next group of invaders, the Romans, had a military technology superior to Celtic
defenders-just as the discipline of the Roman legionaries was more effective
than the dash of the Celtic warriors.
Today you will know how the Romans
conquered Britain and how the life of the indigenous population changed. Some
interesting texts will be given to you, after that you will do some tasks to
check how well you have understood and remembered the facts.
Работа с тематическими текстами.
1. Текст «Основные исторические факты
завоевания Британии римлянами».
Введение новой лексики (pre-reading).
The Romans – римляне
Fleet – флот
Dover – Дувр
Consul – консул
Julius Caesar – ЮлийЦезарь
Desperately – отчаянно
Flee (fled, fled) – бежать,
Conquest – завоевание,
Emperor – император
Claudius – Клавдий
Armour – доспехи
– захват, брать в плен
Chief enemy – главныйвраг
Alliance – союз
Read the text and pick out main facts (while reading).
On a late summer morning in 55 BC, a
Roman fleet appeared off the British coast near Dover. Consul Julius Caesar had
brought an army of 10, 000 men to see if Britain was worth invading. He also
wanted to punish those British tribes who had been helping the Celts in Europe
in their fight against the Romans.
The Britons fought desperately, but
they were no match for well trained Romans, and soon fled.
After his victory, Caesar left
Britain. He returned with another army in the following year but left shortly
after. The Romans did not return to Britain for 97 years.
In AD 43, the Roman Emperor, Claudius,
decided to make Britain part of the Roman Empire. An army of 40, 000 Roman
soldiers swam across the water in their armour and landed at Richborough in
Kent. This time the Romans had come to stay.
The chief enemy of Rome, King
Caratacus, fought the Romans in Wales. But he was betrayed by the Queen of the
Brigantes, captured and send to Rome as a slave.
The Roman army swept the Britons aside
and marched deep into the countryside. They made alliances with tribes and
conquered others, one by one. Slowly, they drove their enemies into the
mountains of Wales and Scotland.
Демонстрируется карта с
обозначением основных направлений продвижения римлян.
short information about the attack of the Romans (post-reading).
«The Roman army», «British hill forts».
match the Romans and the British warriors.
Учащиеся делятся на две группы, каждая
работает с заданным текстом.
your text, translate it and then read it for another group.
Use the words:
Legion – легион
Legionary – легионер
March – маршировать,
Advantage – преимущество
Trumpet – труба,
Stronghold – крепость,
Ditch – ров,
Maze – лабиринт
– хижина, лачуга
The Roman soldiers who invaded Britain
were part of the best army in the world. They were better trained and armed
than the wild Britons.
The Roman army was divided into
legions, each one containing5,000 legionaries. They were taught to fight in different
formations. This usually gave them an advantage over their enemies who were not
so well organized. In battle the whole army could fight as one man or split
into smaller groups. Trumpets were used to give the signals.
The British tribes had built many hill
forts. The Romans could not conquer Britain until they had captured these
There were different kinds of hill fords.
Many had several ditches and walls round the hill top. A maze sometimes hid the
main gate. The tribe lived in huts built inside the walls. They brought their
animals into the enclosure for safety when the fort was attacked.
В процессе чтения текстов демонстрируются
фотографии и рисунки воинов, их снаряжение и военные укрепления.
После прочтения текстов каждая группа
сообщает содержание своего текста (чтение или пересказ).
The fighting continued for almost 20 years after the Roman invasion. The Roman
won many victories. By AD 49 most of lowland England was conquered by them.
Then, in AD 60, the Iceni tribe led by
their queen, Boudicca, revolved. They burnt the Roman cities of Colchester, St.
Albans, London. Soon Boudicca had a huge army of 100, 000 soldiers. Hearing
news of her army, the Roman Governor of Britain marched with two legions to
meet the Iceni.
A great battle took place in the
Midlands. Most of the British were killed and Boudicca herself took poison. The
rebellion was over.
Домашнее задание (по желанию): короткое
эссе на тему «Why did the Roman army manage to conquer
Методическая разработка занятия предметного кружка по английскому языку для обучающихся 9 класса
Julius Caesar – Юлий Цезарь
Демонстрируется карта с обозначением основных направлений продвижения римлян
British Hill Forts. The
Методическая разработка занятия предметного кружка по английскому языку для учащихся 9 класса. Тема занятия "The Romans Attack Britain, 55 BC".