in(to) across

You go the path, the pond, the bridge, and the gate. Then you go the road and take the path the wood. When you come the wood you walk the path and the church. It takes five minutes. Listen and check.

5    Give your partner directions to get to your house from your school.

Unit 6

Famous couples

Present Perfect • for, since • Adverbs, word pairs • Short answers

STARTER          What is the Past Simple and the past participle of these verbs?

write be sell win have read do eat know break


Present Perfect and Past Simple                                                   ANTHONY TROLLOPE (1815—1882)

1                      Look at the photographs of two well-known English writers. How do you think they are related?

Complete the sentences with He or She.

wrote novels about Victorian life. writes novels about modern people and their relationships.

2                      wrote 47 novels, travel books, biographies, and short stories. has written over twenty novels. started writing in her thirties.

3                      has lived in the west of England for forty years. lived in Ireland for eighteen years.

4                      has been married twice, and has two daughters. married for the first time in 1966. was married and had two sons.

Listen and check. Practise the sentences.


I Find examples of the Past Simple in sentences 1—4. Find examples of the Present Perfect.

2     Complete the rule.

We make the Present Perfect with the auxiliary verb + the

3     Why are different tenses used in these sentences?

Anthony Trollope wrote forty-seven novels. Joanna Trollope has written twenty novels.

Grammar Reference 7.1 and 7.2 p136








2   Put the verbs in the Present Perfect or Past Simple.

I Anthony Trollope (travel) to South Africa, Australia, Egypt, and the West Indies. Joanna Trollope (travel) to many parts of the world.

2    She (win) many awards, and several of her stories (appear) on TV.

3    Her first book        (come) out in 1980. Since then, she (sell) more than 5 million copies.

4    She           (go) to school in the south of England, and (study) English at Oxford University, but she (live) in the country for most of her life.

5    She writes her books by hand. She (have) the same pen since 1995.

Listen and check.

                    I For forty years.                5 In 1980.

                   2 English,        study , ?) 6 Twice, (How many times , , ,

                    3 More than twenty.           7 Yes, two daughters.       children?)

                   4 Over five million.            8 Since 1995.


T 7.3

Listen and check.










3   Here are the answers to some questions about Joanna. What are the questions?




Discussing grammar

I Choose the correct verb form.

Have you ever been / Did you ever go to a rock concert?

2      I saw / have seen The Flash last week.

3      I love rock and roll. I like / have liked it all my life.

4      The Flash's concert was / has been fantastic.

5      I have bought / bought all their records since then.

6      The Flash have been / are together for over fifteen years.

Find someone who .

2 Your teacher will give you a card which begins Find someone who .


Find someone who has been to China.


Decide on the question, beginning Have you ever . Stand up, and ask everyone in the class.

Ask questions to find out more.

did you do in China?


people like?

What were the

did you go?


enjoy it?



Did you

you there?

How long were

Report back to the class.

has been to China.

No one

have been to China.



Pierre and Sophie

                                 Unit 7 • Famous couples  55

for and since

4    Complete the time expressions with for or since,

1                 a year

4                 nine o'clock

7            months


2                 half an hour

5           I was a student

8                 1999


3                August

6                 a couple of days



5    Match a line in A and B and a sentence in C. There is more than one answer.


            I've known my best friend              from 1988 to 1996.

not bad. I quite like it.


        2 I last went to the cinema                  for an hour.

I went camping with some friends.


        3 I've had this watch                             two weeks ago.

We met when we were 10.


        4 We've used this book                       since 1985.

I really need a cup of coffee.


        5 We lived in our old flat                    since the beginning of term.

My Dad gave it to me for my birthday.


          6 We haven't had a break                       for years.

We moved because we needed somewhere bigger.


        7 I last had a holiday                            for three years.

The film was rubbish.


        8 This building has been a school       in 1999.

T 7.4 Listen and check. Make similar sentences about you.

Asking questions

Before that it was an office.


6 Complete the conversation.

What tenses are the three questions?

A           Where  live, Olga?

B           In a flat near the park. A How long there?

B For three years.

     A And why                    move?



B We wanted to live in a nicer area.



T 7.5 Listen and check. Practise the conversation with a partner.

7 Make more conversations, using the same tenses.



                   What do?                                           got a car?

know Pete Brown?


            B I work .                                         B Yes, I

B Yes, l . . .


            A How long                                     A How long . .

A How long . .


            B For                                                 B Since

B For


           A What . . . do before that?          A How much       pay for it?

A Where . , . meet him?


            B I worked .                                      B It was

B We..


8 With a partner, ask and answer questions beginning How long .

                  How long have you lived / worked / known / had . ?                                                                                                           5

Then get some more information.

        Why did you move?              What did you do before . . . ?               Where did you meet . ?



The band Style

I What kinds Of music do you like? If you could meet your favourite bands or singers, what would you ask them?

             Listen to an interview with two musicians,                                Guy

Sune and Guy, from the band Style. Put S or G in columns I and 2. Put v/ or X in column 3.   6

      1 What do they           2 Bands they have         3 Places they

         do in the band?            played with                    have visited                                                                     Suzie

     C) guitar                       C] UB40                                Holland

    C] keyboards              C] Lionel Richie            Cl Hungary

     C] drums                      C] Phil Collins                Cl America

      Cl harmonica                 Cl Genesis                         C] Sweden

C] vocalist                  Cl Happy Mondays C] Japan Cl Bon Jovi            C] Italy a Ace      Australia

Which bands have they played with? Which countries have they been to?

3 Answer the questions.

I Why do Suzie and Guy feel tired?

2    What have they done this year?

3    Have they had a good time?

4    What was special about the song Mean Street?

5    How many years have they been together?

6    Where do they want to go?

7    What jobs has Guy had? What about Suzie?

(She's worked ) language work

4   Make sentences about Suzie and Guy with the phrases in the boxes.

in April             since 1997 in 1995             about twenty-five two years ago fifteen years when she left college since he was 17

Ithat tense are the verbs in the sentences from A? What about B?

5   Ask and answer the questions.

• What/do/before forming Style? • How/meet each other?

          be/to America?                         • How many records/make?


6 Some of you are members of a band. Others are journ who are going to interview the band. Your teacher will give you some ideas. When you are ready, have the interviewž._dì            -

Celebrity interview

I Which celebrities are in the news at the moment? Why are they in the news? What have they done?

2                    Look at the article from Hi! Magazine. Who is the couple in the interview? Are there magazines like this in your country? What sort of stories do they have?

3                    Read the article quickly and put these questions in the right place.

I Have there ever been times when you have thought 'This relationship isn't working'?

2       Terry, footballers are usually hard, but you seem very sensitive. Why is this?

3       You're both terribly busy in your separate careers. How do you find time to be together?

4       How did you two meet?

5       How do you find being superstars?

4                    Read the article again and answer the questions.

1    Why are they famous?

2    They are both successful in their careers. What have they done?

3    In what ways are they normal people? What is not normal about their lives? 4 How do you know they're in love?

5                    Was it love at first sight?

6                    What is their attitude to newspapers and 'other people'?

7                    do some people want them to split up?

8                    In what way is Terry unusual for a footballer?

5 Work in groups of three. Read the text aloud.

Language work

6 Choose the correct tense.

1    Donna and Terry are / have been / were together for two years.

2    They like / have liked / liked watching TV on Saturday night.

3    They meet / have met / met after a football match.

4    They have lived / live / lived in their new home since April.

5    Terry is / has been / was in love just once.


7 Buy a magazine like Hi! and find an interview with a famous couple. Bring it into class and tell the class about it.






This is the most famous couple in the country. She is pop star who has had six number one records — m than any other single artist. He has scored fifty goals Manchester United, and has played for England thirty times. Together they earn about £20 million a They invited Hi! Magazine into their luxurious home.

Donna: A lot of the time since we've been together, one o; has been away. We really have to try hard to be together. We h. both flown all over the world just to spend a few hours toge Terry: Obviously, people say, 'Oh, you've got all this money, are you going to spend it on?' But the best thing is that mo buys us the freedom to be together.

Donna: It hasn't changed us. We are still the same peo

Newspapers have told terrible stories about us, but it's all lies, Terry: Our perfect Saturday night is sitting in front of telly with a take-away. Our favourite programmes are Blind Il and Friends. You won't find photos of us coming out of p:' and clubs drunk, having spent the night with a whole load famous people.

Donna says: We are so totally in love. I'm the happiest ever been.'

Donna: I went to one of his matches because I liked him wanted to meet him. It's funny, because I'm not really interes in football, so when I met him after the match, I didn't knoww\ to say to him.

Terry: I'm very shy. We just looked at each other from oppo! sides of the room. But I said to my mate, 'She's the one for me. i going to marry her/one day.' Fortunately, she came to anot game, and we started talking then.

Donr Donna: Not really. Naturally, it's hard when you're away fu- over each other, but in a way this has made us stronger. since not a



e is the more )als for over a year.

ie of us we have

, what money

!people. es.

Lof the

Date Of pubs load of

iest I've

and I ïerested what

posite I'm other

Jonna and Terry have been together for just from        two years. They have lived in their house

April. She says: 'He has good taste — but

10tas good as mine!'


A lot of people would love to see us split up. People have accused Terry of things Terry: Of course you have to be prepared to give and take in any relationship. There's a trust between us, and as long as that's there, we will last.

Terry: It's because this is the first time I've been in love: I think that when you meet the person that you want to spend the rest of your life with, you change. You become a softer person.

Donna: We mean the world to each other. Neither of us will do anything to spoil it.

Terry says: 'She's the only woman I've ever loved.'


1    Many adverbs end in -Iy.

slowly carefully usually

Find some more examples in the text on p58—9.

2    There are also many adverbs that don't end in

Find these examples in the text.

together hard still just of course

3    Complete the sentences with one of these adverbs.

at last exactly too especially just


2     I called Tom at 10.00 in the morning, but he was in bed.

3     It's our anniversary today. We've beenfor fifteen years.

4     Kate is very fussy about food. She           eats pasta and crisps.

5     She was very illand died, but fortunately, she got better.

4    Complete the sentences with one of these adverbs.

I I like all Russian novelists, Tolstoy. 2 hate ironing.' 'Me,    . It's so boring.'

3     'Are you telling me that we have no money?'

. Not a penny.'

4     1 met her on December 23,          before Christmas.

5I have finished this exercise. Thank goodness! It was so boring.


Word pairs

I There are many idiomatic expressions which consist of           1 two words joined by and. Here is an example from the text on p59.

'Of course you have to be prepared to give and take in any relationship.'

2    Match the words.




ladies fish now yes

do's up peace safe salt


don'ts pepper then quiet down chips sound gentlemen no

3    Complete the sentences with one of the expressions.

I 'Do you still play tennis?' 'Not regularly. Just when I have time.'

2     This is a pretty relaxed place to work. There aren't many

3     Here you are at last! I've been so worried! Thank goodness you've arrived

4     'Do you like your new job?'         The money's

OK, but I don't like the people.'

5     Sometimes there are too many people in the house. I go into the garden for a bit of

6     Good evening, . It gives me great pleasure to talk to you all tonight.

7     How's your Gran?' There are good days, and then not such good days.'

8     'Here's supper. Careful! It's hot.'   ! Yummy!'

Close your books. Listen to the beginnings of

the conversations and complete them.


Short answers

T 7.8

Listen to the conversations. What's the difference between them? Which sounds more polite?

1     When we answer Yes/No questions, we often repeat a subject and the auxiliary verb. Yes or No on its own sounds impolite. Complete these short answers.

                  Do you like cooking?             Yes, I do

                  Is it raining?                             No, it

Have you been to France? Yes, I Are you good at chess? No, I

                  Can you speak Spanish?       Yes, I

2     It also helps a conversation if you can add more information.

Do you like cooking? Yes, I do, actually, especially Italian food.

2    Complete the short answers. Continue with a line from the speech bubbles.

   I'm sorry. I haven't got a penny on me.           Why? What are you doing?

                   I prefer rock'n'roll.             It was a great game.

I went there last But they give me a weekend with Frank. lot offreedom, too.

I A Do you like jazz?

B No,

2 A Did you see the football last night?

B Yes,

3    A Have you got change for a pound?


B No,


4    A Have you tried the new pizza place?

B Yes,

5    A Are your parents quite strict?

B Yes, I suppose

6    A Are you doing anything tonight?

B No,

Choose one or two of the conversations. Continue them with a partner.

3 Think of questions to ask each other. Use these ideas to help you.

   Do you .     like/play/go/have .

Can you . . . ride/speak/run/use . ?

   Did you . . . go/have/win/do . . . last night?

   Have you ever . . . been/seen/tried/had . . . ?

. going to/good at/afraid of . .

   Have you got . . . a car/a CD player/a cat . . .

4   Stand up and ask your questions. Use short answers in your replies.

5   5


       Unit7 • Famous couples   61

Do's and don'ts

   STARTER              What's true for you? Make sentences about your life.

                                  I have to. . .        I don't have to. .

                                       • get up early every morning • pay bills • go to school • work at the weekend         • do the housework

WORK, WORK have (got) to

T 8.1 Listen to Steven talking about his job. What do you think his job is? Would you like his job? Why/Why not?

2   Complete the sentences from the interview with words from the box.

don't have to have to had to DO you have to didn't have to


work very long hours. work at the weekend? do the washing-up.


learn the basics.

wait too long to get a job.

3   Change the sentences using he. ue has to work very long hours.


1    have/have got can express possession or an action.

I     have my own flat.

VWve got an exam tomorrow.

2    have/have got • infinitive expresses obligation.

He has to work long hours. I've got to go now. Bye!

3    Write the question and negative.

I     have to get up early.

What time        you up early. Put the sentence in the past.

        Yesterday I                         up early.

Grammar Reference 8.1 p137


4 What are some of the other things Steven has to do?



Listen to these sentences. What are the different pronunciations of have/has/had?

I E] I have a good job. C] I have to work hard.

2 C] He has a nice car. C]She has toget up early. 3 El I had a good time. El I had to take exams.

Put a—f in front of the sentences according to the pronunciation below.

a /hæz/ b /hæv/ c /hæd/ d /hæf/ e /hæs/ f /hæt}

Listen again and repeat.


2   Work with a partner. Choose one of the jobs from the box, but don't tell your partner. Ask and answer Yes/No questions to find out what the job is.

shop assistant receptionist taxi-driver artist architect lawyer ambulance driver rhlner dancer soldier decorator detective vet mechanic dentist housewife farmer plumber firefighter

Doyou ... ?

Do you have to ?

• work inside

• wear a uniform

• earn a lot of money

• use your hands

• work regular hours

• answer the phone

DO you work inside?

Yes, I             I don't.

3   i¶lich of the jobs wouldn't you like to do? Why?

I wouldn't like to be a farmer because they have to work outside all year.

Talking about you

4 In groups, discuss the questions. If you live at home with your parents, use the present tense. If you've left home, use the past tense.


1   What did you have to do to help in the house? about your brothers and sisters?


2   Could you stay out as long as you wanted? Or did you have to be home by a certain time?


3   Did you always have to tell your parents where you   going?


4   How strict were your parents? What did they let you do?

5   What did you argue about?



should, must

I Match the problems and suggestions on the right. What advice would you give?

2   Listen and complete the advice. Use the words from the box.

'shouldn't must


, don't think you should

talk to your boss. drink coffee at night. go to the wedding.

go to the dentist.

Practise the conversations with a partner.

3   Give advice to your. friends.

  I'm overweight

  I've got exams next week.

  I'm always arguing With my parents.

  It's my parents' wedding anniversary soon.

  My cats making a funny noi4é_


1     Which sentence expresses a suggestion?

Which sentence expresses strong obligation?

You should go on a diet.

You must go to the doctork.

2     Should and must are modal verbs.

He must be careful.

You shouldn't drink and drive.

What should she do?

Do we add -s with he/she/it? Do we use do/does in the question and negative?

3     We can make a negative suggestion with / doNt think _ .

I don't think you should smoke so much.

Grammar Reference 8.2—8.4 p137


I'm working 16 hours a day.

            I can't sleep.

My ex-boyfriend's getting married.

I've had a terrible toothache for weeks.


Don't drink coffee at night.

Go to the dentist.

Don't go to the wedding.

Talk to your boss.



1 Make sentences from the chart.

A trip to your Country

2 Someone is coming to stay in your country for six months. What advice can you give?

    You should bring wary clothes.      you don't have to get a visa.

   You have to have a passport.        You must try our local speciality.

Include advice about money, documents, clothes, health, accommodation, and food.


Holidays in January

I Do many people in your country go on holiday in winter? Where do they go? Where would you like to go for a winter holiday? Write a sentence and read it to the class.

I'd like to go to . . . becauge

2    Listen to three people giving advice about visiting their country in the month of January. Complete the chart. Compare your answers with a partner.

Weather and Things to do, Food and clothes      places to go              drink




3    Answer the questions.

Which countries are they talking about?

How do you know?

Look at the photographs. Which country do they go with?

Who talked about sport? Which sport?

4    Who talked about money? What did he/she say?

5    Who suggested going on a boat trip? Where?

6    Which Of these countries would you like to visit in January? Why?


4 Put the words in the correct order to make questions.

I weather/ is / like / in / what / the / January?

2 take / clothes / what I' should / l? 3 can / things / sort / of / what / do / I?

4    special / any / there / places / are / that / should / visit / I?

5    food / you / recommend / do / what?

5 Work with someone from a different country, Or choose another country you know. Ask and answer the questions.



Problem page

1 These problems come from a newspaper column where people write in with a problem, and other members of the public give their advice. Read the problems. What advice would you give?


with Vanessa Goodman

2 Match the readers' letters to these problems. There are two for each problem.


ODO have to act my age?

Polly is 47. She is single, and her children have left home. She is very successful in her career, and has a lot of friends, but she isn't satisfied. She longs to change her life. She wants to live abroad, paint, and write poetry, but her friends tell her she should stop being silly and act her age.

Must 'I be a slave to my mobile?

Jason's company has bought him a mobile phone. They want him to keep it on all the time, so that they can contact him anywhere, anytime. He dislikes the idea of always being available, and he hates the way people use mobiles to have private conversations in public.

Should 'l throw my son out?

Sarah's 24-year-old son lives at home, stays in bed till late, and watches TV all day. He buys and sells drugs. He's clever, hut he dropped of school. He's never had a job. His father wants to throw him out, but Sarah worries that he could get further into drugs and end up in prison.


Children always need the support of their parents, whether they're four or 24. [ think you should pay for him to get some qualifications, and when he's ready, to find somewhere to live. Meanwhile, him all the love that he needs.

Jenny Torr


I decided to give it all up and change my life dramatically three years ago. Since then, most exciting three years of my life. It can be scary, but if you don't do it, you won't know what you've missed. I don't think . Go for it.

Mike Garfield


He's using you.' I think        . It's time for him to

go. •liventy-four is too old to be living with his parents. He's got to take responsibility for himself. And about his drug-taking. Sometimes you have to be cruel to be kind. Tony Palmer


Why it? He isn't their slave, they don't own him. And I also can't stand the way people use their mobiles in restaurants, on trains and buses. They think that the people around them are invisible and can't hear.

Jane Sands


[ think before she gives up her job and goes to live abroad. Does she think that the sun will always shine? If there is something in her life that makes her unhappy now, this will follow her. She should take her time Nigella Lawnes Bristol

! He should have a word with his company and come to an arrangement with them. Why can't he turn it off sometimes? Mobile phones are great, and if he's got one for free, . They are one of the best inventions ever.

Pete Hardcastle


ayou should tell him to leave home. bshe should be very careful you should help him dyou should worry.

He must keep it!

. before making a decision. g It is so rude. he's very lucky.

1 have had...

    J       you must tell the police .

. you've got to give . should he accept

Listen and check. 4 Which letter writer ?

• suggests waiting

*      • thinks love is the answer

*      has been adventurous

*      • thinks that employers shouldn't exploit their employees

*      loves mobile phones

*      suggests being tough

The readers make very different suggestions. Who do you agree with?

What do you think?

*      How old are children when they leave home in your country?

*      What do you think of people who use mobile phones in public?

*      Do you think older people should act their age? Why/Why not?

*      'You have to be cruel to be kind'. Can you think of an example?


With a partner, choose a situation and roleplay the conversation.

*      Polly and one of her friends

*      Jason and his boss

*      Sarah and her husband

Group work

In groups, write a letter to a problem page.

Exchange your letters and write a reply. Try to express

 Where do these lines go? Put a letter in the gaps.

sympathy with the problem and give some explanation, as well as practical advice.



Words that go together

1 Many verbs and nouns go together.

tell story leave home



Look at the chart on the right. Match a verb with a


being silly your age

complement. They all appear in the letters and



problems on p66—67.



Look at the letters again and check your answers.





your job

2 Close your books. Try to remember the


what you've missed

sentences that include the phrases from the box.

don't know

a word With someone

3 Two nouns can go together. There are no rules

have to be

in bed

about spelling.

post office headache horse-race

The stress is usually on the first word.

Match the nouns to make new words.

      alarm          cream                         hair


give up have

your time cruel to be kind





      traffic          table




      credit                                           sign




                        lights                         book




                                     card                                          rush




                        park                           cigarette




                        clock                          earth




Listen and check.

4 Choose a word and give a definition to the class. Can they guess the word?

You use it to payfor things.

A credit card.

That's right.


At the doctor's

I Complete the chart with an illness or a symptom.

diarrhoea food poisoning



t hurts when I walk on it.

My glands are swollen, and it hurts When I swallow: can't Stop sneezing and my nose is runny.

      Illnesses                       Symptoms

I've got a cold.

      I've got                     I've got a temperature, my Whole body aches, and I feel awful.

I've twisted my ankle.

      I've got                       I keep going to the toilet.

I've got a sore throat.

      I've got                      I keep being sick, and I've got diarrhoea.

What's the difference between these sentences? I feel sick. I was sick last night.

2 Put the sentences in the correct order.

I didn't feel very well.

She took my temperature and examined me.

After a few days. I started to feel better.

I went to the surgery and saw the doctor.

C] I went to the chemises, paid for the prescription, and got some antibiotics.

I phoned the doctofs Surgery and made an appointment. She told me I had an infection.

C] I explained what was wrong. She gave me a prescription.

You will hear a conversation between Man a student from Chile, and a doctor. Answer the quesgio I What are Manuel's symptoms?

2               What questions does the doctor ask?

3               What does the doctor think is the matter with Manue 4 What does she prescribe?

5   What advice does she give him?

6   Does he have to pay for anything?

4   Look at the tapescript on PI 24. Practise with a partner.

5   Make similar conversations with other symptoms.

8 • Do'

Going places

Time clauses • if • Hot verbs • In a hotel

STARTER                  What do you think you will do if the weather is nice this weekend? What will you do when you get home tonight?


Time and conditional clauses

I Clare and her friend Ally are having a gap year. Complete the sentences with phrases from the box below.

               We're travelling round the world      CC]

We're going to leave. . . [71

. we're going to learn to scuba dive on the Great Barrier Reef,

4 C] . we'll 100k after each Other.

. we're going to the USA.

We can stay with my American cousins. . . C]

Our parents Will be worried C]

We'll stay in the States C]

a While we're in LOS Angeles. b If we get ill, before we go to university. until our visa runs Out. When we're in Australia, as soon as we have enough money. if we don't keep in touch. After we leave Australia, 3

Listen and check.

2 Cover the box. Practise the sentences.


1     Underline the words in the box that introduce the clauses, e.g. while

2     Which tense are all the verbs in the box? Do they refer to the present or the future?

3     What are the different future forms in Clare and Ally's sentences?

4     Whats the difference between these sentences? Which one is sure? Which one is possible?

When I get home, I'll have something to eat. If there isn't any food, I'll get a pizza.

Grammar Reference 9.1—9.3 pB8

9 •


when, as soon as

Unit 9 • Going places

What will you do?

3 Work with a partner. One of you is going skiing for the first time. The other sees all the problems. Use these ideas to help you.

When I get to New York .

   don't like the food

   it rains

   don't learn to ski

   hurt yourself

Make a similar conversation about going on safari for the first time.

5 Put the verbs in brackets in the correct tense. Put if, when, while, or as soon as into each box.

I I'll have a bath            I go to bed.

 I'm coming to London tomorrrow. I'll ring you

I arrive.

it's a nice day tomorrow, we can go swimming. 4 Wait here I get back.

5 you have any problems, just ask for help. 6 I want to get home it gets dark.

7 I'm going to have driving lessons 1 pass my test.

 Give me your address           you go home.

9 •

(leave) a message on the answerphone so you'll

know I've arrived safely.

Paul Great. What time do you expect you'll be there? Mary the plane (arrive) on

          time, I                  (be) at the hotel about 10.00.

Paul All right. Give me a ring                     you

(know) the time of your flight back,

          and I                   (pick) you up at the airport.

Mary Thanks, darling. Don't forget to water the plants (be) away. Paul Don't worry. I won't. Bye!

Listen and check.


Life in 2050

1   Read thisdésèriptioh of the airline future:

'There Will be just two crew members, a pilot and dog. The pilot's job is feed the dog. The does job is to bite the pilot if he tries to touch anything.'

What does this story say about life in the future?

2   You will hear an interview with Michio Kaku,

Professor of Theoretical Physics at City

University, New York. He has written a book, Visions, which explains how science will revolutionize the 21st centur .

He is asked these questions.

   Are you optimistic about the future?

   Are we ready for the changes that will come?

   Is world population going to be a big problem?

   What will happen to people who don't have computers?

   Will there be a world government?

   Will we have control of everything?

   What are your reasons for pessimism?

Discuss your opinions on these subjects.

3   Listen to the interview. Make notes on Michio Kaku's answers.

4   Answer the questions.

What does Michio Kaku say will continue into the twenty-first century?

How do some people react to the new technology? What is his reaction?

Why will the population of the world stop increasing?

4    Why will we need a world government?

5    What are some of the things we will be able to control?

6    What examples does he give of the Žj behaviour of 'stupid' people?

What do you think?

Michio Kaku obviously believes in the power of science. What isn't he so sure about? Do you agree?


it 9 • Going places 73



To the north of

The world's first megalopolis


Hong Kong, the

I Are these statements about China true


world's biggest city is

or false?


growing. It hasn't got



a new name yet, but

• China is a communist country.


it will probably be

• One in five people in the whole world is Chinese.


called Pearl River City.

  Chinese families can only have one child.

  Chinese people love tradition.


Hong Kong

Jonathon Glancey

• Chinese people prefer bicycles to cars.


visits this ugly,

• The biggest city in the world is in China.


exciting mess.

2   Read the newspaper article about pearl River City. Which of the subjects in exercise 1 are talked about?

3   On the map find the following:


   Pearl River Estuary


   the Hopewell Highway

4 Answer the questions.

Has this city got a name yet?

2   Why is it ugly? Why is it exciting?

3   What are some of the statistics about

Shenzhen that make it a remarkable place?

4   In what ways is China changing? Why were Deng Xiaoping's words significant?

How are the people changing?

Why do they want to own a car?

6   What does Shenzhen look like?

7   Why will this city be important in the 21st century?

8   What do these numbers refer to?



3 million

six months

less than ten years

two hours

40 million

four hours

What do you think?

  In groups, write what you think are the ten largest cities in the world. Compare your list with the class. Your teacher will tell you the answer.

  Make a list of some of the problems that these cities face. Decide which are the three most important problems. Compare your ideas with the class.


he town of Shenzhen, just forty kilometres north, of Hong Kong, is the world's biggest building site. In 1982 it was a fishing village with two main roads, fields, and a population of 30,000. Now it has a population of 3 million. It is growing at an incredible speed. It is spreading north towards Guangzhou (also known as Canton) and west towards Macau. The Chinese government hopes that in less than ten years this area will be the biggest city on earth, with a population of 40 million people.

China is changing. It is no longer a country where absolutely everything is owned and controlled by the state. Developers are welcome. As Deng Xiaoping, the Chinese leader, said in 1992, To get rich is glorious'. The old China of bicycles and Little Red Books is disappearing. A world of mobile phones and capitalism is arriving.

The Chinese people seem to welcome dramatic change. They don't worry about losing traditional ways of life. They want the new. As the posters on the sides of the highways shout, 'Development is the unlv wav.

Shenzhen is a shocking place, like nowhere else on earth that I have ever seen. It is a city with no boundaries and no centre. There are new concrete office blocks, factories, and housing blocks as far as the eye can see. Not just dozens of new buildings, nor even hundreds, but thousands. And it is all happening so fast. It takes just six months to design, build, and finish a 60-storey, airconditioned skyscraper. As one architect said to me, 'If you move too slowly here, someone will walk over you.'

The new Hopewell Highway runs from Shenzhen to Guangzhou, and it takes just two hours to do the 123 kilometres. This superhighway will become the main street of a huge new city, as it gets bigger and bigger until the east meets the west, and the countryside in the middle disappears under concrete.

'here will of course be more and more cars on the road. People don't want bicycles. If you have a car, it means you have made money. So the traffic will be like in Bangkok, where people spend four hours commuting every day. People eat and work in their car.

Pearl River City very nearly exists. It will probably be the world's First City, the greatest city on earth. It won't be beautiful, but its power, energy, and wealth will be felt in all corners of the world.


Hot verbs — take, get, do, and make

I The verbs take, get, do, and make are very common in English. Find these examples in the text about China:

get rich gets bigger and bigger you have made money it takes two hours to do 123 kilometres

2 Here are some more examples.

A   How long does it take you to get ready in the morning?

B   It takes me about fifteen minutes.

A   How long does it take you to get to school?

B   I can get here in twenty minutes.

A   Do you get tired in the evening?

B   Yes. Especially if I've done a lot of homework. A Do you make a lot of mistakes in English?

B Well, I do my best, but I still make a few mistakes.

Ask and answer the same questions with a partner.

3   put the words and phrases from the box in the correct column.

some shopping   back home                two tablets a day       a cold angry              sure         friends     up your mind            a photo somebody out for a meal me a favour              a reservation On well with someone          a complaint              care









4   Complete the sentences with one of the verb phrases. Use the correct form of the verb.

1  1 while I was in town. 1 bought myself a new lumper.

2  'l don't know if I love Tom or Henry.'           . You can't marry both of them.'


In a hotel

What is the best hotel in your town? What facilities does the hotel have?

2 Ask and answer questions with a partner about the Grand Hotel.

Where's the conference cenlre?

On the second poor.

The Grand Hotel

Ground Floor Reception

City Bar

        First Floor       Dining Room

Buckingham Rooms

Second Floor Conference Centre

Panoranta Restaurant

         Basement        Gym

Swimming pool

3   Bye-bye! See you soon.    of yourself.              72,

4   Aachoo! Oh dear. I think

5   'Are the doors locked?' think so, but I'll just

Listen and check.

5 Discuss these questions with a partner.

   HOW long does it take to get from your school to the station? From your home to work?

   When did you last do someone a favour/make a complaint/take a photo/get angry?

   What time did you get home last night?

   Do you get on with your parents/your neighbours?

   DO you find it easy to make friends?

   Is your English getting better?


3   put the lines from the telephone conversation between the receptionist and client in the right order.

Receptionist Client







Receptionist Client




Hello, the Grand Hotel. Cathy speaking. How can I help you? reservation / make / like / a / I'd / to / please

Certainly. When is it for?

It's for two nights, the thirteenth and the fourteenth of this month. single / want / do / room / or / double / a / And / you / a

A single, please.

OK. Yes, that's fine. I have a room for you. And your name is? Robert palmer.

much / you / Can / it / tell / how / is / me

Yes. That's £95 a night. Can I have a credit card number, please?

Yes, sure. It's a Visa. 4929 7983 0621 8849.

Thank you.

number / could / And / phone / I / have / a

Uh huh. 01727 489962.

That's fine.

forward / look / seeing / on / you / We / to / thirteenth / the

. Bye-bye. Thanks a lot. Goodbye.

Listen and check.

4   With a partner, roleplay the conversation between Robert Palmer and the receptionist as he checks into the hotel.

                                                                   Good evening.                 Hello. I have a reservation. My name's Robert Palmer.

5   Roleplay these conversations with your partner. Phone Reception from your room. Make these requests.

   You can't get the TV to work.

   You'd like an extra pillow.

   You'd like to order Room Service.

   You'd like a wake-up call at 7.00 tomorrow morning.


STARTER                  I What are these people afraid Of? How do they feel?


Verb patterns and infinitives

I Look at the photograph. Does the path look safe to you?

Read about Paul Lays adventure. How did he feel at different times in the story?

2 Complete the text using these words.

began to feel started aching used to have went camping decided to stand up

Listen and check. 3 Answer the questions.

I What is Paul Lays hobby?

2   What did he use to do with his father?

3   Does he go to the same place every year?

4   Is the King's Way in good condition?

 Why couldn't he have a rest?

6 Why didn't he enjoy the walk?


Don't look down

Lay lances

Thc path was about three

witn øeatn in

feet wide and there wcrc holes


in it. It (2)                  a handrail,


but not any more. I didn't

soutnern span

know what to do — should I go

I have always

on my hands and knees, or

enjoyed walking.

stand up? I (3)                 and walk

When I was a boy, I used to go

very slowly. At times the path

walking at weekends with my

was only as wide as my two

father. Wc (I )                    and

boots. I stopped to havc a rest,

climbing together.

but there was nowhere to sit.

I try to visit a new place

very frightened.

every year. Last year I decided

It was impossible to look down

to walk a path in Spain called

or look up. I was concentrating

El Camino del Rey, which

so hard that my bodv

means thc King's Way. It is one

There was no thrill

of the highest and most

of danger, no enjoyment of the

dangerous      fò0tpaths

view. I thought I was going to

Europc. It used to bc very safe,


but now it is falling down.

I finally managed to get to

I took a train to the village

the end. I was shaking, and

of El Chorro and started to

I was covered in sweat from

walk towards the mountains. I

heat and fear. I fell to the

was very excited. Then the advcnturc began.

ground, exhausted.



1 Are these verbs followed by the infinitive or -ing in the text?

enjoy try decide start begin manage 2 Find the examples of used to infinitive. Used to expresses a past action which doesn't happen any more.

I used to play games with my brother, but now / don't.

Notice the pronunciation /ju:st to/.

3     Complete these examples from the text.

        I used to go                    at weekends.

1     didn't know what

It was impossible                   down.


I managed find / to find / finding my passport. Let's go shop / to shop / shopping!

There was nowhere


Please let me go / to go / going to the party!

Grammàr Reference 10.1—10.4 p139


Would you like something eat / to          / coring?



I need a recipe for a cake that's easy make / to make / making.

        I stopped                    a rest.

Discussing grammar

Complete these sentences with the verb ski in the correct form.

         I go                every winter.

2     I started        when I was six.

         I tried                down the mountain, but it was too steep.

4     My instructor made me   down the steep mountain. I enjoy          very much.

6 Dave used when he was younger, but not any more.

2                      Choose the correct form.

I    I've decided stop / to stop / stopping smoking.


El cam-


                                                                                                                                                         10    Scared to death

When I was young, I used to

3                      Listen to James talking about his childhood and his life now.

Complete the chart. Write one sentence with used to for each question.

What/do at the weekend?

What/do in the evening?

3   Where/go on holiday?

4   What sports/play?

Life as a child



5  What TV programmes/like?

6  What food/like?




Ask and answer the with

What do you do

I usually go


questions above a partner about your life now and your life as a child.

al rhe weekend?

shopping and



What did you do when

used to play With



you were n child?

my friends and



4                      Why do you go to these places?

            Why do you go to the hairdresser's?             TO have a haircut.

   the post Office  • a petrol station       • a bookshop

   the newsagent's      • the library • the market

With your partner, ask and answer questions about more places.

5                      Make sentences with a line in A, a word in B, and an infinitive in C.

I I'm hungry. I need


to say to you.

I'm going to a posh party, but I don't know


to talk to.

My CD player's broken. Can you show me


to eat.

Don't talk to me. I have


to wear.

Do I turn left or right? I don't know

how much

to repair it?

6 1'm bored. I haven't got


to do.

'Can you get some meat?' 'Sure. Tell me


to go.

8 1 feel lonely. I need


to buy.'

Think of some replies. Then listen and compare your answers.

Check it

6                      Choose the correct form.

I    I went to the shops for to buy /for buy/ to buy some shoes.

2     Do you enjoy dance / dancing / to dance?

3     When I was young, I used ro go / go / going ice-skating.

4     He told me he loves me. I didn't know what say/ to say / saying.

5     When we were on holiday, we went swim / to swim / swimming every day.


-ed/-ing adjectives

I How can you describe the experiences below? Use an adjective from the box.

frightening exciting surprising


X terrifying boring

I You get stuck in a lift.

2               You go on a 5-mile walk, then climb three mountains.

3               You go on biggest roller coa,ster in the world. 4 Yo'iflnd a spider in the bath.

eone shòws you their holidav photos for hours and hours cher says you're all such wonde dents that I onyv grye you any morghpmework.' do the people photos feel? 's frightened.

T 10.4 Listen and praçtise the pronunciatiOhòfthe§

1      -ing adjectives describe a situation, person, or thing. an interesting life a boring teacher an exciting film

2      -ed adjectives describe how people feel.

I'm very interested in modern art.

We were bored at the end of the lesson.

Shes excited about going on holiday tomorrow.

3      Com e th nt               . Useþne of thae adjectives..


-ing disappointworry/worrisurpris-

         'I met a famous            star today.' 'Really? HOW —4_7_

'l spent four hours going round a museum.' 'Was it 'No, it was

'I haven't heard from my parents for two months.' 'You must be

4    'Wow, Maria! What are you doing here?' 'Why are you so        to see me?'

5    1 failed my exam. I worked really hard for it. I'm so

6    •A man started to follow me home last night.' 'Weren't you

My computer's broken, and I don't understand the manual. It's so

Close your books. Listen to the beginnings of the lines. Complete them.

4 What have you seen on television or in the

I read a spy novel.

horror film. I

cinema recently? What books have you read?

It was very exciling.

thought it was frightening.

What did you think of them? Tell a partner.

10 Sca


Into the wild

I Describe what you can see in the photograph. Which country do you think it is? What makes life difficult for people who live here?

2 Read the introductory paragraph and the words in bold. In pairs, decide whether these statements are true G/) or false (X).

   Chris McCandless died very young.   • He loved nature and a simple life.

   He was killed by hunters.  • He wanted to die.

   He didn't enjoy his life.     • He knew he was dying.

What do you want to know about Chris?

3 Read to the line ending       Thank you!' his diary reads." and answer the questions.

I Did Chris keep in touch with his parents?

When did they last hear from him?

2    Why did he get rid of his car and burn his money?

3    What did he need? What didn't he need? 4 In what way was his life rich?

4    Read to the line ending     . I didn't know where he was. " Choose the best answer.

I Chris didn't get on With his father because his father had a lot of money.

C] didn't Ict Chris work in the family business. tried to tell Chris What to do.

2 When the parents didn't hear from Chris, the police got in touch with them.

C] they got in touch with the police. D they did nothing.

3 In July 1992

C] his mother dreamt that she heard Chris calling her. his mother is sure that she heard Chris calling her. Chris phoned his mother for help.

5 Read to the end. Correct the mistakes in this summary.

Chris got the train to Alaska, and arrived in May, 1992. He lived in a bus, and there was a bed and a bath in it. He was very happy. There was lots to eat— small animals, and fruit and vegetables, which he grew himself.

After five months of living alone, he started to feel ill. He had no strength because he was eating poisonous plants, but he didn't know that this was the reason. He continued eating. He died of food poisoning.

He knew he was dying. He wrote a letter to his parents, and took a photo of himself. He seemed happy to die in these circumstances.

What do you think?

  What was important to Chris? What wasn't important?

  What do you think he was trying to do?

  Why do young people feel the need to break away from their parents?


In April 1992, Chris McCandless, a young man from a wealthy American family, hitchhiked to Alaska. Four months later, his dead body was found by a group Of hunters. Jon Krakauer investigated the story.

hen Chris McCandless graduated from Emory University, Atlanta, in June 1990, he sent his parents a letter containing his final reports. His letter ended 'Say 'Hi' to everyone for me.'

No one in Chris's family ever heard from him again.

He drove west out of Atlanta, and invented a new life for himself With a new name. He left his car in some woods and burned all his money, because, as he wrote in his diary, 'I need no possessions. I can survive with just nature.'

For the next two years, he hitched to various parts of the United States and

nio -the

Mexico. He wanted the freedom to go where he wanted and to work when he needed. For him, his life was very rich. 'God, it's great to be alive. Thank you! Thank you!' his diary reads.

hris came from a comfortable background. His father had a business which he ran efficiently, and he controlled his own family in a similar way. Chris and his father didn't get on. When his parents didn't hear from


However, reality soon changed the dream. He was hungry, and it was difficult to find enough to eat. He shot ducks, squirrels, birds, and sometimes a moose, and with these he ate wild potatoes, wild mushrooms, and berries. He was losing a lot of weight.

On July 30 he wrote, 'Extremely weak. Fault of potato seed. Can't stand up. Starving. Danger.' It seems that Chris was eating a part of the wild potato plant that was poisonous. He couldn't get out of

him for several months, they contacted the •l need no possessions. police, but they could do nothing. In July 1992, two years after Chris left Atlanta, his can survive With mother woke in the middle of the night.

     could hear Chris calling me. I wasn't                   just nature.'

the bus to look for rood. 'I am trapped in the wild,' he wrote on August S.

He became weaker and weaker as he was starving to death. His final note says, 'I have had a good life and thank the

dreaming. He was begging, 'Mom! Help me!' But I couldn't help him because I didn't know where he was.'

hris's dream was to spend some time in Alaska, and this is where he went in

April 1992. In early May, after a few days in the Alaskan bush, Chris found an old bus which hunters used for shelter. It had a bed and a stove. He decided to stay there for a While. 'Total freedom,' he wrote. 'My home is the road. '

Lord. Goodbye and may God bless all!'

Then he crawled into his sleeping bag and lost consciousness. He probably died on August 18. One of the last things he did was to take a photo of himself, one hand holding his final note, the other hand raised in a brave goodbye. His face is horribly thin, but he is smiling in the picture, and the look in his eyes says 'l am at peace.'

                                                      10    Scared to death


4 Answer the questions.

I Identify these people in the

Exclamations with so and such


Read and listen to the sentences.

Tom Jamie the witness






2 Imagine who says these lines



in the story.


Look at the sentences. When do we use so, such a(n), such, so many, and so

• I've had a really good idea for



Tom's birthday!


We were all so worried!

• Lie on the ground! Don't move!


Mike's such an idiot !

• please let me go!


It was such a good idea Of Jamie's!

• Send the police immediately!


He has such crazy friends !

• Come and help. This looks


We had such awful weather on holiday!

really serious.


There are so many places I want to go to!

• Happy birthday, dear Tom! • You         I thought you were


got so much work !

my friends(


Complete the sentences in A with so, such a, such, so many, or so much. Then

• I knew it was you from the beginning!


match them with the sentences in B.



       Their house is                       mess!

   There were              people at the party!

       I'm                       hungry!

   Jane and Pete are              nice people!

    I've spent             money this week!

A present! For me? Yotfre               kind! We've had          nice time!

8 Molly's              clever dog!

I could eat a horse.

I don't know where it's all gone.

You really didn't have to.

She understands every word I say.

There was nowhere to dance.

Thank you so much for inviting us.

But I can't stand their kids.

I don't know how they live in it.

bm was scared. He was very scared. He was so scared!

Do you think this use of so is more written or spoken? What effect does

   Excuse me. gentlemen. Can I just ask you a few questions?

   I think we have a bit of a confession to make.


With a partner, roleplay one of these conversations and retell the story.

   Tom talking to his girlfriend

• the Witness talking to the emergency





Listen and check. Practise the exclamations.

• Jamie talking to the policeman


What can you say . .

   at the end Of a long journey

That was such a long journey!

I'm so tired!

   when you finish an interesting book with a sad ending

   as you go round a friend's new flat

   at the end of a wonderful meal

   in a row With your boyfriend/girlfriend

   at the end of a great English lesson

10 • Scared to death

Things that changed the world

Passives • Verbs and nouns that go together • Notices

STARTER                  1 Make true sentences from the chart.         Champagne                                         Japan.

2 What is made and grown in your              Whisky     France. country?   &